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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 490783 matches for " Ma Guadalupe;Navarro Oca?a "
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Serogroups, K1 antigen, and antimicrobial resistance patterns of Aeromonas spp. strains isolated from different sources in Mexico
Arteaga Garibay, Ramón I;Aguilera-Arreola, Ma Guadalupe;Navarro Ocaa, Armando;Giono Cerezo, Silvia;Sánchez Mendoza, Miroslava;Molina López, José;Eslava Campos, Carlos;Cravioto, Alejandro;Castro-Escarpulli, Graciela;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762006000200007
Abstract: a total of 221 strains of aeromonas species isolated in mexico from clinical (161), environmental (40), and food (20) samples were identified using the automated system biomérieux-vitek?. antisera for serogroups o1 to 044 were tested using the shimada and sakazaki scheme. the k1 antigen was examined using as antiserum the o7:k1c of escherichia coli. besides, we studied the antimicrobial patterns according to vitek automicrobic system. among the 161 clinical strains 60% were identified as a. hydrophila, 20.4% as a. caviae, and 19.25% as a. veronii biovar sobria. only a. hydrophila and a. veronii biovar sobria were found in food (55 and 90% respectively) and environmental sources (45 and 10% respectively). using "o" antisera, only 42.5% (94/221) of the strains were serologically identified, 55% (121/221) were non-typable, and 2.5% (6/221) were rough strains. twenty-two different serogroups were found, o14, o16, o19, o22, and o34 represented 60% of the serotyped strains. more than 50% of aeromonas strain examined (112/221) expressed k1 encapsulating antigen; this characteristic was predominant among aeromonas strains of clinical origin. resistance to ampicillin/sulbactam and cephazolin was detected in 100 and 67% of aeromonas strain tested for their susceptibility to antibiotics. in conclusion, antibiotic-resistant aeromonas species that possess the k1 encapsulating antigen and represent serogroups associated with clinical syndrome in man are not uncommon among aeromonas strains isolated from clinical, food and environmental sources in mexico.
EL PROBLEMA DEL "SENTIDO" DE LA NATURALEZA
Francisco Covarrubias Villa,Ma. Guadalupe Cruz Navarro,María Guadalupe Arceo Ortega
Quivera , 2011,
Abstract: La asunción de una teoría determinada implica la percepción y la comprensión de lo real a la manera que lo concibe esa teoría. El ecocentrismo piensa a la naturaleza con un valor en sí misma y el marxismo piensa al hombre como parte de la naturaleza y a la naturaleza como objeto de humanización. Sin embargo, ónticamente hablando, el sentido sigue siendo ajeno a la naturaleza, si bien las acciones realizadas por el hombre, producto del sentido que le ha otorgado, se integran estructuralmente a ella.
Antimicrobial activity of medicinal plants from the Huautla Sierra Biosphere Reserve in Morelos (Mexico)
Salinas Sánchez, David O.;Arteaga Najera, Gema L.;León Rivera, Ismael;Dorado Ramírez, Oscar;Valladares Cisneros, Ma. Guadalupe;Navarro García, Víctor M.;
Polibotánica , 2009,
Abstract: twenty-two extracts from nine mexican medicinal plants of eight different families used for people neighbor to huautla sierra biosphere reserve (rebiosh) in different infectious diseases were assayed in vitro to determine their antibacterial activity against staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus faecalis; escherichia coli; proteus mirabilis; salmonella typhi and the yeast candida albicans. most plants showed antibacterial activity, while two plants showed activity against range 0.25 a 4 mg/ml almost one microorganism used. the extracts showed minimum inhibitory concentration (mic) against s. aureus and s. faecalis, represents microorganisms gram-positive were hexanic and acetonic extracts of bur ser a copallifera and hexanic extract of b. grandifolia. the ethanol extract of lippia graveolens showed a mic value of 1 mg/ml against yeast candida albicans.
PATOLOGíA TRAQUEAL DIAGNOSTICADA POR FIBROBRONCOSCOPIA: EXPERIENCIA EN 111 CASOS
GARCíA OLAZARáN, JOSé GUADALUPE;AGUILAR RAMíREZ, MA. DEL PILAR;PéREZ ROMO, ALFREDO;NAVARRO REYNOSO, FRANCISCO;CICERO SABIDO, RAúL;
Revista del Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias , 2004,
Abstract: objective: to determine the malignant and benign etiology of tracheal lesions by fiberoptic bronchoscopy (fob) and the results of their treatment. material and methods: retrospective and prospective study of patients with diagnostic fob, from october 2001 to september 2003. histopathologic diagnosis and treatment of all lesions were recorded. anova and proportions comparison with confidence limits for binomial distribution (bernoulli) were applied. results: of 867 fob, 153 (17.6%) were performed in the main airway in a total of 111 patients. sixty-two (55.8%) were males and 49 (44.1%) females, mean age of 52 years; sd 20.15, range 3-82 years. of these, 66/111 (59.4%) had benign lesions, the most frequent were post-intubation stenosis (41/66) and non-specific granuloma (9/66), other lesions such as extrinsic compression, tracheomalacia, tuberculosis, tracheoesophageal fistula, scleroma, strips and papillary adenoma were found. in 45/111 (40.5%) the lesion was malignant; of these, 34/45 were primarythe most common being adenocarcinoma (18/45); other tumors were epidermoid pulmonary, epidermoid laryngeal and small cell carcinoma, and metastases, and 4/45 were prostate cancer, uterine cervix carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma and retroperitoneal fibromixoid sarcoma. 7/45 had local infiltration or invasion from intrathoracic tumors. anova did not demonstrate differences between the percentages of stenosis of different localization. there was statistical difference between primary and metastatic malignancies p <0.05. immediate relief of respiratory difficulty was registered following treatment. conclusion: site, degree of obstruction and type of tracheal lesions can be evaluated by fob to establish the most convenient treatment for the obstruction, whether curative or palliative. among benign lesions post-endotracheal intubation structure was the most common.
PREVALENCIA DE DIABETES MELLITUS EN PACIENTES CON FIBROSIS PULMONAR IDIOPáTICA
SUáREZ LANDA, TERESA;ESTRADA GARRIDO, ANDREA;MEJíA áVILA, MAYRA;ALONSO MARTíNEZ, DELFINO;CARRILLO RODRíGUEZ, JOSé GUILLERMO;NAVARRO GONZáLEZ, MA. DEL CARMEN;FABIáN SAN MIGUEL, MARíA GUADALUPE;
Revista del Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias , 2004,
Abstract: prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (dm2) in mexico is 10%. objective: to describe the prevalence of dm2 in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (ipf), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (hp) and lung cancer patients (lc) in mexico city. cases: 136 patients with ipf. the control groups were 53 hypersensitivity pneumonitis patients (hp) and 263 lung cancer patients (lc). dm2 was determined by two preprandial serum glucose levels higher than 126 mg/dl. results: 29 (21.3%) ipf patients, 4 (7.5%) hp patients and 25 (9.5%) lc patients had dm2, revealing a significantly higher prevalence of dm2 in ipf/hp [odds ratio 3.3 (95% ci 1.1-9.6) p<0.01] and ipf/lc [odds ratio 2.5 (95% ci 1.4-4.6) p<0.01]. no differences were seen when ipf patients were divided by gender, obesity and economic level. conclusions: these results suggest that there is a higher prevalence of dm2 in ipf patients in comparison with hp, lc patients and the general population in mexico city.
Inmigración y dinámicas demográficas andaluzas a comienzos del siglo XXI. Una perspectiva territorial
Navarro Rodríguez, Susana,Ocaa Ocaa, Carmen,Larrubia Vargas, Remedios
Estudios Geográficos , 2012,
Abstract: The presence of foreign immigration in Andalusia has prompted a new phase in the evolution of the region’s geographic dynamics, characterised by different spatial traits due to pre-existing population imbalances in the region and the manner in which these are affected by foreign immigration which concentrates in the most dynamic areas but also has a significant local impact in areas in decline where its presence is more diffused. This paper identifies the different models of demographic dynamics that this combination of circumstances has generated, as well as the territorial factors of their distribution throughout the region. La presencia de la inmigración extrajera en Andalucía ha propiciado una fase nueva en la evolución de su dinámica geográfica, cuya manifestación espacialmente tiene rasgos diferentes, por los desequilibrios poblacionales propios de la región y por la forma en que incide sobre ellos la inmigración extranjera, que si bien se concentra en las áreas más dinámicas, tiene también una presencia difuminada en áreas en declive, de alto impacto local. El artículo procede a identificar los modelos distintos de dinámicas demográficas que esta conjunción de circunstancias ha generado, y los factores territoriales de su distribución en la región. [fr] La présence de l'immigration étrangère en Andalousie a conduit a une nouvelle phase dans l'évolution de sa dynamique géographique, dont la manifestation spatiale a des traits différents, à cause des déséquilibres des populations propres à la région et de la facon par laquelle l'immigration étrangère les affecte, qui, bien qu'elle se concentre dans les zones les plus dynamiques, elle a aussi une présence diffuse dans des zones en déclin, avec un impacte local élevé. L'article vise à identifier les différentes modèles des dynamiques démographiques que cette conjonction de circonstances a générées, ainsi que les facteurs territoriaux de leur distribution dans la région.
Higiene contra la anemia de los mineros. La lucha contra la anquilostomiasis en Espa a (1897-1936)
Rodríguez Ocaa, Esteban,Menéndez Navarro, Alfredo
Asclepio : Revista de Historia de la Medicina y de la Ciencia , 2006,
Abstract: This study analyses the Spanish participation in the international campaign against ancylostomiasis during the period of the establishing and hegemony of Social Medicine. Through study of the main interventions carried out, including the agreement with the Rockefeller Foundation, its effects are observed on the popularization of laboratory medicine, the introduction of health concerns into employment legislation and the genesis of new rural health structures. Este trabajo analiza la participación espa ola en la campa a internacional contra la anquilostomiasis durante el periodo de constitución y hegemonía de la Medicina social. A través del estudio de las principales intervenciones realizadas, incluyendo el acuerdo con la Fundación Rockefeller, se observan sus efectos sobre la popularización de la medicina de laboratorio, la introducción de la preocupación por la salud en la legislación laboral y la génesis de estructuras nuevas para la sanidad rural.
Percepción del paciente acerca de su bienestar durante la hospitalización Patient's perception on their well-being during hospitalization
María Guadalupe Moreno Monsiváis,Ma Guadalupe Interial Guzmán
Index de Enfermería , 2012,
Abstract: Objetivo: Conocer la opinión de los pacientes acerca de los aspectos de la atención que reciben durante la hospitalización, que son importantes para lograr su bienestar. Metodología: Estudio cualitativo exploratorio. Los participantes fueron 30 informantes claves que estuvieron hospitalizados en cirugía general y fueron entrevistados en sus domicilios, posterior a su egreso, mediante una guía de entrevista semi-estructurada. Resultados: La atención técnica e interpersonal son esenciales para lograr el bienestar durante la hospitalización. Además es relevante la infraestructura, servicios otorgados por otros departamentos y cumplimiento de expectativas de los pacientes. Conclusión: Los pacientes hospitalizados perciben bienestar cuando reciben buen trato y son atendidos por personal competente. Es relevante la consideración de los otros aspectos que modulan la percepción del bienestar y dependen directamente del entorno hospitalario. Objective: The objective was to know the patient′s opinion regarding the elements of the care they receive during hospitalization that are important to attain their well-being. Methodology: Exploratory qualitative study. The participants included 30 key informants who had been hospitalized in general surgery and were interviewed in their homes after they were discharged, using a semi-structured interview guide. Results: Technical and interpersonal care are essential factors to attain well-being during hospitalization. The infrastructures, services provided by other departments and meeting the patient′s expectations are also important elements. Conclusion: Hospitalized patients perceive wellness when they are treated properly and attended by trained personnel. It is important to consider the other issues that modulate the perception on well-being, which depend directly on the hospital environment.
Cuidados de enfermería a un paciente con intento autolítico por metanol Nursing care for a patient who attempted suicide using methanol
Ma Sol Martínez Barquinero,Marta Ocaa Carre?o
Revista de la Sociedad Espa?ola de Enfermería Nefrológica , 2010,
Abstract:
Traffic Data Collection for Floating Car Data Enhancement in V2I Networks
Llorca DF,Sotelo MA,Sánchez S,Ocaa M
EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing , 2010,
Abstract: This paper presents a complete vision-based vehicle detection system for floating car data (FCD) enhancement in the context of vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). Three cameras (side-, forward- and rear-looking cameras) are installed onboard a vehicle in a fleet of public buses. Thus, a more representative local description of the traffic conditions (extended FCD) can be obtained. Specifically, the vision modules detect the number of vehicles contained in the local area of the host vehicle (traffic load) and their relative velocities. Absolute velocities (average road speed) and global positioning are obtained after combining the outputs provided by the vision modules with the data supplied by the CAN Bus and the GPS sensor. This information is transmitted by means of a GPRS/UMTS data connection to a central unit which merges the extended FCD in order to maintain an updated map of the traffic conditions (traffic load and average road speed). The presented experiments are promising in terms of detection performance and computational costs. However, significant effort is further necessary before deploying a system for large-scale real applications.
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