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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2911 matches for " Male "
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Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyticum by Multiplex PCR in Semen Sample of Infertile Men
M Golshani,G Eslami,Sh Mohhammadzadeh Ghobadloo,F Fallah
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2007,
Abstract: Background: The aim of this study was to detect Chlamydia trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma urealyti cum from semen samples of infertile men by Multiplex PCR and investigation of influence of bacteriospermia on semen parame ters. Methods: Semen samples of 200 infertile men were evaluated by Multiplex PCR. In addition, analysis of semen parameters was performed according to the WHO guidelines. Results: All the patients were without clinical symptoms of urogenital tract infection. Thirty three percent of cases showed at least one bacterium. We found a noticeable relation between the presence of bacteriospermia and the rate of non motile and morphologically abnormal sperms (P 0.05). Conclusion: Asymptomatic existence of Chlamydia and Mycoplasmas in urogenital tracts might play an important role in sperm impairment due to infertility. Bacteriospermia can influence sperm's motility, morphology and concentration.
Radiological Evaluation of Lower Genitourinary Tract Cysts in Males  [PDF]
Ashraf Talaat Youssef
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2013.36048

Aim of the Work: The present wok aims to assess how to reach the optimum diagnosis of the nature and the complications of lower genitourinary tract cyst in male patient using different radiological imaging modalities. Patients and Methods: 1000 male patients were evaluated with pelvic ultrasound and if lower genitourinary tract cysts were present, the patients were further subjected to either trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS), TRUS guided aspiration for presence of spermatozoa, TRUS guided seminal vesiculography or CT urography in order to reach the origin of the cyst and the complications of its presence. Results: 14 cases were detected with lower genitourinary tract cysts among our patients with an overall incidence 1.4%; among them 3 patients with mid line prostatic cysts showed normal seminal analysis; 1 patient with prostatic cyst was infertile; 3 patients were detected with infravesical cysts after transurethral resection prostatectomy; 2

Dropout among Male Pupils in Primary Schools of Igembe District, Kenya  [PDF]
George M. Muthaa, Misheck M. M’muyuri, David Bururia, Eric E. Mwenda
Creative Education (CE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2013.43026
Abstract: Education plays a key role in human development through the process of empowering people to improve their well being and participation in national building. Dropout however poses a serious threat to gains in education despite the Government emphasis on Education for All by the year 2015. In Igembe District the problem is more pronoused among the male children. The study used the ex-post facto research design. The target and accessible population constituted of educational officers, head teachers, guidance and counseling teachers and pupils. A sample size of 364 was used for the study.This study sought information on causes of dropout among boys and strategies that could be adopted to address this problem. The study established that dropout of male pupils was a common problem that required urgent attention. The major factors leading to dropout included; child labour, family instability, initiation, drug abuse and lack of role models. The study recommends affirmative action for the boy child, abolishing of child labour and initiation of boys after completion of primary school as strategies that could address dropout among male pupils.

A Case Report of Calcifying Epithelioma of Malherbe (Pilomatrixoma) Mimicking Breast Carcinoma in Male Patient  [PDF]
Maria Marta Martins, Adrienne Pratti Lucarelli, José Mendes Aldrighi, Aline Forattini
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2014.35063

Pilomatricoma or calcifying epithelioma of Malherbe is a rare benign tumor of the skin and/or the subcutaneous tissue originating from the hair matrix. It is usually seen in children and adolescents, however a smaller second peak of onset is seen in the elderly. The head, neck, or upper extremities are the most common anatomical sites of pilomatricomas, being less frequently seen on the trunk and lower extremities, and very rarely have they been diagnosed in the breast. Its malignant counterpart, pilomatrix carcinoma, is rare and found more often in men. Due to its incapacity of regression, treatment consists of surgical excision. We present the case of a man with a pilomatrixoma of the breast, presenting as ACR BI-RADS 4, and we review the literature regarding pilomatrixomas.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of Man: A Study of 35 Cases in a Senegalese Hospital  [PDF]
Souhaibou Ndongo, Abdoulaye Pouye, Lionel Ouedraogo, Emeric Azankpan, Ngoné Diack, Thérèse Moreira Diop
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2014.44021
Abstract: Background: Rheumatoid arthritis is predominant in women. In men certain clinical signs can delay diagnosis. Methods: A cross-section study of the epidemio-clinical and immunobiological features of rheumatoid arthritis in a male, black African population was carried out at the Aristide Le Dantec, University hospital of Dakar. Results: we studied 35 male subjects with rheumatoid arthritis. Their mean age was 42 years and the average time between the onset of symptoms to diagnosis was 44 months. In 70% of these patients, at least one joint deformation was present, most frequently an ulnar deviation of the fingers (34.3%). Extra-articular symptoms were dominated by dry eye syndrome (34%) and anemia (17%). Anemia was significantly less frequent in men than in women. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate was accelerated in 51.4% and C reactive proteins were increased in 92% of patients. The rheumatoid factor was positive in all patients and the anticyclic Citrullinated Peptide (CCP) antibody was positive in 80% of cases. Conclusion: Male rheumatoid arthritis, relatively less studied, was associated with strongly positive immunological markers and a high rate of joint disorders.
Epidemiological and Clinical Profile of Male Hypofertility in Consultation at the Urology-Andrology of Yalgado Ouedraogo Teaching Hospital (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Brahima Kirakoya, Zango Barnabé, Paré Abdoul Karim, Kaboré Fasnéwendé Aristide, Yaméogo Clotaire, Nikièma Amélie
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2015.51001
Abstract: Objective: To determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of male hypofertility attending at urology for paternity desire. Materials and methods: Cross-sectional study conducted from January 1st to December 31 2012 at urology department of teaching hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo. We collated men attending for hypofertility. Only subjects living regularly with their partner were retained. Results: The study concerned 95 men. The average age was 36.9 years (range: 23 years and 53 years) and 28.6 years for their wives (range: 19 years and 40 years). Patients resided in urban areas in 90.5% of cases. Gynecologists and general physicians sent respectively 77.9% (N = 74) and 17.9% (N = 17) of cases. The average consultation delay time was 3 years. The average duration of infertility was 5.8 years (Extreme: 1 year and 20 years). Infertility was primary in 68.4% of cases and secondary in 31.6% of cases. 24.2% of patients admitted for history of genitourinary infection. Varicocele was found in 22.1% of cases. The semen analysis showed that 42 men had azoospermia. The semen culture isolated a germ in 19.1% of cases. Serum FSH was high in 47.3% of cases. Conclusion: Male hypofertility affected men of all age. Urologists are the last resort of the male hypo fertile, gynecologists constituting the first contact. Azoospermia is a problem commonly encountered in urological consultation.
Association of Obesity with Infertility among Pakistani Men: A Case Control Study  [PDF]
Nida Zahid, Sarah Saleem, Iqbal Azam, Tariq Moatter
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2015.53025
Abstract: Background: The reported prevalence of infertility in Pakistan is 21% of which 35% is contributed by male factor. Male infertility has multifactorial etiologies ranging from modifiable to genetic risk factors. Among all the risk factors that may account for male infertility, obesity is one of the emerging public health problems. Therefore, the aim of the study was to determine the association of obesity with infertility in Pakistani men. Methods: We conducted a case control study. Cases were men with impaired semen parameters and controls did not have impaired semen parameters. Results: The final multivariable logistic regression model after adjusting for the effect of other variables revealed that with every 1 kg/m2 increase in BMI the odds of being infertile was 6% higher as compared to being fertile (aOR = 1.06; 95% CI = 1.01, 1.11). Moreover the odds of having education of higher secondary or above was 3 times greater among cases as compared with the controls (OR = 3.10; 95% CI = 1.66, 5.77). Furthermore the odds of having previous medical conditions increasing the risk of infertility was higher among cases as compared with the controls (OR = 3.07; 95% CI = 1.63, 5.79). Conclusion & recommendations: This study indicates that obesity is an important risk factor for male infertility. Moreover our findings also indicate that higher educational status and previous medical conditions are also associated with male infertility. Thus awareness can be raised through treating physicians and public health messages.
Supportive Care Needs and Medical Care Requests of Male Patients during Infertility Treatment  [PDF]
Kyoko Asazawa, Mina Jitsuzaki, Akiko Mori, Tomohiko Ichikawa, Katsuko Shinozaki
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.84020
Background: This study aimed to clarify the supportive care needs and medical care requests of male patients during their infertility treatment to be able to provide them with optimal nursing care. Methods: A self-filled questionnaire survey was conducted in 411 male patients who were undergoing infertility treatment at 4 human reproductive clinics. The investigation period was from April to August 2016. This research used across-sectional study design. The submission of the filled questionnaire was taken as an indication of agreement and consent to the research. The main contents of the questionnaire were attributions, care needs, and medical care requests of male
Males at High Risk for Breast Cancer: Who Are They and How Should We Screen Them?  [PDF]
Natalie Swergold, Vijayashree Murthy, Ronald S. Chamberlain
Surgical Science (SS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2014.57054

Background: It is estimated that 2240 males in the United States will develop invasive breast cancer (BC) in 2013, resulting in 410 deaths. Overall, male breast cancers (MBCs) are diagnosed with larger tumor size, more frequent lymphatic invasion, and advanced tumor stage compared to their female counterparts. Several risk factors have been elucidated for the development of MBC, and this paper aims to critically review the existing literature on at-risk populations and provide screening recommendations. Methods: A comprehensive search for all published studies on populations at risk for MBC using PubMed, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar was performed (1982- 2013). The search focused specifically on genetic and epidemiologic risk factors, and screening for MBC. Keywords searched included “male breast cancer risk factors”, “male breast cancer epidemiology”, and “male breast cancer genetics”. A total of 34 studies involving 4,865,819 patients were identified. Results: Five studies (N = 327,667) focused primarily on family history of breast cancer as a risk factor for MBC. 15% - 20% of men with BC have a family history of breast or ovarian cancer, and a family history of BC among first-degree relatives confers a 2-to 3-fold increase in MBC risk (odds ratio = 3.3). Seventeen studies (N = 5451) analyzed associations between several heritable genes and MBC. Lifetime MBC risk among BRCA1 mutation carriers is 1% - 5%, while MBC risk in BRCA2 mutation carriers is higher and varies between 4% - 40%. Less clear associations between MBC and PALB2, Androgen Receptor gene, CYP17, and CHEK2 mutations have also been documented. Five studies (N = 16,667) have addressed occupational risk factors for MBC. An 8-fold increase in MBC is reported in males working in the cosmetic cream manufacturing, and the motor vehicle industries. A meta-analysis of 18 trials also identified electromagnetic field exposure as a potential MBC risk, though causation remains undocumented. Eleven studies (N = 4,843,598) analyzed the role of abnormalities in the androgen-to-estrogen ratio as a risk factor for MBC. Conditions associated with increased MBC risk include Klinefelter’s syndrome (relative risk, RR = 29.64), obesity (RR = 1.98), orchitis/epididymitis (RR = 1.84), and gynecomastia (RR = 5.86). Conclusion: Routine screening for MBC should be considered in all high risk male populations, including those with a prior history of breast carcinoma, a strong family history of BC

Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) among male Kuwaiti adolescents aged 10 - 19 years  [PDF]
Abdulwahab Al-Isa
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.55124

Background: The prevalence of overweight and obesity are high in Kuwait. Metabolic Syndrome is associated with both. It is expected to find the syndrome higher than in other countries. Objective: To assess the prevalence of MS using two different diagnostic criteria, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the National Cholesterol Education Program—Third Adult Treatment Panel Modified for age (NCEP-ATP III). Study design: A multi-stage random sample study. Methods: The analysis of data for this study was based on a sample of 303 male Kuwaiti adolescents, 10 - 19 years of age selected from intermediate and high schools. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical tests on blood samples were carried out. The IDF criterion requires waist circumference (WC) plus two of the following criteria: triglycerides (TG), high density lipoprotein (HDL), fasting blood sugar (FBS) and blood pressure (PB). The ATP III criterion requires three of the above parameters. The parameters mentioned must show increase in their values except for HDL which must show decrease in either criterion used. Results: Each of the two criterion revealed that the prevalence of MS was 14.8% and 19.5%, using the IDF and the ATP III criteria, respectively. HDL decreased in each of the two diagnostic criteria and the other four parameters increased, satisfying the diagnostic requirements of either criterion. Conclusions: Significant implications may be drawn from these results, especially when it comes to being at risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiovascular disease (CVD).

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