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Snakebite in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso: illustration of realities and challenges for care based on a clinical case
Kyelem, CG;Yaméogo, TM;Ouédraogo, SM;Zoungrana, J;Poda, GEA;Rouamba, MM;Ouangré, A;Kissou, SA;Rouamba, A;
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-91992012000400021
Abstract: we report herein the case of 19-year-old female farmer who suffered a double snakebite on the right foot. after an unsuccessful traditional treatment, she consulted a health center, 48 hours after the bite. upon arrival at the hospital, she showed signs of severe damage, including hemorrhagic syndrome, extensive gangrene of the bitten limb and severe acute renal failure. due to financial constraints, neither antivenom nor the scheduled amputation was performed. after 35 days of hospitalization, she returned home, against the advice of medical personnel. our case summarizes the daily challenges of patients and practitioners that suffer snakebite envenomation in bobo-dioulasso, western burkina faso.
Acute Intussusception of the Adult in Burkina Faso, a Tropical Area: Our Experience about 30 Cases  [PDF]
Zida Maurice, Ouangré Edgar, Ouedraogo Souleymane, Doamba Rodrigue, Kafando Roch Justin, Zan Abdoulaye, Traoré Si Simon
Surgical Science (SS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2018.96022
Abstract: Objective: To describe the etiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of adults’ intussusception at Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital in Ouagadougou (CHU-YO), Burkina Faso. Patients and method: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2011 and April 2016 at CHU-YO. All patients with 16 years of age and older operated on for intussusception were included. Results: Thirty patients were identified, 15 men and as many women. Their average age was 37.3 years. A higher frequency was noted between 30 and 39 years. The installation of the symptomatology was insidious in 22 cases and brutal in 8 cases. The reasons for consultation were abdominal pain (30 cases), vomiting (19 cases), intestinal transit stop (18 cases) and rectorrhagia (9 cases). Physical examination noted an abdominal mass in 11 cases and a localized abdominal tenderness in 7 cases. An intussusception coil was identified on ultrasound in 9 cases. All patients underwent surgery under general anesthesia and the approach was laparotomy. Intraoperatively, the intussusception was ileocolic in 15 cases; a right hemi-colectomy was performed. It was colo-colic intussusception in 10 cases and the treatment thus consisted of a left hemi-colectomy. In other 5 cases, intussusception was ileal, requiring ileal resection. The average hospital stay was 11.7 days. Pathologically, the examination was normal
Thoracic Wounds by Firearm at the University Hospital Yalgado Ouedraogo (YO)  [PDF]
Edgar Ouangré, Maurice Zida, Moussa Bazongo, Elie Yamba Sawadogo, Aristide Sam, Rock Kafando, Nayi Zongo, Si Simon Traoré
Open Journal of Thoracic Surgery (OJTS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojts.2017.72004
Abstract: Introduction: Thoracic wounds by firearms are frequent and severe. They may involve the patient’s prognosis. Objective: To study the epidemiological, clinical, paraclinical, therapeutic and evolutionary aspects of the thoracic wounds by firearms. Material and method: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study of all patients over the age of 15 who consulted in the university hospital-YO in the department of general and digestive surgery over a period of 5 years. Results: We collected 50 cases of thoracic wounds by firearms on 183 thoracic wounds with a prevalence of 27.3%. There were 48 men (96%). The average age was 30 years. The patients came from urban areas in 66% of cases; the informal sector accounted for 44% of the cases. The pistol was the most involved firearm (46.9%). The consultation period was less than 6 hours in 78% of patients. An unstable hemodynamic state was found in 42% (n = 21). A fluid and mixed pleural effusion syndrome was found in 46% and 26% of patients, respectively. Associated lesions were diaphragm involvement, and lesions of intra-abdominal hollow organs. Thoracic drainage was performed in 24 patients (48%) and was associated with a laparotomy in 8 patients. The average hospital stay was 7.5 days. Mortality was 14%. Conclusion: the thoracic wounds by firearms are frequent in civilian practice. The thoracic CT allows mapping of the lesions and thoracic drainage constitutes the essential part of surgical treatment. The fight against the proliferation of weapons deserves to be promoted.
Microdrill, Diode Laser, and Manual Microsurgical Stapedoplasty: A Comparative Study  [PDF]
Priit Kasen?mm, Maris Suurna
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2014.31002

Background: To evaluate hearing outcome, operation time and post-operative hospital stay after primary stapedoplasty with three different techniques: manual microsurgical, microdrill-assisted, and microdrill- and laser-assisted technique. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 150 consecutive cases of primary otosclerosis was operated by one surgeon. The patients were divided into three groups depending on the utilized surgical techniques: a fully manual microsurgical stapedoplasty (n = 56), microdrill-assisted stapedoplasty (n = 32), and microdrill- and laser-assisted stapedoplasty (n = 62). The mean pre- and post-operative air-bone gap was calculated by using pre- and post-operative mean pure tone air- and bone-conduction thresholds at 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the hearing outcome between the groups. The closure of air-bone gap and the improvement of the hearing were demonstrated in all study groups. Introduction of diode laser for stapes surgery resulted in significantly reduced operation time (about one-third) and the increase in the

Seasonal depression of fertility in hot climates as influenced by production level and temperature humidity stress
MM Heiman
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1982, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-14-1-103a
Taxonomic considerations on the genera Moneuptychia Forster and Carminda Dias, reval. (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Satyrinae)
Dias, MM;
Brazilian Journal of Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-69842011000300026
Abstract: euptychia soter butler, 1877, the type species of moneuptychia forster, 1964, is compared to satyrus paeon godart, 1824, the type species of carminda dias, 1998. the male genitalia and wing design patterns of these species are dealt with. some additional data from other species from both genera are also presented. the morphological comparisons carried out in this study indicate that carminda is not a junior synonym of moneuptychia. thus, carminda is revalidated.
Seroprevalence survey of H9N2 avian influenza virus in backyard chickens around the Caspian Sea in Iran
Hadipour, MM;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2010000100008
Abstract: since 1998, an epidemic of avian influenza occurred in the iranian poultry industry. the identified agent presented low pathogenicity, and was subtyped as an h9n2 avian influenza virus. backyard chickens can play an important role in the epidemiology of h9n2 avian influenza virus infection. close contact of backyard chickens with migratory birds, especially with aquatic birds, as well as neighboring poultry farms, may pose the risk of transmitting avian influenza virus, but little is known about the disease status of backyard poultry. a h9n2 avian influenza virus seroprevalence survey was carried out in 700 backyard chickens from villages around the caspian sea, northern iran, using the hemagglutination-inhibition (hi) test. the studied backyard chickens had not been previously vaccinated and showed no clinical signs of disease. the mean antibody titers found were 6.8, 7.5, 5.9, 7.2, 5.7, 6.4, 6.2 and the seroprevalence was 76.2%, 79.5%, 68.18%, 78.27%, 65%, 72.31% and 71.4% as found in seven villages. overall hi titer and seroprevalence against h9n2 were 6.52 and 72.98%, respectively.
H9N2 avian influenza virus antibody titers in human population in fars province, Iran
Hadipour, MM;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Avícola , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-635X2010000300004
Abstract: among the avian influenza a virus subtypes, h5n1 and h9n2 viruses have the potential to cause an influenza pandemic because they are widely prevalent in avian species in asia and have demonstrated the ability to infect humans. this study was carried out to determined the seroprevalence of h9n2 avian influenza virus in different human populations in fars province, which is situated in the south of iran. antibodies against h9n2 avian influenza virus were measured using hemagglutination-inhibition (hi) test in sera from 300 individuals in five different population in fars province, including poultry-farm workers, slaughter-house workers, veterinarians, patients with clinical signs of respiratory disease, and clinically normal individuals, who were not or rarely in contact with poultry. mean antibody titers of 7.3, 6.8, 6.1, 4.5, and 2.9 and seroprevalences of 87%, 76.2%, 72.5%, 35.6%, and 23% were determined in those groups, respectively. higher prevalences were detected in poultry-farm workers, slaughter-house workers, and veterinarians, possibly due to their close and frequent contact with poultry.
The work of Daphne Hampson: The God talk of one feminist theologian
MM Jacobs
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2007,
Abstract: For almost all of human history both in ancient times and in modern contexts, talk about God has been mainly a male preserve. So closely has male God talk been associated by many with God's own voice, that it is still not commonly realized and acknowledged. With the rise of feminism, especially during recent decades, it has changed. In this article the work of Daphne Hampson, a British feminist theologian, is considered: Her definition and critique of Christianity, her view of the relation between the present and our Christian past, specifically with regard to God talk, her dealing with prominent aspects of the Christian belief system and her emphasis on taking seriously all available knowledge and our contemporary context in doing theology. In line with some current trends in God talk, such as a movement away from anthropomorphism, and in dialogue with Friedrich Schleiermacher, she formulates what she calls a “future theism”. HTS Theological Studies Vol. 63 (1) 2007: pp. 231-259
Use of genetic variability estimates and interrelationships of agronomic and biochemical characters for selection of Lupin genotypes under different irrigation regimes
MM Hefny
African Crop Science Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Lupin is important grain legume crop and component of the sustainable farming system of the Mediterranean climate region. Low yield and lack of stability of currently registered varieties make white lupin acreage is small. Therefore, the relationships among grain yield and its components are controversial subjects in agronomic studies, especially under stress conditions. Five genotypes of yellow lupinus were tested in 2-year field trials (2008/2009 and 2009/2010) under two watering regimes: fully irrigated (W0) and water stress (Ws), and two inoculation treatments (commercial inoculation and un-inoculation). The objective was to evaluate the responses of 11 agronomic and biochemical traits to water stress based on estimation of genetic parameters and contribution to seed yield. Results showed that, all traits were significantly affected by irrigation treatments, except number of primary branches and 100 seed weight under W0, and number of primary branches and pods plant-1 under Ws. According to the analysis of linear regression of the measured traits against seed yield per ha, nodule dry weight, root dry weight, pods plant-1 and 100-seed weights with the greatest genotypic variation, contributed the highest to drought tolerance. However, the contribution of catalase (CAT) was higher under Ws compared to Peroxides POD. The values of phenotypic coefficient of variation in Ws were higher than the corresponding genotypic coefficient of variation values for all characters, but the differences between them were low for all traits. Catalase and peroxidase activity, seed yield, root and nodule dry weight showed high genetic advance (GA%) and heritability estimates. Drought tolerance index (DTI) and geometric mean (GM) were found to be effective indices for selection of superior drought-tolerant genotype (LR1) with good yield potential under both conditions. Genotypeby-trait biplot analysis showed that, all measured traits had strong positive effects on yield hectare-1 under Ws conditions, except protein percentage and branches plant-1. Key Words: Biplot, drought stress, Lupinus albus
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