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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 593217 matches for " M. J. Kowolik "
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Detection of Helicobacter pylori in dental plaque of mexican children by real-time PCR  [PDF]
J. A. Valdez-Gonzalez, P. C. Mares-Moreno, M. J. Kowolik, J. Vargas-Villlarreal, F. Gonzalez-Salazar, M. A. De la Garza-Ramos
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.64034
Abstract:

Dental plaque in adult patients is well identified as a reservoir for Helicobacter pylori. This question still remains unclear in children. The aim of this study is to identify the presence of this bacterium in dental plaque of Mexican pediatric patients, using Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qPCR). Forty patients from 2 to 11 years without dyspeptic symptoms were enrolled. Samples were collected from the subgingival space of the lingual side of the lower molars and cultured in selective medium. Therefore, qPCR analysis was conducted. According to the results obtained in this study, it was found that 35% of the pediatric population who participated tested qPCR positive for the presence of H. pylori in dental plaque samples. No significant associations were detected among isolation rate by gender or age. We found that dental plaque may be a reservoir for H. pylori. However, more research is needed to establish the way of the infection of pediatric population.

Increased Cycling Efficiency and Rate Capability of Copper-coated Silicon Anodes in Lithium-ion Batteries
Vijay A. Sethuraman,Kristin Kowolik,Venkat Srinivasan
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.06.043
Abstract: Cycling efficiency and rate capability of porous copper-coated, amorphous silicon thin-film negative electrodes are compared to equivalent silicon thin-film electrodes in lithium-ion batteries. The presence of a copper layer coated on the active material plays a beneficial role in increasing the cycling efficiency and the rate capability of silicon thin-film electrodes. Between 3C and C/8 discharge rates, the available cell energy decreased by 8% and 18% for 40 nm copper-coated silicon and equivalent silicon thin-film electrodes, respectively. Copper-coated silicon thin-film electrodes also show higher cycling efficiency, resulting in lower capacity fade, than equivalent silicon thin-film electrodes. We believe that copper appears to act as a glue that binds the electrode together and prevents the electronic isolation of silicon particles, thereby decreasing capacity loss. Rate capability decreases significantly at higher copper-coating thicknesses as the silicon active-material is not accessed, suggesting that the thickness and porosity of the copper coating need to be optimized for enhanced capacity retention and rate capability in this system.
Development of Analytical Model for Modular Tank Vehicle Carrying Liquid Cargo  [PDF]
M. Toumi, M. Bouazara, M. J. Richard
World Journal of Mechanics (WJM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjm.2013.32010
Abstract:

The study of dynamics of tank vehicles carrying liquid fuel cargo is complex. The forces and moments due to liquid sloshing create serious problems related to the instability of tank vehicles. In this paper, a complete analytical model of a modular tank vehicle has been developed. The model included all the vehicle systems and subsystems. Simulation results obtained using this model was compared with those obtained using the popular TruckSim software. The comparison proved the validity of the assumptions used in the analytical model and showed a good correlation under single or double lane change and turning manoeuvers.

The Primary Radical of a Submodule  [PDF]
Lamis J. M. Abulebda
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2012.25049
Abstract: In this paper we introduced a definition for the primary radical of a submodule with some of its basic properties. We also define the P-radical submodule and review some results about it. We find a method to characterize the primary radical of a finitely generated submodule of a free module.
On Co-Primarily Packed Modules  [PDF]
Lamis J. M. Abulebda
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2015.54022
Abstract:

Let R be a commutative ring with 1, and M is a (left) R-module. We introduce the concept of coprimarily packed submodules as a proper submodule N of an R-module M which is said to be Coprimarily Packed Submodule. If \"\" where Na is a primary submodule of M for each \"\", then \"\" for some \"\". When there exists \"\" such that \"\"; N is called Strongly Coprimarily Packed submodule. In this paper, we list some basic properties of this concept. We end this paper by explaining the relations between p-compactly packed and coprimarily packed submodules, and also the relations

Understanding the Sociocultural Health Belief Model Influencing Health Behaviors among Saudi Stroke Survivors  [PDF]
Mohammed M. J. Alqahtani
Neuroscience & Medicine (NM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/nm.2015.64023
Abstract: Understanding patients’ beliefs of stroke, especially that cultural model which influences the medical management, is important. Professionals normally hold medical knowledge only about stroke, rather than the patients’ perceptions, which leads to limitations in cultural competency. Little is known about Saudi stroke survivors’ beliefs and behaviors related to their strokes. Methods: A qualitative methodology was used to collect in-depth information from stroke survivors. From March 2010 to October 2014, 45 stroke survivors were recruited from outpatient rehabilitation clinic at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC-RH), during their follow-up treatments. Results: Thematic content analysis yielded four major themes of the causes of stroke: medical, cultural, psychological and environmental. Three major themes were determined regarding stroke interventions: medical, lifestyle and behavioral, as well as cultural interventions. Stroke is most likely to be associated with a wide range of cultural beliefs by stroke survivors, leading them to cultural behaviors and management. All of these cultural interventions were typically used as an adjunct rather than an alternative to medical care. Conclusions: Health professionals need to be aware that cultural beliefs and their management are common problems for stroke survivors undergoing rehabilitation in a hospital. This study could be one step forward to help health professionals become culturally competent when working with stroke survivors in a rehabilitation setting in Saudi Arabia.
A Brief Parametric Analysis of Catastrophic or Disastrous Hurricanes That Have Hit the Florida Keys between 1900 and 2000  [PDF]
J. M. D’Andrea
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2018.81001
Abstract: The most intense and catastrophic hurricanes on record to hit the Florida Keys during 1900 to 1950 were in 1919, and 1935. From 1950 to 2000, the most intense hurricanes to hit or affect the Florida Keys were in 1960, 1965, and 1992. In this paper, we will present a brief parametric analysis of the hurricanes that have hit the Florida Keys in the last 100 years. This analysis will include the descriptive statistics, best fit probability distribution of the latitude of the catastrophic hurricanes and a confidence interval that detects the average latitude of hurricanes (category 3 or higher) which have hit the Florida Keys in the last 100 years.
Cytotoxicity Tests for Evaluating Medical Devices: An Alert for the Development of Biotechnology Health Products  [PDF]
M. N. P. Vidal, J. M. Granjeiro
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2017.109033
Abstract: The risks and damages related to the use of products, technologies and services of sanitary interest can be due to defects or manufacturing failures. Certain products already contain a certain degree of risk, which requires strict quality control in their production, distribution and use, as well as in the disposal of their waste in the environment. With continuous development in science and technology, medical devices must undergo intradermal irritation and testing for sensitization, cytotoxicity, and acute systemic toxicity. In health care, biotechnology aims to provide technology-based products or processes related to energy, food, and health, which are capable of stimulating new businesses, expanding exports, integrating the value chain and stimulating new demands for innovative products and processes, taking into account health policies. The present article was prepared by a bibliographical survey of the electronic databases PubMed, Lilacs, and Bireme. Cell culture testing can be successfully employed, as it is reproducible, rapid, sensitive, and financially accessible for performing in vitro toxicity testing. Thus, it has been possible to optimize the development phase of new products by decreasing animal use or even replacing them in certain tests. Some in vitro assays validated by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in the area of health products have already replaced animal testing.
Mineral phosphate solubilization activity of gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus under P-limitation and plant root environment  [PDF]
J. M. Crespo, J. L. Boiardi, M. F. Luna
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/as.2011.21003
Abstract: The ability to solubilize insoluble inorganic pho- sphate compounds by Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus was studied using different cul-ture approaches. Qualitative plate assays using tricalcium phosphate as the sole P-source showed that G. diazotrophicus produced solu-bilization only when aldoses were used as the C-source. Extracellular aldose oxidation via a pyrroloquinoline quinone-linked glucose dehy-drogenase (PQQ-GDH) is the main pathway for glucose metabolism in G. diazotrophicus. In batch cultures with 5 g l-1 of hydroxyapatite as the P-source and glucose as the C-source, more than 98% of insoluble P was solubilized. No solubilization was observed neither using glyc-erol nor culturing a PQQ-GDH mutant of G. di-azotrophicus. Solubilizaton was not affected by adding 100 mmol l-1 of MES buffer. Continuous cultures of G. diazotrophicus showed significant activities of PQQ-GDH either under C or P limi-tation. An intense acidification in the root envi-ronment of tomato and wheat seedlings inocu-lated with a G. diazotrophicus PAL5 was ob-served. Seedlings inoculated with a PQQ-GDH mutant strain of G. diazotrophicus showed no acidification. Our results suggest that G. di-azotrophicus is an excellent candidate to be used as biofertilizer because in addition to the already described plant growth-promoting abili-ties of this organism, it shows a significant mineral phosphate solubilization capacity.
Small Angle Neutron Scattering and X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Nanocrystalline Titanium Dioxide  [PDF]
M. Nasir Khan, J. Bashir
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.29115
Abstract: Nanocrystalline titanium dioxide powder is characterized for phase analysis as well as particle size and its distribution by x-ray diffraction and small angle neutron scattering measurements. Analysis of the SANS data in the momentum transfer range q = 0.1 - 1.8 nm–1 reveals an average particle size of 24.82 nm in good agreement with the particle size determined earlier by transmission electron microscopy. XRD measurement proves co-existence of rutile and anatase phases in this commercial TiO2 nanocrystalline powder.
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