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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22 matches for " Mahmoodah Buriro "
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Response of Various Sesame Varieties under the Influence of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Doses  [PDF]
Shahab-u-Din Kashani, Mahmoodah Buriro, Asif Nadeem, Nazeer Ahmed, Zahid Saeed, Fateh Mohammad, Shafeeque Ahmed
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.62046
Abstract:

A field study to evaluate the “Response of various sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) varieties under the influence of nitrogen and phosphorus doses’’ was carried out at Oilseeds Section, Agriculture Research Institute, Tandojam during Kharif 2013. The experiment was laid out in a three replicated randomized complete block design (RCBD) factorial, having net plot size 6 × 3 m (18 m2). The treatments comprised two varieties such as S-17 and Pr-125, and six doses of NP i.e. (No fertilizer (Control), NP @ 30 - 30 kg·ha-1, NP @ 50 - 30 kg·ha-1, NP @ 50 - 50 kg·ha-1, NP @ 70 - 50 kg·ha-1 and NP @ 70 - 70 kg·ha-1). The analysis of variance suggested that all the doses of NP affected significantly (P < 0.05) growth and yield of sesame varieties as compared to No fertilizer (Control) treatment. In the case of fertilizer doses, NP @ 70 - 70 kg·ha-1 produced maximum plant height (102.33 cm), branches plant-1

SERUM LIPID PROFILE
MUHAMMAD ANWAR BURIRO
The Professional Medical Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To determine the effects of Nigella sativa and sunflower oil diet intake on serum lipid profile in albino rats. Material& Methods: Eighty four albino rats with equal number of males and females were selected for the study, they were divided into six differentgroups, Control groups1,111,V,were given low fat diet(3%),high fat diet(20%), high fat diet supplemented with bile salt (1% colic acid) andantithyroid drug (0.5% propylthiouracil). The Experimental groups were given the above diets with supplemented Nigella sativa. Low fat dietincreased all the lipid fractions significantly when given at12 and 24 weeks duration as compared to 0 week. Results: The high fat diet whengiven at different intervals decreased all lipid fractions significantly as compared to baseline level. The high fat diet with propylthiouracil andbile salt also increased all the lipid fractions and the increase was more as compared to previous groups. The supplements of Nigella sativain the groups decreased all the lipid fractions significantly as compared to the control groups except HDL-c, which was significantly increasedin all the experimental groups as compared to control groups. Conclusion: On the basis of these findings conclusions are made, that Nigellasativa has got TG,TC, and LDL-c lowering and HDL-c raising effects.3% sunflower oil low fat diet has got TG,TC,HDL-c, and LDL-c raisingeffects.20% sunflower oil high fat diet has got TG,TC,HDL-c and LDL-c lowering effects. Both Nigella sativa and sunflower oil have got lowatherogenic index (TC/HDL) and may be recommended in hyperlipidaemic patients or normal individuals.
Growth and Yield of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under the Influence of Planting Geometry and Irrigation Regimes  [PDF]
Asif Nadeem, Shahabudin Kashani, Nazeer Ahmed, Mahmooda Buriro, Zahid Saeed, Fateh Mohammad, Shafeeque Ahmed
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67104
Abstract: A field study to evaluate the “growth and yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under the influence of planting geometry and irrigation regimes” was carried out at Oilseeds Section, Agriculture Research Institute, Tandojam located at (25°25'60\"N, 68°31'60\"E) during Kharif 2013. The experiment was laid out in a three replicated randomized complete block design (RCBD) factorial, having net plot size 3 × 3 m (9 m2). The treatments comprised three planting geometry (30 × 20 cm, 45 × 15 cm and 60 × 10 cm) and three irrigation regimes (2 irrigations at 20 and 40 DAS, 3 irrigations at 20, 40 and 60 DAS and 4 irrigations at 20, 40, 60 and 80 DAS). The analysis of variance showed that all the planting geometry and irrigation regimes significantly (P < 0.05) affected growth and yield of sesame. Planting geometry of 45 × 15 cm resulted in maximum branches plant-1 (15.67), capsules plant-1 (38.00), seeds capsule-1 (51.44), seed weight plant-1 (31.89 g), seed index (2.83 g), biological yield (2301.23 kg·ha-1), seed yield (742.33 kg·ha-1) and harvest index (30.44%), followed by planting geometry of 60 × 10 cm in all the parameters. However, minimum growth and yield traits of sesame were recorded under planting geometry of 30 × 20 cm. Moreover, plant height was maximum (99.89 cm) under planting geometry of 30 × 20 cm. Among irrigation regimes, four irrigations (20, 40, 60 and 80 DAS) recorded maximum plant height (103.33 cm), branches plant-1 (16.44), capsules plant-1 (41.22), seeds capsule-1 (54.56), seed weight plant-1 (33.22 g), seed index (2.92 g), biological yield (2321.21 kg·ha-1), seed yield (748.78 kg·ha
THE PREVALENCE AND INCIDENCE OF CRYTOSPORIDUM SPECIES IN NATURALLY INFECTED CALVES
Rahmatullah Rind, Allan John Robert1 and Rehana Buriro
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2002,
Abstract: An investigation on the prevalence and incidence of Cryptosporidium spp. In faecal samples of calves was carried out. Out of 178 faecal samples examined from younger calves (2-3 months of age). 119 were (66.85%) were found positive with Cryptosporidum spp. (Ziehl-Neelsen method) and 100 (56.18%) were found positive using the rapid staining technique. The study indicated that asymptomatic infection was more common in young calves above two months of age. The incidence of Cryptosporidium oocysts in faecal samples of calves was also investigated during twelve months period. 100% (Ziehl-Neelsen method) samples were found positive in June while a gradual decline in incidence occurred such that bby May of the following year only 26.66% were positives. Faecal samples from calves were collected and analyzed on the basis of their consistence. Generally a greater number of soft faeces were found positive with oocysts compared to diarrhoic and diarrhoes faeces. However, a variation in morpholllogical characteristics of the oocysts of Cryptosporidium species was using the two techniques
Regenration of Disease Free Banana Plants
Mangi A.R.,S. Metlo,N.A. Panhwar,S.A.Buriro
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2000,
Abstract: Plants were regenerated from shoot tips of Banana. Shoot tips measuring 1.0 mm were isolated from multiple shoot cultures of Banana variety "Basrai" and cultured in vitro on different medium composition. The nutrient medium MS + BA + Thiamine HCL resulted increased plants regeneration percentage. The plants were successfully established in soil.
Growth and Yield Losses in Wheat Due to Different Weed Densities
F.C. Oad,M.H. Siddiqui,U.A. Buriro
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The field experiment was conducted at Students Farm, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan during 2004-05. Weed densities tested were: weedy check (control), wheat + Natural weeds (weedy for full season), wheat + mixed weeds (Chenopodium album, Melilotus alba, Avena fatua, Phalaris minor) (2:1), wheat + Chenopodium album (2:1), wheat + Melilotus alba (2:1), wheat + Avena fatua (2:1) and wheat + Phalaris minor (2:1). Among the tested weed densities, Chenopodium album, Avena fatua, Phalaris minor, and Melilotous alba were found common and serious weeds in wheat crop and reduced the tillers production, height of plants, seed index, wheat biomass and grain yield. The highest effect of Chenopodium album was recorded which reduced the grain yield by 39.95%, followed by Avena fatua (36.48%), Phalaris minor (35.33%), natural weeds for full season (34.96%), mixed weeds (32.14%) and Melilotous alba (24.01%). It was concluded that weeds exhibit the economic yield losses to the wheat crop, which may range from 24-39.95% and these must be controlled during the full growing season of the crop for achieving satisfactory crop yields.
Plant Spacing Effects on Growth, Yield and Lint of Cotton
M.H. Siddiqui,F.C. Oad,U.A. Buriro
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The field experiment was conducted to assess the performance of cotton varieties (CRIS-9, Karishma and Niab-78) under different plant spacing (15, 25 and 35 cm) at Student’s Farm, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam. It was noted that plant height, branches, open bolls plant-1, un-open bolls plant-1, lint and seed cotton yield were significantly affected by plant spacing and varieties, while their interactions were non significant for all the crop parameters. Cotton with 35 or 25 cm plant spacing recorded satisfactory lint weight and seed cotton yield, this increment in yield was associated with the increase in all growth and yield attributes. It was concluded that among the tested varieties, Niab-78 displayed maximum seed cotton yield (1700 kg ha-1) with 35 cm plant spacing.
Response of Cotton Cultivars to Varying Irrigation Regimes
M.H. Siddiqui,F.C. Oad,U.A. Buriro
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: A field experiment was conducted to examine the effect of different irrigation regimes on the growth and yield of various cotton cultivars at Students Farm, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan. Three irrigation regimes viz. 3, 5 and 7 irrigations were examined against three cultivars i.e., TH-41/83, TH-224/87 and NIAB-78. The results revealed that most of the quantitative characters of cotton varieties viz. plant height, number of sympodial branches, number of bolls plant-1, seed cotton yield plant-1 and seed cotton yield ha-1 were affected significantly (p<0.01), while non-significant effects were recorded in case of monopodial branches, GOT % and staple length. In case of 7 irrigations, the average values were highest for plant height (105.56 cm), monopodial branches (1.67) plant-1, sympodial branches (21.22) plant-1, bolls (54.44) plant-1, staple length (28.21 mm), while in case of 5 irrigations highest values were recorded for GOT (35.07 %), seed cotton yield plant-1 (39.46 g) and seed cotton yield (3323.52 kg ha-1). In case of cotton cultivars, TH-41/83 and TH-224/87 produced plant height of 109.22 and 109.22 cm, monopodial branches 1.69 and 1.44 plant-1, sympodial branches 16.89 and 18.22 plant-1, number of bolls 43.00 and 46.78 plant-1, GOT 34.69 and 34.69 %, staple length 27.94 and 28.11 mm, seed cotton yield plant-1 35.89 and 37.00 g, seed cotton yield ha-1 of 2600.55 and 2597.37 kg, respectively. While comparing the growth and yield contributing characters of above two cultivars with commercial cultivar NIAB-78, it produced plant height of 71.28 cm, monopodial branches 1.67 plant-1, sympodial branches 16.78 plant-1, number of bolls 47.20 plant-1, GOT 35.64%, staple length 27.90 mm, seed cotton yield plant-1 39.60 g and seed cotton yield ha-1 of 2823.13 kg, respectively. It was observed that cotton crop irrigated five times produced significantly economical overall performance as compared to 7 irrigations or 3 irrigations and though NIAB-78 was relatively a dwarf cultivar but it yielded significantly better than TH-41/83 and TH-224/87.
Yield of Wheat, Cotton, Berseem and Soybean Under Different Crop Sequences and Fertility Regimes
A.M. Kumbhar,U.A. Buriro,M.B. Kumbhar,F.C. Oad
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The series of field experiments were laid out during 1989-1990 and 1990-1991 at Students Farm, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan. The crop sequences were: C1= wheat-soybean-wheat and C2= cotton-berseem-cotton. The fertilizer levels for cotton and wheat were: 50-50, 100-50 and 150-50 NP kg haG1 and for legumes: 0-50, 25-50 and 50-50 NP kg haG1. The general observation in the experiments showed that increasing rate of N fertilizer application significantly enhanced grain yield in all sequences and years. In wheat-soybean-wheat sequence, the maximum wheat grain yield (3198.19 kg haG1) was obtained when crop was fertilized with 150-50 kg NP haG1. The difference in grain yield between the two year was negligible and might be due to climatic conditions, however, maximum wheat grain yield (2645.63 kg haG1) was obtained during 1989-90 and 2522.33 kg haG1 grain yield was obtained during 1990-91 with the application of 150-50 kg NP haG1. In wheat-soybean-wheat sequence it was noted that wheat planted after soybean produced highest grain yield compared to wheat grown before soybean. In cotton-berseem-cotton sequence, the fertilizer dose of 150-50 kg NP haG1 was found superior for maximum (2538.235 kg haG1) seed cotton yield. The cotton planted in 1989-90 produced satisfactory seed cotton yield of 2237 kg haG1 compared to 1990-91 planted cotton. Yearly observation for fertility regimes showed non-significant differences in the seed cotton yield values. Cotton planted after berseem exhibited higher (2185.42 kg haG1) seed cotton yield compared to cotton planted before berseem (1836.33 kg haG1). Berseem in the crop sequence with cotton recorded maximum green fodder yield of 16065.50 kg haG1 in the plots fertilized with 50-50 kg NP haG1. Soybean used in crop sequence recorded maximum seed yield (1536 kg haG1) under 50-50 kg NP haG1. In the two year study, it was concluded that increased crop productivity could be obtained by incorporation of leguminous crop at least once in a cropping sequence, because legume crops enrich soil fertility by fixing free environmental nitrogen in their root nodules, which in turn supply residual food nutrients in the succeeding crop. It is recommended that both wheat-soybean-wheat and cotton-berseem-cotton sequences with the incorporation of 150-50 NP kg haG1 seems to be beneficial for achieving satisfactory target yields.
Effect of Post-Emergence Herbicides on the Growth and Yield of Up-Land Cotton
G.M. Mahar,F.C. Oad,U.A. Buriro,G.S. Solangi
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: An experiment was laid out at Students Farm, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan. Cotton variety Shahbaz-95 was treated with weed control treatments (Stomp-330 EC at 3 L ha-1, Stomp-330 EC at 4 L ha-1, Stomp-330 EC at 5 L ha-1, Fusilade at 3 L ha-1, Fusilade at 4 L ha-1, hand weeding and untreated check). Among the twelve weed species observed in the cotton field Trianthema portulacastrum (29.56%), Cyperus rotundus (17.24%), Portulaea oleracea (14.78%) and Digerea arvensis (10.47%) were the dominant weeds, while other weed species were in trace. Weed population recorded before herbicide application ranged between 63.71 - 65.13 m-2. Hand weeding and application of Stomp-330 EC at 5 L ha-1 reduced weed density significantly (92.40 and 91.59%) over other weed control measures, which in turn resulted taller plants (158.50 and 155.60 cm), exhibited more fruiting branches (14.09 and 13.50 plant-1), higher productive bolls (82.39 and 80.78 plant-1) and maximum seed cotton yield (2121.75 and 1957.50 kg ha-1).
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