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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 524424 matches for " Maria A.;Peres "
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Efeitos da cobertura do solo com filme de polietileno azul no consumo de água da cultura da alface cultivada em estufa
Gon?alves, Alexandre O.;Fagnani, Maria A.;Peres, José G.;
Engenharia Agrícola , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-69162005000300007
Abstract: the covering of the soil is an agricultural practice that intends to control the harmful herbs, to reduce the losses of water by evaporation of the soil, and to facilitate the harvest and the commercialization, once the product is cleaner and healthier. however, when the soil is covered important microclimatic parameters are also altered, and consequently the germination of seeds, the growth of roots, the absorption of water and nutrients, the metabolic activity of the plants and the carbohydrates storage. the current trial intended to evaluate the effect of soil covering with blue colored film on consumptive water-use in a lettuce crop (lactuca sativa, l.). the experiment was carried out in a plastic greenhouse in araras - s?o paulo state, brazil from march 3rd, 2001 to may 5th, 2001. the consumptive water-use was measured through two weighing lysimeter installed inside the greenhouse. crop spacing was 0.25 m x 0.25 m and the color of the film above soil was blue. leaf area index (iaf), was measured six times (7; 14; 21; 28; 35; 40 days after transplant) and the water-use efficiency (eu) was measured at the end. the experimental design was subdivided portions with two treatments, "bare soil" and "covered soil". the average consumptive water-use was 4.17 mm day-1 to the "bare soil" treatment and 3.11 mm day-1 to the "covered soil" treatment. the final leaf area index was 25.23 to the "bare soil" treatment and 24.39 to the "covered soil" treatment, and there was no statistical difference between then.
Prevalência de cárie dentária em crian?as aos doze anos de idade, em localidades do Estado de S?o Paulo, Brasil, período 1990-1995
Peres,Marco A. de A.; Narvai,Paulo C.; Calvo,Maria C. M.;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89101997000700008
Abstract: introduction: dental caries is the most prevalent disease of the oral cavity, leding to serious economic and social consequences. studies on the prevalentce of dental caries should be undertaken periodically for the adequat planning of oral health services and action. this research project sought to discover the prevalence of dental caries in the counties of s. paulo state, brazil, measured by means of the dmf-t rate on the 12 year-old bracket from 1990-1995. material and method: data originally produced by municipal health departments, collected by means of an instrument devised for this purpose, sent to 625 counties in the state, were used. the counties concerned were grouped according to their size and geographical region. results: the total of 625 counties of s. paulo state, 237 (37.9%) provided the information requested, and 125 (20.0%) had data on dmf-t corresponding to about 5,000 12 year-old children available examined. the study revealed that the prevalence of dental caries is low in only 4.0% of the counties, and is hight or very hight in approximately 80% of them . the dmf-t index values varied from1.3 to 13.6, and the estimated average for all the counties was 4.8. further, it was discovered that "large" counties recorded 54.6% of their population classified in the categories of low or moderate prevalence of caries; while in "small" counties 87.8% of the population corresponded to the high or very high caries prevalence range. conclusions: this research project has shown that the county services for oral health in s. paulo state have made little use of the basic resources that epidemiology can provide. this indicates the need for an appropriate professional background for oral health in epidemiology, especially for those who fulfil duties in the coordination of the services.
Prevalência de cárie dentária em crian as aos doze anos de idade, em localidades do Estado de S o Paulo, Brasil, período 1990-1995
Peres Marco A. de A.,Narvai Paulo C.,Calvo Maria C. M.
Revista de Saúde Pública , 1997,
Abstract: INTRODU O: A cárie dentária é a doen a de maior prevalência da cavidade bucal gerando graves conseqüências econ micas e sociais. Estudos de prevalência de cárie dentária devem ser realizados periodicamente para o adequado planejamento das a es e servi os de saúde bucal. Assim, objetivou-se realizar estudo para conhecer a prevalência da cárie dentária em municípios do Estado de S o Paulo, Brasil, medida através do índice CPO-D, na idade-índice de 12 anos, no período 1990-1995. MATERIAL E MéTODO: Foram utilizados dados produzidos originalmente por secretarias ou departamentos municipais de saúde, obtidos através de instrumento concebido para essa finalidade, encaminhado aos 625 municípios do Estado de S o Paulo, agrupados segundo o seu tipo e a regi o geográfica a que pertencem. RESULTADOS: Do total de 625 municípios, 237 (37,9%) atenderam à solicita o de informa es e 125 (20,0%) dispunham de dados sobre o CPO-D, correspondendo a cerca de 5 mil crian as de 12 anos examinadas. O estudo revelou que em apenas 4,0% dos municípios a prevalência de cárie dentária é baixa, sendo alta ou muito alta em cerca de 80,0%. A varia o nos valores do índice CPO-D ficou entre 1,3 e 13,6 e a média estimada para o Estado de S o Paulo foi 4,8. Constatou-se ainda que os "grandes" municípios registraram 54,6% das suas popula es enquadrando-se nas categorias de baixa ou moderada prevalência de cárie enquanto nos "pequenos" municípios 87,8% da popula o correspondiam às faixas de alta ou muito alta prevalência de cárie. CONCLUS ES: A pesquisa evidenciou que os servi os municipais de saúde bucal, no estado de S o Paulo, pouco tem se utilizado dos recursos básicos que a epidemiologia pode oferecer, indicando a necessidade de uma adequada forma o de profissionais de saúde bucal na área de epidemiologia, em especial aqueles que exercem atividades de coordena o de servi os.
Percep??o de risco: maneiras de pensar e agir no manejo de agrotóxicos
Fonseca,Maria das Gra?as Uchoa; Peres,Frederico; Firmo,Josélia Oliveira Araújo; Uch?a,Elizabeth;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232007000100009
Abstract: the object of this study was to identify context elements that have an influence on pesticide use, related perceptions, and actions in flower production. the study was carried out in barbacena, minas gerais state. the method used was based on an anthropological fast diagnosis approach inspired on the signs, meanings and actions model and on the analysis of semi-structured interviews with 20 workers from four different flower-growing fields. the field data analysis indicates that these workers face two realities: the need for pesticides and suffering generated by pesticide management. furthermore, there is clearly no direct relation between risk awareness and the effective hazards associated with pesticides. this gap is filled by beliefs which are at the basis of their actions. these beliefs reinterpret information and risk, influence behavior, and make it possible for these workers to move between these two paradoxical realities and pesticide. attributing new meanings to pesticide management risks, however, may imply in positively valuing potentially harmful behaviors.
Conocimientos de los pediatras de Salvador, Brasil, sobre la vacuna antisarampionosa
Moreira,Luiza A. Cabus; Carvalho,Fernando Martins; Silvany-Neto,Annibal Muniz; Peres,Maria Fernanda Tourinho;
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S1020-49891997001200001
Abstract: the success of international initiatives for the eradication of measles depends in large part on knowledge about vaccination. in 1992, a cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate knowledge about measles vaccine among pediatricians in the brazilian city of salvador, bahia. of the 506 pediatricians residing in the city, 299 (59%) could be located and responded to a questionnaire containing 15 questions that posed hypothetical situations regarding indications and contraindications for this vaccine. the average number of correct responses was 9.3 out of 15, which illustrates the pediatricians' poor knowledge of measles vaccine. conditions commonly seen in pediatric practice in brazil-malnutrition, upper respiratory tract infection, diarrhea, and prematurity-were often erroneously considered contraindications for immunization. more than half (62%) of the pediatricians did not know the correct way to administer the vaccine. knowledge about the vaccine did not differ according to the length of time that had elapsed since the physicians' university training in pediatrics or as a result of working in health centers operated by the state health secretariat. university professors, pediatricians with a postgraduate degree, and those pursuing postgraduate studies scored slightly higher than the rest. these results point to the need to strengthen training on measles vaccination in medical schools and programs of continuing education for pediatricians.
Avalia o de um instrumento para classifica o de pacientes pediátricos oncológicos Evaluación de un instrumento para clasificación de pacientes pediátricos oncológicos The evaluation of an instrument for pediatric oncology patient classification
Sandra de Andrade,Sérgio Vicente Serrano,Maria Salete de A. Nascimento,Stela Verzinhasse Peres
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0080-62342012000400005
Abstract: Este estudo teve como objetivos avaliar a reprodutibilidade interavaliadores do instrumento para a classifica o de pacientes pediátricos portadores de cancer; verificar se o instrumento de classifica o de pacientes é adequado a pacientes pediátricos portadores de cancer e elaborar uma proposta de modifica o do instrumento, permitindo a adapta o para pacientes pediátricos oncológicos. Foram avaliados, na unidade de interna o pediátrica de um Hospital de cancer, 34 pacientes pelas equipes de médicos, enfermeiros e técnicos de enfermagem. Para a avalia o do grau de concordancia entre os escores obtidos pelos avaliadores foi utilizado o coeficiente Kappa, que revelou um valor intermediário/alto nas classifica es objetivas, e um valor baixo nas subjetivas. Conclui-se que o instrumento é confiável e reprodutível, porém, para classifica o do paciente pediátrico oncológico, sugere-se a complementa o de itens para atingir um resultado mais compatível com a realidade dessa popula o. Estudio que objetivó estimar la reproductibilidad inter-evaluadores del instrumento para la clasificación de pacientes pediátricos portadores de cáncer; verificar si el instrumento de clasificación de pacientes es adecuado para pacientes pediátricos portadores de cáncer y elaborar una propuesta de modificación del instrumento, permitiendo su adaptación para pacientes pediátricos oncológicos. Fueron evaluados 34 pacientes en la unidad de internación pediátrica de un Hospital oncológico por parte de los equipos de médicos, enfermeros y técnicos de enfermería. Para estimar el grado de concordancia entre los puntajes obtenidos por los evaluadores, se utilizó el coeficiente Kappa, que expresó un valor entre intermedio y alto en las clasificaciones objetivas, y un valor bajo en las subjetivas. Se concluye en que el instrumento es confiable y reproducible, aunque para la clasificación del paciente pediátrico oncológico se sugiere la implementación de ítems para alcanzar un resultado más compatible con la realidad de éste población. The objectives of this study were to assess the interrater reproducibility of the instrument to classify pediatric patients with cancer; verify the adequacy of the patient classification instrument for pediatric patients with cancer; and make a proposal for changing the instrument, thus allowing for the necessary adjustments for pediatric oncology patients. A total of 34 pediatric inpatients of a Cancer Hospital were evaluated by the teams of physicians, nurses and nursing technicians. The Kappa coefficient was used to rate the agreement between the scor
Conocimientos de los pediatras de Salvador, Brasil, sobre la vacuna antisarampionosa
Moreira Luiza A. Cabus,Carvalho Fernando Martins,Silvany-Neto Annibal Muniz,Peres Maria Fernanda Tourinho
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública , 1997,
Abstract: El éxito de las iniciativas internacionales para la erradicación del sarampión depende en gran medida del grado de conocimiento sobre la vacunación. En 1992 se evaluaron mediante un estudio transversal los conocimientos sobre la vacuna antisarampionosa de los pediatras de la ciudad brasile a de Salvador, Bahia. Del total de 506 pediatras residentes en la ciudad, 299 (59%) pudieron ser localizados y respondieron a un cuestionario de 15 preguntas en las que se planteaban situaciones hipotéticas sobre indicaciones y contraindicaciones de esta vacuna. El promedio de aciertos fue de 9,3 preguntas de las 15, lo que muestra el poco conocimiento de los pediatras sobre la vacunación antisarampiososa. Situaciones comunes en la práctica pediátrica brasile a -desnutrición, infección de vías respiratorias altas, diarrea y estado prematuro- fueron a menudo erróneamente consideradas como contraindicaciones para la inmunización. Más de la mitad (62%) de los pediatras no conocían la vía correcta de administración de la vacuna. Los conocimientos sobre la vacuna no variaron en función del tiempo transcurrido desde la formación universitaria del pediatra o de su trabajo en centros sanitarios de la Secretaría Estatal de Salud. Los profesores universitarios, los pediatras con maestría y los que cursaban estudios de posgrado tuvieron una media de aciertos ligeramente superior a la del resto. Estos resultados indican la necesidad de reforzar la ense anza sobre la vacunación antisarampionosa en las facultades de medicina y en los programas de formación continuada para pediatras.
Ariane Maria Peres T. de Almeida,Hugo Ricardo Marquini,Rafaela Mendon?a Leite,Gisele Alborghetti Nai
Colloquium Vitae , 2012, DOI: 10.5747/cv.2012.v04.n1.v059
Abstract: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in women in Brazil. Although it is considered a cancer with relatively good prognosis, if diagnosed and treated appropriately, mortality rates from breast cancer remain high in Brazil, most likely because the disease is still diagnosed in advanced stages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of breast cancer in a university hospital by pathological examination and the prognostic and predictive factors associated with each case, to observe the stage of diagnosis of patients. We conducted a retrospective study with selection of anatomic-pathological reports of mammary tumor excision diagnosed with breast cancer, from the University Hospital of Presidente Prudente - SP, in the period from 1998 to 2009. We collected the data related to patient age and prognostic and predictors factors. There were 183 cases of breast cancer. The highest incidence occurred between the ages of 40-49 years (29.5%) and the most frequent histological type was invasive ductal carcinoma (61.2%). In 45% of cases, the tumors were measured less than 2 cm. The majority (71%) had no metastasis to axillary lymph nodes. In 27 cases there was expression of hormone receptors and in 26 patients were overexpression of Her2/neu. It is concluded that the patients studied were diagnosed in early stage of breast cancer.
A literatura — o mal — e a infancia
Ana Maria Clark Peres
Caligrama : Revista de Estudos Romanicos , 1997,
Abstract: Resumo: A partir de uma interlocu o com a psicanálise, este ensaio busca refletir sobre a quest o do mal na literatura, mais exatamente, sobre suas manifesta es em textos de Bataille, Lautréamont e Sade, procurando compreender esse "mal" como a atualiza o do infantil na cena da escrita. Palavras-chave: Literatura francesa; Georges Bataille; Lautréamont; Sade; psicanálise; mal; infancia. Résumé: En partant d’une interlocution avec la psychanalyse, cet essai cherche à réfléchir sur la question du mal dans la littérature, plus exactement, sur ses manifestations dans des textes de Bataille, Lautréamont et Sade, en essayant de comprendre ce "mal" comme l’actualisation de l’infantile dans la scène de l’écriture. Mots-clés: Littérature fran aise; Georges Bataille; Lautréamont; Sade; psychanalyse; mal; enfance.Keywords: French literature; Georges Bataille; Lautréamont; Sade; psychoanalysis; evil; childhood.
Pervasive Defaunation of Forest Remnants in a Tropical Biodiversity Hotspot
Gustavo R. Canale, Carlos A. Peres, Carlos E. Guidorizzi, Cassiano A. Ferreira Gatto, Maria Cecília M. Kierulff
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041671
Abstract: Tropical deforestation and forest fragmentation are among the most important biodiversity conservation issues worldwide, yet local extinctions of millions of animal and plant populations stranded in unprotected forest remnants remain poorly explained. Here, we report unprecedented rates of local extinctions of medium to large-bodied mammals in one of the world's most important tropical biodiversity hotspots. We scrutinized 8,846 person-years of local knowledge to derive patch occupancy data for 18 mammal species within 196 forest patches across a 252,669-km2 study region of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. We uncovered a staggering rate of local extinctions in the mammal fauna, with only 767 from a possible 3,528 populations still persisting. On average, forest patches retained 3.9 out of 18 potential species occupancies, and geographic ranges had contracted to 0–14.4% of their former distributions, including five large-bodied species that had been extirpated at a regional scale. Forest fragments were highly accessible to hunters and exposed to edge effects and fires, thereby severely diminishing the predictive power of species-area relationships, with the power model explaining only ~9% of the variation in species richness per patch. Hence, conventional species-area curves provided over-optimistic estimates of species persistence in that most forest fragments had lost species at a much faster rate than predicted by habitat loss alone.
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