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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 403637 matches for " M. Badier Rahman "
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The Central Cattle Breeding and Dairy Farm, Bangladesh waste contributes in emergence and spread of aminoglycoside-resistant bacteria  [PDF]
Sohel Ahmed, M. Ibrahim Hossain, Tareq Hossan, K. M. Rokibul Islam, orhan Uddin, M. Badier Rahman, M. Anwar Hossain
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2013.42A038
Abstract:
Aminoglycosides are one of the categories of antibiotics most frequently used in treating several cattle diseases at the Central Cattle Breeding and Dairy Farm (CCBDF), Savar,Dhaka,Bangladesh. Untreated veterinary clinical healthcare waste (VCHW) of diseased cattle at CCBDF which directly disposed to surrounding may contribute to the antibiotic resistant bacteria pollution (ARB) pollution. The investigation analyses the role of VCHW of CCBDF in spreading ARB. Here we studied1) veterinary clinical data and antibiotics treatment history; 2) total and resistant bacteria counts in fecal samples of healthy and diseased cattles as well as VCHW of CCBDF; and 3) finally, data analysis to estimate the burden of VCHW of CCBDF in the pollution of environment with aminoglycoside antibiotics resistant bacteria. The results conclusively demonstrate the spread of 3 different aminoglycoside antibiotics, namely genta- mycin, kanamycin and streptomycin resistant bacte- ria in the surrounding environment alarmingly with high significant value (p < 0.01 - 0.05). This study re- veals the risks to the cattle as well as public health posed by the random VCHW disposal at the CCBDF, Bangladesh.
Comparative Study on the Physical Properties of Mattress Cover Produced by the Rotor Spun Blended Yarn and 100% Cotton Yarn
Md. Abul Kalam Azad,A.H. Khan,S.M. Badier Rahman,M. Kamal Uddin
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: The properties of mattress cover which was produced by the rotor spun jute-cotton (80:20 and 70:30) blended yarn were studied and compared with the properties of mattress cover produced by 100% cotton yarn. It was observed that the average warp wise strength and abrasion resistance of 80:20 blended fabric were comparable and very closer to that of the 100% cotton fabric. On the other hand average warp wise strength and bursting strength of 80:20 blended fabrics were very nearer to the 100% cotton fabric.
Physical Properties of Jute Dyed Fabric Crosslinked with DMDHEU
Md. Kamal Uddin,Md. Elias Molla,S.M. Badier Rahman,Md. Abul Kalam Azad
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Carpet backing Cloth (CBC), made from Corchorus olitorius (Bangla Tossa) fiber was first desized, scoured and bleached with hydrogen peroxide. Simultaneous dyeing and finishing methods were carried out using various reactive dyes with crosslinking agents like dimethylol- hydroxyethyleneurea (DMDHEU) viz. Fixapret CPN, Fixapret ECOs of BASF and Indosol E-50 Powder (Sandoz) along with some catalysts (MgCl2 6H2O) and softening agent employing dry crosslinking method. Various physical properties, such as crease recovery, reduction in moisture content, moisture regain, tensile strength, flexural rigidity and dimensional stability of the crosslinked dyed fabrics were studied. It was found that there exists a direct relationship between resin add-on to the fabrics and significant improvement in dye fixation, crease recovery and reduction in moisture regain. Regarding all dyeing and physical properties Indosol E-50 powder along with various reactive dyes achieved highly satisfactory results. Fixapret CPN may be comparable to Indosol E-50 Powder.
Determination of the Metastable Zone Width, Nucleation Kinetics, Structural and Optical Properties of KCl Doped KAP Crystal  [PDF]
M. A. Rahman, M. M. Rahman
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology (JCPT) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2015.52005
Abstract: Slow evaporation method was used to grow pure and KCl (10 mol%) doped KAP single crystal. The solubility and metastable zone width of aqueous solutions of pure and KCl (10 mol%) doped KAP crystal were evaluated to analyze the crystallization process. Measuring the induction period τ, the critical nucleation parameters like interfacial energy (σ), energy of formation of the critical nucleus (ΔG*) were determined using the classical theory of nucleation. The structural properties and optical constants of the grown crystals have been put to test and observed that the addition of KCl results in an enhancement of properties of the crystal. Grown crystals were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction. FTIR spectra confirmed the presence of KCl in pure KAP crystal. UV- Visible spectroscopic studies revealed that addition of KCl in pure KAP crystal increased transparency from 75% to 80%. The analysis of the optical absorption data revealed the presence of both indirect and direct transitions and both of these band gaps increased with the addition of KCl. The transmittance data was analyzed to calculate the refractive index, oscillator energy, dispersion energy, electric susceptibility, zero-frequency dielectric constant and both the real and imaginary parts of the dielectric permittivity as a function of photon energy. The moments of ε(E) were also determined. The dispersion i.e. spectral dependence of the refractive index was discussed according to the single-effective oscillator model proposed by Wemple and DiDomenico.
Fabrication of self-assembled monolayer using carbon nanotubes conjugated 1-aminoundecanethiol on gold substrates  [PDF]
Mohammed M. Rahman
Natural Science (NS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2011.33027
Abstract: The carbon nanotube (fundamentally Single- walled carbon nanotube, SWCNT) based on 1-Amino-undecanethiol (AUT) were extremely controlled (nano-level) organizing a vertical self-assembled monolayer (SAM) on gold single crystal surfaces. The produced nano-surfaces were explored particularly by Fourier Transform Infra-red Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Cyclic Voltammetry (CV), Raman spectroscopy, Electrochemi- cal quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM), and Atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. The SWCNTs were initially cut (chemically) into short pipes and thiol-derivatized at the open ends. The vertical aggregation of SWCNT-AUTs on chemically refined Au(111) substrates was made-up by their spontaneous chemical bonding among carboxyl derivatized SWCNT-COOH and AUT SAM on Au(111), via peptide bonds, or directly by synthesized SWCNT-AUT composites. Raman spectroscopy and AFM surface images obviously disclosed that the SWCNT- AUT (dia. 20~40 nm) has been vertically categorized d on gold (111) substrates, shaping a SAM with a perpendicular direction.
Value of Orthostatic Hypotension as a Prognostic Bed-Side Test in Heart Failure  [PDF]
Tarek M. Abdel Rahman
World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (WJCS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcs.2012.24022
Abstract:

Background: Neurohumoral compensatory mechanisms play an important role in stabilizing the functional activity of patients with heart failure using the arms of autonomic nervous system. Orthostatic Hypotension (OH) is one of the most incapacitating symptoms of Cardiac Autonomic Dysfunction (CAD). OH can include sympathetic withdrawal which in turn leads to marked disability and deterioration of heart failure symptoms. Progressive Autonomic Dysfunction (AD) associated with progressive deterioration and impact on mortality of many diseases as hypertension, diabetes and other chronic diseases. The idea of using (OH) as a bed-side simple test expecting the risk of deterioration of cardiac function and furthermore on mortality open a gateway for preventive medicine and care to these group of patients. For more confidential prove, studying subjective and objective factors in heart failure patients became necessary to support these idea. Methods and Results: Sixty-Four patients with known history of heart failure were collected. All patients taking the fixed regiment of 4 drugs (diuretic, ACE inhibitor, Digitalis and B-blocker) in appropriate tolerated doses for two weeks prior to the study. History taking and all routine investigations were done for all patients. Grouping is based upon wither they have (OH) or not. Group-A found to have normal Bp response to standing; they were 24 patients (18 male and 6 female) of mean Age (45 ± 8 years). Group-B discovered to have significant (OH) and was 22 patients (16 males and 6 females) of mean Age (43 ± 4 years). The first Clinical and Echocardiographic examination was done and considered as a base-line characteristic. Then, a Call-back after 6 months for follow-up and second visit examination is recorded. Furthermore, every patient was advised to report

Investigation of Bandwidth Requirement of Smart Meter Network Using OPNET Modeler  [PDF]
M. Rahman, Amanullah Mto
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2013.44044
Abstract: Smart meter networks are the backbone for smart electrical distribution grid. Smart meter network requires the bidirectional communications medium and interoperability capability. As thousands of meters are interconnected in the smart meter network, it is vital to select an appropriate communication bandwidth to facilitate real-time two-way information flows and this will also allow further uptake of greenhouse-friendly technology options and enhance energy security. Optimized Network Engineering Tools (OPNET) Modeler is one of most powerful simulation tools for the analysis of communication networks. In this paper, several models of different structured smart meter networks were developed with network parameters which were connected with different communication links such as 10 BaseT and 100 BaseT in order to measure propagation delay, throughput, and utilization of the network. It was found that the propagation delay decreases with higher bandwidth. The other network parameters, namely network utilization and network throughput were also analysed. Based on the investigation, it is recommended that the 100 BaseT communication link is suitable for the smart meter network. The outcome of this paper provided a guideline to the future smart meter network developer so as to avoid catastrophic challenges faced by some of the distribution companies.
Impact of Irrigation on Food Security in Bangladesh for the Past Three Decades  [PDF]
M. Wakilur RAHMAN, Lovely PARVIN
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2009.13027
Abstract: Bangladesh has made impressive progress in agriculture sector in the last three decades and has almost be-come self-sufficient in food grain production. This is a tremendous achievement owing to its small territory and huge population and this was achieved through agricultural mechanization and modernization. Irrigation is one of the leading inputs has direct influence to increase yield, food grains production and plays vital role for ensuring food security in Bangladesh. The present study examined the growth of irrigated area and its impact on food grain production during last three decades. Time series data were used for the study. Differ-ent statistical methods such as mean, percentage, linear and exponential growth model were applied for get-ting meaningful findings. Various technologies have been used for irrigating crops which have contributed to rapid expansion of irrigated area. The conventional irrigation methods (Low Lift Pump, Dhone, Swing Bas-ket, Treadle Pump etc.) were replaced by modern methods (i.e Deep Tube Well and Shallow Tube Well). In addition, surface water irrigation also sharply declined, losing its importance due to lack of new surface irri-gation project and the ineffectiveness of earlier project. Groundwater covered 77 percent of total irrigated area and major (62%) extractions occurred through Shallow Tube Wells (STWs). The rapid expansion of ground water irrigation in respect to STWs irrigation was due to government’s withdrawal on restrictions on tube well setting rule, encouraging private sector and the cost effectiveness of Chinese engine which have been affordable to the small and medium farmers. Irrigated area thus, increased by about three times and cropping intensity also increased from 154 to 176 percent. Boro rice, an irrigated crop, consumed 73 percent of the total crop irrigation and contributed to a greater extent in total rice production in Bangladesh. Boro rice alone contributed to 55 percent of total food grain and was also highest (3.44 MT per hectare) compared to aus rice (1.66 MT per hectare) and aman rice (1.99 MT per hectare) per unit production. Consequently, the cultivated area of boro rice increased by 1168 to 4068 thousand hectares. The higher productivity of boro rice has almost helped the nation to meet her food requirements (about 24 Million MT). Boro rice production was highly correlated (r = .978) with irrigated area. Expansion of one hectare of irrigated area added 3.22 MT of boro rice in Bangladesh. Finally, the study suggested for expansion of irrigated areas (ground water and surface water),
Effect of Magnetohydrodynamic on Thin Films of Unsteady Micropolar Fluid through a Porous Medium  [PDF]
Gamal M. Abdel-Rahman
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.211160
Abstract: In This paper, we deal with the study of the effect of magnetohydrodynamic on thin films of unsteady micropolar fluid through a porous medium. These Thin films are considered for three different geometries. The governing continuity, momentum and angular momentum equations are converted into a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations by means of similarity transformation. The resulting system of coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations is solved numerically by using shooting method. A representative set of numerical results in the three thin film flow problems for velocity and micro-rotation profiles are discussed and presented graphically. A comprehensive parametric study is carried out to show the effects of the micropolar fluid parameters, magnetic field parameter, permeability parameter and etc. on the obtained solutions.
Comparison of Various Classification Techniques Using Different Data Mining Tools for Diabetes Diagnosis  [PDF]
Rashedur M. Rahman, Farhana Afroz
Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (JSEA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jsea.2013.63013
Abstract:

In the absence of medical diagnosis evidences, it is difficult for the experts to opine about the grade of disease with affirmation. Generally many tests are done that involve clustering or classification of large scale data. However many tests could complicate the main diagnosis process and lead to the difficulty in obtaining the end results, particularly in the case where many tests are performed. This kind of difficulty could be resolved with the aid of machine learning techniques. In this research, we present a comparative study of different classification techniques using three data mining tools named WEKA, TANAGRA and MATLAB. The aim of this paper is to analyze the performance of different classification techniques for a set of large data. A fundamental review on the selected techniques is presented for introduction purpose. The diabetes data with a total instance of 768 and 9 attributes (8 for input and 1 for output) will be used to test and justify the differences between the classification methods. Subsequently, the classification technique that has the potential to significantly improve the common or conventional methods will be suggested for use in large scale data, bioinformatics or other general applications.

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