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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2480 matches for " Marcel "
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Making Sense of Environmental Complexity in a Reform Context: The Case of Megaproject Alpha  [PDF]
Marcel Veenswijk
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2012.24015
Abstract: In this paper, new concepts on environmental complexity and sense making are developed and explored and analysed. The article based on a case study regarding a public-private collaboration in a Dutch infrastructural mega project. It is argued that the ability to influence the direction of the change process of the mega project “Alpha” depends on the way actors are able to influence the so aleed “cultural interfaces” into the power arena by means of a specific group of organizational stakeholders. After a short theoretical introduction, we describe the case in terms of two dominant cultural stages and their specific interface dynamics. The paper concludes with a general reflection on the central concepts.
Narrating National Geo Information Infrastructures: Balancing Infrastructure and Innovation  [PDF]
Henk Koerten, Marcel Veenswijk
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2009.24040
Abstract: This paper examines narratives relating to the development of National Geo Information Infrastructures (NGII) in ethnographic research on a Dutch NGII project which was monitored throughout its course. We used an approach which focuses on narratives concerning the environment, groups and practice to elicit sense-making processes. We assert that narratives are relatively fixed and that they only change under specific circumstances. Moreover, the fixing of or change in narratives takes place in practice, so our research approach aimed at analysing narratives of practice, which we label ‘storyboards’. For this purpose, project meetings and conferences were observed, key persons both within and outside the project environment were interviewed, and an analysis of relevant documents and video footage was undertaken. Storyboards are created by actors as a result of day-to-day challenges related to project goals, technology and infrastructure. In our research we found that these storyboards occur as vicious circles from which actors cannot escape. In the specific case analysed, our interpretation of the narrative storyboards suggested that these vicious circles are caused by the inability of project participants to distinguish between infrastructure and innovation requirements in their daily work.
A Value-Based and Multi-Level Model of Macro Economies  [PDF]
Marcel van Marrewijk
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2010.11005
Abstract: There is sufficient evidence that performance levels of various economic systems differ. All systems seem to have particular benefits, but all of them are adequately aligned with the dynamics and complexity of con-temporary societies. In this paper, the author introduces a sequence of ideal type economic systems, based on Spiral Dynamics, a theory explaining levels of existence within people, groups of people, organizations and societies. Per type the author elaborates on the underlying value systems and relating institutional structures, such as leadership style, governance and measurement format.
A Typology of Institutional Frameworks for Organizations  [PDF]
Marcel Van Marrewijk
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2010.12012
Abstract: Inspired by Dr. Clare Graves’ research on evolutionary developments in value systems and levels of existence, this paper introduces an integral business framework—a sequence of ideal type organizations—each characterized by specific institutional arrangements. A table—the transition matrix—summarizes the specific features of each type. It is an update of former version based upon an international EU-financed ECSF research project [1].
Strategic Orientations: Multiple Ways for Implementing Sustainable Performance  [PDF]
Marcel Van Marrewijk
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2010.12010
Abstract: The Four Phase Model®, created by prof. dr. Teun W. Hardjono [1] in 1995, distinguishes four ideal type strategic orientations and shows that these strategies brighten and dim in a specific sequence, adding the most required competences to the organization, and creating a natural rhythm to corporate dynamics. By applying this theory one can understand the nature and whereabouts of the organization’s systemic constraints, revealing the basic features for creating a roadmap towards sustainable performance improvement and competence development. The model generates the top priorities, selects the most adequate (ideal type) interventions and key performance indicators. Combining strategic “situations” as indicated by the Four Phase Model and phase-wise “contexts” as introduced by Spiral Dynamics [2], provides a conceptual synergy with four innovative outcomes: Firstly, aligned with specific contexts, the strategic interventions and KPI’s can be made more specific and practical, thus creating a roadmap for performance improvement and organizational development. Secondly, it structures change management into four distinctive hierarchical complexity levels: 1) enhancing fundamental skills, structures and procedures (vitalizing); 2) improving contemporary levels, aligned with the dominant value system (optimizing); 3) new re-orientations while continuing within current systems (shifting) and 4) a transformation to a more complex context or emerging value system (transforming). Thirdly, powered with the combined understanding of above concepts, one can deduct the specific context and situation for each intervention, instrument or approach to be applied effectively. Fourthly, the combination provided the bases for the so-called Strategy Scan and Strategic Sustainability Scan.
The Cubrix, an Integral Framework for Managing Performance Improvement and Organisational Development  [PDF]
Marcel van Marrewijk
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2010.11001
Abstract: Marcel van Marrewijk, academic director of Research to Improve, has developed an integral, multi-level, multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder management framework, based on a phase-wise development ap-proach as described by Clare Graves’ Levels of Existence Theory, Ken Wilber’s Four Quadrant Theory and the author’s Global Excellence Model. This conceptual framework is coined, the Cubrix. This paper shortly introduces the three original concepts and shows how these models have been merged into the Cubrix. In part two the author demonstrates how Research to Improve designed various surveys, scans, monitors and assessments, all based on this framework. Furthermore, the Cubrix has also been supportive in designing the Performance Improvement Cycle and offer input for developing roadmaps for transitions in organization development.
Duration Dependence in Housing Price Market: A Metro Level Test in United States  [PDF]
Ali Shajarizadeh, Marcel Voia
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/am.2014.519278
Abstract: Duration dependence affects the dynamics of multi sate time to event outcomes. In this paper we are testing if a contraction or an expansion state for the housing price is duration dependent on previous states lengths. This test has implications for explaining the dynamics and the predictability of the housing prices in subsequent spells of contraction/expansion. The test is carried on using a discrete time duration model. This research shows that federal fund rate has strong effect on duration of both expansion and contraction. The analysis is also showing that while for both contraction and expansion spells we observe duration dependence, the risk of exiting from either spell at the beginning of the spell is practically flat for the first five to six years in the expansion spells and between seven and eight years in the contraction spells. After these periods the risk of exiting an expansion spell is increasing but in a non-monotone way, while for the contraction spell the risk of exiting the state is increasing in a monotone way, making the contraction periods easier to predict than the expansion periods.
National Identity and Crisis of Integration in Multi-Ethnic Nigeria: An Existentialist Perspective  [PDF]
Marcel Ikechukwu Sunday Onyibor
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.61001
Abstract: One would expect Nigeria after attaining a century old as a nation state on January 2014 to have overcome the problem of national identity and crisis of integration resulting from its multiethnic composition, but recent events have revealed that this desired status is yet to be fully attained. In fact, there have been continuous agitation by various ethnic nationalities ranging from militancy in the Niger Delta south region which has transformed into oil bunkering, armed robbery and organized kidnapping spreading to the southeastern and western part of the country; to various forms of religious fanaticism in the northeastern axis which recently metamorphoses into terrorism and kidnapping as socio-political characteristic of the present Nigeria society, the question that arises is how far Nigeria as a nation state has put itself on the part of achieving national identity and integration of its multiethnic nationalities into a united nation state. Through the methodological approach of historico-logical analysis of identified factors militating against the above objective, this article will proffer the existentialist principle of inter-subjectivity predicated on some tested democratic values such as rule of law, justice, equality, fairness and freedom as panacea for attaining national identity and resolving crisis of integration in Nigeria.
Igbo Cosmology in Chinua Achebe’s Arrow of God: An Evaluative Analysis  [PDF]
Marcel Ikechukwu Sunday Onyibor
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2016.61011
Abstract: The death, burial, and funeral of African literary icon professor Chinua Achebe (1930-2013) and the fifty years anniversary of the publication of Arrow of God (AG) have led to fresh interest in the works and times of this great African literary giant. Though many books and journal articles have already been written on various themes of his work, one must not forget that Achebe wrote most of his fictional novels from Igbo traditional background. Our interest in the present endeavour is to investigate how Arrow of God recreated the Igbo traditional cosmology in various plots and characters in the novel, as well as how relevant these are to the contemporary Igbo and black Africa in general. Our methodology lies in the thematic discussion and interpretation of the plots and characters in the novel. The study is concluded on the note that Achebe exposed inevitable consequences of the situation when those in position of power and authority forget the derivative source of their power (the people) and rather cling to individual and personal aggrandizement. This will definitely bring them down from grace to grass like the chief priest of Ulu deity in Arrow of God. The novel also reveals that there is indeed a great repository of oral pre-literate tradition which our forebears have left behind for us to transmit to the coming generation as well as us as moral-social pedestal and foundation for engineering new paradigm structures for internally motivated African development.
Towards malaria elimination - a new thematic series
Marcel Tanner, Marcel Hommel
Malaria Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-9-24
Abstract: The paradigm shift from malaria control to malaria eradication following declarations at the Gates Malaria Forum in October 2007 [1,2] and subsequent support voiced by World Health Organization (WHO) [2], the Board of the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) Partnership and many other institutions has renewed inspiration for innovation and public health action. New initiatives such as attempts to eliminate malaria in the Southern African region [3] and Pacific Island states [4] and the new global agenda and field manual for malaria elimination from WHO's Global Malaria Programme [5,6] foreshadowed this movement and are preparing the ground for another global attempt at eradication. Very swiftly a coherent global action plan for malaria eradication was established and approved by RBM in late 2008 [7]. A group of scientists, public health decision makers, control programme managers and funders, the Malaria Elimination Group, compiled - based on all currently available scientific evidence and case studies - a guide to policy makers for malaria elimination for areas that embark or have embarked on elimination strategies [8]. All these recent efforts illuminate a pathway from control through to elimination and, eventually to eradication, as the only ethical long-term strategy.Alongside and interrelated with these important developments over the past decade, a remarkable decline of malaria incidence in several countries in sub-Saharan Africa, and world-wide, has been observed in recent years. This fall seems to have started before the widespread introduction of insecticide-treated nets and is a reflection of the renewed efforts in malaria control [9-15]. In the world today, 108 countries are malaria-free and the remaining one hundred countries still experience malaria transmission; 39 of these countries have already embarked on elimination while the remaining 61 countries implement control strategies [8].It is against this background that the malaria community has to prepare for an "e
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