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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23522 matches for " Manuel Pando Moreno "
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Role of Authentic Leadership in Organizational Socialization and Work Engagement among Workers  [PDF]
José Luis Calderon-Mafud, Manuel Pando-Moreno
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.91004
Abstract: This article presents an idea that aimed to show that the model of authentic leadership is characterized by the consciousness of itself, a moral internalized, transparency in relations and important levels of self-efficacy, could have relations with Organizational Socialization and work engagement in workers. A literature review was made and discussed in a theoretical way the findings reported regarding the relations between the authentic leadership and the way to learn the culture, in addition to reviewing its impact in the work engagement. Findings of some studies indicate that the leadership could act as a mediator significant and positive to learn the organizational culture and develop a state of engagement by improving productivity and job satisfaction.
Psychometric Properties of OPMH-40, a Survey for the Evaluation of the Occupational Positive Mental Health  [PDF]
Julio César Vázquez-Colunga, Manuel Pando-Moreno, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.83026
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of a measurement instrument design for the evaluation of the occupational positive mental health. Based on the positive psychology, humanism, salutogenesis and ecological model, we developed a 40 items survey with a five-point Liker response option. A sample of 740 workers of different occupations answered the survey, taking an average of 15 minutes. The data analysis included exploratory factor analysis for the determination of factorial validity and Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient for reliability. The results indicated a four-factor structure that explains 43.55% of the total variance and a Cronbach’s Alpha of .923 for the whole instrument. We conclude that the SMPO-40 is a valid and reliable measurement instrument for the evaluation of the occupational positive mental health.
Positive Mental Health Model Based on Authentic Leadership and Elements of Socialization  [PDF]
José Luis Calderón-Mafud, Manuel Pando Moreno, Cecilia Colunga-Rodríguez
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.94037
Abstract: In this document, we propose a theoretical model of occupational positive mental health that relates it to elements of organizational socialization (formation and coworkers support) and characteristics of authentic leadership (transparency in relationships, balanced processing and internalized morality), generating in the workers first, the improvement of the interpersonal relations in the work and the development of the strengths in the work, and these facilitate the empowerment in the tasks when combined with elements of socialization, generating personal well-being and allowing to form in the workers a philosophy of working life. In general, it is proposed that it is based on education and learning, which seeks to facilitate an adaptation to the organization with perceptions of equity, and to develop positive mental health at work and its subsequent benefits. This model is proposed with the purpose of developing empirical tests that verify their relationships. The positive results could serve as a basis for interventions and develop new lines of research for the future of these fields of study.
Edad, síndrome de agotamiento profesional (burnout), apoyo social y autoestima en agentes de tránsito, México
Aranda Beltrán,Carolina; Pando Moreno,Manuel;
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2010,
Abstract: introduction: events generated by exposure to job stressors together with individual characteristics bring about various health afflictions which come to bear on the development of burnout syndrome. objective: to analyze the variables age, social support and self-esteem in regard to the development of burnout syndrome. method: the population was composed of 875 traffic agents. a questionnaire on socio-demographic and occupational data was applied, together with the maslach burnout inventory scale (mbi-hss), the amended social resources inventory of diaz veiga, and the iga-2000 scale on self-esteem. results: 802 (91.6%) traffic agents were men and 73 (8.4%) were women. the minimum age was 20 years and the maximum was 84 years (one individual each). the prevalence of burnout syndrome was of 47.8% for the age group under 42 years and 65.9% for those over 43 years. as for objective social support, the prevalence for the larger group of ages 43 years or more was 16.1%, while subjective support was 16.7%. the prevalence of the variable selfesteem was 7,9% in patients over 43 years old. the inferential analysis showed several significant associations between age and the study variables. conclusions: increased age is a risk factor in the development of burnout syndrome, as is having poor or inadequate social support and low self-esteem.
Edad, síndrome de agotamiento profesional (burnout), apoyo social y autoestima en agentes de tránsito, México Age, Burnout Syndrome, Social Support and Self-Esteem in Traffic Agents, Mexico
Carolina Aranda Beltrán,Manuel Pando Moreno
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2010,
Abstract: Introducción: Las manifestaciones generadas por la exposición a agentes estresores laborales y a características de tipo individual traen consigo diversos da os a la salud que inciden en el desarrollo del síndrome de agotamiento profesional (burnout). Objetivo: Analizar las variables: edad de los participantes ante el síndrome, el apoyo social y la autoestima. Método: Población conformada por 875 agentes de tránsito, a la cual se aplicó un cuestionario de datos sociodemográficos y laborales, la Escala de Maslach Burnout Inventory, el Inventario de Recursos Sociales de Díaz Veiga modificado y el cuestionario de autoestima IGA-2000. Resultados: 802 (91,6%) agentes eran hombres y 73 (8,4%) eran mujeres. La edad mínima fue de 20 a os y la máxima de 84 a os (un sujeto para cada uno). Se encontraron prevalencias para el síndrome de agotamiento profesional del 47,8% para el grupo menor de 42 a os y del 65,9% para los mayores de 43 a os. En cuanto al apoyo social objetivo, la prevalencia para el grupo mayor de 43 a os fue del 16,1%; mientras que para el apoyo subjetivo, de 16,7%. Para la variable autoestima se observaron prevalencias en los mayores de 43 a os del 7,9%. Los análisis inferenciales demostraron varias asociaciones significativas entre la edad y las variables de estudio. Conclusiones: La edad es una característica individual trascendental en la vida. Tener más edad es un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo del síndrome, tener un inadecuado apoyo social y una autoestima baja. Introduction: Events generated by exposure to job stressors together with individual characteristics bring about various health afflictions which come to bear on the development of burnout syndrome. Objective: To analyze the variables age, social support and self-esteem in regard to the development of burnout syndrome. Method: The population was composed of 875 traffic agents. A questionnaire on socio-demographic and occupational data was applied, together with the Maslach Burnout Inventory Scale (MBI-HSS), the Amended Social Resources Inventory of Diaz Veiga, and the IGA-2000 scale on self-esteem. Results: 802 (91.6%) traffic agents were men and 73 (8.4%) were women. The minimum age was 20 years and the maximum was 84 years (one individual each). The prevalence of burnout syndrome was of 47.8% for the age group under 42 years and 65.9% for those over 43 years. As for objective social support, the prevalence for the larger group of ages 43 years or more was 16.1%, while subjective support was 16.7%. The prevalence of the variable selfesteem was 7,9% in patients over 43 years old
"Sangre y azúcar": representaciones sobre la diabetes de los enfermos crónicos en un barrio de Guadalajara, México
Torres-López, Teresa Margarita;Sandoval-Díaz, Manuel;Pando-Moreno, Manuel;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2005000100012
Abstract: the objective of this study was to analyze social representations of diabetes mellitus by chronic patients in a neighborhood in guadalajara, mexico. the methodology was qualitative and ethnographic. thirty patients were interviewed at four moments over the course of two years, and the interviews were transcribed and analyzed with a dialectic hermeneutic focus using the ethnograph software. the main results include a holistic representation of the disease, with multi-causality and key differences according to gender, allowing the expression of body sensations, pain, images, and individual meanings, the perception of a contaminated, unnatural physical environment, and a social context with economic limitations and affective, family, and marital problems. diabetes is a means of expression, a vehicle, and a catalyst in an adverse environment which allows organizing what are perceived as negative internal and external events.
"Sangre y azúcar": representaciones sobre la diabetes de los enfermos crónicos en un barrio de Guadalajara, México
Torres-López Teresa Margarita,Sandoval-Díaz Manuel,Pando-Moreno Manuel
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2005,
Abstract: El objetivo de este estudio fue el analizar las representaciones sociales de los enfermos crónicos con diabetes que viven en un barrio de Guadalajara, México. El acercamiento metodológico fue de tipo cualitativo y etnográfico. Se entrevistaron treinta personas en cuatro ocasiones durante dos a os, las entrevistas fueron transcritas y analizadas con el enfoque hermenéutico dialéctico con el apoyo del programa de cómputo Ethnograph. Entre los resultados más importantes se destaca una representación holística de la enfermedad, con una multicausalidad con diferencias notables según el género de pertenencia. Permite la expresión de sensaciones corporales, dolores, imágenes y significados propios, la percepción del medio físico contaminado, antinatural, de un contexto social, con limitaciones económicas, problemas afectivos, familiares y de relación con la pareja. La diabetes es un medio de expresión, un vehículo, y un catalizador de un medio adverso, que permite organizar acontecimientos, internos y externo, percibidos como negativos.
Factores psicosociales y patologías laborales en trabajadores de un sistema de transporte público urbano, México Psychosocial Factors and Occupational Diseases in Workers of an Urban Public Transportation System, Mexico
Carolina Aranda Beltrán,Manuel Pando Moreno,Teresa Torres López,José Salazar Estrada
Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría , 2011,
Abstract: Introducción: En los últimos a os se ha reportado un incremento de enfermedades y accidentes laborales debido a factores psicosociales negativos en el lugar de trabajo. Objetivo: Analizar la asociación entre los factores de riesgo psicosociales laborales y los aspectos de salud de los trabajadores del transporte público. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal y analítico. La población la conformaron 506 trabajadores del sistema de transporte público urbano de una ciudad de México, tanto directivos como operativos, que mostraran disposición para contestar los instrumentos de evaluación: un cuestionario con ítems sociodemográficos, laborales y de problemas de salud y la Guía de Identificación de Factores Psicosociales, elaborada por el Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Resultados: Entre los resultados más sobresaliente se observó que el 43,4% mencionó haber tenido alguna enfermedad y un 20% refirió que está relacionada con su trabajo. Se obtuvo una prevalencia del 26,9% de factores psicosociales negativos en su área de trabajo, y las asociaciones negativas se inclinaron a las áreas de interacción social y del sistema de trabajo. Conclusiones: Todo trabajador está expuesto a una diversidad de riesgos de tipo psicosocial, los cuales generan una serie de repercusiones en la salud y el bienestar del trabajador. Laborar bajo condiciones inseguras impide que el trabajador realice óptimamente sus funciones.
Apoyo social como factor protector a la salud frente al Síndrome de Burnout en agentes de vialidad, México Social support as a protective health factor from burn-out syndrome in traffic agents, Mexico
Carolina Aranda Beltrán,Manuel Pando Moreno,José G Salazar Estrada,Teresa M Torres López
Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública , 2010,
Abstract: Objetivo: del trabajo fue determinar la relación entre las redes sociales de apoyo y el Síndrome de burnout en agentes de vialidad en una ciudad de México. Métodos: El dise o es transversal. La población la conformaron 875 hombres y mujeres que laboraban en cualquier turno. Se aplicaron dos instrumentos, la Escala de Valoración de Maslach Burnout Inventory, y el Inventario de Recursos Sociales de Díaz Veiga modificado. El análisis consistió principalmente en el determinar las posibles asociaciones entre las variables de estudio. Resultados: La prevalencia del Síndrome de Burnout fue del 54,9 %, las redes sociales fueron catalogadas de muy buenas a regulares y las asociaciones fueron significativamente positivas entre ambas variables. Discusión: Se llega a la conclusión de que pese a la muy buena red de apoyo que se reportó, parece ser que éstas no fueron lo suficientemente contundentes, sobre todo en el aspecto objetivo y el síndrome, por lo que alguna estrategia de solución deberá ser implementada de manera individual, grupal y organizacional. Objective: This study was geared towards determining the relationship between social support networks and burnout syndrome of traffic agents in a city of Mexico. Methods: The design was cross-sectional. The population consisted of 875 men and women who were working at any shift. Two instruments were applied, the Maslach Burnout Inventory valuation scale, and the modified Social Resources Inventory by Diaz Veiga. The analysis was focused on possible associations between the studied variables. Results: The prevalence of burnout syndrome was 54,9 %; social networks were rated from very good to mediocre and the associations between both variables were significantly positive. Discussion: It was concluded that despite the very good support networks reported, it appears that the latter were not sufficiently strong, especially in the objective aspect and the syndrome, so that any strategy for solution should be implemented on an individual, group and organizational basis.
Síndrome de Burnout en médicos familiares del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Guadalajara, México Burnout syndrome in family doctors of Instituto Mejicano del Seguro Social. Guadalajara , Mexico
Carolina Aranda Beltrán,Manuel Pando Moreno,José G Salazar Estrada,Teresa M Torres López
Revista Cubana de Salud Pública , 2005,
Abstract: El síndrome de Burnout es un conjunto de signos y síntomas derivados de un proceso progresivo y gradual a estresores negativos presentes en el área laboral que desgasta, agota, fatiga, deshumaniza, desperzonaliza y hace que el individuo se sienta fracasado. El objetivo del estudio fue el de determinar la prevalencia de Burnout, las manifestaciones clínicas y la relación entre ellas en los médicos familiares del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Guadalajara, México. Para analizar lo propuesto se utilizó un cuestionario de datos sociodemográficos y laborales, además de la escala de Maslach Burnout Inventory. La prevalencia encontrada sobre el síndrome de Burnout en los médicos familiares fue del 42,3 %. El 64,8 % (81 sujetos) se manifestó enfermo. Las enfermedades más frecuentes fueron las músculo-esqueléticas (20 %), las respiratorias (19,2 %), las gastrointestinales (18,3 %) y las psicológicas (15,2 %). Se encontró relación entre casi todos los reactivos del cuestionario con las enfermedades gastrointestinales, cardiovasculares, neurológicas y psicológicas, pero las dimensiones que se comportaron como factor de riesgo hacia la enfermedad fue principalmente el agotamiento emocional Burnout syndrome is a group of signs and symptoms derived from a progressive and gradual process of exposure to negative stressors present in the working area that wear out, exhaust, tires out, dehumanize, depersonalize and make the individual feel unsuccessful. The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of Burnout syndrome, the clinical manifestations and the relationship among them in family physicians of the Instituto Mejicano del Seguro Social in Guadalajara, Mexico. A questionnaire to collect socio-demographic and work data in addition to Maslach Burnout Inventory scale were used to make the analysis. Burnout syndrome prevalence rate found in the family physicians was 42,3%. 64,8% (81 subjects) declared sick. The most frequent diseases were musculo-skeletical (20%), respiratory (19,2%), gastrointestinal (18,3%) and psychological (15.2%). Almost all the aspects of the questionnaire were related to gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, neurological and psychological diseases, but the dimension that acted as a risk factor for the disease was mainly "emotional exhaustion
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