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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 189501 matches for " MARIA TERESA ZUGLIANI;LEIT?O FILHO "
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Fitossociologia de um remanescente de floresta higrófila (mata de brejo) em Campinas, SP
TONIATO, MARIA TERESA ZUGLIANI;LEITO FILHO, HERMóGENES DE FREITAS;RODRIGUES, RICARDO RIBEIRO;
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-84041998000200012
Abstract: the phytosociological structure was studied in two hygrophillous forest (swamp forest) fragments, in campinas, state of s?o paulo, brazil. ten plots of 10 m x 10 m were stablished in each fragment and all individuals with pbh (perimeter at breast height) 3 10 cm were included. the data of both fragments were analised together. it was sampled 955 individuals from 55 species, 44 genera and 29 families. a low species diversity was observed (h? = 2.80 nats/individual). the most important species, in terms of descending order of ivi, were calophyllum brasiliensis (clusiaceae), protium almecega (burseraceae), styrax pohlii (styracaceae), syagrus romanzoffiana (arecaceae), talauma ovata (magnoliaceae), geonoma brevispatha (arecaceae), trichilia pallida (meliaceae), inga luschnathiana (mimosaceae), guarea macrophylla (meliaceae) and tapirira guianensis (anacardiaceae), represented by many individuals. the richest families in species were: myrtaceae (9 species), lauraceae (6), meliaceae (5), euphorbiaceae (4) and fabaceae (3). these forests are restrict to permanently flooded soil and display a peculiar forest pattern, with characteristic floristics, structure and physiognomy that distinguish them from other forests of the state of s?o paulo.
Fitossociologia de um remanescente de floresta higrófila (mata de brejo) em Campinas, SP
TONIATO MARIA TERESA ZUGLIANI,LEITO FILHO HERMóGENES DE FREITAS,RODRIGUES RICARDO RIBEIRO
Brazilian Journal of Botany , 1998,
Abstract: Foi realizado um levantamento fitossociológico em dois fragmentos de floresta higrófila (mata de brejo) no município de Campinas, SP. Em cada fragmento foram alocadas 10 parcelas contíguas de 10 m x 10 m e amostrados todos os indivíduos com PAP (perímetro à altura do peito) 3 10 cm. Os dados dos dois fragmentos foram agrupados e analisados em conjunto. Ao todo foram amostrados 955 indivíduos de 55 espécies, 44 gêneros e 29 famílias. Foi observada baixa diversidade em espécies (H? = 2,80 nats/indivíduo). As espécies de maior IVI, em ordem decrescente, foram Calophyllum brasiliensis (Clusiaceae), Protium almecega (Burseraceae), Styrax pohlii (Styracaceae), Syagrus romanzoffiana (Arecaceae), Talauma ovata (Magnoliaceae), Geonoma brevispatha (Arecaceae), Trichilia pallida (Meliaceae), Inga luschnathiana (Mimosaceae), Guarea macrophylla (Meliaceae) e Tapirira guianensis (Anacardiaceae), representadas por grande número de indivíduos. As famílias mais ricas em espécies foram Myrtaceae (9 espécies), Lauraceae (6), Meliaceae (5), Euphorbiaceae (4) e Fabaceae (3). Essas matas s o restritas a áreas de solo permanentemente encharcado e revelam um padr o florestal característico, com peculiaridades florísticas, estruturais e fision micas que as diferenciam das demais unidades florestais do estado de S o Paulo.
Ampliando a densidade de coletas botanicas na regi?o da bacia hidrográfica do Alto Paranapanema: Caracteriza??o florística da Floresta Estadual e da Esta??o Ecológica de Paranapanema
Cielo-Filho, Roque;Baitello, Jo?o Batista;Pastore, Jo?o Aurélio;Aguiar, Osny Tadeu de;Souza, Silvana Cristina Pereira Muniz de;Toniato, Maria Teresa Zugliani;Lima, Concei??o Rodrigues de;Ribeiro, Adriano Peres;
Biota Neotropica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-06032009000300025
Abstract: the need for increasing the botanical collecting effort at the national scale, as to aid in the identification of priority areas for conservation as to improve the knowledge about the national biota, has been highlighted in several recent analyses concerning the brazilian biodiversity. for the plants, the collecting density at the national scale (0.44 dried specimens/km2) is well bellow the minimum for a complete knowledge about the flora (3 dried specimens/km2) or even for an assessment of the richness of a given region (1 dried specimen/km2). recent analysis revealed that even in the south and southwest regions, where the infra-structure is better and the number of botanists greater, the collecting density is inadequate. in the s?o paulo state, some regions have been considered poorly collected. the alto paranapanema basin is one of these regions. this paper presents the results of a botanical inventory at the paranapanema municipality conservation units (23o 32' 02" s and 48o 45' 29" w) and is part of a broader project which aims to contribute for an increase in the botanical collecting density at that region. the state forest and the ecological station of paranapanema have 900 ha of seasonal semideciduous forest. the pre-existing trails and the trails established for this research were visited monthly between june 2007 and july 2008. 693 fertile specimens were collected and 489 species were identified, belonging to 294 genus and 98 families, according to the following distribution: myrtaceae (37 species), fabaceae-faboideae (32), rubiaceae (28), bignoniaceae (23), asteraceae (20), lauraceae (17), apocynaceae (15), melastomataceae (13), euphorbiaceae, malvaceae e fabaceae-mimosoideae (12 each). fifteen species are under extinction risk. the distribution of the species among the life forms reveals 291 trees (59.5%), 72 lianas (14.7%), 58 shrubs (11.9%), 45 herbs (9.2%), 19 epiphytes (3.9%) and 4 hemiparasites (0.8%). the collecting density in the municipality of p
Crescimento e sobrevivência de duas procedências de Aspidosperma polyneuron em plantios experimentais em Bauru, SP. Growth and survival of two provenances of Aspidosperma polyneuron Müll. in experimental plantation, in Bauru, SP.
Aida Sanae SATO,Israel Luiz de LIMA,Maria Teresa Zugliani TONIATO,o ZIMBACK
Revista do Instituto Florestal , 2008,
Abstract: A explora o desordenada das matasnativas vem causando o esgotamento davariabilidade genética de muitas espécies de valorecon mico e ambiental. Desde a década de 1960,o Instituto Florestal de S o Paulo vem desenvolvendoestudos pioneiros em conserva o ex situ dealgumas espécies nativas amea adas e de interesseecon mico, como, por exemplo, Aspidospermapolyneuron, visando à conserva o, ao melhoramentogenético e ao conhecimento do seu comportamentosilvicultural. Em 1964 foi implantado um experimentocom duas procedências de A. polyneuron: Bauru(SP) e Alvorada do Sul (PR), em uma Unidade deConserva o do Instituto Florestal, em Bauru/SP.Foi utilizado o delineamento de blocos ao acaso,com nove plantas por parcela, espa amento 3 x 3 me seis repeti es. Em 2006, foram avaliados odiametro à altura do peito (DAP, cm), altura total(HT, m), forma do fuste (F), volume cilíndricoindividual (VCi, m3), volume cilíndrico por hectare(VCha, m3 ha-1) e sobrevivência (S, %). Os resultadosdemonstraram que a procedência Bauru apresentoumaior produ o volumétrica de madeira por hectare(VCha) e que os valores das demais variáveis n odiferiram estatisticamente entre as duas procedências.As informa es obtidas neste estudo s oimportantes para fornecer subsídios para avaliar aviabilidade de plantios comerciais e experimentaisde A. polyneuron visando à conserva o e aomelhoramento genético desta espécie.The disorderly exploitation of nativeforests has caused the depletion of the geneticvariability of many species of economic andenvironmental value. Since the 1960 decade,the Forestry Institute of S o Paulo has beendeveloping pioneering studies of ex situconservation of some endangered native treespecies and with economic interests, as for example,Aspidosperma polyneuron aiming the conservation,the tree breeding and the knowledge of thesilvicultural behavior. In 1964 an experiment withtwo provenances was implanted: A. polyneuron,Bauru (SP) and A. polyneuron, Alvorada do Sul(PR) in a Conservation Unit of the Forest Institute,in Bauru/SP. The trial was established in acomplete randomized block design with nine treesin square plots, spacing 3 x 3 m and with sixreplications. In 2006, the variables were evaluated:diameter at breast height (DBH, cm), total height(HT, m), stem form (SF), individual cylindricalvolume (VCi, m3), cylindrical volume per hectare(VCha, m3 ha-1) and survival (%). The resultsdemonstrated that the Bauru provenance presentedgreater volumetric production of wood per ha andthat the values of the other variable were notsignificantly different between the two provenance
Efeito do espa amento no desenvolvimento de Poecilanthe parviflora Benth (cora o-de-negro) aos 42 anos, em Bauru, SP. Effect of the spacing in the development of Poecilanthe parviflora Benth. (cora o-de-negro) of 42 year-old grown, in Bauru, SP.
Israel Luiz de LIMA,Maria Teresa Zugliani TONIATO,Aida Sanae SATO,o ZIMBACK
Revista do Instituto Florestal , 2010,
Abstract: No Brasil, plantios de espécies nativas visando à explora o comercial s o raros, devido ao crescimento lento e à falta de informa es silviculturais e oferta de sementes e mudas de boa qualidade. Dessa forma, no ano de 1964 foi implantado umexperimento visando avaliar os efeitos do espa amento no desenvolvimento de Poecilanthae parviflora, que é uma espécie de crescimento lento, na Esta o Ecológica de Bauru, SP. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi em blocos ao acaso, comcinco tratamentos e cinco repeti es. Os tratamentos constituíram-se dos seguintes espa amentos: 1,0 m x 1,0 m; 1,5 m x 1,5 m; 2,0 m x 2,0 m; 2,5 m x 2,5 m e 3,0 m x 3,0 m, tendo sido avaliados o diametro à altura do peito, altura total, volume individual, volume por hectare e a sobrevivência. Os resultados demonstraram que os espa amentos n o influenciaram asobrevivência, mas produziram efeitos no diametro à altura do peito, altura total, volume individual e volume por hectare. Com o aumento do espa amento, houvemaior incremento nos valores das três primeiras variáveis, ocorrendo o inverso na última. Possivelmente, o uso de espa amentos iniciais mais adensados e o emprego de desbastes seletivos e sucessivos resultariamemmaior propor o de madeira e melhor qualidade.In Brazil, planting of native species aiming at the commercial exploration is rare, due to the slow growth, the lack of silvicultural information and supply of seeds and seedling of superior quality. On account of this, in 1964 an experiment aiming to evaluate the effects of planting spacings on growing of Poecilanthae parviflora, which is a species of slow growth, was implanted in the Ecological Station of Bauru, SP. The trial was established in a complete-randomized block-design, with five treatments and five repetitions. The treatments consisted of the following spacings: 1.0 m x 1.0 m; 1.5 m x 1.5 m; 2.0 m x 2.0 m; 2.5 m x 2.5 m and 3.0 m x 3.0 m, which were evaluated at the breast height diameter, total height, individual volume, volume for hectare and the survival. The results demonstrated that the diameter at breast height, individual volume and volume for hectare has been influenced by the spacing. With the increase of the spacing, it had greater increment in the values of the three first variables, the opposite occurred in the last one. The survival however was not influenced by the spacing. Possibly, the use of more dense initial spacing and the use of selective and successive thinning can produce higher proportion of wood and better quality.
Programas oficiais para forma??o dos professores da educa??o básica
Melo, Maria Teresa Leito de;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73301999000300003
Abstract: the article analyses the formation of basic education teachers highlighting two events that took place last decade: the world conference of education for all and the directive and basis law of the national education. it evaluates the unrolling coming from these events already mentioned and their influence in the official programs of formation, criticising the tonic in the improvement in restricted service to some areas, having a fragmented content, hastening, with no repercussion in the ambit of valorization policies of teachership, categorizing it as the right of the teacher. it originates the challenge to build up the profile and the identity of the education professional, considering them the actors that act on school and have a link with educative work: teachers and workers of education, having the right to an including formation and with social quality.
Programas oficiais para forma o dos professores da educa o básica
Melo Maria Teresa Leito de
Educa??o & Sociedade , 1999,
Abstract: O artigo analisa a forma o dos professores da educa o básica destacando dois eventos ocorridos na última década: a Conferência Mundial de Educa o para Todos e a Lei de Diretrizes e Bases da Educa o Nacional. Avalia os desdobramentos advindos dos referidos eventos e a sua influência nos programas oficiais de forma o, criticando a t nica no aperfei oamento em servi o restrito a algumas áreas, de conteúdo fragmentado, aligeirado, sem repercuss o na carreira docente. Contextualiza a forma o no ambito das políticas de valoriza o do magistério, categorizando-a como direito do professor. Lan a o desafio de construir o perfil e a identidade do profissional da educa o, considerando os atores que atuam na escola e têm vínculo com o trabalho educativo: professores e funcionários da educa o, portadores do direito a uma forma o includente e de qualidade social.
Use of accelerometry to measure physical activity in adults and the elderly
Bento,Teresa; Cortinhas,António; Leito,José Carlos; Mota,Maria Paula;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102012005000022
Abstract: objective: to review the use of accelerometry as an objective measure of physical activity in adults and elderly people. methods: a systematic review of studies on the use of accelerometty as an objective measure to assess physical activity in adults were examined in pubmed central, web of knowledge, ebsco and medline databases from march 29 to april 15, 2010. the following keywords were used: "accelerometry," "accelerometer," "physical activity," "pa," "patterns," "levels," "adults," "older adults," and "elderly," either alone or in combination using "and" or "or." the reference lists of the articles retrieved were examined to capture any other potentially relevant article. of 899 studies initially identified, only 18 were fully reviewed, and their outcome measures abstracted and analyzed. results: eleven studies were conducted in north america (united states), five in europe, one in africa (cameroon) and one in australia. very few enrolled older people, and only one study reported the season or time of year when data was collected. the articles selected had different methods, analyses, and results, which prevented comparison between studies. conclusions: there is a need to standardize study methods for data reporting to allow comparisons of results across studies and monitor changes in populations. these data can help design more adequate strategies for monitoring and promotion of physical activity.
Cirurgia de revasculariza o coronariana esquerda sem CEC e sem manuseio da aorta em pacientes acima de 75 anos: análise das mortalidades imediata e a médio prazo e das complica es neurológicas no pós-operatório imediato
LOBO FILHO José Glauco,LEITO Maria Cláudia de Azevedo,LOBO FILHO Heraldo Guedis,SOARES Jo?o Paulo Holanda
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 2002,
Abstract: INTRODU O: A circula o extracorpórea (CEC) e o manuseio da aorta ascendente (MAA) est o associados a alta incidência de acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) na cirurgia de revasculariza o do miocárdio (RM) em pacientes idosos. Esta complica o deve-se, sobretudo, ao MAA, por ocasi o do pin amento e despin amento, quer para isolamento do cora o do circuito de CEC, quer para realiza o das anastomoses dos enxertos na aorta ascendente. OBJETIVOS: Verificar mortalidades imediata e a médio prazo e a ocorrência de AVC no pós-operatório imediato (POI) em pacientes acima de 75 anos submetidos a cirurgia de revasculariza o do sistema coronariano esquerdo (SCE), sem CEC e sem MAA. MéTODO: De janeiro de 2000 a abril de 2002, 40 pacientes acima de 75 anos (média 79,1 anos) foram submetidos a cirurgia de revasculariza o do SCE, com enxerto de artéria torácica interna esquerda (ATIE) para a artéria descendente anterior (DA), e enxerto(s) de veia safena magna oriundo(s) da ATIE para outro(s) ramo(s) da coronária esquerda (enxerto composto), sem CEC e sem MAA. Houve predominancia do sexo masculino (67,5%). Foram realizados 89 enxertos (média 2,22 pontes por paciente), sendo 40 (44,94%) de ATIE e 49 (55,06%) de veia safena. A ocorrência de AVC foi avaliada por exames clínico e neurológico. RESULTADOS: N o foi observada ocorrência de AVC no grupo estudado. N o houve óbitos no POI. CONCLUS O: A cirurgia de revasculariza o do SCE em pacientes acima de 75 anos sem CEC e sem MAA pode ser realizada sistematicamente de modo a evitar a ocorrência de AVC, com baixa mortalidade.
Perfil dos fumantes que procuram um centro de cessa??o de tabagismo
Santos, Sergio Ricardo;Gon?alves, Maria Stela;Leito Filho, Fernando Sergio Studart;Jardim, José Roberto;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132008000900010
Abstract: objective: to define the profile of smokers who seek professional assistance through a smoking cessation program and to compare smoker profiles among males, females and elderly people. methods:two-hundred and three smokers were prospectively evaluated. the participants completed questionnaires related to smoking history, history of psychiatric disorders, depression, anxiety and nicotine dependence as well as a general self-report questionnaire. results: in this sample, 58.6% of the individuals were female (119). the mean age was 45.3 ± 12.0 years, with no statistically significant difference between genders (p = 0.391). the majority of the individuals in the sample (84.2%) presented socioeconomic class c or above. sixty-three percent had at least a high school education. depression was more often referred to by women, and the difference between genders was borderline significant (p = 0.069). however, when depression was evaluated using the beck depression inventory, there was no statistically significant difference between genders and between elderly and nonelderly people. conclusions: in the profile of the smokers who sought assistance, we identified aspects (such as being female and having been diagnosed with depression) that are known predictors of treatment failure. this shows the importance of carrying out a complete pre-evaluation of the profile of a smoker who seeks a smoking cessation program. thus, procedures can be adopted prior to and during the treatment of the smoker, with the objective of increasing treatment success rates.
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