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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 404201 matches for " M?nica Sanches; "
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Estudo da adapta??o e aplicabilidade do questionário perfil de atividades de Adelaide em idosos de uma comunidade Nipo-Brasileira
Kanashiro, Miriam Masako;Yassuda, Mnica Sanches;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722011000200005
Abstract: active aging is associated with well-being and quality of life. the aim of this cross-sectional study was to adapt and analyze the applicability of the adelaide activities profile (aap) in brazil, and characterize the frequency and type of activities carried out by older adults who belong to the japanese community. the questionnaire was translated and adapted to brazilian portuguese. the sample was composed by two groups: 30 mahjong players and 30 gateball players, men and women. women were more active in domestic chores, service to others, and intellectual leisure; men were more active in social activities. the aap may be useful to analyze the activity profile of older adults and guide the indication of gerontological interventions.
Participa??o em programas para a terceira idade: impacto sobre a cogni??o, humor e satisfa??o com a vida
Yassuda, Mnica Sanches;Silva, Henrique Salmazo da;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2010000200008
Abstract: the purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between participation in social activities in senior citizens centers and the potential benefits for cognitive performance, mood and life satisfaction. twenty-nine seniors, who had recently become members of four senior citizens centers, each completed two evaluations: one prior to participation and the other after six months of group activities. assessment protocol included the following scales: mini mental status examination, word list of the consortium to establish a registry for alzheimer's disease, verbal fluency test in the animals category, geriatric depression scale, and the life satisfaction scale. results indicated that participation in social programs can generate benefits: a significant increase was detected in word recall and also an improvement, approaching statistical significance, in word fluency and life satisfaction in terms of social involvement. the impact of the involvement of the elderly in these programs needs to be investigated.
Enfrentamento de estresse no trabalho: rela??es entre idade, experiência, autoeficácia e agência
Fontes, Arlete Portella;Neri, Anita Liberalesso;Yassuda, Mnica Sanches;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932010000300013
Abstract: objective: this is a descriptive work that investigated the relations between coping at work and perceived stress, age, job position, job experience, mediated by self-efficacy and agency beliefs, among 71 leaders of a company. method: the work included a sociodemographic questionnaire, scales of perceived stress intensity, coping at work, self-efficacy and agency beliefs. results: the degree of perceived stress was 7 (0-10). control strategies were frequently used (m = 3,73 and sd = ,49), avoidance, sometimes (m = 2,07 and sd = ,50) and management of symptoms, rarely (m = 1,86 and sd = ,44). self-efficacy was moderate (3,23, sd= 3,37). positive correlations were observed among job experience and self-efficacy (,27), self-efficacy and control (,53), personal agency beliefs and control and self-efficacy (,67 and ,57, respectively). the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that leaders with the highest scores in control strategies had higher scores in self-efficacy and agency. conclusion: the results highlighted the value of job experience, self-efficacy and agency beliefs for aging and coping at work, mainly in life threatening risk tasks, showing that the organizations should value mature employees.
Queixas de memória de idosos e sua rela??o com escolaridade, desempenho cognitivo e sintomas de depress?o e ansiedade
Paulo, Débora Lee Vianna;Yassuda, Mnica Sanches;
Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832010000100005
Abstract: background: older adults with mnemonic deficits may complain about memory more frequently. memory complaints may be more frequent among older adults with lower education, due to greater vulnerability to cognitive decline. objectives: to investigate if memory complaints vary as a function of education, and to evaluate if memory complaints are associated with cognitive performance, and symptoms of depression and anxiety. methods: sixty seven older adults (between 60-75 years) were divided into three groups: 1-4 years of education (n = 23), 4-8 years (n = 20), and 9 or more (n = 24). the protocol included the mini-mental state examination (mmse), brief cognitive battery (bcb) - memorization of 10 pictures, verbal fluency animal category (vf), clock drawing test (cdt) -, a questionnaire about frequency of forgetting, the memory complaint questionnaire (mac-q), the geriatric depression scale (gds), and the beck anxiety inventory (bai). results: significant differences were observed among the three groups for the mmse, 10-picture recognition, vf, and cdt, and no significant differences were found for frequency of forgetting and mac-q. also, there was no association between complaints and cognitive performance, or complaints and depressive symptoms, however, the correlation between frequency of forgetting and symptoms of anxiety was significant. discussion: memory complaints were not associated to education, cognitive performance, or depressive symptoms, yet, they were associated with anxiety symptoms.
Rela??es entre padr?o do sono, saúde percebida e variáveis socioecon?micas em uma amostra de idosos residentes na comunidade: Estudo PENSA
Oliveira,Beatriz Helena Domingos; Yassuda,Mnica Sanches; Cupertino,Ana Paula Fabrino Bretas; Neri,Anita Liberalesso;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232010000300028
Abstract: changes in sleep pattern constitute a common complaint among elders. age-related changes can be observed in different levels of the architecture and quality of sleep. the objective of the present study was to observe the relation between age-related sleep changes, insomnia symptoms, apnea symptoms, parasomnia symptoms with socio-economic variables and perceived health status. sleep pattern was evaluated using the mini-sleep questionnaire. results indicated that women and individuals with lower education reported higher frequency of insomnia symptoms, the elder-elder group. on the other hand, individuals with higher perceived health status presented lower frequency of apnea symptoms, and higher perceived health status was associated to better sleep pattern overall. it can be concluded that sleep pattern is associated to socio-economic variables such as age, gender, education and perceived health.
Variabilidade no envelhecimento ativo segundo gênero, idade e saúde
Ribeiro, Pricila Cristina Correa;Neri, Anita Liberalesso;Cupertino, Ana Paula Fabrino Bretas;Yassuda, Mnica Sanches;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722009000300011
Abstract: the present study investigated the relation among socio-demographic and health variables and participation in physical and occupational activities. the sample was formed by 155 aged individuals (60 and older) interviewed by the pensa study in juiz de fora, mg. 72% of the sample was female with average age of 70.3 years (sd=8.2). questionnaires based on self-report were used for data collection. results indicated that men participated more frequently in physical activities than women, and women were more active in occupational activities, such as housework and work as volunteers. higher frequency of participation in occupational activities was associated with higher education, higher income, and higher functional status. however, age was not a significant determinant of active lifestyle. this present study demonstrated a variability of active aging due to gender, socio-demographic and health variables, highlighting the implications of the lifestyle of elderly brazilians in the process of healthy aging.
Treino de memória episódica com ênfase em categoriza??o para idosos sem demência e depress?o
Carvalho, Fabiana Castillo Roda;Neri, Anita Liberalesso;Yassuda, Mnica Sanches;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722010000200014
Abstract: aging may lead to cognitive changes, especially in memory. yet, research suggests that older adults may improve memory performance after training. the present study aimed at evaluating the effects of episodic memory training offered to healthy brazilian older adults. fifty seven participants were randomly divided into control group (cog = 26) and experimental group (exg = 31). the exg participants completed a pre-test, five sessions of episodic memory training in which they were instructed to categorize grocery lists and pictures, and a post-test. results indicated that episodic memory training involving learning and practice with categorization promoted significant improvement in episodic memory performance and in better using the trained strategy.
Treino de memória no idoso saudável: benefícios e mecanismos
Yassuda, Mnica Sanches;Batistoni, Samila Sathler Tavares;Fortes, Andréa Garofe;Neri, Anita Liberalesso;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722006000300016
Abstract: introduction: studies document a change in memory during the process of aging. however, studies report the possibility of improvement after training. objective: to replicate international findings regarding the effects of memory training with a sample of brazilian elders and to investigate mechanisms, such as the use of strategies, that can explain its benefits. methods: 69 healthy brazilian elders were randomly divided into an experimental group (eg) and a control group (cg), and received four sessions of training (cg received training after pos-test). training included information on memory and the process of aging, instruction and practice in organizing grocery lists and the underlining of main ideas in short texts. results: there was superior improvement for prose recall and greater use of strategies (organizing lists and underlining texts) for the eg at post-test. both groups reported fewer memory complaints (assessed with the mac-q) and faster information processing (wais-r digit symbols sub-test). conclusions: after training, elders intensify the use of strategies, however, this fact does not guarantee a better performance (there was no significant improvement in list recalls). list recall results suggest the presence of the utilization deficiency: elders used the strategy but failed to benefit from it.
Meta-memória e auto-eficácia: um estudo de valida??o de instrumentos de pesquisa sobre memória e envelhecimento
Yassuda, Mnica Sanches;Lasca, Valéria Bellini;Neri, Anita Liberalesso;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722005000100011
Abstract: the cognitive aging literature documents in numerous studies the existence of significant age differences between younger and older adults in tests of episodic memory. researchers have been investigating possible explanations for such differences. one hypothesis being tested is whether older adults hold different perceptions, attitudes and feelings towards memory that could affect performance negatively. metamemory and self-efficacy are concepts that have been used in the test of this hypothesis. in the present research, a metamemory questionnaire (mia), a self-efficacy questionnaire (mseq) and 4 versions of 2 episodic memory tasks (4 grocery lists and 4 short stories) were translated into portuguese, adapted to brazilian culture and submitted to validity testing with 33 younger and 27 older healthy brazilian adults. the results from the analyses suggest that the portuguese versions of these instruments have good psychometric characteristics and seem promising for research in this field in brazil.
Episodic memory training with emphasis on categorization for older adults without dementia and depression / Treino de memória episódica com ênfase em categoriza o para idosos sem demência e depress o
Fabiana Castillo Roda Carvalho,Anita Liberalesso Neri,Mnica Sanches Yassuda
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2010,
Abstract: Aging may lead to cognitive changes, especially in memory. Yet, research suggests that older adults may improve memory performance after training. The present study aimed at evaluating the effects of episodic memory training offered to healthy Brazilian older adults. Fifty seven participants were randomly divided into control group (COG = 26) and experimental group (EXG = 31). The EXG participants completed a pre-test, five sessions of episodic memory training in which they were instructed to categorize grocery lists and pictures, and a post-test. Results indicated that episodic memory training involving learning and practice with categorization promoted significant improvement in episodic memory performance and in better using the trained strategy.
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