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Do Sex Differences in the Association between Work Exposure and Health in the Manufacturing Industry Depend on Work Context? Results from the WOLF-Study  [PDF]
Maria Nordin, Malin Bolin
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.58101

The aim of this study is to investigate the associations between work exposure such as psychosocial work factors and work posture, and health in men and women with the same type of occupation in the manufacturing industry. Two follow-ups with a follow-up rate of 67% from the WOrk, Lipids and Fibrinogen (WOLF) cohort from the Northern Sweden were used. The database included 1589 men and 286 women, which is representative of the proportions between men and women in the Swedish manufacturing industry. To be able to understand the importance of work context, the participants were categorized according to work tasks (working with things or symbols). Logistic regression was used for interaction analyses between sex and psychosocial work factors (such as demand, control, social support, role conflict, and work-family conflict) as well as physical work factors (such as work posture), and health outcomes (work overcommitment, fatigue, and neck and back pain). The results showed contextually different patterns of sex different associations between psychosocial work factors and health outcomes. For instance, women were at larger risk of ill-health (in the form of work overcommitment) when working with things, whereas men were at larger risk of both work overcommitment and fatigue when working with symbols. Women working with symbols had a larger risk of neck and back pain due to work-family conflict. The health outcome that was most sensitive to the sex different associations was work overcommitment. In conclusion, the work context matters for sex differences in the association between psychosocial work factors and health and since work overcommitment is a predictor of disease, it should be of interest for the Occupational Health Services and personnel departments to survey.

Patterns of Gender Equality at Workplaces and Psychological Distress
Sofia Elwér, Lisa Harryson, Malin Bolin, Anne Hammarstr?m
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053246
Abstract: Research in the field of occupational health often uses a risk factor approach which has been criticized by feminist researchers for not considering the combination of many different variables that are at play simultaneously. To overcome this shortcoming this study aims to identify patterns of gender equality at workplaces and to investigate how these patterns are associated with psychological distress. Questionnaire data from the Northern Swedish Cohort (n = 715) have been analysed and supplemented with register data about the participants' workplaces. The register data were used to create gender equality indicators of women/men ratios of number of employees, educational level, salary and parental leave. Cluster analysis was used to identify patterns of gender equality at the workplaces. Differences in psychological distress between the clusters were analysed by chi-square test and logistic regression analyses, adjusting for individual socio-demographics and previous psychological distress. The cluster analysis resulted in six distinctive clusters with different patterns of gender equality at the workplaces that were associated to psychological distress for women but not for men. For women the highest odds of psychological distress was found on traditionally gender unequal workplaces. The lowest overall occurrence of psychological distress as well as same occurrence for women and men was found on the most gender equal workplaces. The results from this study support the convergence hypothesis as gender equality at the workplace does not only relate to better mental health for women, but also more similar occurrence of mental ill-health between women and men. This study highlights the importance of utilizing a multidimensional view of gender equality to understand its association to health outcomes. Health policies need to consider gender equality at the workplace level as a social determinant of health that is of importance for reducing differences in health outcomes for women and men.
Bolin Zhu
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2012, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536812033454
Abstract: The title compound, [Ru2(C22H34Si2)(CO)4], contains two RuI atoms linked by a bridging (η5-tBuC5H2)2(SiMe2)2 ligand (tBu is a tert-butyl and Me is a methyl group) with an Ru—Ru bond length of 2.8401 (7) . The dihedral angle between the planes of the cyclopentadienyl rings of the ligand is 123.13 (19)°. The four terminal carbonyl ligands are bound in a symmetrical and staggered array. In the crystal, molecules are linked via pairs of C—H...O hydrogen bonds, forming inversion dimers.
Modified Access to Academic Disciplines through Online Journals: Downloading a New Metaphor Journaux en ligne et disciplines universitaires : Le téléchargement d’une nouvelle discipline ?
Bill Bolin
Revue LISA / LISA e-journal , 2009, DOI: 10.4000/lisa.3032
Abstract: Cet article examine comment les journaux universitaires en ligne ont transmis la recherche universitaire en s’harmonisant avec les nouvelles pédagogies plus participatives et en offrant aux lecteurs l’occasion d’inventer leurs propres stratégies de lecture, ainsi que de dialoguer avec les auteurs d’articles. En s’intéressant surtout aux journaux universitaires en Amérique du Nord et en Europe, cet article traite des avantages et des inconvénients de l’utilisation des journaux en ligne pour la recherche et de la publication dans de tels journaux.
Spatial Matérn fields driven by non-Gaussian noise
David Bolin
Statistics , 2012,
Abstract: The article studies non-Gaussian extensions of a recently discovered link between certain Gaussian random fields, expressed as solutions to stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs), and Gaussian Markov random fields. The focus is on non-Gaussian random fields with Mat\'ern covariance functions, and in particular we show how the SPDE formulation of a Laplace moving average model can be used to obtain an efficient simulation method as well as an accurate parameter estimation technique for the model. This should be seen as a demonstration of how these techniques can be used, and generalizations to more general SPDEs are readily available.
Color evolution of 2 -> 3 processes
Sjodahl, Malin
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1088/1126-6708/2008/12/083
Abstract: The color structure needed for resummation of all colored 2 -> 3 processes is calculated using multiplet inspired s-channel bases. In this way the resulting matrices, describing the color structure, are guaranteed to obey simplifying symmetries.
Social capital and health – implications for health promotion
Malin Eriksson
Global Health Action , 2011, DOI: 10.3402/gha.v4i0.5611
Abstract: This article is a review of the PhD Thesis of Malin Eriksson, entitled ‘Social capital, health and community action – implications for health promotion.’ The article presents a theoretical overview of social capital and its relation to health, reviews empirical findings of the links between social capital and (self-rated) health, and discusses the usefulness of social capital in health promotion interventions at individual and community levels. Social capital, conceptualized as an individual characteristic, can contribute to the field of health promotion by adding new knowledge on how social network interventions may best be designed to meet the needs of the target group. The distinction of different forms of social capital, i.e. bonding, bridging, and linking, can be useful in mapping the kinds of networks that are available and health-enhancing (or damaging) and for whom. Further, social capital can advance social network interventions by acknowledging the risk for unequal distribution of investments and returns from social network involvement. Social capital, conceptualized as characterizing whole communities, provides a useful framework for what constitutes health-supporting environments and guidance on how to achieve them. Mapping and mobilization of social capital in local communities may be one way of achieving community action for health promotion. Social capital is context-bound by necessity. Thus, from a global perspective, it cannot be used as a ‘cookbook’ on how to achieve supportive environments and community action smoothly. However, social capital can provide new ideas on the processes that influence human interactions, cooperation, and community action for health promotion in various contexts.This article has been commented on by Catherine Campbell. Please follow this link http://www.globalhealthaction.net/index.php/gha/article/view/5964 – to read her Commentary.
The Productivity of Listed Companies of Computers and Related Equipment Manufacturing Industry
Malin Song
Journal of Computers , 2010, DOI: 10.4304/jcp.5.8.1281-1288
Abstract: Indicators system of China’s computer manufacturing enterprises of listed companies in Shanghai and Shenzhen can be established to reflect the efficiency of production, which accord to the number of employees, fixed assets and other economic data. Integrated data envelopment analysis (DEA) models are used, combining with evaluation and statistical tests of Synthetic Average method, Borda method, Copeland method and Fuzzy Borda method (SABCB Method). The productivities and returns to scale (RTS) of these computer companies can be figured out. Some results could be obtained through the empirical analysis: firstly, productivities of China’s computer manufacturers are acceptable in general, although there are still great differentiations among them; secondly, due to the lack of outputs, RTS in some enterprises are decreasing; thirdly, it is currently urgent task that most of computer manufacturers continue to refine and deepen specialization transform existing business processes.
Et universitet er et sted, der forsker i alt – undtagen i sig selv og sin egen virksomhed. Rapport om den forskningsfaglige baggrund for udvikling af universitetsp dagogisk forskning
Malin Irhammar
H?gre Utbildning , 2012,
Abstract: Malin Irhammar recenserar: Et universitet er et sted, der forsker i alt – undtagen i sig selv og sin egen virksomhed. Rapport om den forskningsfaglige baggrund for udvikling af universitetsp dagogisk forskning, av Karen Borgnakke, Institut for Medier, Erkendelse og Formidling & Institut for Nordiske Studier og Sprogvidenskap, Det Humanistiske Fakultet, K benhavns Universitet, 2011
Analysis of the Operating Efficiency of Online Game Industry in China Actualized by DEA
Malin Song
Journal of Software , 2010, DOI: 10.4304/jsw.5.11.1216-1223
Abstract: In the past 10 years, China's online game industry has become a sunrise industry with unlimited potential as its rapid development. Its rapid growth not only provides important support for the new round of upcoming economic growth, but also becomes a measure on building an innovation-oriented country comprehensively by grasping strategic opportunities of new scientific and technological revolution in China. However, its overall operating efficiency is not high due to the characteristics of online game industry, being young people indulgence in online games, homogeneity of games, talent shortage, virtual property transactions and other issues. In this paper, the target system is built to reflect the operational efficiency of this industry, according to economic data of liquid assets, fixed assets, employee salaries, administrative expenses, financial expenses, total profit and net investment income of the domestic 15 listed online game industries selected. Then operating efficiency is analyzed respectively based on the 2002-2008 panel data by using super-efficient data envelopment analysis and window analysis. The empirical results show that the operating efficiency of these enterprises has great fluctuation in seven years, being the widespread phenomena of inputs redundancy and outputs shortage; when the entire industry is in the period of increasing returns to scale, it is an urgent task to help enterprises become bigger and stronger in current time.
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