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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 684 matches for " Mabel; "
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The meaning, lived experiences and intentions for safer sex communication among young Batswana women in dyadic relationships  [PDF]
Mabel K. M. Magowe
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.23040
Abstract: Increased heterosexual transmission of HIV among young women and their difficulties with safer sex communication calls for women-focused research. This qualitative phenomenological study explored the meaning and lived experiences of women, as part of larger pre-dissertation pilot on health protective sexual communication among young women in Gaborone, Botswana. This was a study conducted in two Gaborone City Council MCH clinics. Twenty women participated in individual in-depth interviews conducted in Setswana, tape-recorded, transcribed verbatim, translated into English for line by line analysis to extract themes and subthemes. Six main themes and nine subthemes emerged from the data. The main themes were: the meaning of HPSC, responsibility for HPSC, HPSC content, facilitating factors, partner’s response. Batswana women communicate with their male sexual partners about safer sex but face some difficulties. Further quantitative research can further explore women’s experiences with safer sex communication.
Thou shalt not get fat: Medical representations and self-images of obesity in a Mediterranean society  [PDF]
Mabel Gracia-Arnaiz
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.57159

This paper examines the link between lipophobia and representations and experiences of obesity in Catalonia (Spain) from two points of view: that of the physicians and other health professionals who diagnose and treat obesity as an illness, and that of their patients, especially those between adolescence and early adulthood. The qualitative data demonstrate that the increasing social rejection of fat people can be traced not only to moralizing discourses on “excessive” food consumption or the commodification of slenderness and health, but also to the recent definition of obesity as a disease. The medicalization of fatness, far from helping to destigmatize obesity, is becoming a way of resignifying it in moral terms. While doctors’ and patients’ perspectives diverge in some ways, they converge in others. In this text, I focus on the points of convergence arguing that biomedical understandings of obesity and overweight are characterized by a profound ambivalence. Young patients are regarded both as innocent victims of a permissive consumer society, and guilty of not following doctors’ orders. Although the family is held accountable for overweight or obesity in children, as young people become more independent, guilt is individualized and environmental causes are limited to inappropriate diet and insufficient exercise. Most narratives of young people with weight problems reflect similar ideas about the causes and the responsibility for obesity. Their acceptance of the basic premise that deviating from weight standards and rules for healthy eating are voluntary actions leads them to lose faith in themselves. The stigmatization of obesity thus becomes a vicious circle: the obese acceptance—even consider normal—the incriminations leveled at them, and blame themselves for their situation and their inability to prevent it.

Scenarios in HIV/AIDS prevention research: Insights from literature and research in Botswana  [PDF]
Mabel K. M. Magowe
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.31010

The difficulties in communication about sexuality-related matters in HIV prevention require appropriate research approaches. Scenarios can be useful in qualitative, quantitative research methods and interventions related to sensitive cognitive issues of human sexuality. This paper presents an analysis of the use of scenarios in HIV/AIDS prevention research from the literature and empirical evidence. Examples of scenario-based instrument development research studies in safer sex communication for the prevention of HIV/AID by Kalichman (2000) and Magowe (2006) are provided. A computer-based search of articles addressing the use of case scenarios in research was conducted on Google and Google scholar, using the following search terms: “case scenarios”, “scenarios in research”, case scenarios in safer sex negotiation: “case scenarios in safer sex communication”, “case scenarios in dyadic communication”, “partner communication”, “case research”, “vignettes in HIV/AIDS research”, and, “sexuality related vignettes”. Papers included provided the definition, purpose, components, types of scenarios, use of scenarios in safer sex communication. Examples are drawn from instruments development studies using with case scenarios. Twenty-nine documents were retrieved, and eight of these studies addressed the use of scenarios in research. Five studies were specifically on HIV prevention research, focusing on safer sex communication, negotiation or couple/partner communication. The content of the studies included the definition of scenarios, case scenarios and vignettes; purpose and use of scenarios in research. Studies showed that scenarios are useful in qualitative elicitation of themes and content for instrument development for further quantitative research. Nursing deals with sensitive and complex cognitive issues in human behavior, and therefore scenario-based research can help develop personoriented research and interventions while protecting the individual’s privacy and confidentiality.

Induced Currents in Pipelines  [PDF]
Virginia Mabel Silbergleit
Engineering (ENG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2015.75018
Abstract: Changes in the geomagnetic field produce ground induced currents that can have impacts on artificial systems such as pipelines. According to these, geomagnetic perturbations observed during June 2005 are studied. The data measured on the Ottawa River Valley pipeline verify the appearance of induced currents greater than 700 mA and additional potential values larger than ?850 V that can produce additional corrosive effects.
Investigating Mindfulness, Borderline Personality Traits, and Well-Being in a Nonclinical Population  [PDF]
Mabel Yu, Mitchell Clark
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.610121
Abstract: A growing body of literature has revealed that mindfulness-based interventions consistently have positive outcomes, suggesting that increased mindfulness is related to decreases in psychological symptoms and increases in well-being. In a sample of 110 Mount Royal University undergraduate students, we explored the intercorrelations between mindfulness, borderline personality traits, and subjective well-being (SWB). We hypothesized a negative correlation between mindfulness and borderline personality traits, a positive correlation between mindfulness and SWB, and a negative correlation between borderline personality traits and SWB. To examine, a battery of questionnaire containing four measures was used: Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), Five Facet of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), Personal Well-being Index (PWI), and Borderline Personality Questionnaire—revised (BPQ). Pearson’s correlation and multiple regression analysis results were consistent with our hypotheses. As predicted, higher degrees of mindfulness are associated with less borderline personality traits and greater well-being, whereas the presence of borderline personality traits is linked to lower degrees of well-being. The findings of the present study have significant clinical implications.
Minimax theorems on manifolds via Ekeland variational principle
Mabel Cuesta
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 2003, DOI: 10.1155/s1085337503303100
Abstract: We prove two minimax principles to find almost critical points ofC1 functionals restricted to globally defined C1 manifolds of codimension 1. The proof of the theorems relies on Ekeland variational principle.
Los Programas de Desarrollo Rural en la Argentina (en el contexto del ajuste macroeconómico neoliberal)
EURE (Santiago) , 2000, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612000007800004
Abstract: this paper discusses the strategies of argentina?s main rural development programs, and their accomplishments and possibilities in the context of neoliberal macroeconomic adjustment. it analyzes whether the actions being carried out are suitable and whether assistance to the rural poor (promoted by international financing organizations) is feasible in the face of the neoliberal policies? negative impact on small and intermediate farmers and ranchers. although rural development programs began in argentina with the restoration of democracy in the 1980s, the first significant actions were not taken until the 1990s. the different programs that have followed, often overlapping, are the object of our study
La "evaluación" en textos producidos por universitarios
Estudios filológicos , 1998, DOI: 10.4067/S0071-17131998003300003
Abstract: taking as a starting point the recent advances of the communicative oriented text linguistics, this work analyses some critical reviews produced by university students. with the aim of accounting for the development of the "evaluation" in the text part conclusions, first, a linguistic and textual characterization of this part of the reviews was done and, then, the introduction of value judgements and opinions in academic texts, as the ones in the corpus, were investigated. for this purpose, the cognitive notions of "balance and axiological crash" (krzeszowski 1992) were applied to explore this dimension of the texts. the different possibilities of textual and axiological structure identified in the treatment of the "evaluative factor" contribute to the understanding of the complex relations between objectivity and subjectivity in academic texts.
Iniciación sexual, prácticas sexuales y prevención al VIH/SIDA en jóvenes de sectores populares: un análisis antropológico de género
Grimberg, Mabel;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832002000100003
Abstract: this study is part of a line of research on gender and prevention in a research program on the social construction of hiv/aids. from a political and relational approach this line researches in gender relations, roles and identities in the context of the daily life. this paper analyses sexual initiation and some dimensions of the sexual practices of young people, including their sexual care and social representations related with aids. from a critical point of departure to the universalist and naturalized constructions of youth and young people we focus on how practices and meanings are constructed by young people in particular contexts of interaction. we propose that self sexual care and prevention of hiv/aids depend on a complex in which play gender identities and roles of sort, the modalities of power relations and social asymmetries in the access and control of material and symbolic resources. the data come from an ethnographic study between low-income young people, women and men from 15 to 28 years old in the southern area of the city of buenos aires.
Alpha (Osorno) , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22012005000100008
Abstract: gilbert durand sets us in "motion"; showing us that everything is ever changing. he puts us on a fast track going from reflex knowledge to fantasy world through epistemological subversión, boosting knowledge that encompasses everything. mythologies show us gods that are demoted to animal state and humans that move up to angelism. thanks to the antropological structures, (1984) an extensive analysis framework is set up. this framework helps understand, through semantics of attributes and verbs of various short stories, some forms of symbolisation according to geographies, as well as, distinctive ways of experiencing death. similarly, linear and cyclic times coprrespond to various ways to envision nature and gods different ways which constitute an x-ray of cultures. the universality of imagination thus presented charms us with a way to delight once again the world.
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