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Stroke has been considered as one of the main
causes of death and of motor and cognitive sequels. Especially, many patients
with upper limb hemiparesis improved their motor action and showed meaningful
cortical changes after treatment with constraint-induced movement therapy.
Therefore, this review aims to verify the literature about neuroimaging and behavioral
evidences in the cortical reorganization through the use of the constraint-induced
movement therapy. So, we conducted the literature research in indexed journals
from many databases like Pubmed,
Medline, Cochrane Database,
Lilacs and Scielo. We concluded that the behavioral and neuroimaging studies using
traditional and modified constraint-induced movement therapy promote cortical
We first introduce entropy according to University Physics textbooks, then, briefly discuss it, and then we prove by a general relativistic derivation that the Universe has entropy growth, like a white-hole, that it is R2-dependent, and that dark energy, represented by a cosmological “constant”, is caused by heat flow, and provides for entropy growth.