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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 189780 matches for " Marcos Augusto de Andrade;Vianna "
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Disfun??o familiar referida pela presen?a de depress?o materna e/ou alcoolismo na família e ocorrência de cárie dentária em crian?as de dois e três anos de idade
Souza, Marcos Augusto de Andrade;Vianna, Maria Isabel Pereira;Cangussu, Maria Cristina Teixeira;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292006000300007
Abstract: objectives: identify the association between family dysfunction related to the presence of alcoholism in the family and/or maternal depression symptoms and dental cavities/caries in children from two to three years old. methods: population comprised of 74 families in salvador, bahia. data collection consisted of the cli-nical examination of the children and interviews of their mothers at home. criteria of the world health organization were used to diagnose dental cavities/caries followed by disease prevalence classification. to identify symptoms of maternal depression and/or alcoholism in the family the self-report questionnaire (srq-20) was used as well as the adapted cage scale, respectively. descriptive analysis and adjusted prevalence ratio for confusion variables were estimated through non-conditional logistic regression. results: population's social and economic profile was homogenous. caries/cavities in children prevalence was of 20.2%. a positive association between family dysfunction and caries was determined (pagross= 3.06; 95%ci: 1.07-8.75). when this model was adjusted through confusion co-variables, family leadership and maternal job situation in the last two years, an increment of the association was noted (paadjusted= 7.35; 95%ci: 1.50-36.07). concluions: an association between family dysfunction and dental caries in small children is suggested.
Cistatina C e taxa de filtra??o glomerular em cirurgia cardíaca com circula??o extracorpórea
Felicio, Marcello Laneza;Andrade, Rubens Ramos de;Castiglia, Yara Marcondes Machado;Silva, Marcos Augusto de Moraes;Vianna, Pedro Thadeu Galv?o;Martins, Antonio Sergio;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76382009000400008
Abstract: objective: the aim of this study was to compare cystatin c versus creatinine as a marker for acute kidney injury in patients submitted to cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. methods: fifty consecutive patients submitted to coronary artery bypass grafting were studied. renal function was evaluated by serum cystatin c and creatinine. blood samples were obtained from each patient at three time points: before operation, and on the first and fifth postoperative days. glomerular filtration rate (gfr) was calculated by cockcroft-gault (cg), modification of diet in renal disease (mdrd), and larsson (cys-gfr) formulas. results: creatinine and gfr by cg and mdrd formulas did not show statistical difference between study times. after renal injury from surgery, there was an increase in cystatin c on the 1st and 5th day after surgery, being significantly different on the 5th postoperative (p<0.01). the gfr by larson formula was higher in the preoperative time (105.2 ± 41.0 ml/min) than in the 5th postoperative day (89.5± 31.5 ml/min; p<0.012). conclusion: the cystatin c and the cys-gfr showed significant changes after cardiac surgery when compared with the creatinine and respective gfr calculated by the cockcroft-gault and mdrd formulas.
SSR markers to detect gene flow from upland to mocó cotton
Dantas, Ana Carolina Assis;Barroso, Paulo Augusto Vianna;Hoffmann, Lúcia Vieira;Alves, Milena Ferreira;Andrade, Francisco Pereira de;
Revista Ciência Agron?mica , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-66902012000100020
Abstract: mocó cotton was the most important crop in northeastern brazil. local varieties had been developed before governmental breeding programs, which should be identified and preserved as a genetic resource. the aim of this work was to select ssr markers which can be used to monitor gene flow from herbaceous to mocó cotton plants, using non transgenic upland cotton as a pollen source. unique mocó cotton feral populations were identified in the state of rio grande do norte, and mother plants and their seeds were collected. allele frequencies were studied among fifteen plants from these populations using 64 ssr primer pairs. ten ssr markers, with alleles exclusive to mocó or upland genotypes, were selected to monitor gene flow by paternity analysis (bnl3627; 2960; 2572; 3261; 3398; 3948; 3502; 3646 and cir 094; 097). the collected seeds had none of the upland cotton alleles. the absence of exclusive alleles from upland cotton in the offspring showed that gene flow to mocó cotton was absent or lower than the analysis could detect. among the mother plants, the number of homozygous individuals at four polymorphic loci was greater than expected, showing that reproduction occurs preferentially by self-fertilization or crossing among related individuals. paternity analysis is an accurate measure of gene flow, and the methodology can be used for monitor these populations or others. preservation of the plants is spoiled mainly by drought.
Anticoagula??o oral em portadores de próteses valvares cardíacas mecanicas: experiência de dez anos
Campos, Nelson Leonardo Kerdahi Leite de;Andrade, Rubens Ramos de;Silva, Marcos Augusto de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76382010000400008
Abstract: background: published data suggest that rates of thromboembolism and bleeding, in patients with mechanical heart valve prostheses, can be very small by optimizing current anticoagulant therapy. objective: to evaluate the occurrence of complications in patients with mechanical heart valve prostheses undergoing anticoagulant therapy optimized through specialized clinics. methods: we studied the occurrence of complications over 10 years in 261 anticoagulated patients with mechanical heart valve prostheses, followed in specialized clinics. these patients were divided into two groups according to percentage of queries with prothrombin time (inr) within the desired range: g1-0% to 50.00% and g2-50.01% to 100% of appointments. we evaluated the occurrence of thromboembolic and bleeding complications in their entirety or subdivided into major and minor, according to gravity. the results are presented in an actuarial study and frequency of occurrence of linear events. results: the actuarial study showed that, over time, more g2 (with 50.01% to 100% of the consultations with inr in desired range) more patients were free of the occurrence of any event, of minor bleeding events or the marked increase of rni. the linearized frequency of occurrence in all types events, were also lower in group g2. conclusions: the period of time that patients that remain within the desired anticoagulation interval has directly relations with occurrence of complications. even with careful follow-up at a specialized outpatient unit, only approximately one third of the patients showed an adequate anticoagulation level in more than half of the consultations.
Ausência parcial de veia cava inferior associada à malforma??o intestinal
Felicio, Marcello Laneza;Martins, Antonio Sergio;Andrade, Rubens Ramos de;Silva, Marcos Augusto de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76382007000300017
Abstract: a 6-year-old female child sought medical service due to a gastrointestinal malformation. during a medical follow-up a partial absence of the inferior vena cava was diagnosed, which is a rare congenital alteration, involving the vascular drainage from the inferior segment of the body. imaging exams were performed, which contributed to evaluation and description of the case. conservative treatment with an oral anticoagulant was maintained. the patient presents good evolution after a long-term cardiovascular follow-up.
Uso da abordagem lateral para introdu??o de máscara laríngea durante craniotomia em paciente acordado: relato de caso
Marques, Mirna Bastos;Castro, Carlos Henrique Vianna de;Diniz, Dener Augusto;Pinto, Ana Tereza Moreira Dantas de Andrade;Faria, Marcello Penholate;
Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-70942006000600010
Abstract: background and objectives: during an awake craniotomy in which the aachen aphasia test is performed, it is necessary to use the "asleep-awake-asleep" anesthetic technique. the objective of this case report was to describe the anesthetic technique used in a patient with signs of difficult airway. case report: the case of a patient who underwent resection of a tumor in the left temporal lobe, in the wernicke gyrus, with clinical signs of difficult airway is reported. the "asleep-awake-asleep" anesthetic technique, with continuous infusion of propofol and remifentanil, was used. a laryngeal mask, inserted by the lateral approach, was used to keep the airways patency. conclusions: the technique used was effective in obtaining an intraoperative awake and cooperative patient, and the airways were maintained patent with a laryngeal mask. insertion of this device by the lateral approach is especially interesting since this was a patient who presented difficult airway and underwent a surgical procedure in which in which the patient must remain immobile and the surgical field cannot be contaminated.
Clinical and pathological assessment of 82 patients with cardiovascular diseases undergoing autopsy at the Hospital das Clínicas of the Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu from 1988 to 1993
Oliveira, Reinaldo Ayer de;Silva, Marcos Augusto de Moraes;Andrade, Rubens Ramos de;Montenegro, Mário Rubens Guimar?es;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0066-782X2000001000005
Abstract: objective: to evaluated the clinical diagnostic, efficiency for basic death causes in patients dying of circulatory disease and de relative frequency of those diseases. methods: analysis of medical record data of 82 patients, ages from 16 to 84 years old (68 over 40 years old), whose died of circulatory disease and had undergone necropsy in the period from 1988 to 1993 years in the university hospital of medicine faculty of botucatu-unesp, br. results: the functional class of patients were iii or iv, in 78%, and 81.7% needed urgent hospitalization. by the clinical judgment the death were by ischemic heart disease in 32 (21 acute myocardial infarction), chagas'disease in 12, valvopathy in 11, cardiomyopathy in 7, heart failure with no specification of cardiopathy in 11 and other causes in 9. at the necropsy the death cause was ischemic heart disease in 34 patients, valvopathy in 10, chagas'disease in 10, cardiomyopathy in 5, and heart failure with no specification of cardiopathy in 2.the concordance taxes were in thhe same order: 94,6%, 90,0%, 83.3%, 71.4% and 28.5%. conclusion: there was a great efficiency of clinical diagnosis for death cause in a general university hospital. the ischemic heart disease were the main causes of death.
Clinical and pathological assessment of 82 patients with cardiovascular diseases undergoing autopsy at the Hospital das Clínicas of the Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu from 1988 to 1993
Oliveira Reinaldo Ayer de,Silva Marcos Augusto de Moraes,Andrade Rubens Ramos de,Montenegro Mário Rubens Guimar?es
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia , 2000,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluated the clinical diagnostic, efficiency for basic death causes in patients dying of circulatory disease and de relative frequency of those diseases. METHODS: Analysis of medical record data of 82 patients, ages from 16 to 84 years old (68 over 40 years old), whose died of circulatory disease and had undergone necropsy in the period from 1988 to 1993 years in the University Hospital of Medicine Faculty of Botucatu-UNESP, Br. RESULTS: The functional class of patients were III or IV, in 78%, and 81.7% needed urgent hospitalization. By the clinical judgment the death were by ischemic heart disease in 32 (21 acute myocardial infarction), Chagas'disease in 12, valvopathy in 11, cardiomyopathy in 7, heart failure with no specification of cardiopathy in 11 and other causes in 9. At the necropsy the death cause was ischemic heart disease in 34 patients, valvopathy in 10, Chagas'disease in 10, cardiomyopathy in 5, and heart failure with no specification of cardiopathy in 2.The concordance taxes were in thhe same order: 94,6%, 90,0%, 83.3%, 71.4% and 28.5%. CONCLUSION: There was a great efficiency of clinical diagnosis for death cause in a general university hospital. The ischemic heart disease were the main causes of death.
Agronomic performance of sugarcane families in response to water stress
Silva, Marcelo de Almeida;Soares, Rogério Augusto Bremm;Landell, Marcos Guimar?es de Andrade;Campana, Mário Pércio;
Bragantia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0006-87052008000300014
Abstract: water deficit is one of the major factors limiting the production of sugarcane, especially in areas where there is a prolonged period of water deficiency, such as the west central brazilian region. one way to overcome this problem is to cultivate resistant or tolerant varieties. an experiment was set up at the jalles machado sugar mill, located near goianésia, goiás state, brazil, to evaluate agronomic performance of several sugarcane families. a comparative analysis was carried out among the families under two irrigation regimes, one under regular environmental conditions and another under monthly irrigations during the period of water deficiency. evaluated families consisted of 25 progenies planted in a factorial design with three replications with 20 plants each. the first ratoon crop was evaluated for four yield components, stalk height, stalk diameter, stalk number and brix. by analysis of variance, stalk number and stalk height were influenced by water stress conditions during the initial growth phase, and for stalk diameter and brix, water regime had no effect on the average expression of the characters during the growth phase. the method of classification in four categories proved to be adequate. some families had high values for stalk diameter, stalk number and stalk height under water stress conditions. this study showed that it is possible to select sugarcane families under water deficit conditions associated with higher stalk diameter, stalk number and stalk height.
Avalia??o da intensidade de dor e da funcionalidade no pós-operatório recente de cirurgia cardíaca
Borges, Juliana Bassalobre Carvalho;Ferreira, Daniele Leandra Mengue de Paula;Carvalho, Sebasti?o Marcos Ribeiro de;Martins, Antonio Sérgio;Andrade, Rubens Ramos;Silva, Marcos Augusto de Moraes;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76382006000400009
Abstract: objective: to evaluate, in patients submitted to heart surgery, the intensity of pain and the level of functionality during the preoperative period, on the 7th postoperative day and at hospital discharge. a secondary objective was to evaluate any possible relationship between pain and functionality taking into account the following variables: gender, age, first heart surgery or re-interventions, use of cardiopulmonary bypass (cpb), type of surgery and physiotherapeutic follow-up. method: forty-one patients who had undergone elective heart surgery at the teaching hospital of botucatu/unesp were studied. pain intensity was measured using the vas scale and functionality by the fim scale (functional independence measure) in the physical domain. results: it was observed that the intensity of pain was higher on the 7th postoperative day when compared with the preoperative period and at hospital discharge. no pain rating score was shown in the preoperative period, while a median pain intensity of 3 (moderate pain), was noted at hospital discharge. the highest levels of functional loss occurred on the 7th postoperative day compared to the total scores obtained in the preoperative period and at hospital discharge. a significant correlation between pain and functionality was observed; a decrease in level of pain between the 7th postoperative day and hospital discharge contributed to an increase in the functional levels. conclusion: the evaluations performed in the preoperative period provided predictable results. the evaluations carried out on both the 7th postoperative day and at hospital discharge enabled a classification of patients according to their functional gain or loss, which contributed to identify those who require more care and training of their abilities.
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