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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 586656 matches for " M?nica Oliveira da Silva e;Passos "
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A prática de enfermagem no sistema penal: limites e possibilidades
Souza, Mnica Oliveira da Silva e;Passos, Joanir Pereita;
Escola Anna Nery , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-81452008000300004
Abstract: the aims of this paper were to identify the principles that guide the nursing practice and to discuss limits and possibilities faced by a nursing team while working at the health services offered in the rio de janeiro state penitentiary system. in order to reach the suggested goals, it has been written a descriptive study with qualitative approach. the scenario was a penitentiary general hospital and there were interviewed 30 professionals nursing interviewed. the data was collected through a technique of interview. the results showed that care practice and assistance relationship are the principles which guide the nurse's performance at a penitentiary hospital unit. it has been also showed that the possibilities are the same as the ones we see beyond walls, and that the presence of a penitentiary agent, as well as the dangerous, are limitations for the nursing practice.
Efeitos adversos a medicamentos em hospital público: estudo piloto
Rozenfeld,Suely; Chaves,S?nia Maria Coelho; Reis,Lenice G da Costa; Martins,Mnica; Travassos,Cláudia; Mendes,Walter; Esteves,David Peres; César,Fátima Gloria D; Almeida,Regina Lucia V; Oliveira,Sueli Souza; Silva,Cosme M F Passos; Massafera,Rodrigo C;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102009005000051
Abstract: the results from implementing a strategy for monitoring adverse effects from drugs in a public hospital in the municipality of rio de janeiro, southeastern brazil, in 2007, were analyzed. based on retrospective analysis of 32 medical files, adverse effects were found in 16%. to identify these effects, 38 tracking criteria were needed. among these, the main ones were the use of antiemetics, abrupt cessation of medication and over-sedation. despite the difficulties, especially in relation to access to information and the record quality, application of these tracking criteria seems to be viable. to improve the implementation of the method, it is suggested that the data collection should be computerized and risk adjustment indicators should be sought.
Fauna anofélica da cidade de Belém, Pará, Brasil: dados atuais e retrospectivos
Silva, Ana de Nazaré Martins da;Fraiha-Neto, Habib;Santos, Carla Christiani Bastos dos;Segura, Maria de Nazaré de Oliveira;Amaral, Jane Cristina de Oliveira Faria;Gorayeb, Inocêncio de Sousa;Lacerda, Raimundo Nonato da Luz;Sucupira, Izis Mnica Carvalho;Pimentel, Le?ncio Nazaré;Conn, Jan E.;Póvoa, Marinete Marins;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006000800006
Abstract: we present the results of anopheline captures in belém, pará, brazil, from 1995-2004, and a comparison with captures from 1930-1999. in the earlier period, 20 species were identified: anopheles albitarsis s.l., an. aquasalis, an. argyritarsis, an. braziliensis, an. darlingi, an. eiseni, an. evansae, an. galvaoi, an. intermedius, an. kompi, an. mediopunctatus, an. nimbus, an. nuneztovari, an. oswaldoi, an. peryassui, an. punctimacula, an. shannoni, an. strodei, an. thomasi, and an. triannulatus. seven of these species were not found in 1995-2004 (an. argyritarsis, an. eiseni, an. galvaoi, an. kompi, an. nimbus, an. punctimacula, and an. thomasi). the persistence of so many species is probably due to the local preservation of forest areas. two species are of vectorial importance (an. darlingi and an. aquasalis). an. aquasalis is still the most abundant species (46.26% of adults, 99.21% of larvae) and the only one detected in all capture sites. there is thus a potential risk of malaria transmission in the entire municipality of belém.
Differential vulnerability of substantia nigra and corpus striatum to oxidative insult induced by reduced dietary levels of essential fatty acids
Henriqueta D. Cardoso,Priscila P. Passos,Claudia J. Lagranha,Anete C. Ferraz,Eraldo F. Santos Júnior,Rafael S. Oliveira,Pablo E. L. Oliveira,Rita de C. F. Santos,David F. Santana,Juliana M. C. Borba,Ana P. Rocha-de-Melo,Rubem C. A. Guedes,Daniela M. A. F. Navarro,Geanne K. N. Santos,Roseane Borner,Cristovam W. Pican?o-Diniz,Eduardo I. Beltr?o,Janilson F. Silva,Marcelo C. A. Rodrigues,Belmira L. S. Andrade da Costa
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , 2012, DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00249
Abstract: Oxidative stress (OS) has been implicated in the etiology of certain neurodegenerative disorders. Some of these disorders have been associated with unbalanced levels of essential fatty acids (EFA). The response of certain brain regions to OS, however, is not uniform and a selective vulnerability or resilience can occur. In our previous study on rat brains, we observed that a two-generation EFA dietary restriction reduced the number and size of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) rostro-dorso-medial. To understand whether OS contributes to this effect, we assessed the status of lipid peroxidation (LP) and anti-oxidant markers in both SN and corpus striatum (CS) of rats submitted to this dietary treatment for one (F1) or two (F2) generations. Wistar rats were raised from conception on control or experimental diets containing adequate or reduced levels of linoleic and α-linolenic fatty acids, respectively. LP was measured using the thiobarbituric acid reaction method (TBARS) and the total superoxide dismutase (t-SOD) and catalase (CAT) enzymatic activities were assessed. The experimental diet significantly reduced the docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels of SN phospholipids in the F1 (~28%) and F2 (~50%) groups. In F1 adult animals of the experimental group there was no LP in both SN and CS. Consistently, there was a significant increase in the t-SOD activity (p < 0.01) in both regions. In EF2 young animals, degeneration in dopaminergic and non-dopaminergic neurons and a significant increase in LP (p < 0.01) and decrease in the CAT activity (p < 0.001) were detected in the SN, while no inter-group difference was found for these parameters in the CS. Conversely, a significant increase in t-SOD activity (p < 0.05) was detected in the CS of the experimental group compared to the control. The results show that unbalanced EFA dietary levels reduce the redox balance in the SN and reveal mechanisms of resilience in the CS under this stressful condition.
Maternal mortality at recife from 2001 to 2006
Sheyla Costa de Oliveira, Juliana Martins Barbosa da Silva Costa, Fernanda dos Passos e Silva Leite, Luciana Nogueira Mendes Caldas
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2009,
Abstract: Objectives: to describe and to analyze the mortality maternal at Recife from 2001 to 2006. Methodology: descriptive, exploratory and retrospective study from quantitative approach. The population was of secondary data of mortality maternal in the database from Mortality Information System (SIM) of the Health Department at Recife, which totaled 94 deaths. Data were analyzed through the SPSS program for Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Office Excel 2003. Results: There were 94 deaths with a mortality maternal ratio of 65.95 per 100,000 NV; among the most frequent deaths of direct cause was the pré-eclampse/eclampse (37.5%) 91.49% of the deaths were considered avoidable. Its reduction is possible when you promote a better assistance to women during pregnancy childbirth. Conclusion: the importance of joint action of researchers, managers and health’s professionals will go to assist in the qualification of women's health, this way the reduction of mortality-maternal.
Practice of Physical Activity and Its Relationship with Lipid Profile of Adolescents  [PDF]
Mayenne Rodrigues Oliveira, Ivelise F. A. F. da Costa, Camilla Ribeiro Lima de Farias, Mnica Oliveira da Silva Sim?es, Carla Campos Muniz Medeiros, Danielle Franklin de Carvalho
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.617271
Abstract: In order to assess the prevalence of physical activity (PA) and its relationship with lipid profile among adolescents, a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach was conducted with 102 adolescents aged 15 to 19 years from public schools of Campina Grande, Paraiba, Brazil. The following variables were analyzed: age, gender, ethnicity, maternal education, socioeconomic status, nutritional status, the practice of PA and lipid profile. The variables were obtained through validated form, anthropometry (weight and height) and blood collection by contract laboratory. Double entry and SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) 22.0 were performed. First, a descriptive analysis of all variables was conducted, as well as measures of central tendency and dispersion for continuous variables. Accordingly, distribution was tested for normality using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. According to results, correlation was evaluated by Pearson/Spearman tests. Significance level of 5% was adopted for all analyses. The study was approved by the Ethics Approach Committee (EAC) of the State University of Paraíba. The most prevalent sex in the sample was female and regarding maternal education, 35.4% had complete high school. Regarding serum lipoproteins, 16% showed elevated total cholesterol and HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) 66% below the desired value. With regard to physical activity, 60.8% had insufficient PA levels. The sample showed changes in lipid profile and insufficiently active life style, besides having overpowered the eutrophic nutritional status. No statistically significant correlations between variables of the lipid profile and the time of PA were observed. These findings highlight the importance of physical exercise for maintaining health and suggest studies with larger populations in order to check the scientific literature regarding this topic.
Gest o do Conhecimento Corporativo: Um Fator de Competitividade para as Organiza es
Christine da Silva Schr?eder,Mnica Da Pieve Antunes,Julcimar Luíz de Oliveira
Revista de Administra??o IMED - RAIMED , 2011,
Abstract: O conhecimento adquirido ao longo dos tempos levou o homem a deixar de ser n made, evoluindo processos relacionados à agricultura e pecuária e, com isso, descobriu que poderia cultivar seus alimentos e domesticar os animais, n o precisando mudar de um lugar para outro para garantir sua sobrevivência. Porém, naquela época, n o foi possível documentar o conhecimento que haviam adquirido e a tecnologia que desenvolveram. Gra as ao conhecimento adquirido pelo homem ao longo dos tempos, temos avan adas tecnologias que nos proporcionam melhor qualidade de vida e de trabalho. A sociedade contemporanea está se caracterizando pela velocidade que as mudan as est o ocorrendo no ambiente, ocasionadas pela globaliza o e pelo fácil acesso a informa o, o que vem gerando constantemente novos conhecimentos. As organiza es dessa nova sociedade devem estar preparadas para essas constantes mudan as, para que assim se mantenham competitivas e possam se perpetuar no mercado. à respeito disto, a gest o do conhecimento ganhou notoriedade nas discuss es acadêmicas e organizacionais devido à relevancia do assunto como forma de transformá-lo em fatores competitivos. Desta forma, o presente artigo pretende apresentar e discutir as teorias e ferramentas pertinentes à cria o, dissemina o e utiliza o dos inúmeros conhecimentos gerados pelas pessoas nas organiza es. Este estudo justifica-se pela temática contemporanea e ainda em fase de desenvolvimento e da importancia do referido no cenário globalizado e competitivo. A metodologia utilizada foi de caráter bibliográfico e as perspectivas geradas pela discuss o giram em torno das ferramentas existentes para a cria o e dissemina o do conhecimento organizacional como a universidade corporativa ou a simples ado o de reuni es expositivas para a gera o de idéias voltadas ao cenário das organiza es. Além destas, as organiza es podem utilizar sistemas complexos de informa o, redes sociais relacionadas à práticas e educa o corporativa continuada. As organiza es já se deram conta que a Gest o do Conhecimento Corporativo n o pode ser vista como modismo gerencial, pois o conhecimento corporativo deve ser tratado como um bem valioso para a perpetuidade das organiza es.
Manejo pós-colheita de hastes florais de gladíolos (Gladiolus grandiflorus L.)
Rodrigues da Silva,Leirson; de Mello Oliveira,Mnica Danielly; de Melo Silva,Silvanda;
Acta Agronómica , 2008,
Abstract: the aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of citric acid solutions in different concentrations on maintaining postharvest quality of cut gladiolus under cold or room storage conditions. the flowers were harvested in the morning, at the point of commercial harvest and transported to a postharvest laboratory and kept at 10°c during tree days, in which they were stored under room conditions (24 ± 2°c e 85 ± 2% rh), using the following treatments: distilled water (control) and in 30, 60, 90 and 120 mg. l-1 citric acid solutions substituited every tree days. the longevity was evaluated through the grouping of stem quality on the storage periods ranging in scale from 0 to 5 taking by reference to the number of days from the harvest where the flowers no presented abscision or petals death and general appearance, in a qualitative scale, ranging from 1 to 7. the use of citric solutions was not effective in maintaining the floral quality of gladiolus under cold or room conditions at 5% significance level.
Postharvest handling of floral rods (Gladiolus grandiflorus L.) Manejo pós-colheita de hastes florais de gladíolos (Gladiolus grandiflorus L.)
Rodrigues da Silva Leirson,de Mello Oliveira Mónica Danielly,de Melo Silva Silvanda
Acta Agronómica , 2008,
Abstract: The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of acid citric solutions in different concentrations on maintaining of postharvest quality of cut gladiolus under cold or room storage conditions. The flowers were harvested in the morning, at the point of commercial harvest and transported to postharvest laboratory and kept the 10°C during tree days, wich than were stored under room conditions (24 ± 2°C e 85 ± 2% UR), using the following treatments: distilled water (control) and in 30, 60, 90 and 120 mg. L-1 citric acid solutions substituited to each tree days. The longevity was evaluated through the grouping of stem quality on the storage periods ranging in scale from 0 to 5 taking by reference to the number of days from the harvest where flowers no presented abscision or petals death and general appearance, in qualitative scale, ranging 1 to 7. The use of acid citric solutions was not effective in maintaining the floral quality of gladiolus under cold or room conditions to the 5% significance level.Key words: Gladiolus grandiflorus L.; conservation; cut-flowers. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de solu es de ácido cítrico em diferentes concentra es na manuten o da qualidade pós-colheita de gladíolos de corte mantidos sob intermitência de refrigera o e condi es ambiente. As flores foram colhidas pela manh , no ponto de colheita comercial e transportadas para laboratório de Pós-Colheita, e mantidas a 10°C durante três dias, onde em seguida foram armazenadas sob condi es ambientes (24 ± 2°C e 85 ± 2%UR), sob os seguintes tratamentos: água destilada (controle) e em solu es de 30, 60, 90 e 120 mg. L-1 de ácido cítrico, substituídas a cada três dias. A longevidade foi avaliada, mediante o grupamento da qualidade das hastes, relativo ao período de armazenamento, em escala variando de 0 a 5, tomando como referência o número de dias, a partir da colheita, onde as flores n o apresentavam abscis o ou morte de pétalas e aparência geral, em escalas qualitativas, variando de 1 a 7. A utiliza o de solu es de ácido cítrico n o foi efetiva na manuten o da qualidade floral de gladíolos sob intermitência de refrigera o e condi es ambientes ao nível de 5% de significancia.Palavras-chave: Gladiolus grandiflorus L.; conserva o; flores de corte.
Aplica??o de água salina no desenvolvimento e comportamento fisiológico do coqueiro
Silva Júnior, Carlos D. da;Passos, Edson E. M.;Gheyi, Hans R.;
Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-43662002000100008
Abstract: this work was carried out with the objective of evaluating the effect of the drought and the application of water of different levels of salinity in the development of five years old "brazilian tall" coconut (cocos nucifera l.) cultivated under field conditions. the experiment was conducted at the itaporanga experimental station in the state of sergipe located in northeast of brazil. the experimental design consisted of randomized blocks (4) with 4 treatments and each repetition constituted of 12 plants. the applied treatments were: t0 - not irrigated; t1 - application of 40 l per plant of fresh water at intervals of 3 days; t2 and t3 - application of saline water containing 7.5 and 15.0 g l-1 of total salts. the following variables were analyzed: number of living leaves, number of dead leaves, the percentage survival of plants at the end of the experiment, the leaf water potential and the stomatal conductance. the analysis of the data showed that the treatments t0 and t3 affected significantly the number of living leaves, but the variable stomatal conductance in the dry period was affected by all the treatments, which points out the inadequacy of the amount of water applied. at the end of the experiment, the survival percentage was of 83% for t1, 81% for t2, 79% for t3 and 58% for t0. the results permit to conclude that water containing up to 15 g l-1 salts during dry season is essential to avoid the loss of young plants.
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