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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 15867 matches for " Maintenance Activity "
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Dynamic Activity-Related Incentives for Physical Activity  [PDF]
Julia Schuler, Sibylle Brunner
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2012.21001
Abstract: The present studies adopted the theoretical framework of activity- and purpose-related incentives (Rheinberg, 2008) to explain the maintenance of physical activity. We hypothesized that activity-related incentives (e.g., “fun”) increase more than purpose-related incentives (e.g., “health”) between the initiation and maintenance phase of physical activity. Additionally, change in activity-related incentives was hypothesized to be a better predictor of maintenance of physical activity than change in purpose-related incentives. Two correlative field studies with rehabilitation patients (Study 1) and Nordic Walkers (Study 2) were conducted to test the hypotheses. Participants’ incentives of physical activity were measured at the beginning of exercising and two weeks (Study 1; T2) and three months (Study 2; T2) later. At T2, participants were asked for their current physical activity. Both studies showed a greater change of activity-related incentives than purpose-related incentives. Furthermore, change in activity-related incentives was more predictive of the maintenance of physical activity than change in purpose-related incentives. The results showed the important role of activity-related incentives in maintenance of physical activity. The theoretical contribution to physical activity maintenance research and practical implications for health promotion programs were discussed.
Identifying and Measuring Multilevel Influences on College-Aged Athletes’ Multiple Health Behavior: A Pilot Study  [PDF]
Karly S. Geller, Madeline A. Herbert
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.67076
Abstract: The current study gathered preliminary data relative to the influences on intercollegiate athletes’ multiple health behavior. A secondary objective was to inform future measurement of identified factors. A sample of 20 intercollegiate athletes participated in an open-ended survey, followed by a corresponding focus groups (≈90-minute). Qualitative data were gathered relative to the factors impacting athletes’ excessive alcohol intake, fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC), and maintenance of physical activity after college. In general, participating athletes reported influences within their social and physical environments (friends, bar accessibility, etc.) as the leading enablers of their excessive alcohol intake, while individual level influences were the most salient reasons not to drink excessively (responsibilities, health, etc.). Individual characteristics (taste preference, health, and expense) and the physical environment (availability and accessibility) were reported as the most salient levels of influence on athletes’ FVC. And when anticipating future maintenance of physical activity, athletes mostly reported individual level influences (outcome expectation, intrinsic motivation, etc.), with mention of family and friend influences. An in-depth comparison of current outcomes to similar research among young adult and athlete populations is provided, including validated measurement scales and future research suggestions. Current results provide an essential foundation for progressive research examinations among similar populations.
The Benefits and Barriers Related to Regular Participation in Physical Activity by African-American Women: Implications for Intervention Development  [PDF]
Meredith S. Scott, Roy F. Oman, Robert John
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.54020
Abstract: A common strategy for improving health behaviors is to emphasize the benefits and reduce the barriers to behavior change. This study investigated potential differences in perceived benefits and barriers related to participation in physical activity (PA) between women in pre-maintenance versus the maintenance phase of PA behavior to determine if perceived benefits were greater and perceived barriers lower in women with more extensive and successful PA participation experience. Data were collected from a community-based sample (N = 113) of middle-aged African-American women. The sample was stratified into two groups according to how long they had been regularly engaging in PA (6 months or longer versus less than 6 months). Chi-square analyses were conducted to investigate possible differences between the two groups of women in regard to perceived benefits and barriers associated with PA. Descriptive data showed that nearly all of the benefits and barriers to PA were perceived as being important for a majority of the participants and chi-square and t-test results indicated few significant between-group differences (p < .05) in regard to these perceptions. Additional analyses indicated there was no significant between-group difference (p < .05) for Body Mass Index. The results suggest the benefits and barriers related to PA behavior are already valued and understood by many African-American women. Further, the results do not support the commonly held belief that effective health behavior improvement programming should emphasize the benefits and reduce the barriers related to the behavior. Practitioners should consider focusing on other evidenced based factors proven to promote PA behavior such as counseling regarding social support (e.g., buddy system) and increasing self-efficacy (e.g., goal setting) to initiate and sustain a physically active lifestyle.
The Activity Based Costing method opportunity to assess and master the aircraft maintenance service cost for Third Party: A Case Study
Driss Rchid,Otmane Bouksour,Zitouni Beidouri
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2013,
Abstract: This work illustrates how to calculate accurate aircraft maintenance costs using Activity Based Costing (ABC). Comparing to traditional cost calculation, the proposed method is useful for aircrafts maintenance activity integrated to Airline Company and who wants to diversify its revenue by selling some available maintenance slots to third party clients for a competitive price. This paper takes base maintenance check process of a Moroccan airline aircrafts maintenance activity as a case study. The actual method used to calculate aircraft maintenance check cost cant not be applied to third party client pricing system. The ABC method shows substantial benefits if it is successfully implemented. Data collection through interviews and questionnaires are the main sources to this study.
Maintenance and decline of physical activity during adolescence: insights from a qualitative study
Mathieu Bélanger, Michelle Casey, Marc Cormier, Annie Laflamme Filion, Geneviève Martin, Stéphanie Aubut, Philipe Chouinard, Simon-Pierre Savoie, Jacinthe Beauchamp
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-117
Abstract: Questionnaires were administered to 515 grade 10-12 students. The Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents was used to determine physical activity level at the end of adolescence. An adapted version of this questionnaire was used to estimate physical activity in early adolescence. Among both genders, we identified participants who maintained a high level of physical activity since grade 7 and some whose activity level declined. For each category, groups of 10 students were randomly selected to take part in focus group discussions.Seven focus groups with 5 to 8 participants in each were held. Both maintainers and decliners associated physical activity with positive health outcomes. Maintenance of physical activity was associated with supportive social environments and heightened feelings of competence and attractiveness. A decline in physical activity was associated with negative social validation, poor social support and barriers related to access.Although maintainers and decliners associate physical activity with similar themes, the experiences of both groups differ substantially with regards to those themes. Taking both perspectives in consideration could help improve interventions to increase and maintain physical activity levels of adolescents.Physical inactivity is the most prevalent preventable risk factor for chronic disease and mortality in Canada [1]. Although the benefits of participation in physical activity (PA) are widely recognized, [2] approximately 95% of Canadian adolescents do not engage in PA to the extent recommended [3]. Moreover, adolescence is generally characterized by marked declines in PA, [4] and adolescents who have low levels of PA are likely to remain insufficiently physically active as they become adults [5]. Studies nevertheless suggest that some individuals succeed in increasing their levels of PA or in maintaining a high level of involvement in the behavior during adolescence [6,7]. Interventions to encourage the maintenance
Maintenance Activity Planning by Reability Centered Maintenance (RCM) II Method
Rachmad Hidayat,Nachnul Ansori,Ali Imron
Makara Seri Teknologi , 2010,
Abstract: Maintenance Activity Planning by Reability Centered Maintenance (RCM) II Method. This research discuss maintenance activity by using RCM II method to determine failure function risk at compresor screw. Calculation is given to magnitude optimum time maintenance interval by considering the cost maintenance and the cost reparation. From the research results with RPN points out that critical component that needs to get main priority in give maintenance on compresor screw are bust logistic on timeworn piston, and on filter's sponge airs to come out damage that gets RPN 45. Optimum maintenance interval point one that acquired to prevent failure on compresor screw smaller than appreciative MTTF which indicate optimum maintenance interval in avoiding its bust happening logisticcomponent before happening damage.
Energy expenditure due to forage intake and walking of grazing cattle
Di Marco, O.N.;Aello, M.S.;
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-09352001000100017
Abstract: the relative increment in daily maintenance requirement by physical activity was estimated in free-grazing cattle. the effects of forage harvesting and walking were measured and expressed as an index in relation to the value of energy expenditure of animals in corrals. all indices were obtained from experiments conducted in balcarce (argentina) from 1993 to 1995. energy expenditure of aberdeen angus steers was estimated by the 14c-entry rate technique, on animals standing still in a corral, grazing at two different biting rates or walking at four different speeds. information on time spent on grazing and distance traveled was obtained from the literature. these estimations indicate that the maintenance cost of cattle in corrals could be increased on pastures by a factor of 1.08 to 1.30, depending upon the grazing conditions. it was observed that grazing at high biting rate was the variable of highest effect on maintenance energy cost, and that walking or grazing at moderate biting rate was of lower incidence.
Manuten??o na prática de exercícios por idosos
Caromano, Fátima A.;Ide, Maiza Ritomy;Kerbauy, Rachel Rodrigues;
Revista do Departamento de Psicologia. UFF , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-80232006000200013
Abstract: this study aims to investigate the effects of 2 physical training programs in the physical exercises practice maintenance in elderly persons. twenty elderly persons had their physical performance assessed (t1). later, subjects were randomized in two groups, with ten each. group a performed general exercises and group b performed a program with walking exercises. after 16 weeks of intervention, subjects were assessed once again (t2). one year after t2, subjects were assessed one more time (t3). in t3, subjects also answered an interview about physical activity practical maintenance. both training interventions improved physical performance, in agree with the answers of the interview. in t3, seven of nine subjects from group a kept their exercises routines. in group b, eight of ten subjects kept the routines. maintenance increased or preserved the physical performance, while the abandonment got it worse. training seems to modify the population studied behavior to the exercise practice.
QEEG mapping and methadone
Domingo Gorricho,M.; Valdizán Usón,J.R.;
The European Journal of Psychiatry , 2008, DOI: 10.4321/S0213-61632008000100004
Abstract: background and objectives: the aim of the study was to characterise methadone effects on human brain activity in opiate dependence subjects enrolled in a methadone maintenance program (mmp) for at least six months and steady in their diary oral dose for at least one month. methods: resting qeeg activity was evaluated in fifteen mmp subjects for the delta, theta, alpha and beta frequency band. each subject participated in two similar sessions of qeeg recording. the interval between sessions were three hours. results: changes in brain activity were shown by qeeg-mapping. mmp subjects showed a decrease in alpha activity and an increase in slow activity. the first qeeg recording showed theta activity and the second displayed delta and theta activity. conclusions: results suggest cognitive dysfunction in mmp subjects.
Energy expenditure due to forage intake and walking of grazing cattle
Di Marco O.N.,Aello M.S.
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia , 2001,
Abstract: The relative increment in daily maintenance requirement by physical activity was estimated in free-grazing cattle. The effects of forage harvesting and walking were measured and expressed as an index in relation to the value of energy expenditure of animals in corrals. All indices were obtained from experiments conducted in Balcarce (Argentina) from 1993 to 1995. Energy expenditure of Aberdeen Angus steers was estimated by the 14C-entry rate technique, on animals standing still in a corral, grazing at two different biting rates or walking at four different speeds. Information on time spent on grazing and distance traveled was obtained from the literature. These estimations indicate that the maintenance cost of cattle in corrals could be increased on pastures by a factor of 1.08 to 1.30, depending upon the grazing conditions. It was observed that grazing at high biting rate was the variable of highest effect on maintenance energy cost, and that walking or grazing at moderate biting rate was of lower incidence.
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