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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 496061 matches for " M. H. Badau "
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Quality of Garabia (A Nigerian Traditional Snack) From Four Varieties of Rice As Affected By the Addition of Cowpea
M.H. Badau,C. Ngozi,N. Danbaba
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the nutritional and sensory attributes of garabia a traditional cereal-based snack of Nigeria manufactured from flour obtained from broken fractions of milled four popular rice varieties in Nigeria as a strategy for the improvement of rice postharvest system for improved income and livelihood. The mean moisture, protein, fat, ash and carbohydrate contents of rice-cowpea blend garabia were 2.25, 11.87, 34.83, 2.04, and 49.00%, respectively and ranged between 1.88 to 2.47% for moisture, 10.72 to 12.86% for protein with FARO 52 blend having the highest and NERICA-L34 recording the lowest value. Calcium was found to be the most abundant mineral in rice garabia. The calculated metabolizable energy values of the blended rice garabia showed that the products are concentrated energy sources and compares favorably snacks from other sources. Consumer overall acceptability (liking) rating was higher than 6 (like slightly) based on hedonic ratings based on 9-point hedonic scales indicating that the product are well-liked by the consumers. It can then be concluded that addition of cowpea to rice flour for the production of garabia significantly improves nutritive value of the products with little or no pronounced effect on consumer acceptability.
Influence of serotonergic transmission and postsynaptic 5-HT2C action on the feeding behavior of Coturnix japonica (Galliformes: Aves)
Cedraz-Mercez, P. L.;Almeida, A. C.;Costa-e-Sousa, R. H.;Badauê-Passos Jr., D.;Castilhos, L. R.;Olivares, E. L.;Marinho Jr, A.;Medeiros, M. A.;Reis, L. C.;
Brazilian Journal of Biology , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-69842005000400005
Abstract: we investigated the role of 5-ht2c receptors and serotonergic transmission in the feeding behavior control of quails. administration of serotonin releaser, fenfluramine (fen) and 5-ht2c agonists, mcpp and mk212, 1.0 and 3.3 mg/kg induced significant inhibition of food intake in previously fasted fowls (0.71 ± 0.18 g and 0.47 ± 0.2 g; 0.49 ± 0.22 g and 0.48 ± 0.29 g; 0.82 ± 0.13 g and 0.71 ± 0.16 g, respectively). control groups ranged from 2.89 ± 0.21 g to 2.97 ± 0.22 g, 60 min after reintroduction of food, p < 0.0001). similar results were obtained with normally fed quails. both serotonin releaser and 5-ht2c agonists, in a 3.3 mg/kg dose, induced hypophagy (fen, 0.78 ± 0.08 g; mcpp, 0.89 ± 0.07 g; mk212, 1.25 ± 0.17 g vs. controls, 2.05 ± 0.12 g, 120 min after food was presented, p < 0.0001 to p < 0.01). previous administration of 5-ht2c antagonist, ly53857 (5.0 mg/kg) blocked the hypophagic response induced by 5-ht2c agonists 60 min after food was reintroduced. current data show a modulatory role of serotonin release and postsynaptic 5-ht2c receptors in the feeding behavior of quails.
Rice Postharvest Technology in Nigeria: An Overview of Current Status, Constraints and Potentials for Sustainable Development  [PDF]
N. Danbaba, P. Y. Idakwo, A. L. Kassum, C. Bristone, S. O. Bakare, U. Aliyu, I. N. Kolo, M. E. Abo, A. Mohammed, A. N. Abdulkadir, I. Nkama, M. H. Badau, M. A. Kabaraini, H. Shehu, A. O. Abosede, M. K. Danbaba
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105509
Abstract:
In 2016, the total estimated paddy production in Nigeria was 17.5 million metric tons (MMT) which is equivalent to 5.7 MMT milled rice. This is 1.3 MMT lower than the projected 7.0 MMT national consumption demands. This implies that Nigeria is progressing towards achieving self-sufficiency in rice if this data is compared with 3.5 MMT milled rice production in 2010. But about 10% - 30% or more of this increase does not reach the final consumers largely due to inefficient postharvest management practices. Huge postharvest grain loss (PHGL) and postharvest grain quality loss (PGQL) have been reported and significant efforts have been made towards reducing them and improving food security, but this is hampered by lack of simple, cost effective, adoptable and well-defined practical postharvest management practices and technologies. This situation has presented huge opportunity for investment and strategic interventions. From the point of harvest till rice reaches the consumers table, rice passes through wide range of unit operations which may have impact on the quantity and quality of the milled rice, these have made value chain actors adopt different practices to manage the process as it passes through the various unit operations. This paper examines the current rice post-harvest management technologies in Nigeria, with attention focusing on the current practices, constraints militating against the improvement of the rice postharvest system and opportunities it presents for improvement taking into account the main contribution of the research and development organizations in solving rice postharvest related challenges and lessons to be learned that will sharpen future direction for sustainable development.
Chronic excitotoxic lesion of the dorsal raphe nucleus induces sodium appetite
Cavalcante-Lima, H.R.;Badauê-Passos Jr., D.;de-Lucca Jr., W.;Lima, H.R.C.;Costa-e-Sousa, R.H.;Olivares, E.L.;Cedraz-Mercez, P.L.;Reis, R.O.;Medeiros, M.A.;C?rtes, W.S.;Reis, L.C.;
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-879X2005001100015
Abstract: we determined if the dorsal raphe nucleus (drn) exerts tonic control of basal and stimulated sodium and water intake. male wistar rats weighing 300-350 g were microinjected with phosphate buffer (pb-drn, n = 11) or 1 μg/0.2 μl, in a single dose, ibotenic acid (ibo-drn, n = 9 to 10) through a guide cannula into the drn and were observed for 21 days in order to measure basal sodium appetite and water intake and in the following situations: furosemide-induced sodium depletion (20 mg/kg, sc, 24 h before the experiment) and a low dose of dietary captopril (1 mg/g chow). from the 6th day after ibotenic acid injection ibo-drn rats showed an increase in sodium appetite (12.0 ± 2.3 to 22.3 ± 4.6 ml 0.3 m nacl intake) whereas pb-drn did not exceed 2 ml (p < 0.001). water intake was comparable in both groups. in addition to a higher dipsogenic response, sodium-depleted ibo-drn animals displayed an increase of 0.3 m nacl intake compared to pb-drn (37.4 ± 3.8 vs 21.6 ± 3.9 ml 300 min after fluid offer, p < 0.001). captopril added to chow caused an increase of 0.3 m nacl intake during the first 2 days (ibo-drn, 33.8 ± 4.3 and 32.5 ± 3.4 ml on day 1 and day 2, respectively, vs 20.2 ± 2.8 ml on day 0, p < 0.001). these data support the view that drn, probably via ascending serotonergic system, tonically modulates sodium appetite under basal and sodium depletion conditions and/or after an increase in peripheral or brain angiotensin ii.
Chronic excitotoxic lesion of the dorsal raphe nucleus induces sodium appetite
Cavalcante-Lima H.R.,Badauê-Passos Jr. D.,de-Lucca Jr. W.,Lima H.R.C.
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research , 2005,
Abstract: We determined if the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) exerts tonic control of basal and stimulated sodium and water intake. Male Wistar rats weighing 300-350 g were microinjected with phosphate buffer (PB-DRN, N = 11) or 1 μg/0.2 μl, in a single dose, ibotenic acid (IBO-DRN, N = 9 to 10) through a guide cannula into the DRN and were observed for 21 days in order to measure basal sodium appetite and water intake and in the following situations: furosemide-induced sodium depletion (20 mg/kg, sc, 24 h before the experiment) and a low dose of dietary captopril (1 mg/g chow). From the 6th day after ibotenic acid injection IBO-DRN rats showed an increase in sodium appetite (12.0 ± 2.3 to 22.3 ± 4.6 ml 0.3 M NaCl intake) whereas PB-DRN did not exceed 2 ml (P < 0.001). Water intake was comparable in both groups. In addition to a higher dipsogenic response, sodium-depleted IBO-DRN animals displayed an increase of 0.3 M NaCl intake compared to PB-DRN (37.4 ± 3.8 vs 21.6 ± 3.9 ml 300 min after fluid offer, P < 0.001). Captopril added to chow caused an increase of 0.3 M NaCl intake during the first 2 days (IBO-DRN, 33.8 ± 4.3 and 32.5 ± 3.4 ml on day 1 and day 2, respectively, vs 20.2 ± 2.8 ml on day 0, P < 0.001). These data support the view that DRN, probably via ascending serotonergic system, tonically modulates sodium appetite under basal and sodium depletion conditions and/or after an increase in peripheral or brain angiotensin II.
Brain serotonin depletion enhances the sodium appetite induced by sodium depletion or beta-adrenergic stimulation
Lima, Hawlinston R. C.;Cavalcante-Lima, Haerishton R.;Cedraz-Mercez, Pedro L.;Costa-E-Sousa, Ricardo H.;Olivares, Emerson L.;Badauê-Passos-Jr, Daniel;Medeiros, Magda A.;C?rtes, Wellington S.;Reis, Luís C.;
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0001-37652004000100008
Abstract: we investigate the influence of brain serotonin depletion on the sodium appetite. rats depleted of serotonin through the systemic administration of p-chlorophenylalanine (300 mg/kg, ip, for 2 days) showed an intense natriorexigenic response induced by sodium depletion (furosemide, 20 mg/kg, sc, 24 h before water and 1.8% nacl presentation). intake of 1.8% nacl was always higher than that observed for the control group (12.9 ± 1.4 and 21.4 ± 3.0 ml vs 5.7 ± 1.2 and 12.7 ± 1.6 ml, 30 and 300 min after water and saline presentation). after 24 h, the natriorexigenic response continued to be significantly higher compared to control (33.6±5.1 vs 21.9±3.6 ml,p <0.05). fourteen days after p-chlorophenylalanine administration, 1.8% nacl intake did not differ from controls. serotonin-depleted rats expressed an early natriorexigenic response after isoproterenol administration on the third day after the first injection of p-chlorophenylalanine. an increase in 1.8% nacl intake was first observed at 120 min (1.9 ± 0.2 vs 0.45 ± 0.3 ml,p <0.05) and remained high up to the end of the 24-h observation period (17.3±3.2 vs 1.1±0.5 ml,p <0.05). after 7 and 14 days, the natriorexigenic response became comparable to that of control animals. present results show that brain serotonin depletion exaggerates the sodium appetite induced by the paradigm of sodium depletion or after beta-adrenergic stimulation.
DETERMINATION OF ARYLSULPHONYLBENZAMIDES RELATED PRODUCTS OF ARYLSULPHONYLTHIO-BENZAMIDES BY DERIVATIVE SPECTROMETRY
Luminita Vladescu,Florentina Badau,Mariana Surmeian,Irinel Adriana Badea
Analele Universitatii Bucuresti : Chimie , 2004,
Abstract: A derivative spectrometric method has been developed for the determination ofarylsulphonylbenzamides related products of arylsulphonylthiobenzamides. At the wavelengthsselected the calibration graphs between the amplitude of the signals and the concentration ofeach compound were linear. The method is simple and rapid and does not require anypreliminary treatment of the sample. The method was validated.
Using of the generalized special relativity (GSR) in estimating the neutrino masses to explain the conversion of electron neutrinos  [PDF]
M. H. M. Hilo
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.34044
Abstract: In this work the Generalized Special Relativity (GSR) is utilized to estimate masses of some elementary particles such as, neutrinos. These results are found to be in conformity with experimental and theoretical data. The results obtained may explain some physical phenomena, such as, conversion of neutrinos from type to type when solar neutrino reaches the Earth.
Filtered Ring Derived from Discrete Valuation Ring and Its Properties  [PDF]
M. H. Anjom Shoa, M. H. Hosseini
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2014.43011
Abstract:

In this paper we show that if R is a discrete valuation ring, then R is a filtered ring. We prove some properties and relation when R is a discrete valuation ring.

Antireflection Coating at Metamaterial Waveguide Structure by Using Superlattices (LANS)  [PDF]
H. M. Mousa
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2014.58074
Abstract:

The characteristics of electromagnetic wave reflection and transmission by multilayered structures consisting of a pair of left-handed material (LHM) and superlattices (LANS) slabs inserted between two semi-infinite dielectric media are investigated for photovoltaic and solar energy applications. Maxwell’s equations are used to determine the electric and magnetic fields of the perpendicular polarized wave incident at each layer. Snell’s law is applied and the boundary conditions are imposed at each layer interface to calculate the reflected and transmitted coefficients of the structure. The reflected, transmitted powers are determined using these coefficients by a recursive method. The reflected and transmitted powers are computed in both visible and microwave spectral band with the appropriate LHM for each band and appropriate location of LANS in the structure. They are illustrated as a function of the incident wavelength, angle of incidence, magnetic fraction of LANS and thickness of the slabs with the emphasis on the appropriate refractive indices. I found that, zero reflectance and maximum transmittance of the incident powers are achieved for visible spectral band at a single frequency if LHM and LANS have the same refractive index of opposite signs with the same width and more magnetic material of LANS while the reflected power is zero for less magnetic material of LANS in the microwave spectral band which realizes antireflection coating in this structure.

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