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Aplica??o de processos físico-químicos como alternativa de pré e pós-tratamento de lixiviados de aterros sanitários
Queiroz, Luciano Matos;Amaral, Mailer Sene;Morita, Dione Mari;Yabroudi, Suher Carolina;Sobrinho, Pedro Alem;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522011000400012
Abstract: the aim of this article was evaluate the implementation of the ammonia stripping as a pretreatment for landfill leachate and the use of the coagulation-flocculation-sedimentation process for the removal of refractory organic compounds present in a landfill leachate pretreated in an activated sludge system. the rates of ammonia nitrogen removal ranged between 3.5 and 3.6 mg nh3-n.l-1.h-1in a lab scale reactor (working volume of 20 l) equipped with a mechanical stirrer and 3.2 and 3.3 mg nh3-n.l-1.h-1in a lab scale aerated column (working volume of 10 l). it was possible to achieve removals above 90% of refractory organic compounds (measured as apparent color) applied coagulant dosage about 400 mg fe+3.l-1 and 400 mg al+3.l-1.
The Relationship among Cost-Reducing R&D Investment, Occupational Choice, and Trade  [PDF]
Tadashi Morita
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2014.49111
Abstract: In this paper, I construct a two-country model in which oligopolistic firms export goods and undertake cost-reducing R&D investment. In this model, abilities of individual to become skilled worker are heterogeneous and they choose to become skilled worker or unskilled worker. Individuals have to incur the cost of education in order to become skilled workers. Each country imposes tariffs. When the cost of education is sufficiently high, a decrease in the tariff rate decreases the level of R&D investment. However, when the cost of education is sufficiently small, a decrease in the tariff rate increases the level of R&D investment.
Einstein Dilemma and Two-State Vector Formalism  [PDF]
Kunihisa Morita
Journal of Quantum Information Science (JQIS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jqis.2015.52006
Abstract: In the famous EPR paper published in 1935, Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen suggested a thought experiment, which later became known as the “EPR experiment”. Using the EPR experiment, they posited that quantum mechanics was incomplete. Einstein, however, was dissatisfied with the EPR paper and published a second work on the EPR experiment, in which he discussed the dilemma of choosing whether quantum mechanics was incomplete or nonlocal. Currently, most physicists choose the nonlocality of quantum mechanics over Einstein’s choice of the incompleteness of quantum mechanics. However, with an appropriate alternate hypothesis, both of these choices can be rejected. Herein, I demonstrate an approach to overcome the Einstein Dilemma by proposing a new interpretation invoked by a new formalism of quantum mechanics known as two-state vector formalism.
Measurement Problem and Two-State Vector Formalism  [PDF]
Kunihisa Morita
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2015.613191
Abstract: In this paper, I show that an interpretation of quantum mechanics using two-state vector formalism proposed by Aharonov, Bergmann, and Lebowitz, can solve one of the measurement problems formulated by Maudlin. According to this interpretation, we can simultaneously insist that the wave function of a system is complete, that the wave function is determined by the Schr?dinger equation, and that the measurement of a physical quantity always has determinate outcomes, although Maudlin in his formulation of the measurement problem states that these three claims are mutually inconsistent. Further, I show that my interpretation does not contradict the uncertainty relation and the no-go theorem.
Intuitive Concept or Physical Meaning of Lagrangian  [PDF]
Susumu Morita
World Journal of Mechanics (WJM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjm.2016.63007
Abstract: The authors have been studying on the principle of motion generation behind animals, mainly human, and have reached a certain milestone with it in [1]. Because [1] ended up being very interdisciplinary, the author has been looking for an opportunity to close in on the part where we have grasped the conceptual idea of a Lagrangian. This paper proposes the physical meaning or its intuitive concept of a Lagrangian. This is a daring attempt because the topic is over 240 years of enigma, whereby so many have neglected of its absence, and physics has gone further towards its frontiers of their time, and has successfully flourished. Meanwhile, Lagrangian is not getting enough of teachers’ attention on students getting stuck on this function, despite the fact that it is a strong foundation as is only the beginning towards Hamiltonian formalism, general relativity, and modern physics of today. This paper’s sole motive is to answer what the title says in detail, helping each and everyone who faces Lagrangian for their first time. The paper is positioned to be a supplement for [1]. This literature had three topics bound into one. Out of the three, this document focuses in the part of the intuitive meaning of Lagrangian, since the paper had contents related to multiple disciplines. The author finds it worthy to discuss this topic in an independent, more detailed manner.
Non-Neutral Technological Progress and Income Distribution—Piketty’s Fundamental Laws in a Neoclassical Two-Sector Model  [PDF]
Masanori Morita
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2016.66119
Abstract: This paper discusses the theoretical validity of Thomas Piketty’s fundamental laws about income distribution in the context of a standard neoclassical growth model. We take Uzawa’s two-sector growth model as the platform of our analysis, as it allows us to make a distinction between the technological elasticity of factor substitution of the production function and the aggregate distributive elasticity of substitution. We examine the properties of the non-steady growth path through both analytical and numerical investigations. We conclude that some of the numerical simulations corroborate Piketty’s theory without assuming that the economy is on a steady growth path. However, if the elasticities of factor substitution in the individual sectors are less than one as many empirical studies show, then the economy approaches the state where all products are completely distributed to workers. This contradicts Piketty’s diagnosis about the current distributional inequality. In addition, the aggregate income distribution is stable for a relatively long time, and differences in the initial conditions are preserved during this period. This means that the comparative statics of the steady states might not present an adequate description of the economy’s behavior in a period of time that is practical. Our final evaluation of Piketty’s proposition is that it is better understood as a theory inferred from historical data and not one necessarily deduced from standard neoclassical growth theory.
Efficacy of the structured life review and the short-term life review on the spiritual well-beingof terminally ill cancer patients  [PDF]
Michiyo Ando, Tatsuya Morita
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.24051
Abstract: GOALS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the treatment efficacy of the structured life review interviews and the Short-Term Life Review on the spiritual well-being of terminally ill cancer patients, in order to improve patients’ quality of life. SUBJECTS and METHODS: Participants were patients in palliative care units in Japan. In the study 1, the structured life review interviews were conducted with 12 patients. They completed the QOL scale of the SELT-M (Skalen zur Erfassung von Lebens qualitat bei Tumor- kranken–Modified Version) questionnaire before and after the interviews. In the study 2, the Short-Term Life Review was conducted with 30 patients. They reviewed their lives in the first session and they confirmed the contents in the album based on the life review in the second session. Duration of the treatment was one week. Measurement instruments included Func- tional Assessment Chronic Illness Therapy- Spiritual (FACIT-Sp). RESULTS: After the structured life review, the mean overall QOL score and Spirituality subscale score of the SELT-M significantly increased, from 2.57 ± 0.61 to 3.58 ± 1.0 (p=0.013) and 2.57 ± 0.61 to 3.14 ± 2.25 (P=0.023), respectively. After the Short-Term Life Review, the mean FACIT-Sp scores significantly increased from 16 ± 8.2 to 24 ± 7.1. CONCLUSION: Both the structured life review and the Short-Term Life Review may be effective in improving the spiritual well-being of terminally ill cancer patients, being higher feasibility for the Short-Term Life Review. We need to use these therapies understanding characteristics of each therapy.
Waiting Time Distribution of Demand Requiring Multiple Items under a Base Stock Policy  [PDF]
Naoaki Morita, Koichi Nakade
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2013.64030

In demanding for repair items or standard products, customers sometimes require multiple common items. In this study, the waiting time of demand which requires multiple items under base stock policy is analyzed theoretically and numerically. It is assumed that the production time has an exponential distribution and the demand is satisfied under a FCFS rule. Each demand waits until all of its requirements are satisfied. An arriving process of demand is assumed to follow a Poisson process and the numbers of required items are independent and generally distributed. A method for deriving waiting time distribution of demand is shown by using methods for computing MX/M/1 waiting time distribution and for deriving the distribution on the order corresponding to the last item the current customer requires. By using the analytical results, properties of waiting time distribution of demand and optimal numbers of base stocks are discussed through numerical experiments.

Phylogenetic relationships within Oweniidae Rioja (Polychaeta, Annelida)
Sene-Silva, Gustavo;
Revista Brasileira de Zoologia , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-81752002000400005
Abstract: the oweniidae consist of five genera of tubiculous polychaetes occurring in all oceans from tropical topolarareas: owenia delle chiaje, 1842, myriochele malmgren, 1867, galathowenia kirkegaard, 1959, myriowenia hartrnan, 1960 and myrioglobula hartrnan, 1967. the group is regarded as monophyletic based on the presence of dense fields of bidentate neuropodial hooks. fourteen species were submitted to a cladistic analysis in paup 3.1.1 with the usage of 19 morphological characters.the taxonomic status of the ingroup taxa could be evaluated and it has been found that: (1) owenia, myriowenia and myrioglobula are monophyletic, and (2) myriochele, and galathowenia are both paraphyletic taxa.
Sene Fabio de Melo
Genetics and Molecular Biology , 2002,
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