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The Structure of Explanations and Counter-Explanations of Homosexuality  [PDF]
Fabrizzio Mc Manus
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.24035
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to revisit an ongoing controversy within the so called “Science Wars”; more specifically, I will address a particular topic within the “human nature” debate: the ontological and epistemological status of homosexuality. I claim that, in this particular chapter of the “Science Wars”, we are continually left in an explanatory impasse even when more data are collected, more rigorous experimental techniques are developed, more subtle arguments are offered and more pluralistic narratives are told. My diagnosis of the source of this impasse leads me to the conclusion that here we are dealing with a structural problem that cannot be solved with an elaboration of new models and theories that maintain an on- tology and an epistemology that are no longer suited as an explanans of human nature in general, and homosexuality in particular. Nevertheless, my analysis of the structural features of the biological explanations and the constructivist counter-explanations also leads me to the belief that, although biologists do not fully understand the intricacies of subjects, neither constructivists understand the facticity of evolution and the challenge that it implies. If so, then the subject might be the right target of explanation. And, if so, constructivists might be right about the uniqueness of human homosexuality as a modern, western phenomenon explainable in terms of subjectivities and identities that mold and are molded by desires and institutions. But, if they are, evolution is not expendable because now we are facing a most intriguing question: How is that we humans became subjects?
Electrotransfer of low doses of plasmid encoding interleukin-10 in gene therapy of collagen-induced arthritis
Mc Boissier
Arthritis Research & Therapy , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/ar447
Púrpura de Sch?nlein Henoch: Qué hay de nuevo?
Revista argentina de dermatolog?-a , 2011,
Abstract: henoch sch?nlein purpura is the most common vasculitis in childhood, althoug it can be seen in adults. it is caharacterized by the presence of palpable purpura, abdominal or joint pain may be accompanied by hematuria. renal involvement is more common in adults. the diagnosis is clinical but biopsy may be useful to rule out other differential diagnoses. discussed in this review the changes made regarding the diagnostic criteria and developments in relation to pathophysiology.
Modélisation des Données de La Pauvreté par La Famille Singh-Maddala
MC Haidara
Afrika Statistika , 2009,
Abstract: Nous abordons la modelisation des donnees de la pauvrete, en particulier, celles des bases de donnees senegalaises de 1996 a 2001, par la famille des fonctions de repartition de Singh-Maddala. Les resultats sont bien meilleurs que l'ajustage classique Lognormal. Ces resultats permettent le calcul able des indicateurs de pauvrete en termes d'intervalles de conance en vue d'un suivi ecace de la pauvrete, un des objectifs du Millenaire pour le developpement.
Modelisation de donnees de la pauvrete par la famille Singh-Maddala
MC Haidara
Afrika Statistika , 2009,
Abstract: Nous abordons la modelisation des donnees de la pauvrete, en particulier, celles des bases de donnees senegalaises de 1996 a 2001, par la famille des fonctions de repartition de Singh-Maddala. Les resultats sont bien meilleurs que l'ajustage classique Lognormal. Ces resultats permettent le calcul able des indicateurs de pauvrete en termes d'intervalles de conance en vue d'un suivi ecace de la pauvrete, un des objectifs du Millenaire pour le developpement.
Catchment management agencies as crucibles in which to develop responsible leaders in South Africa
MC Dent
Water SA , 2012,
Abstract: During the past 17 years in South Africa, far-reaching policy, legislation and institutional changes in water-related governance have occurred. Responsible leaders have ensured that a paradigm of integrated water resource management (IWRM) is firmly entrenched in the above policy, legislation and institutional arrangements. IWRM in turn demands a level of interaction between individuals, disciplines and organisations such that multi-sector, multi-level stakeholders can collectively, timeously, wisely and cost-effectively visit the consequences of their proposed, present and past actions. Such social learning processes demand leadership and the ongoing development of leaders at all levels. This paper is structured around the propositions for leadership development in the field outlined by Scharmer (2009a). The principal aim of the paper is to reveal the extent to which the multi-sector catchment management agency (CMA) phenomenon is an ideal crucible for leadership development in the field. It is argued that the complex adaptive system that embodies the water realm needs to be engaged by developing complex adaptive systems of governance and that the CMAs have the potential to meet this requirement. Furthermore, it is argued that processes to achieve this required leadership are also ideal for developing leadership. At a time when worldwide developments in communication and computer technology have spawned an exponential growth in successful endeavours related to self-organising around common challenges, the CMA provides a unique and nourishing context for self-organising that simultaneously connects to South Africa’s water governance mainstream of policies, laws, institutions and administrative procedures.
Installed water resource modelling systems for catchment management agencies
MC Dent
Water SA , 2001,
Abstract: Following international trends there are a growing number of modelling systems being installed for integrated water resource management, in Southern Africa. Such systems are likely to be installed for operational use in ongoing learning, research, strategic planning and consensus-building amongst stakeholders in the catchment management agencies (CMAs). These installed systems are poised to change fundamentally, the way modelling is approached in Southern Africa. They are a logical and irreversible response to the enormous forces which have led to the revision of the South African Water Law and the water resource management paradigms which it embodies. This paper examines the business forces behind this paradigm shift and it explores the evidence of the changes already taking place in terms of the modelling technology and the organisational and individual responses. Such installed modelling systems are essential for the social process of water allocation as well as for dealing with externalities. Given the paucity of observed data in Southern Africa, it follows that in many decision-making situations the model is not required to produce accurate answers, for we would have no way of checking their accuracy. Rather it is a tool to help organise a negotiation or learning process in which its primary function is to provide a framework for thinking by enabling the participants to make their implicit assumptions explicit in a systematic manner. This, in turn, provides a means for stakeholders to visit the possible consequences of their intended actions. The creativity and opportunities for compromise which this process releases is where the real benefit of modelling lies. Recurrent themes in this paper will be the business, technical and human resource issues pertaining to the use of installed modelling systems in the social process of water allocation. WaterSA Vol.27(3) 2001: 333-340
Feminism and the politics of identity in Ingrid de Kok’s Familiar Ground
MC Mashige
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2011,
Abstract: Through an analysis of selected representative poems from Ingrid de Kok’s Familiar Ground, this article examines the role played by feminist poetry in the quest to address gender-related issues as well as to contribute constructively to South Africa’s liberation from patriarchal apartheid. The article further argues that feminist writers desire to (re)negotiate the space within which they can (re)construct and articulate their identities as women and mothers, and that in such a context the politics of identity cannot be detached from other aspects within the struggle for socio-political and economic emancipation. Thus characteristics of apartheid oppression are contrasted with the patriarchal domination opposed by feminist writers.
E-Leaning and the Needs of People with Language Problems in Nigeria
MC Egenti
UJAH: Unizik Journal of Arts and Humanities , 2012,
Abstract: Different Education Reform Acts and Policies have been promulgated in Nigeria. These include the National Policy on education (FRN) as revised in 1998 and 2004, the national policy for Information Technology (IT) of 2001, Federal Ministry of Education (FME, 2004) and the education reform act of 2007etc.These acts/policies show that the Nigerian education sector is abreast of modern technology development. However, this paper examines the NITDA act of 2007 with a view to ascertaining how it has catered for the e-learning needs of those with language problems. The examination reveals that people with language problems have not been taken into consideration. On the basis of this analysis, the paper not only recommends the recognition of such people but also indicates the means of catering for their e-learning needs.
Introduction to the special edition of Water SA on indigenous crops, water and human nutrition
MC Laker
Water SA , 2007,
Abstract: Throughout Africa indigenous and indigenised vegetables and fruit have sustained rural populations for many centuries. Through natural selection by survival under local environmental conditions, aided by collection of seeds from top-performing plants only by local farmers, these have become adapted to these conditions. Unfortunately, indigenous plants have received scant attention by researchers in Africa (including South Africa) in regard to improving agronomic practices and upgrading genetic potential. Likewise, little attention has been given to studies on their nutritional value and the bio-availability of nutrients contained in them. It seems as if there has recently emerged new interest amongst South African researchers in these crops. It is hoped that this publication will help to promote this interest further. On 19-20 September 2006 an ‘International Symposium on the Nutritional Value and Water Use of Indigenous Crops for Improved Livelihoods’ was held in Pretoria, South Africa. This special edition of Water SA contains 3 articles prepared specifically for this edition and 13 articles that are peer-reviewed revised versions of papers originally presented at the symposium. The unedited early versions of these 13 papers, as well as 5 other papers that had been presented at the symposium, are available on a CD-ROM which can be obtained from Prof André Oelofse, University of Pretoria, at Andre.Oelofse@up.ac.za The primary aim of this symposium was to bring together experts in the fields of agriculture and nutrition who focus on the contribution that indigenous and other traditional crops can make to improve human nutrition. Agriculturists are concerned with improving the production of food, both in terms of quantity and quality. nutritionists are concerned with determining the quality of different foods and promotion of the adoption of high-quality diets by people. Unfortunately experts from the two groups often work in isolation from each other, without adequate effective interaction between the two groups. According to the participants, the bringing of the two disciplines together at the Symposium was a major breakthrough. This message was carried through during the process of compiling this special edition.
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