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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 238909 matches for " Marcia Maria Veronese e Shirley Rak Mantovani "
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PREDOMINANCE AND SOCIAL DETERMINANTS IN OCCURRENCE OF PARASITOSIS IN CENTEREASTERN REGION OF PARANá: A SOCIOECONOMIC ANALYZES OF THE PROBLEM.
Patricia Regina Cenci Queiroz, Angela Patricia Motin, Cristiane Aparecida Verbaneck, Franciely Damaris de Cristo, Marcia de Souza Oliveira, Marcia Maria Veronese e Shirley Rak Mantovani
SaBios : Revista de Saúde e Biologia , 2006,
Abstract: Considering the high incidence of parasitic diseases in centereastern region of Paraná, an inquiry about its probable determinants was carried out. Particularly, the occurrence of Ascaris Lumbricoides was analyzed. Bibliographical research referring to this theme and data-collecting from centereastern region have been carried out, attempting to contextualize the epidemiological condition of this region. We can conclude that the high occurrence of ascariasis in analyzed region is linked to life conditions of general population, the deficiency in urban and sanitary planning, socioeconomic conditions and, essentially, the absence of investments in basic infrastructure. Thus, this study demonstrates the need of an urgent prophylactic action.
Uso de sementes de Moringa oleifera para tratamento de águas superficiais
Paterniani, José E. S.;Mantovani, Marcia C.;Sant'Anna, Marcia R.;
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-43662009000600015
Abstract: this research had as its main purpose the evaluation of the use of natural coagulate, obtained from moringa oleifera seeds and their efficiency in the slow direct filtration and sedimentation processes for the treatment of highly turbid water. in developing countries such as brazil, technologies for water treatment must provide the possibility of water purification in an easy, self-maintainable and low cost process, for people who live in regions characterized by shortage of drinking water. studies so far suggest that there is a potential application of moringa oleifera in the water treatment with slow direct filtration. a flocker composed of a pet bottle and three filters composed of similar bottles with non-woven synthetic blanket were used in the slow filtration, with a discharge of affluent water to the filters of approximately 4 m3 m-2 d-1. in the water treatment process evaluation of the sedimentation efficiency, a flocker composed of pet bottles and a sedimentation tank was used. the water used for these experiments was the synthetic water obtained by bentonite, which presents adequate qualitative characteristics for the analysis.
Ocular problems in brazilian patients with AIDS before and in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era
Rodrigues, Marcia Lopes;Rodrigues, Maria de Lourdes Veronese;Figueiredo, José Fernando de Castro;Freitas, Jo?o Alberto Holanda de;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702007000200005
Abstract: this study determined the total frequency of patients with aids and ophthalmologic problems before and after the introduction of combined highly active antiretroviral therapy (haart), regardless of the use of this treatment; it also determined the frequency of external ocular diseases, intraocular infections and inflammations, and problems of the anterior portion of the optic nerve in these two groups of patients; and it determined the differences in the frequency of ophthalmologic problems in patients receiving haart or not. this was a retrospective study of 207 patients examined using the same protocol, from june 1995 to february 1998 (n=58, pre-haart era) and from march 1998 to may 2005 (n=149, haart era). the frequency of ophthalmologic problems was significantly higher in the pre-haart group, with a predominance of intraocular infections and inflammations. comparison of patients receiving haart or not revealed that ocular involvement tended to be reduced in the treated group and that treatment was effective in preventing infectious diseases; however, the prevalence of external ocular diseases was similar in the patients receiving haart or not. as a consequence of haart, we observed a reduction in the frequency of ocular problems, especially intraocular infections and inflammations. however, this benefic influence was less important in the ocular surface or in external ocular disease.
IDIOPATHIC RECURRENT CYSTITIS: A UROGYNAECOLOGICAL DILEMMA
E. MANTOVANI
Urogynaecologia International Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.4081/uij.2004.29
Abstract: During the first episode of cystitis, the general tendency is to proceed directly with treatment, postponing diagnosis, precisely because it is the first episode, and due to the impressiveness of the symptoms of acute cystitis, and also in the implicit hope that it may be an isolated episode that does not repeat itself. The usual recommendation is rest, abstention from sexual activity, and a mineral water cure. Wide spectrum antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic drugs and painkillers are prescribed. If, despite this, and perhaps after a short period of time, the episode relapses, a diagnosis should be performed. We are consequently dealing with Recurrent Cystitis.
Registrazione di terremoti vicini con sismometri a lungo periodo
E. MANTOVANI
Annals of Geophysics , 1972, DOI: 10.4401/ag-5121
Abstract: Vengono r i p o r t a t e le c a r a t t e r i s t i c h e della nuova rete a lungo periodo in I t a l i a e la possibilità di s f r u t t a r e i sismometri della rete per la registrazione dei sismi vicini.
Desempenho da tecnologia dos eritrócitos magnetizados (E.M.? Technology) nos testes imunoematológicos
Castilho, Shirley L.;Prearo, Ver?nica;Rodrigues, Kátia S.;Duarte, Maria E. L.;
Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-84842008000500009
Abstract: the erythrocytes magnetized technology (e.m.? technology) is a great innovation in the field of blood banking. the tests can be performed manually on a freelys? nano workstation or on the fully-automated system qwalys? (diagast, loos, france). this method does not require centrifugation steps thanks to the use of magnetic red blood cells and a magnetic plate. for blood grouping and rh/k phenotyping, the microplate contains monoclonal igm antibodies. the wells of the microplate to perform antibody screening and cross-matching are coated with murine monoclonal anti-human globulin: anti-igg for antibody screening and anti-igg + anti-igm for cross-matching. the e.m.? technology is only able to detect igg antibodies. a high-density medium layer avoids the necessity of rinsing before the antiglobulin reagent. to evaluate the performance of e.m.? technology on a freelys? nano work station for blood grouping, rh/k phenotyping, antibody screening and cross-matching, we selected samples from patients, blood donors, blood cords, red blood cells from patients with positive direct antiglobulin test (dat) and red blood cells from storage blood bags. in parallel, the tests were performed using the gel-technique (diamed and grifols). the concordance between e.m.? technology and gel-test was 100% for blood grouping and rh/k phenotyping, 94.6% for antibody screening and 92.3% for cross-matching. the sensitivity to detect igg antibodies was 95.5% in both methods. the e.m.? technology on a freelys? nano workstation provided good results in all the tests performed.
Técnicas para estimativa da digestibilidade e produ??o microbiana em bovinos
Dias, Marcia;Le?o, Maria Ignez;Detmann, Edenio;Valadares Filho, Sebasti?o de Campos;Vasconcelos, Angela Maria de;Souza, Shirley Motta de;Paulino, Mário Fonseca;Mur?a, Tássio Bonomo;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982008000300016
Abstract: the objective was to evaluate the estimate of digestion and microbial production by using indigestible neutral and acid detergent fiber (indf and iadf respectively) and to compare microbial production estimated by purine bases in the omasum and urinary excretion of purine derivatives. four rumen and ileum fistulated holstein-zebu heifers with average initial 220 kg lw was maintained in confined regime fed diet based on tifton (cynodon spp.) hay, offered ad libitum and 1kg of concentrate (27% cp). the experiment lasted 60 days: seven for adaptation to the diet (before the first period); three 15 day-experimental periods and four days of interval among periods. total collection of feces, omasum and ileum digesta sampling, rumen contents sampling for bacterial isolation and sampling of urine spot were performed. for the determination of omasal and ileal flow, indf and iadf were used as markers. rumen enviromment was favourable for microbial growth, showing ph values between 6.7 to 6.9 and nh3-n values from 10.3 to 14.1 mg/dl. recovery of iadf did not differ from 100% and produced similar estimation for fecal excretion and total digestion, when compared to total fecal sampling, differently of indf. estimation of microbial production through quantification of purine derivative in urine spot samples was not similar to the obtained by invasive procedure through omasal microbial matter. thus, it is recommended to use iadf for partial and total digestion estimation and urinary excretion of purine derivative for microbial production estimation.
Indicadores para estimativa da digestibilidade parcial em bovinos
Dias, Marcia;Detmann, Edenio;Le?o, Maria Ignez;Souza, Shirley Motta de;Valadares Filho, Sebasti?o de Campos;Vasconcelos, Angela Maria de;Rennó, Luciana Navajas;Valadares, Rilene Ferreira Diniz;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982007000300024
Abstract: the objective of this trial was to investigate the intestinal digestion of neutral detergent fiber (ndf) using different markers and the effect of sampling collection period (daytime vs. diurnal) on nutrient digestion. four crossbred holstein x zebu heifers fitted with ruminal and ileal cannulas were used in this trial. animals were housed in individual pens and fed ad libitum bermudagrass hay plus 1 kg of concentrate (27% cp). the experiment lasted 60 days with seven days for diet adaptation and four days interval between each of the three 15-days experimental periods. total fecal collection was done on day 1, 7, and 13, omasal sampling from day 2 to 4, and ileal digesta collection from day 8 to 10 of each period. single [indigestible neutral detergent fiber (indf), indigestible acid detergent fiber (iadf), and chromium oxide (cr2o3)] and double system markers [co-edta plus indf (co-indf) and co-edta plus iadf (co-iadf) were used to measure flow of omasal digesta. only single markers were used to determine ileal digesta flow. no significant difference was observed on partial nutrient digestibility comparing samples collected during the daytime with those collected during a 24-h period (diurnal) suggesting that samples may be collect only during the daytime. although indf, iadf and co-iadf can all be used to estimate partial digestion of nutrients flowing past the omasum, it is recommended the use of internal markers (indf or iadf) because of low costs and simple determination.
Aten??o humanizada ao recém-nascido de baixo-peso. Método Canguru e cuidado centrado na família: correspondências e especificidades
Hennig, Marcia de Abreu e Silva;Gomes, Maria Auxiliadora de Souza Mendes;Morsch, Denise Streit;
Physis: Revista de Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-73312010000300008
Abstract: the main purpose of this paper is to introduce the human attention of low birth weight-kangaroo care as clinical guidelines in neonatal intensive care. it will also try to link this clinical guideline and another component of neonatal infant care: the family-centered care. based on this relationship, this paper proposes that human attention of low birth weight-kangaroo care should be catalogued as a potentially better practices and also, considered as a health care technology.
Conhecimentos e práticas dos profissionais de saúde sobre a "aten??o humanizada ao recém-nascido de baixo peso - método canguru"
Hennig, Marcia de Abreu e Silva;Gomes, Maria Auxiliadora de Souza Mendes;Gianini, Nicole Oliveira Mota;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292006000400010
Abstract: objective: to identify knowledge and practices related to low weight newborn humane care - the kangaroo method by the medical and nursing staff in public maternity hospitals located in the city of rio de janeiro. method: a cross cutting descriptive method performed by questionnaire application aiming at the management of eleven public maternity hospitals in the city of rio de janeiro, selected for the study, related to humane medical care for low weight newborns - the kangaroo method. one hundred and forty eight doctors and nurses working at these hospitals were interviewed. of these, 116 professionals exclusively working in icu answered specific questions related to care under the perspective of the kangaroo method. results: as for the strategies noted to minimize noise and luminosity, 39% of the professionals related prompt answer to alarms/careful equipment use and 88% referred to luminosity reduction in at least one period out of 24 hour. as for strategies to reduce pain/discomfort, 34% reported the use of non-feeding suction and 9% reported on the use of glucose. eighty three percent reported clinical data as the main information relayed to parents during the first visit. physical exam is a procedure where the mother's presence is allowed by 73% of the respondents. fifty nine percent reported that clinical stability was the reason of allowing the mothers to hold the baby for the first time, but 30% will permit that only if the new born is stable with breathing support. conclusion: notwithstanding theoretical knowledge on humane care, professionals still do not apply it fully in their clinical practice, which is suggestive that the scope of this type of neonatal care is still not totally accepted.
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