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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 197912 matches for " Marcelo Pereira de Souza "
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Strategic Environmental Assessment to Improve Infrastructure Impact Assessments in Brazil  [PDF]
Isabel Silva Dutra de Oliveira, Marcelo Monta?o, Marcelo Pereira de Souza
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.410136

The wider consideration of environmental effects and alternatives in early stages of decision-making has been pointed as one of the major benefits of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). Adopted by virtually all of developed countries and sprawling around emergent and developing ones, it is recognized that SEA effectiveness is attached to its systematic application in development plans and programmes. Brazil and many developing countries have different experiences with this instrument and lacks of definition of a procedural framework to promote the use of SEA in strategic levels of decision. As a consequence development projects are frequently threatened” by impact assessment outcomes, especially when a mandatory project-EIA has to inform decisions. In order to contribute to the implementation of SEA in developing countries, the present paper discusses the potential benefits of using SEA in transport infrastructure plans and programmes, through a case study applied to transport plans in the state of Sao Paulo (south-eastern Brazil). The outcomes indicate that SEA could contribute to improve infrastructure impact assessments, minimizing social and environmental conflicts, augmenting the acceptability of projects and decisions, reinforcing the need for SEA to be systematically implemented in Brazil.

A viabilidade ambiental no licenciamento de empreendimentos perigosos no Estado de S?o Paulo
Monta?o, Marcelo;Souza, Marcelo Pereira de;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522008000400012
Abstract: the environmental licensing is an instrument that holds the analysis of environmental viability applied to projects and activities. it must be applied, obviously, before their implementation. this prerogative must be extended to all types of projects, especially those which offer some kind of risk. the present paper discuss some aspects of environmental viability related to the environmental licensing of hazardous projects as it occurs in sao paulo state, brazil. considering two different licensing processes of natural gas distribution systems, the paper questions the efficacy of this instrument and environmental risk assessment as instruments of environmental viability analysis.
Análise da sustentabilidade ambiental do sistema de classifica??o das águas doces superficiais brasileiras
Pizella, Denise Gallo;Souza, Marcelo Pereira de;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522007000200005
Abstract: brazil is a country with large superficial water reserves and aquatic biodiversity, despite the unequal distribution among hydrographic regions. brazilian superficial freshwater classification system is guide for the objectives and instruments of environmental and water policies, regulated for another laws, like resolution conama no 357/05. the present work intends to analyze the existent problems in brazilian water quality management in relation the environmental sustainability premises and, by means of studying reference countries strategies, to identify new trends. it was evidenced technical, legal, economic, social and institutional impediments, as: lacks of articulation between water and environmental instruments, difficulties in creation comities and basin agencies; incongruence of protective water quality and the existence of permissive water classes; development of qualitative standards that only considers waters physical-chemical an microbiological characteristics, the imbalance of environmental information system, and so on. from this diagnosis, were searched recommendations for the perfectioning of the system.
Análise dos aspectos institucionais da regula o de OGMs no Brasil: boas práticas de governan a ambiental?
Denise Gallo Pizella,Marcelo Pereira de Souza
Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente , 2012,
Abstract: The release for the planting of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) is a controversial issue and requires care because it involves the country’s food security, the sovereignty of producers about seed use and the long-term potential environmental risks. Thus, it is important to analyze how the decision-making structures, both formal and informal, are established to address these issues, i.e. environmental governance of GMOs in Brazil, which is the purpose of this article. Among the good governance practices to be analyzed, we will be using the following parameters: popular participation in decision-making, and access to information and environmental justice. The following results were obtained: from the standpoint of public participation, there are flaws, as decision-makers have little social permeability, therefore CTNBio holds public hearings only by its own decision or by court order, which limits access to participation in the deliberation on GMOs. Regarding access to information, we also pointed out problems, as the Biosafety Information System has not been implemented. Environmental justice is inefficient since many cases of contamination of organic and conventional varieties by GMOs economically harm farmers, especially the first ones, who are at risk of losing their organic certification. Moreover, the decision on conducting environmental impact studies is determined by CTNBio, injuring principles that give this task to the organs of SISNAMA. We conclude therefore that the regulation of GMOs in Brazil does not have good environmental governance.
Avalia o Ambiental Estratégica para Gest o Municipal do Turismo: um estudo no município de Bueno Brand o, MG
Clara Carvalho de Lemos,Marcelo Pereira de Souza
Revista Turismo em Análise , 2011,
Abstract: No Brasil, a gest o dos impactos ambientais ocasionados pela atividade turística, geralmente, acontece em momentos tardios, ou seja, o estímulo ao turismo, via de regra, precede o planejamento. Nessa discuss o ganha destaque a necessidade de utiliza o de um instrumento que forne a oportunidade para avalia o de impacto ambiental em situa es mais estratégicas como políticas, planos e programas. O presente estudo apresenta a avalia o ambiental estratégica (AAE) como um instrumento a ser utilizado na gest o estratégica dos impactos ambientais da atividade turística e evidencia as perspectivas de sua aplica o para o planejamento turístico, trazendo um estudo de caso realizado no Município de Bueno Brand o, MG. A partir das informa es obtidas em campo, o trabalho oferece subsídios e recomenda es para uma possível aplica o da avalia o ambiental estratégica na realidade brasileira.
Análise das contribui??es potenciais da Avalia??o Ambiental Estratégica ao Plano Energético Brasileiro
Santos, Simone Mendon?a dos;Souza, Marcelo Pereira de;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522011000400008
Abstract: given the potential of the strategic environmental assessment (sea) and the strategic importance of the energy sector as an object of study, this article uses literature review of relevant literature to identify the potential contributions of the sea for the brazilian energy plan. sea is discussed as an alternative to the inclusion of relevant environmental variable in decision-making inherent in the plan. the instrument contributes to the establishment of a minimum environmental agenda to be respected, essential to the sustain ability of the planning activities of the brazilian energy sector. however, to fully achieve its objectives and provide subsidies for environmental sustain ability depends on the fulfillment of certain requirements.
O licenciamento ambiental da minera??o no Quadrilátero Ferrífero de Minas Gerais: uma análise da implementa??o de medidas de controle ambiental formuladas em EIAs/RIMAs
Prado Filho, José Francisco do;Souza, Marcelo Pereira de;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522004000400012
Abstract: as one of the public policies instruments used for the previous environmental licensing process of possible impacting enterprises, the environmental impact assessment (eia) has shown some drawbacks. many researchers mention disparities between the environmental control measures prescribed by the eia and what was actually implemented in the field. considering these discrepancies, this work is aimed at evaluating the implementation of the environmental mitigating measures, which were approved by the minas gerais state environmental agency (feam) for the iron mining activities of the quadrilátero ferrífero minefield, brazil. it can be concluded that the environmental control measures have become part of the mining project and design activities. however, as the mining activity is certainly a very dynamic process, many of the prescribed mitigating measures were not implemented in the way they were firstly approved in the previous license phase, while some other measures, in turn, were simply neglected, standing only as a list of proposals for mitigating environmental impacts.
Cristiano Marcelo Pereira de Souza,Ednice de Oliveira Fontes,Ana Maria Souza dos Santos Moreau
Revista Geográfica Acadêmica , 2011,
Abstract: Considerou-se a análise funcional da paisagem, com o intuito de entender a sua estrutura as rela esfuncionais entre os elementos naturais e sociais. Foram elaborados os mapas temáticos: hierarquia de rede dedrenagem, topografia, carta de níveis altimétricos e clinográfico. Estes resultaram de imagens de radar SRTMe cartas topográficas do IBGE. Também foram produzidas cartas de compartimenta o geomorfológica, usoda terra e evolu o da mancha urbana por meio de análise visual e classifica o supervisionada de imagens desatélite Landsat 5TM. Analisou ainda os aspectos geológicos e pedológicos da área de estudo. Na confec odos mapas foi utilizado os softwares ArcGis 9.3 e Erdas Imagine 9.2. Os mapas temáticos produzidos, aliadoao trabalho de campo subsidiaram a elabora o do Mapa de Unidades Geoambientais com onze classes. Adocumenta o cartográfica síntese, revela um modelo de ocupa o desordenada, caracterizado pela intensaurbaniza o, com ocupa o de áreas de mangues, encostas, e matas ciliares. Assim neste trabalho, s oapresentadas recomenda es para cada unidade.
A new media optimizer based on the mean-variance model
Fernandez, Pedro Jesus;Lauretto, Marcelo de Souza;Pereira, Carlos Alberto de Bragan?a;Stern, Julio Michael;
Pesquisa Operacional , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-74382007000300003
Abstract: in the financial markets, there is a well established portfolio optimization model called generalized mean-variance model (or generalized markowitz model). this model considers that a typical investor, while expecting returns to be high, also expects returns to be as certain as possible. in this paper we introduce a new media optimization system based on the mean-variance model, a novel approach in media planning. after presenting the model in its full generality, we discuss possible advantages of the mean-variance paradigm, such as its flexibility in modeling the optimization problem, its ability of dealing with many media performance indices - satisfying most of the media plan needs - and, most important, the property of diversifying the media portfolios in a natural way, without the need to set up ad hoc constraints to enforce diversification.
Clara Carvalho de Lemos,Talía Manceira Bonfante,Renato Leandro Taguchi,Marcelo Pereira de Souza
Holos Environment , 2011,
Abstract: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) has emerged as a tool that supports decision making in order to ensure the consideration of environmental issues in strategic planning such as policies, plans and programs (PPP). SEA, however, does not end with the adoption of the PPP. It is required as one of SEA stages that a monitoring process should be established, aiming at identifying the significant environmental effects from PPP implementation, the unforeseen adverse effects and the adoption of appropriate remedial actions. This paper presents the concepts and methodologies for SEA monitoring. Aiming at discussing the concepts and practical issues an analysis of two practical experiences was carried out, both in England, under a regional (Sustainability Appraisal of the Draft East Midlands Regional Plan) and a local basis (Sustainability Appraisal of the North Hertfordshire Local Development Framework). Good practice criteria were identified both in the literature and the requirements established by the SEA Directive. It was found that even in England, which is considered a reference in terms of research and practice of SEA, there are still a number of adjustments to be done and failures to be improved for monitoring purposes, especially regarding the identification of remedial actions for negative environmental impacts. Thus, to achieve the goals outlined for SEA there is a clear need to ensure the feedback process using information identified in the monitoring. = A Avalia o Ambiental Estratégica (AAE) emerge como um instrumento de apoio à tomada de decis o para garantir a considera o das quest es ambientais em situa es estratégicas como Políticas, Planos e Programas (PPP). Entretanto, a AAE n o termina com a ado o das políticas, mas requer, como uma de suas etapas, a ado o do monitoramento, que tem como objetivo acompanhar os efeitos ambientais significativos da implanta o dos PPPs; identificar, no estágio inicial, os efeitos adversos n o previstos e auxiliar a ado o de medidas de corre o adequadas. Este estudo tem como objetivo discutir e explorar conceitos e metodologias sobre monitoramento em AAE. As quest es conceituais e teóricas s o discutidas e relacionadas com as quest es práticas de monitoramento por meio da análise de duas experiências, ambas na Inglaterra, uma no ambito regional (Sustainability Appraisal of the Draft East Midlands Regional Plan) e outra no ambito local (Sustainability Appraisal of the North Hertfordshire Local Development Framework). Para as análises das experiências selecionadas foram considerados os critérios de boa
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