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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 239 matches for " MSc "
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Contesting the African Public Sphere: A Philosophical Re-imaging of Power and Resistance in Ngugi’s Wizard of the Crow
MSC Okolo
Africa Development , 2009,
Abstract: Habermas’s ideal notion of the ‘public sphere’ as the necessary condition for a genuine democracy is applied here in the assessment of the ideas contained in Ngugi’s Wizard of the Crow (2007) in an attempt to map out and understand the African public sphere. Wizard of the Crow employs the values of the public sphere to pass satirical comments on society’s values and practices: old assumptions are re-interrogated, established world-views reviewed and class and gender silenced issues revealed and re-evaluated. This paper adopts an interdisciplinary approach by employing philosophy and literature, here taken as Wizard of the Crow, as investigative tools. My choice of Wizard of the Crow to interrogate the African public sphere is particularly guided by the fact that to really encounter the public sphere is to first of all engage it at an imaginary realm. Besides, encountering the issues highlighted in Wizard of the Crow away from the structural discourse of the public sphere helps to humanize and plant them in the consciousness of people who may not have access to exotic academic presentation on the subject. Prefering a philosophical re-imaging of the concerns contained in Wizard of the Crow is to situate them within broader analytical frameworks. By adopting the basic methods of philosophical inquiry – exposition, critical analysis and reconstruction – the issues are lifted from the domain of fiction to the space of systematized knowledge directed at presenting a comprehensive notion of the African public sphere in as far as this can be achieved.
Effectiveness of Short-term Cardiac Rehabilitation on Clinical Manifestations in Post-MI Patients
Sh Davoodvand (MSc.),N Elahi (MSc.),M Haghighizadeh (MSc.)
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2009,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Cardiac rehabilitation is one of the most effective ways of secondary prevention in patients with myocardial infarction manifestations. This study aimed to assess the effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation on clinical manifestations of myocardial infarction in post-MI patients. Methods & Materials: In this interventional study, 66 patients (58 males and eight females) with myocardial infarction who were hospitalized in public hospitals of Ahwaz were selected using purposeful sampling. The participants were randomly allocated into intervention and control groups. Data was collected using a self-structured valid and reliable instrument. The intervention group participated in an 8-week cardiac rehabilitation program. Data on the clinical manifestations were collected eight weeks later. Data were analyzed in SPSS. Results: The results showed that there was significant differences between two groups in hypertension crisis (P=0.03), chest pain, dyspnea, fatigue and palpitation after the cardiac rehabilitation (P<0.001). Conclusion: Cardiac rehabilitation program decreased the clinical manifestations of myocardial infarction in post-MI patients. It is recommended to perform this procedure in the post-MI patients. Key words: cardiac, rehabilitation, myocardial infarction, clinical manifestations
The Effectiveness of Education on Prevention of Osteoporosis among High School Female Students
S Nejati(MSc.),N Rasoulzadeh (MSc.),A Sedighiyani (MSc.)
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2009,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Osteoporosis is a silent and preventable disease that mostly affects women. Osteoporosis prevention requires enhancing knowledge and awareness of students. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of education on prevention of osteoporosis among high school female students in the sixth distinct of Tehran. Methods & Materials: In this randomized controlled trial, 600 students were selected using cluster sampling method. Data were gathered using a three-part questionnaire including demographic, knowledge, and practice items. After the baseline measurement, the students were randomly allocated into intervention and control groups. Two educational sessions were held for the intervention group. At the end of the sessions, educational booklets were distributed among the students. The educational strategies included giving lectures, and practicing physical exercises. After two weeks, the participants completed the questionnaires again. The educational classes were held for the control group after the last measurements. Results: Data analysis showed that the mean of knowledge score and the participants' practice were significantly different between two groups after the intervention (P<0.001). Conclusion: Regarding the effect of education on enhancing students' awareness and practice about osteoporosis prevention, designing educational programs could be beneficial. Key words: education, osteoporosis, prevention
Inserción social y perfil de salud enfermedad bucal del paciente con Vih/Sida. Servicio de atención a pacientes con enfermedades infecto contagiosas "Elsa la corte". Facultad de Odontología de la Ucv. Caracas. 2002.(En Elaboración)
Deliamar Montiel,MSc; Vilma Tovar,MSc.;
Acta Odontológica Venezolana , 2003,
Abstract: abstract this reseach is in evolution process and the discussion that we present is an advance of the results that we have got in 25 patients in the infectocontagious diseases department "elsa la corte" at the school of dentistry from the ucv. our goal is to relate the hiv/aids positive patients with the social groups that they belong to and the bucal indicators cpos-ceo (caries history indicator in permanent and temporary teeth), ihos (simplify indicator of oral health) and the main present oral pathologies asociated to hiv/aids positive. the preliminary results indicate that the 60% of the examinated patients are between 30 -39 years old , male, with 126 afected dental faces by caries, single, and homosexual in 90%, 28% procedent from high density population urban areas. the 70% of the patients belong to atipic social group 4, that means unemployed or subemployed (breilh). the most frecuent oral pathologies are: candidiasis 48 %, aftas 4 %, leucoplasia vellosa 4 %, and herpes 4 %. given the social and epidemiologic characteristics that until now we have detected it is necesary to wide the cover of the building and equipment of this important service
Stressors and Mental Health Status among Students of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences
E Sadeghian* (MSc.),A Heidarian Pour(MSc.).
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2009,
Abstract: Background & Objective: Assessment of mental health is one of the most important aspects of assessing health status. Entering to the university is a challenging life event for young adults; because students encounter with changes in social communication, expectations and roles. As a result, they are susceptible for experiencing stress and anxiety that could affect their functions. The aim of this study was to determine the mental health status and related stressors among Hamadan Medical Sciences University Students. Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 180 medical sciences' students were selected using stratified sampling method. Data were collected using the Stressor questionnaire and the SCL90. Data were analyzed by SPSS. Results: The study showed that 57.1 percent of the students were female. The ages ranged 18-22. Most of the students (94.8 percent) were single. Most of the students had no mental disorders (66.1%). Mild and moderate mental disorders were 29.4& and 4.4%, respectively. Mean of mental health score was 72.99 (±46.02). Mental health status was correlated with marital status, concerns about family, changes in religious activities, concerns about the future, working in the hospitals, problems with friends, sexual problems, and the number of experienced stressors (P<0.05). Conclusion: Experiencing stressors threatens students' mental health status and provide a potential cause for mental disorders. Key words: mental health, stress, stressors, students
Premarital Screening of Beta Thalassemia Minor in north-east of Iran
Hashemizadeh H MSc,Noori R MSc
Iranian Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology , 2013,
Abstract: BackgroundBeta thalassemia is a preventable disease. Iran has about 20,000Patients who are homozygote for β-thalassaemia and 3,750,000 carriers. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of beta thalassemia minor among men who underwent premarital screening in Quchana city in Khorasan Razavi region of IranMaterials and MethodsThis research is a descriptive cross-sectional study. From 2010 to 2011, all participants (1000) under marriage coming to health center of Quchan underwent routine mandatory tests. Participants were considered to have beta-thalassemia minor on the condition that hey had a mean corpuscular volume (MCV) <80fl and a mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) <27 pg and a hemoglobin A2 level >3.5%. Venous blood was taken into an EDTA tube and the complete blood count and red blood cell indices were measured with a Coulter automated cellcounter. Electrophoresis was performed on cellulose acetate.ResultsMean and SD of hemoglobin, MCV and MCH were 16±2.9, 91±4 and 28.4±2, respectively. Hemoglobin A2 Higher than 3.5 percent was reported as 3.5%.The prevalence of beta-thassemia minor with high hemoglobin A2 and microcytic hypochromic anemia was 3.5% (P-value).ConclusionIn countries with high prevalence of hemoglobinopathies, a premarital screening program is helpful for identification and prevention of high-risk marriages. Detecting carrier couples with premarital screening program is an effective way of controlling thalassemia major.
Inserción social y perfil de salud enfermedad bucal del paciente con Vih/Sida. Servicio de atención a pacientes con enfermedades infecto contagiosas "Elsa la corte". Facultad de Odontología de la Ucv. Caracas. 2002.(En Elaboración)
MSc Deliamar Montiel,MSc. Vilma Tovar
Acta Odontológica Venezolana , 2003,
Abstract: Resumen Esta Investigación se encuentra en proceso de ejecución y la discusión que presentamos es un avance de los resultados que hemos obtenido en 25 pacientes examinados en el Servicio de Atención a Pacientes con Enfermedades Infecto Contagiosas "Elsa La Corte" de la Facultad de Odontología de la UCV. Nuestro objetivo es caracterizar al paciente con VIH/SIDA con relación a los grupos sociales a los cuales pertenecen y los indicadores bucales de CPOS-ceo (índice de historia de caries por superficie en dientes permanentes y temporales), IHOS(índice de higiene oral simplificado) y las principales patologías orales presentes asociadas al VIH - SIDA. Los resultados preliminares indican que un 60 % de los examinados están comprendidos entre los 30 y 39 a os, pertenecen al sexo masculino, con un promedio de 8 superficies afectadas por historia de caries, solteros y homosexuales en un 90 %, provenientes en un 52 % de zonas urbanas de alta densidad demográfica en el centro-oeste de Caracas. El 70 % de los pacientes pertenecen al grupo social 4 atípico, es decir, desempleados o subempleados(según Clasificación de Breilh).Las patologías orales mas frecuentes son: candidiasis 48 %, aftas 4 %, leucoplasia vellosa 4 %, y Herpes simple 4 %. Dadas las características sociales y epidemiológicas que hasta los momentos hemos detectado se hace necesario ampliar la cobertura y la infraestructura de este importante servicio. Abstract This reseach is in evolution process and the discussion that we present is an advance of the results that we have got in 25 patients in the Infectocontagious Diseases Department "Elsa La Corte" at the School of Dentistry from the UCV. Our goal is to relate the HIV/AIDS positive patients with the social groups that they belong to and the bucal indicators CPOS-ceo (caries history indicator in permanent and temporary teeth), IHOS (simplify indicator of oral health) and the main present oral pathologies asociated to HIV/AIDS positive. The preliminary results indicate that the 60% of the examinated patients are between 30 -39 years old , male, with 126 afected dental faces by caries, single, and homosexual in 90%, 28% procedent from high density population urban areas. The 70% of the patients belong to atipic social group 4, that means unemployed or subemployed (Breilh). The most frecuent oral pathologies are: Candidiasis 48 %, Aftas 4 %, Leucoplasia Vellosa 4 %, and Herpes 4 %. Given the social and epidemiologic characteristics that until now we have detected it is necesary to wide the cover of the building and equipment of this important service
Can static interface pressure mapping be used to rank pressure-redistributing cushions for active wheelchair users?
James Hollington, MSc,Susan J. Hillman, MSc
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development , 2013, DOI: 10.1682/jrrd.2011.10.0192
Abstract: Interface pressure mapping (IPM) is a clinical tool that assists the selection of seat cushions for pressure management for wheelchair users. Clinical pressure measurements are almost always made under static sitting conditions, although this does not consider the time-dependent properties of some cushion materials that may behave differently under the dynamic conditions of self-propulsion. This study investigated the potential for such differences by collecting seat IPM measurements from eight wheelchair users using four different seat cushion designs during static sitting and self-propulsion. Mean pressure corresponding to the approximate anatomical location of the ischial tuberosities was used to rank the four cushions under the two conditions. The two sets of rankings for each participant were then compared using correlation. Dynamic data from four participants was judged too inconsistent to be interpreted reliably and demonstrates the practical difficulties associated with dynamic IPM measurement when variations in individual propulsion technique cannot be controlled. Strong correlations were observed between rank orders for the remaining four participants and suggest that the statically derived pressure measures can be used for clinical decision making when selecting cushions for self-propelling wheelchair users.
A Comparison of Wilson Sum Score and Combination Mallampati, Tiromental and Sternomental Distances for Predicting Difficult Intubation
Rudin Domi, MD, MSc
Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2009, DOI: 10.3889/MJMS.1857-5773.2009.0045
Abstract: Aim. Our goal is to find the best predicting test for difficult intubation. Material and method. The present study is a double-blind, prospective one that has been made during the period of 2006-2008. It was perfomed in the Department of Surgery by the Service Of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care of the University Hospital Center "Mother Theresa" in Tirana, Albania. There were 426 ASA 1-2 adult patients involved in this study all of whom underwent general anesthesia for urologic and general surgery. All of the following parameters, i. e Mallampati score, tyromental sternomental and interincisive distances, Delilkan test, lower jaw protrusion and length, neck movement, body masss index, morfology of teeths, use of gidewire and Wilson score, were recorded for every patient. The dates were presented in absolute and relative mode, calculating also OD ratio and confidence interval of 95%. For each parameter were calculated the following: sensitivity, specificity, predictive positive value, and predictive negative value, with a significant P value ≤ 0.05 (5%). Results. The total number of patients with difficult intubations was 40. Thirty seven patients had difficult intubations and 3 patients failed to be intubated. The specificity of all parameters was low, nevertheless the sensitivity was high. The combination of the parameters improved the predictive model, thus increasing the specificity. Wilson score predicted 33 patients with difficult intubations instead of 9 patients predicted by the combination of Mallampati-sternomental- tiromental distances. Conclusion. We concluded that the Wilson score was the best predictive test.
A Comparison of Efficacy of Isopropyl Alcohol and Ethanol in Disinfection Programs in Pediatrics Ward and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
A Jokar(MSc.),Z Mohebi (MSc.),S Garmaznejad(MSc.),M Sharifi (MSc.)
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2009,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Hospital infections are still one of the main causes of death. These infections may be transferred from one patient to another or through medical devices. The prevalence of hospital-acquired infection is 6%-12%. This rate increases to about 65% in some underdeveloped countries. The goal of this study was to compare the efficacy of Isopropyl alcohol and Ethanol in disinfection in pediatrics ward and neonatal intensive care unit. Methods & Materials: In this trial, 116 specimens were collected from medical devices before and after disinfecting with Isopropyl alcohol and Ethanol. In order to assess the exact effect of these two disinfectants, some of the medical devices were exposed directly to microorganism colonies and then were disinfected using Isopropyl alcohol or Ethanol. Samples were cultured on Petri dishes. Results: The results of cultured specimens before disinfection showed that some microorganisms such as Staphylococcus, Escherichia-Coli (E. coli), Pseudomonas, and Enterobacter were grown on medical devices. After disinfection, only two microorganisms grew (staphylococcus and Escherichia-Coli) on devices that were disinfected with Ethanol; and there were no growth on the devices that were disinfected with Isopropyl alcohol. Conclusion: The results of the study showed that the Isopropyl Alcohol is more effective in disinfecting than the Ethanol. Since the Ethanol needs more time and specific procedures to act, it should be better to use disinfectants like Isopropyl Alcohol that acts faster and simpler. Key words: disinfection, efficacy, Ethanol, Isopropyl alcohol
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