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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 720031 matches for " M.;Fran?a "
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Um Visitante do Rio de Janeiro Colonial
Frana, Jean M. Carvalho;
Revista Brasileira de História , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-01881997000200008
Abstract: the following text is a translation of a french manuscript named relachê du vaisseau l'arc-en-ciel à rio de janeiro, 1748, which is in biblioteca da ajuda (ajuda library) in lisbon. it is an anonymous report and relates the stay of the french ship l'arc-en-ciel in rio de janeiro harbour. such report, a curious document for the history of our customs, has a description of guanabara bay and rio de janeiro city, a brief analysis of the character of the portuguese people in brazil, a prolife of governor dom fernando freire and some considerations of the situation of local harbour and on the provisions available in that region.
Um Visitante do Rio de Janeiro Colonial
Frana Jean M. Carvalho
Revista Brasileira de História , 1997,
Abstract: O texto que se segue é a tradu o de um manuscrito francês, intitulado Relache du Vaisseau L'Arc-en-ciel à Rio de Janeiro, 1748, que se encontra na Biblioteca da Ajuda, em Lisboa. Trata-se de um relato an nimo, que dá conta da passagem do navio francês L'Arc-en-ciel pelo porto carioca. Tal relato, um curioso documento para a história dos nossos costumes, contém uma descri o da baía da Guanabara e da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, uma pequena análise do caráter da gente portuguesa do Brasil, um perfil do Governador Dom Fernando Freire e algumas considera es gerais sobre a situa o do porto local e sobre os víveres disponíveis na regi o.
Satellite Images Applied to Assess the Influence of Amazon River Seasonal Dynamic on the Floodplain Lake Morphology  [PDF]
Andreia M. S. Frana, Teresa G. Florenzano, Evlyn M. L. M. Novo
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2014.413070
Abstract: The objective of this study is to assess the influence of the Amazon River seasonal dynamic on floodplain lake morphology. The study area includes the Amazon River floodplain reach encompassed by the Madeira and Tapajós River confluences. Products from the Global Rain Forest Mapping (GRFM) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) were used to derive variables such as lake size, shape and number. The main steps in the research were: data base implementation, legend definition, image processing (merge, segmentation, classification and edition), morphological mapping and quantitative assessment. Four classes of lacustrine morphology were defined in this study: circular/elliptical, elongated, composite, and dendritic. The result showed that 1) the lake class increased 18.38% from the low- to high-water period; 2) there was a reduction in the total number of lakes from low to high water; 3) the most common lake type was the circular/elliptical; and 4) better results were obtained integrating SAR and optical sensors.
Estimates for Carbon Stocks in Soil under Humid Grassland Areas in the Federal District of Brazil  [PDF]
Andreia M. S. Frana, Rodrigo J. O. Paiva, Edson E. Sano, Arminda M. Carvalho
Open Journal of Ecology (OJE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/oje.2014.413066
Abstract: The soils that lay below humid ecosystems are characterized as being significant holders of carbon. Because of the great susceptibility of this type of environment to anthropic changes, expressive quantities of carbon stored in the soil can be released into the atmosphere. In the Cerrado biome (Brazil), only a few types of vegetation have had carbon storage levels in their soil estimated. The main purpose of this study was to obtain basic quantitative parameters for carbon storage and to identify the general aspects of soil in regions where there exists Humid Grasslands (Campo Limpo úmido), a kind of humid area phytophysiognomy found in the Cerrado. We selected 6 regions of the Federal District with this kind of vegetation formation, characterized by low anthropic impact and located either in the interior or in the proximity of specially protected areas. In each one of the sampled regions, we marked a transect with 4 equidistant points and collected material at 7 different levels of depth: 0 - 5, 5 - 10, 10 - 20, 20 - 30, 30 - 40, 40 - 50 and 50 - 60 cm. We obtained 168 samples, with 84 related to Humid Grassland areas in gleysols and 84 samples related to areas in plinthosols—types of soil dominant in this environment. We determined the texture, bulk density and concentration of nitrogen and carbon at each depth. The average concentration of carbon for Humid Grassland areas was 55.19 g.kg-1, with an average of 61.65 g.kg-1 for Gleysols and 48.73 g.kg-1 for Plinthosols. The soil samples displayed distinct textural differences between gleysols and plinthosols. There were no significant differences in soil density (0.75 kg.dm-3 for Gleysols and 0.72 kg.dm-3 for Plinthosols). The average concentration of nitrogen was 20.66 g.kg-1, with 23.98 g.kg-1 for Gleysols and 17.34 g.kg-1 for Plinthosols. The average carbon storage for Humid Grassland areas, down to 60 cm deep, was 244.17 mg C ha-1 and the total estimated stock for these areas in the Federal District was 206.71 Gg.C. In general, the samples obtained in gleysols showed a carbon content and nitrogen level superior to those in plinthosols, although a greater sampling effort is needed to confirm the differences observed. The density values of stored carbon in the soil beneath Humid Grassland areas proved to be superior to those values observed for other types of vegetation typical for the Cerrado environment.
Atua??o do auxiliar de enfermagem na Estratégia Saúde da Família
Ogata, Márcia Niituma;Frana, Yaisa;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002010000400010
Abstract: objectives: to analyze the compression of nursing assistants on daily activities within health teams family and to identify facilities and difficulties encountered by these professionals in the development of those activities. methods: this is an exploratory, descriptive and qualitative study conducted with 17 nursing assistants in the family health units. it was used the interview technique and the data were subjected to content analysis. results: the activities of these professionals are guided by the procedural logic; for the workers, the link with the customer is a plus and the high demand a difficulty. conclusion: the nurses' way of working confirms the curative care model, pointing out the need to rearrange the practices to provide comprehensive care, pointing out the need to rearrange the practices to provide comprehensive care.
A estabilidade do átomo de hidrogênio segundo a eletrodinamica estocástica
Silva, Roberto da;Frana, Humberto M.;
Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-11172002000100004
Abstract: we discuss the importance of the zero-point radiation to the stability of the hydrogen atom from a classical perspective. our review is based in previous work of boyer on stochastic electrodynamics and in works of one of us [5] on the subject.
Viver a fé hoje
Miranda, Mário de Frana
Teocomunica??o , 2006,
Abstract: O que significa crer nos dias de hoje? A resposta a esta pergunta exige muita criatividade, pois a vivência da fé é sempre uma op o livre e consciente. Crer, na realidade concreta do mundo, onde se deve viver e testemunhar a fé em Jesus Cristo, em nossos dias, é o constante desafio de cada crente, individualmente, como também da própria Igreja, sinal de instrumento da salva o. A fé, em seu fundamento, n o é o produto humano e, sim, oferta à liberdade humana; portanto, só no interior da fé chega-se plenamente ao fundamento da mesma. E a partir daí, a história de Jesus de Nazaré, com toda a sua riqueza, oferece a raz o, a verdade e credibilidade da op o pessoal e eclesial. What means the belief nowadays? The answer to this question requires creativity, then faith is a free choice. Today the challenge of everyone is to testify Jesus and Church as a sign of salvation. The faith is a gift to the human freedom and thus Jesus’ history offers the reason and the credibility of the personal choice.
A estabilidade do átomo de hidrogênio segundo a eletrodinamica estocástica
Silva Roberto da,Frana Humberto M.
Revista Brasileira de Ensino de Física , 2002,
Abstract: Neste trabalho evidenciamos a importancia da radia o de ponto-zero para a estabilidade do átomo de hidrogênio do ponto de vista clássico. Nossos resultados est o baseados em trabalhos anteriores de T. H. Boyer e trata-se de uma revis o do trabalho por um dos autores [5], que usa eletromagnetismo clássico com a introdu o de elementos estocásticos.
Children Safety Devices in Brazil—Why Do People Don’t Use Them after the Law?  [PDF]
S. C. V. Abib, A. M. Fran?óia, F. Ricci, M. V. B. Cezillo, B. R. Müller
Journal of Transportation Technologies (JTTs) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jtts.2014.43021
Abstract:

Introduction: Children safety car devices decrease injuries and death in children. A survey conducted in Brazil in 2009 revealed that only 36.1% of children safely transported. In 2010, a Brazilian law was implemented, obligating the use of safety devices. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of such devices after the law and the eventual reasons for non-use. Methods: A significant sample of Brazilian population aged 18 years or more, which normally carry children until 10 years old answered a survey between August 16 and 25, 2012. The study was conducted in two phases. The first one aimed to raise the proportion and profile of the target population, while the second investigated the children car safety device use (or not). Results: 622 interviews. Children’s transporters are young males (57%), living in a metropolitan area in the South region, concerned about safety and law supervision, with greater education level and income than non-transporters (31%) who are male with lack of information, living in a non-metropolitan area of the Northeast region that would be motivated to use the device by effective law fiscalization or threat of an accident. Conclusion: Two years after the law it is observed that education, income, age, gender and region of origin influence the use/non-use of the safety seats in Brazil. The accident threat and fiscalization are the main reasons for using the device, showing that the lack of information impairs the democratization of its use and the prevention culture has to be enhanced in the country.

Nutrient addition does not enhance leaf decomposition in a Southeastern Brazilian stream (Espinha?o mountain range)
Abelho, M.;Moretti, M.;Frana, J.;Callisto, M.;
Brazilian Journal of Biology , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-69842010000400007
Abstract: a decomposition experiment using eucalyptus leaves was carried out in a southeastern brazilian mountain stream located at the transition between the cerrado and the atlantic forest to test whether nutrient addition increases microbial and invertebrate colonisation and accelerates breakdown rates. the results show that none of the tested variables was significantly affected by nutrient addition, despite the average increase in atp concentrations and invertebrate colonisation observed in the fertilised leaf bags. this could mean that breakdown in the stream was already at its maximum due to the relatively high water temperature and nutrient content, or that the breakdown rate of eucalyptus leaves was too fast to allow the detection of any effects of nutrient addition. breakdown rates of eucalyptus leaves were much faster than the values reported in literature for most species in brazilian cerrado streams, suggesting that the replacement of the natural vegetation by eucalyptus may affect nutrient dynamics in the region.
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