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Psicología social histórica: teoría y construcción de conocimientos
Espacios en blanco. Serie indagaciones , 2011,
Abstract: this paper is about the relevance of considering historical perspective in social psychology as a way to distinguish epistemic logic, articulated with more comprehensive political and cultural processes, in a practical-technical field characterized by theoretical-conceptual heterogeneity. a discipline is presented in which multiple perspectives converge, and at the same time it intends to recover the ideas of classical authors such as meyerson and elías because of the present relevance of their psychosocial views in the comprehension of the intricate individual-collective articulation, as well as in the necessary reflection about research in social sciences and social psychology. finally, an argument is developed to support a historical social psychology capable of posing questions to both the effects of subjectivity and the ways of production of knowledge, yet clearly focused on the study and transformation of problems that affect society and, in particular, victims.
Teorías implícitas sobre comprensión textual y la competencia lectora de estudiantes de primer a?o de la Universidad de Magallanes
Estudios pedagógicos (Valdivia) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-07052011000100013
Abstract: this article is about the study of the implicit theories regarding the text comprehension of university students and its relationship with the level of reading competence. the implicit theories become relevant because they would guide the actions of the individuals interacting with the reading competence, restricting or activating different reading strategies. to identify the implicit theories of the students a questionnaire of implicit theories on text comprehension was applied (makuc, 2009). the reading competence of the students was dealt with a battery of tests on text comprehension (parodi, 2005). this study enabled us to establish the prevalence of two implicit theories about the comprehension: the interactive and the literary; in relation to the reading competence. the students who achieved higher levels were those who adhered to the interactive implicit theory.
O imprescindível aporte das ciências sociais para o planejamento e a compreens?o do turismo
Barretto, Margarita;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832003000200002
Abstract: the aim of this article is to discuss that tourism planning needs the support of social sciences, presenting a quick review of social sciences studies on tourism and raising crucial problems in tourism planning that could be lessened with the help of anthropological and sociological research.
La actitud linguística en la comunidad de habla de Magallanes: aproximación a sus componentes básicos
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442011000200008
Abstract: the spoken language of the region of magallanes gathers a series of characteristics which give the regional speaker a cultural singularity. it is important to highlight that geography, cattle raising activity and weather, among other contextual factors that surround the people in the southern patagonia (martinic, 2006), are manifested in different ways in the dialectal variation of the region, which has preserved linguistic features from its geographical isolation condition (makuc, 2010a, martinic y buratovic, 2007). dialectal variation constitutes an aspect identifed in different studies (oroz, 1965, araya, 1973, makuc, 1999, 2008, 2010a). a relevant aspect in the conservation of linguistic variants is due to a favorable linguistic attitude which characterizes the magellan speaking community and allows that the variants at different levels of the language stay and survive in a world increasingly homogenizing. (hudson, 1981, lópez morales, 1989, 1994; silva, 1989; blas, j. 1999) the study about he attitude of the speakers towards the various manifestations of the variation of the language has been carried out from the data obtained in the cities of punta arenas, puerto natales and tierra del fuego island in the framework of the regional identity survey developed for the study of identity[2] (makuc, 2010a). the results show the prevalence of a positive attitude of the speakers towards the uses of spanish in the region, it is highly recognized and accepted the fact that magellan people have a particular way of speaking as well as an accent that distinguishes them from the rest of the inhabitants of the country, these variations of standard spanish are valued positively and as a feature that strengthens the identity of the inhabitants.
Magallania (Punta Arenas) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22442010000100004
Abstract: the radio message service "mensajes para el campo" (messages for the countryside), is one of the most rooted elements in the social and cultural identity in the region of magallanes. it originates at the beginning of the radio in the twenties and was established as a channel of communication between the urban and rural areas of the region. this type of message shows elements typical of the patagonian countryside, as well as of the culture which surrounds the rancher world (martinic y buratovic, 2007). this article analyzes the linguistic elements which refer to the context of situation; since it is expressed through textual elements that define a particular type of discourse (halliday, 1975, beaugrande y dressler, 1997; renkema, 1999; alvarez, 2004). among the main findings, in the analyzed texts we observe the presence of deictic "of concealment of information" which refer to absent people, places and situations, characteristic of a discursive situation that requires the producer of these discourses to develop a series of discursive strategies characterizing of this type of messages. finally, we emphasize that the "messages for the countryside" have their own textual and defined characteristics, which re?ect not only the characteristics of the region, in terms of social function they fulfill, but also because they are part of the history of communications, radio programs that still remain and that distinguish the magellan speaking community and the radio from remote regions in patagonia patagonia.
Paleoecológica mediante Foraminíferos del Paleógeno del área Dorado Sur, de la Cuenca de Magallanes, Chile
Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-686X2011000200001
Abstract: we analyzed paleogene foraminifera between 10 and 2.287 m depth from samples taken from the oil well of hydrocarbon extraction, dorado sur n° 1, localized in the continental margin of the northwestern sector of santiago bay, magellan strait in order to reconstruct the paleoecology. the analysis of the faunal composition allows distinguishing two ingressions: one for the brunswickian-clarencian of early eocene-middle eocene, and the other in the cameronian of late eocene age, recorded in both outer shelf waters. instead on foors germanian, moritzian, rosarian-gaviotian and miradorian recorded inner shelf environments.
Laboratorio de Investigación y Desarrollo en Comunicación Compleja: Una propuesta para pensar la complejidad
Maass, Margarita;
Andamios , 2005,
Abstract: the text explains the work of the laboratory of research and investigation in complex communication of the universidad nacional autónoma de méxico (unam). it proposes a different way of looking at the construction of knowledge from the perspective of cyberculture and the paradigm of complexity.
Antipoda. Revista de Antropología y Arqueología , 2008,
Abstract: the purpose of this article is to illustrate the experience of the research group that worked in ciudad perdida (magdalena, colombia) between 1979 and 1983, and to discuss the production of anthropological knowledge as a spatial practice. the group's itinerary begins in an archaeological site and ends with the creation of an ngo and the invention of the sierra nevada de santa marta as a planning region. through the reconstruction of the journey, the article explores the different spatial realities produced by the appropriation, study and management of the site. finally, it juxtaposes them with the meaning that this place has for it's aboriginal inhabitants.
Distribución territorial de los apoyos electorales en América Latina: Los casos de Ecuador, Perú y Honduras (1979-2006)
Análisis Político , 2009,
Abstract: based on the classification of political party systems of ecuador and peru within the group of the least nationalized ones in latin america, and honduras as the one that shows a higher degree of nationalization, this paper works towards goals: first, explore if there has been changes or continuities related with the aforementioned level of nationalization; secondly, identify variables that can affect it. the central question involves exploring which factors are the ones that can make a party system to be more nationalized than another. the results of legislative elections celebrated between 1979 and 2006 are used here.
La Integración de la Sociabilidad y Asociatividad en el Trabajo con Familias Marginales
Psykhe (Santiago) , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22282006000100009
Abstract: the article describes a research that took place in santiago de chile with the families who live in small camps of shacks with whom fundación trabajo en la calle has carried out their social work. two forms of social interaction, sociability and active membership, were analized from the perceptions that their beneficiares have of this way of social work. the methodology applied was ethnographic hermeneutics, and the procedures for data collection were semi-structured interviews, field work and experiential data. the participants were six people who were living in some of the camps were the foundation was working at the time of the research and two persons who had belonged to one of the camps and at the moment were living in their own housing. an ethnographic document was worked out for the data analysis and it`s interpretation was based on the theoretical framework of this research. data show that there is an integration of sociability as well as active membership in the social work done by the foundation and, this is perceived by the families as highly significant.
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