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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401139 matches for " M. M. FAKIR "
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Obstacles in Formulating a Code of Ethics for Social Workers in Jordanian Institutions
Fakir M. Al Gharaibeh
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n1p125
Abstract: The major purpose of the study was to examine the obstacles in formulating a code of ethics for social workers in Jordanian institutions and to identify the personal characteristics and professional behaviours of social workers in Jordan. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to achieve the objectives of this study. A survey with open and closed questions was distributed randomly to 95 social workers The study found that a substantial numbers of social workers in Jordan (78.6%) from the sample did not belong to any social work associations. The majority of male and female social workers (29.5%) have a BSW degree. The research also revealed the obstacles in formulating a code of ethics for social workers in Jordan; those obstacles are the clients, social work institutions, the experience of social workers, weaknesses in the research, and the cultural obstacles in local communities in Jordanian society. A recommendation arising from the study is that all professional social workers in Jordan need to formulate a national social workers code of ethics as a guide for practice. The code of ethics would have general ethical principles that are based on the core values of social work to be used as a guide for professional behaviour.
Heat Distribution in Rectangular Fins Using Efficient Finite Element and Differential Quadrature Methods  [PDF]
ShahNor BASRI, M. M. FAKIR, F. MUSTAPHA, D. L. A. MAJID, A. A. JAAFAR
Engineering (ENG) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2009.13018
Abstract: Finite element method (FEM) and differential quadrature method (DQM) are among important numerical techniques used in engineering analyses. Usually elements are sub-divided uniformly in FEM (conventional FEM, CFEM) to obtain temperature distribution behavior in a fin or plate. Hence, extra computational complexity is needed to obtain a fair solution with required accuracy. In this paper, non-uniform sub-elements are considered for FEM (efficient FEM, EFEM) solution to reduce the computational complex-ity. Then this EFEM is applied for the solution of one-dimensional heat transfer problem in a rectangular thin fin. The obtained results are compared with CFEM and efficient DQM (EDQM), with non-uniform mesh generation). It is found that the EFEM exhibit more accurate results than CFEM and EDQM showing its potentiality.
Substrate affects growth and yield of shiitake mushroom
M Ashrafuzzaman, AKM Kamruzzaman, MR Ismail, SM Shahidullah, SA Fakir
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2009,
Abstract: Lentinus edodes (Berk.), the shiitake mushroom, is worldwide one of the most widely cultivated mushrooms. Sawdust is the most popular basal ingredient used in synthetic substrate formulations for producing shiitake spawn. However, the best sawdust for this uses needs to be determined. Shiitake mushroom was cultivated on sawdust from the woody plants Babla (Acacia nilotica L.), Champa (Michelia champaca L.), Garzon (Dipterocarpus alatus Roxb.), Ipil-ipil [Leucaena glauca (Linn) Benth], Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam), Mango (Mangifera indica L.), Raintree [Albizia saman (Jacq.) F Müll], Segun (Tectona grandis L), Shimul (Bombax ceiba L), Shisoo (Dalbergia sissoo Roxb) or mixtures of sawdust from all of the trees with equal ratio or rice straw to determine growth and fruiting characteristics. Cultivation on Jackfruit resulted in significantly faster mycelial growth compared to other substrates. With respect to fructification, culture on Jackfruit produced the first pinhead (primordium) earlier compared to other substrates. Numbers of primordial and effective fruiting bodies was highest on Jackfruit sawdust. Rice straw, surprisingly, did not produce any fruiting bodies as well as showing no yield attributes. Yield attributes including stalk length, stalk diameter and diameter and thickness of the pileus were significantly higher on Jackfruit. The lowest biological and economic yields were found when culture was on Champa. Biological efficiency and biological yield, economic yield and dry yield at the first and final harvests were highest with culture on Jackfruit and its use is recommended in the production of shiitake mushroom in the tropics.
Origine et datation des eaux souterraines du bassin hydrologique de la lagune da Oualidia
Kaid Rassou, K.,Fakir, Y.,Bahir, M.,Zouari, K.
Estudios Geologicos , 2005, DOI: 10.3989/egeol.05613-661
Abstract: Le Sahel d’Oualidia fait partie du littoral atlantique. Il borde la lagune d’Oualidia, avec un climat dominant de type semi-aride. Dans cette zone, les aquifères carbonatés de grès calcaire plio-quaternaire et du calcaire de Dridrate (Hauterivien supérieur), sont en relation directe avec l’océan atlantique. Ces aquifères subissent des prélèvements par pompage destinés à l’irrigation de cultures mara chères et à l’alimentation de la population rurale. Par conséquent, ils sont menacés par des problèmes de surexploitation et de salinisation par intrusion marine. De nombreuses questions sont actuellement posées sur l’importance des ressources souterraines exploitées et sur leur état de salinité. Dans le cadre de cette étude, l’utilisation des isotopes stables 18O et 2H, a permis de mettre en évidence la recharge des aquifères qui se fait par des pluies d’origine atlantique. Les eaux souterraines sont localement affectées par des intrusions d’eau océanique. La datation de certains échantillons par le 14C a permis de révéler des ages anciens. D’autres analyses seront réalisées pour vérifier ces hypothèses. El Sahel de Oualidia se encuentra en el litoral atlántico. Está en el borde de la laguna de Oualidia con un clima predominantemente de tipo semi-árido. En esta zona, los acuíferos carbonatados de las areniscas calcáreas plio-cuaternarias y de la caliza de Dridrate (Hauteriviense superior) están relacionados directamente con el Océano Atlántico. Estos acuíferos están sometidos a descarga por bombeos utilizados para el riego de los cultivos de las marismas y para el abastecimiento de la población rural. Por ello, están amenazados por problemas de sobreexplotación y de salinización por intrusión marina. Se plantean actualmente numerosas cuestiones sobre la importancia de los recursos subterráneos explotados y sobre su estado de salinización. Dentro del marco de este estudio, la utilización de isótopos estables de 18O y 2H permite poner en evidencia la recarga de los acuíferos que se efectúa por las lluvias de origen atlántico. Las aguas subterráneas se ven localmente afectadas por intrusiones de agua oceánica. La datación de algunas muestras por el 14C demuestra la existencia de edades antiguas. Se realizarán otros análisis para verificar estas hipótesis.
Effect of Seed Treatment on the Incidence of Seed-borne Diseases of Okra
M.K. Anam,G.A. Fakir,K.M. Khalequzzaman,M.M. Hoque
Plant Pathology Journal , 2002,
Abstract: The experiment was conducted to know the effect of seed treatment on the incidence of seed-borne fungal diseases and on production of seed yield of okra. The lowest germination (95.0%) was recorded in unclean farmer`s seeds; while highest germination (99.0%) was recorded in Vitavax-200 treated seeds followed by clean apparently healthy seeds (98.5%). Seed-borne fungal diseases of okra in the field, five diseases viz. Foot and root rot, Anthracnose and die-back, Cercospora leaf spot, Corynespora leaf spot and leaf blight, respectively caused by Fusarium oxysporum, Colletotrichum dematium, Cercospora abelmoschi, Corynespora cassiicola and Macrophonina phaseolina were recorded. The incidence of five seed-borne diseases have been found to be reduced by the use of seeds treated with Vitavax-200 and clean apparently healthy seeds. Vitavax-200 treated seeds as well as clean apparently healthy seeds increased the seed yield by 21.62 and 15.31%, respectively, over the unclean farmers` seeds.
Production and Yield of HYV Boro and Aman Rice: Growth and Trend Analysis
Mohammad Ismail Khan,M.A. Sattar Mandal,Fakir Azmal Huda
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2002,
Abstract: The present study was undertaken to find the growth rates and trend of production and yield of HYV Boro and Aman rice. Secondary data for the period of 1974-75 to 1999-2000 were used for the study. Production and yield of HYV Boro showed significant positive growth during the study period. HYV Aman production showed significant positive growth and HYV Aman yield showed insignificant negative growth during the same period. The growth rates of yield and production of HYV Boro and HYV Aman rice were also computed for the nineties. The growth rates of nineties were computed to have a comparative measure, between the two sub-periods. During the total period of 10 years in nineties, yield and production growth rates of HYV Boro were positive and significant. The growth rates of yield and production HYV Aman were negative and positive respectively and growth rates were statistically insignificant. The growth rates of production of HYV Boro were positive and insignificant in sub-period-I (early nineties) and positively significant in sub-period-II (late nineties). The production growth rates of HYV Aman were positive both in sub-period-I and sub-period-II. But the growth rates were statistically insignificant. Yield had negative insignificant growth in sub-period-I for HYV Boro yield of HYV Aman showed negative insignificant growth in the two periods. The growth parameters of HYV Boro were significantly different in early nineties and late nineties but in case of HYV Aman growth parameters were not significantly different between the two sub-periods of nineties.
Research: VALIDATED NEW SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC METHODS FOR THE ESTIMATION OF PRASUGREL IN BULK AND PHARMACEUTICAL DOSAGE FORMS
Fakir Mohan Jena,B V V Ravi Kumar,Raja Kumar Viriyala*,M Mathrusri Annapurna
Pharmacie Globale : International Journal of Comprehensive Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: Three simple, precise and accurate spectrophotometric methods have been developed for the estimation of Prasugrel in pharmaceutical formulations. Prasugrel exhibits maximum absorbance (λ max) at254.0 nm (Method A). In Method B (D1) is a first derivative method showing minima at 272 nm and Method C is an Area under Curve (AUC) method (244.0-264.0 nm). The drug obeys the Beer-Lambert’s law in the concentration range of 1-50 μg/ml in all the three methods. The methods were validated and can be successfully applied to estimate Prasugrel in pharmaceutical dosage forms.
Tifinagh Character Recognition Using Geodesic Distances, Decision Trees & Neural Networks
O.BENCHAREF,M.FAKIR,B. MINAOUI,B.BOUIKHALENE
International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications , 2011,
Abstract: The recognition of Tifinagh characters cannot be perfectly carried out using the conventional methods which are based on the invariance, this is due to the similarity that exists between some characters which differ from each other only by size or rotation, hence the need to come up with new methods to remedy this shortage. In this paper we propose a direct method based on the calculation of what is called Geodesic Descriptors which have shown significant reliability vis-à-vis the change of scale, noise presence and geometric distortions. For classification, we have opted for a method based on the hybridization of decision trees and neural networks.
Effect of Physical Seed Sorting, Seed Treatment with Garlic Extract and Vitavax 200 on Seed Borne Fungal Flora and Seed Yield of Jute (Corchorus capsularis L.)
S.M.A. Islam,I. Hossain,G.A. Fakir,M. Asad-Ud-Doullah
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2001,
Abstract: Effects of physical seed sorting, seed treatment with garlic extract (1:2) and Vitavax 200 (0.4%) were investigated for controlling seed borne fungal flora and seed yield of jute (Corchorus capsularis L.). Seed health test of jute revealed that farmer`s saved seed (control) yielded all together 13 different fungi of 11 genera. Prevalence of Colletotrichum corchori, Macrophomina phaseolina, Botryodiplodia theobromae, Fusarium spp., Penicillium spp., Aspergillus niger and A. flavus were by 4.25, 10.75, 2.00, 4.25, 27.20, 8.00 and 22.50%, respectively. Septonema secedens Corda. was recorded as seed borne for the first time in jute. Garlic extract and Vitavax 200 increased the yield of jute by 47.38% and 46.05%, respectively over farmer`s saved seed (control) when grown in the net house. Under field conditions seed treatment with garlic extract and Vitavax 200 increased seed yield by 77.50 and 82.50%, respectively over farmer`s saved seed.
Segmentation and Recognition of Arabic Printed Script
Fakir Mohamed Fakir
IAES International Journal of Artificial Intelligence (IJ-AI) , 2013, DOI: 10.11591/ij-ai.v2i1.1236
Abstract: In this work we present a method for the recognition of Arabic printed script. The major problem of the automatic reading of cursive writing is a segmentation of script to isolate characters. The recognition process consists of four phases: Preprocessing, segmentation, feature extraction and the recognition. In the preprocessing, the image is scanned and smoothed. The correction of skew lines is done by using Hough transform . In the second phase, the text is segmented into lines, words or parts of words and each word into characters based on the principle of projection of the histogram. Features such as: density, profile, Hu moments and histogram are used to classifier the characters based on the Neural network.
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