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The brief modern review of the Universe rotation problem is given. Also it was argued the vacuum concept of the Universe rotation, found the galactic coordinates of the Universe rotation axis, based theoretically the concept of the decaleration parameter anisotropy.
elevated [CO2] and soil water availability have the potential impact
on crops and future food security of the world. The study was conducted to investigate
vegetative growth response of soybeans under two [CO2] (380 and 800 μmol
mol-1) with three soil moisture levels in controlled environment. Slow
growth rate and altered crop phenology of soybeans were observed under elevated
[CO2] at early stage (V-3/V-4), but showed positive physiologically response
at later stage (R3) indicating adoptive mechanism
of plants to high [CO2]. Elevated [CO2] decreases the number
of leaves by 23% and 14% and reduces in leaf areas by 11.7% and 9.7% compared with
ambient [CO2] at 29 and 44 days after planting (DAP), respectively. Adaptive
mechanism of plants to high [CO2] produced 39% and 83.7% greater leaf
number and leaf areas, respectively at later stage (R3) of the crop growth (59 DAP).
There was a reduction in a specific leaf area (SLA) at 29 DAP (22.2%) but an increase
at 44 DAP (1.4%) and 58 DAP (8.5%) under elevated [CO2]. Dry matter production
of plants was increased significantly for elevated [CO2]. Increase in
leaf C (<1%) and reduction in N concentration (6.0% - 9.5%) increased the C:N
ratio of soybean leaves (4.4% - 12.98%) under
elevated [CO2]. Elevated [CO2] with normal soil moisture condition
produced a maximum number of pods (54.8%
- 122.4%) and an increase in dry weight of pods (29.8% - 56.6%). Plants under
elevated [CO2] produced significantly greater numbers of root nodules
per plant by 114% compared with plants under ambient [CO2] at 44 DAP.
These results show a direct and interactive effect of elevated [CO2]
and soil moisture on plant growth that will affect not only the global food security
but also nutritional security.