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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401404 matches for " M. Szablewski "
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An Investigation into the Role of Capping on Second Harmonic Generation from Nonlinear Organic Polymer and Guest-Host Thin Films by In-Situ Poling  [PDF]
P. M. Ushasree, M. Szablewski
Optics and Photonics Journal (OPJ) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/opj.2016.65013
Abstract: In attempts to fabricate thermally stable second-order nonlinear polymer thin films, we have investigated the second harmonic generation (SHG) from both nonlinear polymer and guest-host thin films. We have also investigated the role of capping on the SHG, temporal stability and relaxation of dipole alignment. Corona poling techniques were employed to orient the dopants into the noncentrosymmetric structure required to obtain the SHG. The effect of capping with a polymeric encapsulant below the glass transition temperature of the polymers on the unpoled and corona poled thin films was studied. Capping of the nonlinear polymer and guest host thin films have resulted in high SHG with good temporal stability. SHG signal falls drastically during the first 8 days after poling while no further significant decay in SHG signal was observed after about 33 days. Our investigations have identified the characteristics required for a good encapsulant on a non-con-ductive surface.
Evidence of a double-double morphology in B0818+214
Andrzej Marecki,Marek Szablewski
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200912980
Abstract: The so-called double-double structure in radio sources is the most conspicuous signature of their restarted activity. Observations indicate that in the majority of double-double radio sources (DDRS), the span of the radio lobes is larger than 0.7 Mpc. This lower limit is also suggested by theory. However, it seemed likely that the apparent core of B0818+214, a radio galaxy with an overall linear size of its radio structure below that limit, could harbour a compact double well aligned with the outer lobes so that the whole object would fulfil the criteria of a DDRS. Here, we present evidence that the central component of B0818+214, when magnified through the EVN+MERLIN 18-cm observations, shows two FR II-like lobes. As the separation of the inner lobes is not greater than 5.7 kpc, they are immersed in the ISM of the host galaxy. This circumstance is the likely reason why the inner double has become visible, despite the predictions of the theory according to which B0818+214 as a whole is too small for a new double to develop inside the cocoon inflated during the previous active phase. Moreover, we speculate that its host galaxy is not active at the moment and so the inner double may be in the coasting phase often observed in other medium-sized symmetric objects with intermittent activity. It could be, therefore, that two different mechanisms of accretion disk instabilities, ionisation and radiation-pressure driven, may be independently responsible for triggering active phases, manifesting as the outer and the inner doubles, respectively.
Case Report: An Unusual Osseous Lesion  [PDF]
Benjamin Riviere, Thérèse Rousset Rousset, Luc Bauchet, Nicolas Menjot de Champfleur, Vanessa Szablewski, Valérie Costes, Valérie Rigau
Open Journal of Pathology (OJPathology) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpathology.2013.34031
Abstract: The intraosseous benign notochordal cell tumor (BNCT) is an intravertebral lesion derived from notochordal tissue. The notochord develops in humans during the third week of embryonic life and persists in adults as the nucleus pulposus of the vertebral disks. The most common locations of such tumors are the saccrococcygeal region and the skull base. Most tumors are asymptomatic and small. Magnetic resonance imaging is useful in their detection and precise localization. Histologically, these lesions consist of sheets of adipocyte-like vacuolated or less vacuolated eosinophilic tumor cells with eccentrically located round nuclei without myxoid matrix. The tumor cells express the epithelial markers, vimentin and S100 protein. Main differential diagnosis is chordoma. Intraosseous BNCT do not require any surgical management and should be recognized by pathologists to prevent unnecessary radical surgery. These lesions should be followed-up with conventional MRI.
Effect of Tool Cutter Immersion on Al-Si Bi-Metallic Materials in High-Speed-Milling
J.H. Soko?owski,D. Szablewski,W. Kasprzak,E.G. Ng
Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering , 2006,
Abstract: Purpose: Aluminum-Silicon (Al-Si) alloys are commonly used in the automotive industry. At high Si levels they offer good wear resistance. Abrasive wear however, has been identified as the main insert cutter damage mechanism during High-Speed-Milling (HSM). This study investigates the effect of the tool cutter immersion on Al-Si bi-metallic materials in HSM operation.Design/methodology/approach: This study considers the effects of the tool cutter immersion on the resultant cutting forces, associated machined surface roughness, and machined subsurface microstructural damage caused by the tool cutter during the Minimum Quantity Lubricant – High Speed Milling (MQL-HSM) operation of Al-Si bi-metallic materials with varying amounts and morphologies of the silicon phase.Findings: Experimental results indicate that a combination of gray cast iron with the W319 microstructure yields the greatest resistance to the tool cutter rake face during the face milling operation for all investigated tool cutter radial immersions. Machined surface roughness measurements reveal that surface roughness is a function of both the silicon content and morphology, as well as the percentage of tool cutter immersion. Matrix hardness measurements indicate that machining at all immersions has the same effect on compressing the matrix structure.Research limitations/implications: This study considers the effects of the radial tooling immersion and material selection while the speed, feed, and axial depth-of-cut are kept constant. Future work should address variability in the machining parameters in an attempt to maximize tool life, while optimizing the machined surface quality.Practical implications: Material selection affects the machining conditions in HSM of Al-Si bi-metallic materials. As a result careful consideration should be given when tailoring the machining conditions to the cast microstructures.Originality/value: North American automakers rely heavily on Al-Si precision sand cast components. As a result bi-metallic machining has to be often addressed during the face milling of engine blocks and cylinder heads. The research conducted here broadens the understanding of the impact of radial immersion on the machining behavior of Al-Si bi-metallic materials.
EGFR Expression and KRAS and BRAF Mutational Status in Intestinal-Type Sinonasal Adenocarcinoma
Vanessa Szablewski,Jér?me Solassol,Flora Poizat,Marion Larrieux,Louis Crampette,Alain Mange,Caroline Bascoul-Mollevi,Valérie Costes
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ijms14035170
Abstract: Accumulation of molecular alterations, including EGFR overexpression and mutations in KRAS and BRAF, contribute to colorectal carcinogenesis. Since intestinal-type adenocarcinoma (ITAC) of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinus has morphologic and phenotypic features that are usually indistinguishable from colorectal cancer (CRC), it is likely that both tumor types share equivalent genetic alterations. Data from a series of 43 patients treated surgically for ITAC in Montpellier, France between November 1998 and December 2012 were collected. Tumors were characterized for mutations in KRAS and BRAF as well as EGFR overexpression. Kaplan-Meier survival curves were constructed using overall survival as the primary end points. Patient survival was analyzed using the hazards ratio. Twenty seven tumors (63%) showed EGFR positivity and 30% exhibited a high expression level (+2/+3). KRAS mutations were detected in 43% of cases. BRAF mutations were identified in 3.6% of specimens. Patients with age superior to 60 years, metastatic status, and KRAS mutations had significant overall survival values ( p = 0.026, p = 0.001 and p = 0.03, respectively). Our results indicate that KRAS mutations and EGFR expression are frequent in ITAC and that KRAS mutations predict good patient prognosis in ITAC. Finally, EGFR directed molecular treatments could be investigated in a subset of patients affected by ITAC.
Study of Duct Characteristics Deduced from Low Latitude Ground Observations of Day-Time Whistler at Jammu  [PDF]
M. Altaf, M. M. Ahmad
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics (IJAA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijaa.2013.33032
Abstract:

Propagation characteristics of low latitude whistler duct characteristics have been investigated based on day-time measurements at Jammu. The morphogical characteristics of low latitude whistlers are discussed and compared with characteristics of middle and high latitude whistlers. The Max. electron density (Nm) at the height of the ionosphere obtained from whistler dispersion comes out to be higher than that of the background which is in accordance with the characteristics of whistler duct. The equivalent width is found to be close to the satellite observations and the characteristics of whistler duct in low latitude ionosphere are similar to those in middle and high latitude ionosphere. The width of ducts estimated from the diffuseness of the whistler track observed during magnetic storm is found to lie in the range of 50 - 200 Km.

Review Article: Immobilized Molecules Using Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology  [PDF]
Magdy M. M. Elnashar
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2010.11008
Abstract: Immobilized molecules using biomaterials and nanobiotechnology is a very interesting topic that touching almost all aspects of our life. It uses the sciences of biology, chemistry, physics, materials engineering and computer science to develop instruments and products that are at the cutting edge of some of today’s most promising scientific frontiers. In this review article, the author based on his experience in this arena has tried to focus on some of the supports for im-mobilization; the most important molecules to be immobilized such as DNA, cells, enzymes, metals, polysaccharides, etc and their applications in medicine, food, drug, water treatment, energy and even in aerospace. He specified a special section on what is new in the arena of supports and technologies used in enzyme immobilization and finally a recommendation by the author for future work with a special attention to up-to-date references.
Using of the generalized special relativity (GSR) in estimating the neutrino masses to explain the conversion of electron neutrinos  [PDF]
M. H. M. Hilo
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.34044
Abstract: In this work the Generalized Special Relativity (GSR) is utilized to estimate masses of some elementary particles such as, neutrinos. These results are found to be in conformity with experimental and theoretical data. The results obtained may explain some physical phenomena, such as, conversion of neutrinos from type to type when solar neutrino reaches the Earth.
Postischemic Lower Extremity Wounds Treated with and without Negative Pressure Dressing  [PDF]
Naz?mmü?
Surgical Science (SS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2012.37075
Abstract: Background: Vacuum-assisted dressing is a noninvasive closure system of the wound, which makes localized and controlled negative pressure. Its mechanical tension reduces edema, stimulates granulation tissue formation and angiogenesis, and prepares the wound bed for closure. In this study, a patient has been presented, who suffered from serious lower extremity wounds due to arterial emboli, one of her wounds has been treated with vacuum-assisted dressing and the other with conventional dressing to evaluate the efficacy of vacuum-assisted dressing in acute ischemic wounds. Methods: A 65-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency clinic, due to complaint of severe pain in her right lower extremity which suggested an acute arterial occlusion. She immediately underwent an embolectomy operation; however, a few days later, severe ischemia on the leg and foot became appearant. All of the necrosis was sharply debrided under sterile conditions in the operating room, and then lower leg wound was covered with vacuum-assisted dressing, also calcaneal wound was dressed with silver sulphadiazine. Results: Eighteen days after the first dressing with negative pressure, distal leg wound became ready for closure, whereas, enough granulation tissue over the calcaneal area developed merely thirty-four days later. Calcaneal wound closed spontaneously within fifty-three days. Conclusions: When dealing with this experience, using the negative pressure dressing in patient with severe lower limb wounds following arterial emboli, accelerates wound healing by means of developing the granulation tissue, and rapidly prepares the wound for closure, so it may reduce the risk of amputation.
Laplace Transform Method for Unsteady Thin Film Flow of a Second Grade Fluid through a Porous Medium  [PDF]
M. Ali, M. Awais
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.53017
Abstract:

In this article, we have effectively used the Numerical Inversion of Laplace transform to study the time-dependent thin film flow of a second grade fluid flowing down an inclined plane through a porous medium. The solution to the governing equation is obtained by using the standard Laplace transform. However, to transform the obtained solutions from Laplace space back to the original space, we have used the Numerical Inversion of Laplace transform. Graphical results have been presented to show the effects of different parameters involved and to show how the fluid flow evolves with time.

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