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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19 matches for " Mahrokh Dolatian "
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The Agreement Rate about Unintended Pregnancy and Its Relationship with Postpartum Depression in Parents of Preterm and Term Infants  [PDF]
Maryam Ghorbani, Mahrokh Dolatian, Jamal Shams, Hamid Alavi-Majd
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.59084
Abstract: Introduction: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women’s health and self-confidence, and infant’s social, emotional, cognitive and even physical development. Studies show that parents of preterm infants frequently experience symptoms of depression and anxiety. Women with unintended pregnancy are subjected to more risk of depression than women with planned pregnancy. Unintended pregnancy may lead to increased maternal exposure to psychosocial stressors, reduced social support by the spouse, increased levels of depressive symptoms and decreased life satisfaction. Findings: No significant difference was observed between term and preterm infants’ mothers (p = 0.85) in terms of postpartum depression. However, two groups of fathers in terms of depression showed a significant difference (p = 0.045). McNemar’s test showed that parents of term infants (K = 0.322, p = 0.077), and parents of preterm infants (k = 0.17, p = 0.144) agreed with each other on unintended pregnancy. Conclusion: Fathers of preterm infants are at higher risk for mental disorders than fathers of term infants and they need more attention in future studies.
A Comparison between Dietary Habits for Pregnant Women with Preterm and Term Delivery in Khorasan, Iran  [PDF]
Zohreh Teimouri, Mahrokh Dolatian, Sara Shishehgar, Marjan Ajami, Hamid Alavi Majd
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.59083
Abstract: Background: Despite the advances in prenatal care and improving health indicators, preterm delivery and resultant infant mortality rate are still considerable. Emerged financial, social, mental and emotional damages could result in mental and behavioral disabilities for mothers as well as children. Although spontaneous preterm labor is well known as a multifactorial issue, yet poor nutrition is assumed as a strong related factor. Objective: To identify the role of dietary habits on preterm delivery prevalence in Iran, this study was conducted on pregnant women with preterm and term delivery. Methods: In this retrospective case-control study, 70 women with preterm labor and 70 women with term labor were compared in terms of their dietary habits. Women who met the inclusion criteria and referred to two hospitals in North-East of Iran were selected using purposive convenience sampling method and completed 163-item food frequency and dietary habits questionnaire. Results: This study showed that dietary habits of women with preterm labor are more unfavorable compared to women with term labor (P = 0.023). Generally, dietary habit of more than half of the women with preterm labor, in this study, was assessed unfavorable. In terms of different food groups, daily intake of vegetables was significantly lower in women with preterm labor (P = 0.02). Consumption of dairy products was also lower in women with preterm labor than women with term labor which was significant (P = 0.05). Conclusion: To prevent adverse outcomes of preterm delivery more attention regarding nutritional planning for pregnant women seems to be essential.
Preterm Delivery and Psycho–Social Determinants of Health Based on World Health Organization Model in Iran: A Narrative Review
Mahrokh Dolatian,Arash Mirabzadeh,Ameneh Setareh Forouzan,Homeira Sajjadi
Global Journal of Health Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n1p52
Abstract: Background: Preterm delivery is still the primary cause of mortality and morbidity in infants, which shows a problematic condition in the care of pregnant women all over the world. This review study describes prevalence and psycho - socio-demographic as well as obstetrical risk factors related to live preterm delivery (PTD) in the recent decade in Iran. Methods: A narrative review was performed in Persian and international databases including PubMed, SID, Google Scholar, Iran Medex, Magiran and Irandoc from 2001 to 2010 with following keywords: preterm delivery and pregnancy outcomes with (prevalence, socioeconomic condition, structural determinant, Intermediary determinants, Psychosocial factor, Behavioral factor and Maternal circumstance, Health system) All of article was reviewed then categorized based on WHO model. Results: Totally 52 article were reviewed and 35 articles were selected, of which 26 were cross-sectional or longitudinal, 9 were analytical (cohort or case-control). The prevalence rates of preterm delivery in different cities of Iran were reported between 5.6% in Quom to 39.4% in Kerman. The most common social factors in structural determinant were educational level of mother, and in intermediary determinants were Psychosocial factor (maternal anxiety and stress during pregnancy), Behavioral factor and Maternal circumstance (violation and trauma) and in Health system, lack of prenatal care. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of preterm delivery is a matter of concern. Since many psycho-social factors may affect on the condition and its high rate in poor communities might reveals a causal relationship among biological and psychosocial factors, performing etiological investigations is recommended.
Evaluation of Health Outcomes with Relation to Intimate Partner Abuse among Pregnant Women Attending Gachsaran Hospitals in 2007
M Dolatian
Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Objectives Intimate partner abuse during pregnancy is a major problem associated with a variety of negative health outcomes. However, this relationship has not been adequately explored, especially in the developing countries. The present study seeks to determine the relationship between of intimate partner abuse and reproductive health outcome among pregnant women attending Gachsaran Hospitals in 2007. Methods This is a correlation descriptive study performed on 500 pregnant women attending Gachsaran hospitals chosen by convenience sampling. The data collecting instrument was a questionnaire which was completed by the researchers and consisted of the section: demographic characteristics of samples and their partners, questions related to abuse screening and information of health outcome. Validity and reliability of the tool were respectively established using content validity and test-retest technique. Results The findings of this study indicated that 48/6% of women during pregnancy had suffered abuse from their husbands and there were significant correlations between abuse and unwanted pregnancy, inadequate prenatal visit, short birth interval, lack of use of contraceptive methods and delay in the initiation of breast feeding. (>p0.05 ). Conclusion According to the results of this study, intimate partner abuse can negatively affect reproductive health of pregnant women. It is therefore, necessary to detect cases of intimate partner violence at a primary health care level.
"Detection of Soft Tissue Tumors on Bone Scintigraphy: Report of Four Cases "
Fariba Akhzari Mahrokh Daemi
Iranian Journal of Nuclear Medicine , 2007,
Abstract: This paper presents four cases of abnormal soft tissue activity in the bone scan of patients with different lesions (lung inflammatory pseudotumor, pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary metastatic osteosarcoma and metastatic hepatic carcinoma of colon).
Physiological Race and Genetic Diversity Determination of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis by Differential Hosts and Molecular Marker Rapd in Northern and Razavi Khorasan Provinces
Noushin Shafagh,Mahrokh Falahati Rastegar,Behrouz Jafarpour
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Fusarium wilt of melon, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis is one of the most important diseases of this crop, which annually causes tremendous losses. Because of the importance of this disease in Northern and Razavi Khorasan provinces, race identification and genetic diversity of the pathogen was investigated by using the differential standard hosts cultivars and molecular marker RAPD. Total 15 from 20 isolates which obtained from 52 fields located at different geographical regions were identified as pathogenic in pathogenicity test. In formae speciales test, seedling of melon, cucumber, watermelon and pea were used and typical symptoms of disease observed on melon plants only, therefore F. oxysporum f.sp. melonis was identified as the cause of wilting disease in melon. At race determination test, differential hosts were used and the existence of race 1 in the regions was proved. The result of RAPD-PCR bands showed a polymorphism among population of this fungus. Cluster analysis showed that there are 7 genotypic groups in Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis population which designated as A to G.
Physiological Race and Genetic Diversity Determination of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis by Differential Hosts and Molecular Marker Rapd in Northern and Razavi Khorasan Provinces
Noushin Shafagh,Mahrokh Falahati Rastegar,Behrouz Jafarpour
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Fusarium wilt of melon, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis is one of the most important diseases of this crop, which annually causes tremendous losses. Because of the importance of this disease in Northern and Razavi Khorasan provinces, race identification and genetic diversity of the pathogen was investigated by using the differential standard hosts cultivars and molecular marker RAPD. Total 15 from 20 isolates which obtained from 52 fields located at different geographical regions were identified as pathogenic in pathogenicity test. In formae speciales test, seedling of melon, cucumber, watermelon and pea were used and typical symptoms of disease observed on melon plants only, therefore F. oxysporum f.sp. melonis was identified as the cause of wilting disease in melon. At race determination test, differential hosts were used and the existence of race 1 in the regions was proved. The result of RAPD-PCR bands showed a polymorphism among population of this fungus. Cluster analysis showed that there are 7 genotypic groups in Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis population which designated as A to G.
Gradually Atom Pruning for Sparse Reconstruction and Extension to Correlated Sparsity
Seyed Hossein Hosseini,Mahrokh G. Shayesteh
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We propose a new algorithm for recovery of sparse signals from their compressively sensed samples. The proposed algorithm benefits from the strategy of gradual movement to estimate the positions of non-zero samples of sparse signal. We decompose each sample of signal into two variables, namely "value" and "detector", by a weighted exponential function. We update these new variables using gradient descent method. Like the traditional compressed sensing algorithms, the first variable is used to solve the Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (Lasso) problem. As a new strategy, the second variable participates in the regularization term of the Lasso (l1 norm) that gradually detects the non-zero elements. The presence of the second variable enables us to extend the corresponding vector of the first variable to matrix form. This makes possible use of the correlation matrix for a heuristic search in the case that there are correlations among the samples of signal. We compare the performance of the new algorithm with various algorithms for uncorrelated and correlated sparsity. The results indicate the efficiency of the proposed methods.
Compressed Sensing for Denoising in Adaptive System Identification
Seyed Hossein Hosseini,Mahrokh G. Shayesteh
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We propose a new technique for adaptive identification of sparse systems based on the compressed sensing (CS) theory. We manipulate the transmitted pilot (input signal) and the received signal such that the weights of adaptive filter approach the compressed version of the sparse system instead of the original system. To this end, we use random filter structure at the transmitter to form the measurement matrix according to the CS framework. The original sparse system can be reconstructed by the conventional recovery algorithms. As a result, the denoising property of CS can be deployed in the proposed method at the recovery stage. The experiments indicate significant performance improvement of proposed method compared to the conventional LMS method which directly identifies the sparse system. Furthermore, at low levels of sparsity, our method outperforms a specialized identification algorithm that promotes sparsity.
Evaluation of Health Outcomes with Relation to Intimate Partner Abuse among Pregnant Women Attending Gachsaran Hospitals in 2007
M. Dolatian,M. Gharache,M. Ahamadi,J. Shams
Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Background and ObjectivesIntimate partner abuse during pregnancy is a major problem associated with a variety of negative health outcomes. However, this relationship has not been adequately explored, especially in the developing countries. The present study seeks to determine the relationship between of intimate partner abuse and reproductive health outcome among pregnant women attending Gachsaran Hospitals in 2007.MethodsThis is a correlation descriptive study performed on 500 pregnant women attending Gachsaran hospitals chosen by convenience sampling. The data collecting instrument was a questionnaire which was completed by the researchers and consisted of the section: demographic characteristics of samples and their partners, questions related to abuse screening and information of health outcome. Validity and reliability of the tool were respectively established using content validity and test-retest technique.ResultsThe findings of this study indicated that 48/6% of women during pregnancy had suffered abuse from their husbands and there were significant correlations between abuse and unwanted pregnancy, inadequate prenatal visit, short birth interval, lack of use of contraceptive methods and delay in the initiation of breast feeding. (>p0.05 ). ConclusionAccording to the results of this study, intimate partner abuse can negatively affect reproductive health of pregnant women. It is therefore, necessary to detect cases of intimate partner violence at a primary health care level. Keywords: Violence; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Pregnancy.
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