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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 145 matches for " Malaquias;Rissin "
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A transi??o nutricional no Brasil: tendências regionais e temporais
Batista Filho, Malaquias;Rissin, Anete;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000700019
Abstract: based on three cross-sectional studies conducted in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, an analysis of the nutritional transition in brazil was performed. this analysis found a rapid decrease in the prevalence of childhood malnutrition and an even more rapid increase in adult overweight/obesity. correction of the height deficit was 72% in urban children and 54.4% in rural children. obesity rates doubled or tripled in adult men and women at the extremes of the time series analyzed. excluding the rural northeast, malnutrition prevalence in adult women dropped to acceptable rates (about 5%) starting in 1989. inversely, anemia continued to display a high prevalence, and there is indication of an epidemic trend. the evolution of nutritional status in the brazilian population according to macro-regions and social distribution is reported. the likely factors for the observed changes are analyzed.
Deficiências nutricionais: a??es específicas do setor saúde para o seu controle
Batista Filho, Malaquias;Rissin, Anete;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1993000200003
Abstract: the authors describe and analyze the health sector's role in relation to ways of controlling major endemic nutritional deficiencies by reviewing the theoretical groundwork and establishing possible regression estimates for the various nutritional problems under study. the article is a contribution to the analysis of sectorial alternatives elaborated according to united nations goals (unicef - who - fao) for the year 2000. among these goals, we stress reduction of the proportion of low birth weight (less than 2500 grams) to less than 10%; reduction of anemia cases to one-third of present cases; a reduction of 50% in prevalence of moderate and severe cases of malnutrition and the virtual control of vitamine a and iodine deficiencies.
A transi o nutricional no Brasil: tendências regionais e temporais
Batista Filho Malaquias,Rissin Anete
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003,
Abstract: Tendo como principal fonte de informa es três estudos transversais realizados nas décadas de 70, 80 e 90, faz-se uma análise da transi o nutricional do Brasil, referenciada no rápido declínio da prevalência de desnutri o em crian as e eleva o, num ritmo mais acelerado, da prevalência de sobrepeso/obesidade em adultos. A corre o dos déficits de estatura foi de 72% em crian as urbanas e de 54,4% no meio rural, enquanto a ocorrência de obesidade duplicou ou triplicou em homens e mulheres adultos nos extremos da série temporal analisada. Com exce o do Nordeste rural, a prevalência de desnutri o em mulheres adultas declinou para taxas aceitáveis (em torno de 5%) a partir de 1989. Inversamente, as anemias continuam com prevalências elevadas e indica es de tendências epidêmicas. Descreve-se a evolu o do estado nutricional da popula o brasileira segundo macrorregi es e distribui o social, analisando-se os prováveis fatores das mudan as ocorridas.
Vigilancia alimentar e nutricional: antecedentes, objetivos e modalidades. A VAN no Brasil
Batista-Filho, Malaquias;Rissin, Anete;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1993000500011
Abstract: the authors describe the concepts, objectives, components and strategic actions that are most frequently recommended for the development of systems of food and nutritional surveillance. the study outlines the importance of a continuous process of data collection, processing and analysis for the follow-up of food and nutritional trends. the system for food and nutritional surveillance could be a valuable instrument for the planning, implementation and analysis of programs and policies of many international agencies of health and nutrition for the year 2000 (unicef/fao/who). the study analyzes the evolution and current situation of the food and nutritional surveillance systems in brazil, and a realtionship is drawn between its main problems (coverage, indicators, usage and analytical capacity) for the consolidation of the process.
Retardo estatural em menores de cinco anos: um estudo "baseline"
Rissin,Anete; Figueiroa,José Natal; Benício,Maria Helena D'Aquino; Batista Filho,Malaquias;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011001100012
Abstract: the scope of this study was to describe the prevalence of, and analyze factors associated with, linear growth retardation in children. the baseline study analyzed 2040 children under the age of five, establishing a possible association between growth delay (height/age index < 2 scores z) and variables in six hierarchical blocks: socio-economic, residence, sanitary, maternal, biological and healthcare access. multivariate analysis was performed using poisson regression with the robust standard error option, obtaining adjusted prevalence ratios with a ci of 95% and the respective significant probability values. among non-binary variables, there was a positive association with roof type and number of inhabitants per room and a negative association with income per capita, mother's schooling and birth weight. the adjusted analysis also indicated water supply, visit from the community health agent, birth delivery location, internment for diarrhea, or for pneumonia and birth weight as significant variables. several risk factors were identified for linear growth retardation pointing to the multi-causal aspects of the problem and highlighting the need for control measures by the various hierarchical government agents.
Condi??es de moradia como preditores de riscos nutricionais em crian?as de Pernambuco, Brasil
Rissin, Anete;Batista Filho, Malaquias;Benício, Maria Helena D'Aquino;Figueiroa, José Natal;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292006000100007
Abstract: objectives: to analyze housing features (types of floor, walls, ceiling, number of persons per room, water supply and sewage facilities) as malnutrition risk markers according to height/age ratio (<-2 scores-z of the national center for health statistics standard (nchs) in the metropolitan area of recife (712) children, of the urban interior (684 children) and in the rural environment (644 children) from the database of the ii health and nutrition survey of the state of pernambuco (1997). methods: bivariate analysis was used to establish associations of various housing features and nutritional status as well as multiple logistic regression analysis to discard confusing variables, to internally adjust association effects and to identify factors remaining in the final multivariate analysis. results: bivariate analysis demonstrate risk markers in the identification in the three sample spaces. in the logistic regression analysis, only the ratio of "number of persons per room" remained as a malnutrition risk factor in the different geographical spaces analyzed. conclusions: these results demonstrate situations that should be focused by the health sector to achieve a better understanding of the nutritional issue, as well as other citizenship related aspects.
Determinantes do déficit estatural em menores de cinco anos no Estado de Pernambuco
Menezes,Risia Cristina Egito de; Lira,Pedro Israel Cabral de; Leal,Vanessa Sá; Oliveira,Juliana Souza; Santana,Sandra Cristina da Silva; Sequeira,Leopoldina Augusta de Souza; Rissin,Anete; Batista Filho,Malaquias;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102011000600010
Abstract: objective: to describe the prevalence of stunting in children under five and identify factors associated. methods: population-based cross-sectional study conducted in 1991, 1997 and 2006 in the state of pernambuco, northeastern brazil. the following variables associated with the prevalence of stunting (height-for-age < -2 z-score) were studied: socioeconomic condition, maternal and child characteristics, and health care provided. a hierarchical model was used in the multiple logistic regression to assess the impact of explanatory variables on children's stunting. results: the prevalence of child malnutrition (height-for-age) was reduced by 65% from 1991 to 2006. socioeconomic variables (per capita family income, maternal education, number of people living in the household and access to consumer goods), maternal height and birth weight were associated with stunting in children under five. conclusions: all the determinants studied improved over the study period though not consistently. despite significant reduction of child malnutrition in pernambuco there remain differences regarding stunting, and children with better socioeconomic conditions have more favorable outcomes.
Vigilancia alimentar e nutricional: limita es e interfaces com a rede de saúde
BatistaFilho Malaquias
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1995,
Abstract:
Fórum. Centenário de Josué de Castro: li??es do passado, reflex?es para o futuro. Introdu??o
Batista Filho, Malaquias;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008001100024
Abstract: this article presents the main contributions by josué de castro (1908-1973), coinciding with the centennial of the birth of this outstanding thinker, researcher, and public figure dedicated to the struggle against hunger in brazil and the world. his holistic view of the problem is highlighted, along with its historical roots and respective solutions. the reference is human development with a sustainable economic, social, and ecological basis and participatory process. lessons from the past can and should be included on the current agenda of major issues faced by humankind.
Projeto Fome Zero: a importancia da divulga o científica dos seus resultados
Batista Filho Malaquias
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2003,
Abstract:
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