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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 474 matches for " Malonga Kaj Francoise "
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Availability and Quality of Family Planning Services in the City of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Matungulu Matungulu Charles, Ntambue Mukengeshayi Abel, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Mundongo Shamba Henry, Kakoma Sakatolo Zambeze Jean Baptiste, Malonga Kaj Francoise
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105208
Abstract:
The coverage of FP services and their availability in the city of Lubumbashi were low. The quality of family planning services was good in most health facilities offering FP services. Improving coverage and availability of family planning services in Lubumbashi, as well as the innovation of the most appropriate supply strategies, is essential to increase contraceptive prevalence.
Barriers to the Implementation of the Nursing Approach in Public Hospitals in Lubumbashi in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study  [PDF]
Ndayi Kabamba Julie, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Kabange Umba Irène, Matungulu Matungulu Charles, Abdulu Mahuridi, Mwinkeu Kasongo Narcisse, Malonga Kaj Francoise
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103721
Abstract:
Introduction: The nursing approach (NA) is the essence of the nursing profession. However, its implementation is almost absent in the hospitals of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine nurses’ knowledge, attitudes and practices in relation to the nursing approach and to identify barriers to the implementation of this approach. Methods: To achieve these objectives, we carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study among the nurses of the 11 public hospitals of Lubumbashi, from June to September 2015. Thanks to a validated questionnaire, we collected the data by interview, supported by participatory observation. Results: The results showed that 67.6% of respondents were trained on NA; However, 99.3% did not know the exact number of NA steps and 62.6% did not cite any steps; The majority (93.5%) of trainees on NA find that this process provides quality patient care; 100% of the sample wish to put it into practice; 100% of the sample need continuous training on NA including 67.6% to improve knowledge and 32.4% to learn; 89.1% of those trained reported not practicing NA, but participating direct observation gave 100% of non-practice. The barriers to implementation of the NA were inadequate nursing staff (75.6%), inadequate equipment (71.5%), lack of time (62.6%), lack of theoretical and practical knowledge (47.2%), lack of nursing records (26%) and lack of institution for nursing care within the hospital (17%). Conclusion: Therefore, capacity building of nurses through continuing education, as well as initial training on NA, would increase their knowledge, reinforce positive attitude and promote its implementation, all supported by improved working conditions and the implementation of a professional nursing quality assurance organization.
Factors Associated with the Implementation of the Nursing Process in the Public Hospitals of Lubumbashi in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study  [PDF]
Ndayi Kabamba Julie, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Matungulu Matungulu Charles, Kabange Umba Irène, Abdulu Mahuridi, Mwinkeu Kasongo Narcisse, Mundongo Tshamba Henry, Omanyondo Ohambe Marie Claire, Malonga Kaj Francoise
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104054
Abstract:
Introduction: The nursing process is an organized method that focuses on the individual reactions of a person (or group) in order to produce a clinical judgment about the person’s state of health in order to make decisions about to the care to be given [1]. Method: The qualitative study has been carried out in this work. This involves exploring the factors related to their experience and the feelings of each caregiver in order to identify possible pathways for the implementation of the nursing process in public hospitals in Lubumbashi. Results: The results showed that the factors that can favor the implementation of the nursing process according to the expression of the nurses surveyed are: updating knowledge on the nursing procedure, setting up the nursing file, availability nursing staff (sufficient staff and permanence in the workplace), motivation of nurses (salary, promotion, bonus, etc.), availability of work equipment. Conclusion: Ultimately, the main challenges remain the training, the equipment of the hospitals and the financial motivation of the nurses.
Doctors Perception of Nursing Care in Lubumbashi City Public Hospitals  [PDF]
Ndayi Kabamba Julie, Ilunga Musaya Pierrot, Nyembo Shimba André, Kabange Umba Irène, Mwinkeu Kasongo Narcisse, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Omanyondo Ohambe Marie Claire, Malonga Kaj Francoise
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105579
Abstract:
Introduction: Teamwork is an issue that hospitals must encourage. But the fact is that many hospitals do not promote mutual knowledge of different professions for complementarity in order to meet the needs of patients or the population. Our study pursued a three-fold objective: to explore physicians’ perceptions of nursing care, to describe physicians’ perceptions of the role of nurses, and to identify some characteristics of physician-nurse collaboration. Method: We conducted a cross-sectional descriptive study with 14 doctors at Lubumbashi General Reference Hospitals (Sendwe, South Gecamines and University teaching hospital). Data collection took three months, from May 1 to July 31, 2018. Of the exhaustive sample of a population of 25 physicians, only 14 physicians freely consented and participated in the study and constituted the final size of our study sample. The data has been processed with Excel 2013 and Epi-info 7 software version 7.2.1.0. Results: At the end of our study, we found that no doctor has been able to define either the term nurse or nursing. In addition, 21.5% of the doctors thought that the role of the nurse is to execute the decisions of the doctor. Although 78.6% and 64.3% respectively strongly agreed on the nurse’s consideration as a collaborator and staff needing to clarify a medical prescription; 71.4% reported that the nurse did not have an independent role, 100% had no knowledge of the nursing approach, and 100% found that respect for the role of physicians is one of the elements of their collaboration. In the end, all these results showed the ignorance of the term nurse, nursing care and the nursing approach by the doctors of the public hospitals of the city of Lubumbashi. Conclusion: At the end of our research, we found a negative perception of the nurse and nursing care by the physicians participating in our survey. Awareness within the multidisciplinary team about recognizing the role and limitations of the nurse’s skills becomes a necessity. The quality of the doctor and nurse relationship will certainly improve the quality of patient care.
Determinants of Sexual Violence in the City of Lubumbashi: Household Survey in Kampemba Health District  [PDF]
Mwarabu Much'apa Bienfait, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Bady Kabuya Gabin, Katenda Kankokwe Cathy, Malonga Kaj Francoise, Kakoma Sakatolo Zambeze Jean-Baptiste
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105572
Abstract:
Introduction: A major impediment to sustainable development, sexual assault imposes exorbitant costs on families, communities and economies. The objec-tive of the study was to identify the determinants of sexual violence in urban areas. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study in the form of a survey of 501 households conducted on 17 and 20 May 2018 at Bongonga District in the Kampemba Health District in Lubumbashi. The sampling was proportionally stratified randomly and the sampling rate was 17. Collected by the structured interview technique after obtaining informed consent, the data were analyzed by the SPSS software version 23. Univariate analyzes, bivariate and multivariate were made. Results: The community prevalence of sexual violence was 31.1%. Almost all of the victims were female (98.0%). The median age at first sexual experience was 17 years and the mean age was 15.8 ± 8 years. Six variables, namely the history of sexual violence during childhood (AOR = 30.2 95% CI [10.4 - 87.4], p = 0.000), the feast (AOR = 4.9 95% CI [1.2 - 19.7], p = 0.027), mental handicap (AOR = 0.079 95% CI [0.02 - 0.34], p = 0.001), sexy clothing (AOR = 0.11 95% CI [0.02 - 0.56], p = 0.008), drunk-enness (AOR = 0.081 95% CI [0.02 - 0.36], p = 0.001) and living in a couple (AOR = 0.532 95% CI [0.33 - 0.87], p = 0.011), have been found to be deter-minants of sexual violence. Conclusion: Despite their magnitude, sexual vio-lence, whose main determinants are the antecedent of sexual violence during childhood and living together, remains a neglected health problem in the city of Lubumbashi.
Clinically Visible Congenital Birth Defects, Case of the Kenya Health District in the Democratic Republic of the Congo  [PDF]
Nama Mwengu Cecile, Mizelo waKumwimba, Ngoy Shindano Romain, Iungamakonga Dressen, Lunkutu kitambala Hugues, Kimbamukanya Pascal, Matungulu Matungulu Charles, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Mundongo Tshamba Henry, Kabyla Ilunga Benjamin, Malonga Kaj Francoise
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105440
Abstract:
INTRODUCTION: Congenital birth defects are real, and they can affect any woman carrying a pregnancy. A particular action must be carried out for preventive purposes. METHODOLOGY: We carried out a cross-sectional study on congenital birth defects in the health district of Kenya. Our study included 68 children born with congenital malformation. This study con-cerned the six health facilities in the Kenya Health Zone that have maternity clinics from 2010 to 2014. The results were analyzed on SPSS version 23. RESULTS: Of the 68 children born with congenital malformation recorded during our study period, 54% were female compared to 46 males. There is no statistically significant relationship between congenital birth defects and antenatal care as shown in Table 1 (OR: 1.2, P-value equals 0.79). There were more cases of congenital malformation in 2014 74% followed by 2013 with 59%. The year 2010 recorded 5 cases or 13%. CONCLUSION: Congenital birth defects are a health problem in the world. They spare no corner around the world. The Democratic Republic of the Congo and especially the Sanitary District of Kenya are also concerned. It is expected that primary prevention measures will be strengthened because today’s children are the future of tomorrow.
Hospital Hygiene Maternity Hospital Public Lubumbashi Democratic Republic of Congo  [PDF]
Kaj Fran?oise Malonga, Hendrick Lukuke Mbutshu, Jean-Jacques Lunda Ngandu, Mukengeshayi Abel Ntambue, Michel Makoutode
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2017.74007
Abstract: Introduction: Public hospitals in the DRC are of significant disrepair, while there is a strong link between the failure of hospital hygiene and the incidence of nosocomial infections. We have conducted a study with the objective of evaluating the structural-functional conditions of hospital hygiene maternity wards of public hospitals in Lubumbashi. Methodology: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study and structural-functionalist whose population consisted of nurses responsible for 7 of 12 maternity hospitals which were selected based on the inclusion criteria. The observation with an observation guide and maintenance using a questionnaire we used to collect data. Results: The results showed that hospital hygiene conditions in maternity wards of public hospitals in Lubumbashi are not good because almost all maternity services and surgery are not always water in the taps (14.3%). The bins were a means for care units, no coding system exists to distinguish the type of waste. The medical waste are mixed and the other waste are burned in the open or in makeshift incinerator with other types of waste. Conclusion: These maternity wards have poor hygiene, staff responsible for this sector did not follow any training in this area. There is need to regulate the sector and train them.
A Construction of a Differential Graded Lie Algebra in the Category of Effective Homological Motives
Kaj Gartz
Mathematics , 2006,
Abstract: This text gives a construction of a differential graded Lie algebra in Nori's category of effective homological motives. In fact the construction works in more a general setting than that of an Abelian category. This allows us to give the rational homotopy Lie algebra of a 1-connected space a motivic structure. As a consequence the rational homotopy Lie algebra inherits a mixed Hodge structure and Galois module structure.
IV CONFERENCIA SOBRE GESTIóN DEL RIESGO EN EL VALLE DE ABURRá - Declaración de Medellín POR UNA GESTIóN EFECTIVA DEL RIESGO EN EL VALLE DE ABURRá
Coupé Francoise
Gestión y Ambiente , 2008,
Abstract: Durante los días 27 y 28 de septiembre de 2007, se realizó en Medellín la IV Conferencia sobre la gestión del riesgo en el Valle de Aburrá, bajo el título de a€ Villatina 20 a os despuésa€ . Este evento académico conmemoró el deslizamiento de Villatina, que ocurrió el 27 de septiembre de 1987, cegó la vida de más de 500 personas, dejó más de 2000 damnificados y destruyó varias manzanas construidas en la ladera del Cerro Pan de Azúcar. Además, intentó evaluar el estado de la gestión del riesgo en los últimos veinte a os y mantener, para las nuevas generaciones, la memoria de un evento dramático y del riesgo que amenaza a muchos habitantes del Valle de Aburrá. Los asistentes al Foro, luego de dos días de reflexión, aprobaron las siguiente conclusiones y recomendaciones, con la esperanza de que sean de utilidad para todas las entidades y personas responsables de la prevención, atención, mitigación y recuperación de desastres, y contribuyan a la eficiencia de la lucha permanente por un mejor futuro común para todos.
Del Editor
Coup?? Francoise
Gestión y Ambiente , 2009,
Abstract: Apreciados lectores El Comit Editorial da la bienvenida a la Corporaci 3n Acad mica Ambiental de la Universidad de Antioquia, que se vincula a la Revista Gesti 3n y Ambiente y a su proceso de reflexi 3n y publicaci 3n. En es te n omero, la Revista Gesti 3n y Ambiente, entrega algunos documentos sobre la problem tica ambiental urbana, y lo hace en dos perspectivas: Inicia con unas reflexiones de Augusto ngel Maya, el maestro de muchos de quienes estudian temas ambientales y uno de los pensadores ambientales m s importantes en Colombia y en Am rica La Keywords
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