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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 289 matches for " Malondialdehyde "
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Plasma Antioxidant Vitamins Levels and Lipid Peroxidation in Breast Cancer Patients
T Aghvami,M Djalali,A Keshavarz,MR Sadeghi
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2006,
Abstract: Oxidative stress arises when there is an imbalance between reactive oxygen species (ROSs) and scavenging capacity of antioxidants, and it can induce and progress many diseases such as breast cancer. The present study was conducted to investigate the status of plasma antioxidative vitamins (E and C) and lipid peroxidation on 50 untreated breast cancer patients and 50 healthy age-matched women. The results revealed that plasma vitamin E and vitamin E adjusted for the sum of cholesterol and triglycerides decreased significantly in patients group (P< 0.05). We could also observe that vitamin E adjusted for lipid was significantly different in various stages of breast cancer. On the other hand, the level of malondialdehyde increased significantly in patients as compared to the controls (P <0.05). There were no significant changes in plasma vitamin C between two groups. According to the findings, attention to the level of plasma antioxidant vitamins and lipid peroxidation is of great importance to promote the level of health in women suffering from breast cancer.
Differences in severity of mastitis and the pathogens causing various oxidative product levels  [PDF]
Witaya Suriyasathaporn, Teera Chewonarin, Usanee Vinitketkumnuen
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2012.324064
Abstract: Differences in severity of mastitis and their causing pathogens might be associated with oxidative product levels occurring during the inflammatory process in infected udders. The objectives of this study were to determine the relationship of oxidative product levels, using malondialdehyde (MDA) as a marker on both mastitis severity and its causing pathogens. Quarter milk samples of all lactating cows in the selected farms were primarily tested for mastitis severity levels including clinical and subclinical mastitis. All quarter milk samples from mastitis cows were separately collected for MDA measurement and bacteriological analyses. Results showed that MDA in clinical mastitis quarters was highest in comparison to sub-clinical mastitis and healthy quarters. MDA in milk samples with Strep. uberis and coagulase negative staphylococci was higher than in milk samples without any pathogens (p < 0.05). In conclusion, differences in both severity of mastitis and mastitis pathogens were associated with differences of oxidative products in infected udders.
Inhibitory Effect of Aqueous Extract of Moringa oleifera and Newbuoldia laevis Leaves on Ferrous Sulphate and Sodium Nitroprusside Induced Oxidative Stress in Rat’s Testes in Vitro  [PDF]
Seun F. Akomolafe, Ganiyu Oboh, Afolabi A. Akindahunsi, Ayodele J. Akinyemi, Olusola Adeyanju
Open Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (OJMC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojmc.2012.24015
Abstract:

Oxidative stress has been identified as one of the factors that affects fertility status. Therefore, this study sought to investigate the inhibitory effect of aqueous extract of Moringa oleifera and Newbuoldia laevis leaves on FeSO4 and Sodium Nitroprusside (SNP) induced lipid peroxidation in rat testes in vitro. Incubation of the testes tissue homogenate in the presence of FeSO4 and SNP caused a significant increase in the malondialdehyde (MDA) contents of the testes. The aqueous extract from both Moringa oleifera and Newbuoldia laevis leaves caused a significant decrease in the MDA contents of the testes in a dose-dependent manner. However, aqueous extract from Moringa oleifera leaf (EC50 = 0.29 mg/ml) had a significant (P<0.05) higher inhibitory effect on Fe2+ induced lipid peroxidation in the rat testes homogenate than that of Newbuoldia laevis leaf extract (EC50 = 0.58 mg/ml); while there was no significant (P<0.05) difference between the plant extracts on SNP induced lipid peroxidation in the rat testes homogenates. Therefore, part of the mechanisms through which the water extractable phytochemicals in the leaves protect the testes from oxidative stress may be through their antioxidant activity; DPPH scavenging ability, Fe2+ chelating and reducing power. Therefore, these plants have potential to prevent oxidative stress in testes and improve fertility outcomes.

Glycine supplementation reduces the severity of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis in hamsters  [PDF]
Odara Maria de Sousa Sá, Nilza Nelly Fontana Lopes, Maria Teresa Seixas Alves, Rajesh V. Lalla, Maria Luiza Vilela Oliva, Eliana Maria Monteiro Caran
Natural Science (NS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.59118
Abstract:

Objective: Oral mucositis (OM) is a devastating toxicity associated with cytotoxic cancer therapy. The OM pathogenesis and the complex interactions occur in response to tissue insult. Application of this evolving model has aided in the development of mechanistically based therapies for the prevention and treatment of mucositis. The present study was to assess the effects of glycine supplementation on chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis. Methods: In a hamster cheek pouch model of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis, one group of 20 animals received systemic glycine supplementation for 7 days, while another similar control group did not. Clinical mucositis severity and neutrophil infiltrate (on histology) were assessed by blinded examiners. Free radical production was measured as malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. Results: As compared to control animals, glycine-treated animals demonstrated a highly significant reduction in clinical severity of oral mucositis, neutrophil infiltrate, and MDA levels (p < 0.001 for all). Conclusions: Glycine supplementation reduces the severity of chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis in an animal model. This effect is at least partly mediated through inhibition of the inflammatory response and reduced production of damaging free radicals.

Salicylic Acid Alleviates Aluminum Toxicity in Tomato Seedlings (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) through Activation of Antioxidant Defense System and Proline Biosynthesis  [PDF]
Varalakshmi Surapu, Anjaneyulu Ediga, Balaji Meriga
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2014.59091
Abstract:

The aim of this work was to evaluate the alleviating efficacy of salicylic acid (100, 250 and 500 μM) against the toxic effects of aluminum (Al) on two tomato cultivars (GOWRI and SIRI) differing in their sensitivity to Al stress. Al treatment (500 μM) caused 40% - 80% drop in plant growth, relative water content (RWC) and cell viability and a reduction of 1 - 2.5 fold and 0.5 - 2 fold in glutathione and proline content respectively, when compared to their control plants grown in Al free medium. Al treatment also resulted in 2 - 5 fold raise in malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, 2 - 3 fold higher Al uptake and 55% - 80% more electrolyte leakage and caused severe DNA damage. Al stress enhanced (1 - 2 fold) the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD), but decreased catalase (CAT) activity over their respective controls. Exogenously-applied Salicylic acid (SA) significantly (p < 0.05) and dose-dependently alleviated Al-induced toxicity in tomato seedlings as marked by much improved plant growth, retention of higher RWC, cell viability, glutathione and proline content. SA also caused 0.6 - 1.5 fold reduction in Al uptake, 50% - 80% less electrolyte leakage, 40% - 80% drop in lipid peroxidation and considerable protection against DNA damage. Also, supplementation of SA could considerably reverse the Al-induced changes in the activities of SOD, POD and CAT. Together, our findings demonstrate that, SA is an efficient growth regulator with diversified roles that contribute to its potential alleviating effect against Al induced toxicity and SIRI is a relatively Al-resistant cultivar compared to GOWRI.

Effect of Pressurized Soy Protein Isolate upon the Growth and Antioxidants Functions of SD Rat  [PDF]
Nancy Ali, Li Zhang, Lili Li, Laurie H. M. Chan, Baixiang Li
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.65052
Abstract: The objective of this study is to specify the effect of pressurized soy protein isolate (pSPI), upon the physical development, growth hormones and antioxidants functions of SD rats. The methodology depends on the selection of one hundred male SD rats, divided randomly into 5 groups. Each group consists of 20 rats. The groups will be defined as one blank control group, three groups with pSPI at low, medium and high doses and another control group with native soy protein isolates (nSPI). Low, medium and high doses are represented by 0.333 g/kg, 1.667 g/kg and 3.333 g/kg pSPI per weight, respectively. The native soy protein isolate is represented by 3.333 g/kg nSPI per weight. In every group, four animals will be taken out to collect the blood samples and analyze insulin like growth factor-I, growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, thyroxine and triiodothyronin. The other SD rats will be subjected to feeding for 63 consecutive days. The body weight, the body length and food intake of each rat are measured. The total antioxidant capacity, superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde and Glutathione Peroxidase in liver and serum of each rat will be analyzed. The results indicated that the groups with medium and high dose of pSPI result in an obvious increase in the body weight, body length and food utilization rate of SD rats. Also, pSPI has a great effect on the growth and antioxidants functions of SD rat.
Lipid Peroxidation and Some Antioxidant Enzymes Evaluation in Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV) Treated Male and Female Wistar Rats Exposed to Chronic Restraint Stress  [PDF]
R. A. Abdulrauf, F. A. Dawud, N. S. Emmanuel, H. D. Muhammad, A. S. Dange, B. A. David, A. E. Ogweje, A. U. Alexander, M. Yahuza
Advances in Enzyme Research (AER) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aer.2018.63003
Abstract: This study was designed to assess the effect to apple cider vinegar (ACV) on oxidative stress biomarkers in male and female Wistar rats exposed to chronic restraint stress. Severe and persistent stress elevates reactive oxygen species (ROS) production by metabolic and physiological processes; causing cellular damage. Thirty (30) Adult Wistar rats of both sexes weighing about 150 - 200 g were divided into 3 groups each consisting of a male and female subgroup and given the following treatments once a day for 21 days: Normal control group received 0.5 ml distilled water orally, the restraint stress (RS) group was exposed to chronic restraint stress 6 hours daily while the Apple cider vinegar (ACV)-treated group received 4 ml/kg of apple cider vinegar orally in addition to chronic restraint stress 6 hours daily. The rats were sacrificed after the experimental period and blood was collected via cardiac puncture for assessing oxidative stress biomarkers. ACV (4 ml/kg) treatment decreased lipid peroxidation (MDA) and serum catalase (CAT) activity while upregulating endogenous superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity. The findings of this study show that the female Wistar rats are more predisposed to the antioxidant effect of ACV than the males.
Avalia??o da estabilidade do marcador plasmático do estresse oxidativo: malondialdeído
Grotto, Denise;Valentini, Juliana;Boeira, Silvana;Paniz, Clóvis;Maria, Lucas Santa;Vicentini, Juliana;Moro, Angela;Char?o, Mariele;Garcia, Solange Cristina;Cardoso, Simone Gon?alves;
Química Nova , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422008000200016
Abstract: malondialdehyde (mda) is one of the lipid peroxidation products widely used as indicator of cellular injury. however, the short-term and the long-term stability of this biomarker remain unclear. the objective of this work was to evaluate the stability of plasmatic mda at -20 oc, utilizing thiobarbituric acid (tba) as derivative in spectrophotometric and chromatographic analysis. the results showed that mda was stable for 24 h after blood collection, was not stable when stored after alkaline hydrolysis, remained stable for 30 days after tba derivatization and was stable for 3 days when stored after n-butanol extraction, all at -20 oc.
Dose-Dependent Effects of Endosulfan and Malathion on Adult Wistar Albino Rat Ovaries
N.D. Koc,F.E. Kayhan,C. Sesal,M.N. Muslu
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: In this study, histological effects and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were investigated by endosulfan and malathion in adult female rat ovaries. An increase of MDA level in rat ovarium tissues due to endosulfan and malathion may be an indicator of the free radicals occurred during the metabolism and their lipid peroxidative inducing damage. In this study in accordance with the biochemical findings, the study demonstrated that there are pronounced structural defects in histological examinations of ovarian tissues in rats which were administered endosulfan and malathion. It has been observed that the size of ovarian tissues of rats which were administered endosulfan and malathion in different doses was decreased in various levels. There was a significant decrease healthy follicles and a significant increase atretic follicles in low dose of endosulfan and malathion (11 mg kg-1) treated rats. The histologic observations of the ovary revealed the presence of less number of healthy follicles and more number of atretic follicles and corpus luteums in high dose of endosulfan and malathion (33 mg kg-1) treated rats. Finally, a peroxidative damage occurs inavitably due to endosulfan and malathion for ovarium tissues. The biochemical results (MDA levels) also showed such a damage, similar with the histological results.
Role of lipid peroxidation in pathogenesis of senile cataract
Kisi? Bojana,Miri? Dijana,?ori? Lep?a,Dragojevi? Ilija
Vojnosanitetski Pregled , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/vsp0905371k
Abstract: Background /Aim. Cataract is a structural, biochemical and optical change in the eye lens, which changes transmission and refraction of light rays reducing keenness and clarity of a figure on the retina. Its occurrence is highest in older people, over the age of 65 (45.9%), thus a certain degree of opacification exists practically in all people over the 70. Our research was directed to measuring of lipid peroxidation products in cataract lenses involved in early stages of cataractogenesis through oxidative stress and in the development of mature cataract. Methods. Clinical and biochemical research was carried out in 101 patients with cataract, 46 women and 55 men. The average age of the group was 72.47 ( = 7.98). According to the cataract maturity degree the patients were classified into two groups as follows: cataracta senilis incipiens (n = 41) and cataracta senilis matura (n = 60). Measuring of diene conjugates was carried out by spectrophotometer. Fluorescent lipid peroxidation products were measured by a spectrofluorophotometer, and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration was measured by colorimeter as a product of a reaction with thiobarbituric acid (TBA). Result. Significantly higher diene conjugated concentration in lenses was measured in the patients with the diagnosis cataracta senilis incipiens (p < 0.001) as well as the intensity of fluorescent iminopropens (p < 0.001). Significantly higher MDA concentration in lens (p < 0.001) was measured in the patients with cataracta senilis matura. Conclusion. The lens structure changes caused by lipid peroxidation can, with other risk factors present, influence the occurrence and development of mature cataract. Some cataract types show different lipid peroxidation intensity with the most distinct changes in cataract which started as corticonuclear.
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