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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 431887 matches for " Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Lira "
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Caracteriza o do pasto e da extrusa de novilhas Girolanda, em pastagem de Brachiaria decumbens, submetidas a diferentes taxas de lota o =Characterization of grass and extrusa from Girolanda heifers grazing on Brachiaria decumbens pasture, under different stocking rates
Andrezza Miguel da Silva,Elisa Cristina Modesto,Carolina Camara Lira,Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos Santos
Acta Scientiarum : Animal Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar as características do pasto e da extrusa de novilhas Girolanda, submetidas a três taxas de lota o, em pastagem de capim Brachiaria decumbens Stapf., em diferentes períodos de avalia o. Foram utilizadas seis novilhas da ra a Girolanda e os tratamentos foram constituídos por diferentes taxas de lota o (2, 4 e 6 UA); cada bloco foi formado por três piquetes. O delineamento foi de blocos ao acaso em parcelas subdivididas com medidas repetidas no tempo. A taxa de bocados dos animais variou com operíodo de avalia o, com valores de 41 bocados min.-1 (Período 1) e 33 bocados min.-1 (Período 3). A taxa de bocados reduziu ao longo dos períodos de pastejo com valores de 41 a 33 bocados min.-1 Já o tamanho do bocado apresentou valores maiores nos períodos de avalia o 2 e 3, na taxa de lota o 2 UA (0,40 e 0,43 g MS bocado-1). A matéria seca da extrusa apresentou valores maiores no 3° (15,0% de MS) e 2° (17,4% de MS) dia de pastejo. O aumento no teor de proteína bruta da extrusa ocorreu no terceiro período de pastejo (14,4%) e no teor de fibra em detergente neutro (75,3%). The objective of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the grass and extrusa from Girolanda heifers, under three stocking rates on grass pasture of Brachiaria decumbens Stapf., at different evaluation periods. Six Girolanda heifers were used, and treatmentsconsisted of different stocking rates (2, 4 and 6 UA). Each block was formed by three paddocks. The design was a randomized blocks design in split-plot with repeated measures over time. The bite rate of the animals varied according to assessment period, with values of 41 bites min.-1 (Period 1) and 33 bites min.-1 (Period 3). Bite rate decreased over the grazing period, with values from 41 to 33 bit min-1. Bite size was larger in grazing periods 2 and 3, at the stocking rate of 2 UA (0.40 and 0.43 g DM bite-1). Extrusa dry matter was higher in the third (15.0% DM) and second (17.4% DM) days of grazing. An increase in crude protein content of extusa occurred in the third grazing period (14.4%) and for total neutral detergent fiber (75.3%).
Comportamento de linhagens de sorgo forrageiro submetidas a déficit hídrico sob condi o controlada
Amaral Sérgio Ribeiro do,Lira Mário de Andrade,Tabosa José Nildo,Santos Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2003,
Abstract: O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos do estresse hídrico no estabelecimento, desenvolvimento e na taxa de sobrevivência de 11 linhagens de sorgo forrageiro em casa de vegeta o. O delineamento experimental foi o de blocos ao acaso no arranjo de parcelas subdivididas no tempo, com cinco repeti es. As unidades experimentais foram constituídas por recipientes de 250 L, onde foram colocados 187,9 kg de solo da classe textural areia franca. O estudo compreendeu dois períodos de estresse, e três irriga es, sendo uma no início e as outras aplicadas quando grande número de folhas tinham aspecto de palha seca. No primeiro período, as linhagens apresentaram alta taxa de sobrevivência, demonstrando resistência ao estresse hídrico. As linhagens que apresentaram menor velocidade de crescimento nesse período sofreram menos com o estresse. No segundo período n o ocorreram diferen as significativas entre as linhagens com rela o ao desenvolvimento das plantas. Durante os dois períodos de estresse, a velocidade de crescimento n o diferenciou satisfatoriamente linhagens de comportamento distintos, quanto à resistência à seca, competindo em um mesmo recipiente e em alta densidade populacional. As linhagens 84, 29, 99, 41, 63 e 104 apresentaram maior resistência ao estresse hídrico e as linhagens 33, 38, 40, 67 e 92, menor resistência.
Deposi??o e acúmulo de matéria seca e nutrientes em serapilheira em um bosque de sabiá (Mimosa caesalpiniifolia Benth.)
Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Lira Junior, Mario de Andrade;Rocha, Mallon Sampaio da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Barreto, Levy Paes;
Revista árvore , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-67622007000100002
Abstract: quantification of litter deposition and organic mantle accumulation are important steps on nutrient cycling studies. this study aimed to quantify litter deposition and organic mantle in a sabiá (mimosa caesalpiniifolia benth) woodlot in an experimental farm in the brazilian northeast region. twenty 0.50 x 0.50 x 0.15 m wood collectors, to quantify litter deposition, were systematically distributed over the area elevated 30 cm above the soil. deposited material was collected monthly from october 2000 to september 2001, and separated into leaves, twigs, flowers, pods and mixed portions. undecomposed organic mantle was randomly sampled nearby collector boxes, to a total of 20 monthly samples, from which a 0.30 x 0.30 m composed sample was collected. the collected material was also hand separated into leaves, twigs, flowers, pods and mixed portions. all collected material was dried at 60°c until constant weight was achieved. highest monthly litter deposition and leaf and pod fractions occurred in october, probably due to initiation of dry period. litter deposition and stock were estimated at 7830.44 kg.ha-1.year-1 and 8906.9 kg.ha-1, respectively, with the leaf fraction dominating. leaf fraction was the richest in nutrient content.
Decomposi??o de serrapilheira em bosque de sabiá na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco
Freire, Joelma de Lira;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010000800006
Abstract: the research aimed to evaluate the decomposition of sabiá (mimosa caesalpiniifolia benth) litter fractions by using the nylon bag technique. the following litter fractions were incubated: senescent leaves, leaves at the beginning of mineralization, and branches with diameter up to 20 mm. incubation was performed during periods of 0, 4, 8, 16, 64, 100, and 256 days in 2006 and 2007. the fractions were distributed in a random block design with five replications. it was evaluated the disappearance of biomass, nitrogen (n), and phosphorus (p), concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus and the carbon/ nitrogen ratio of litter during the periods of incubation. in general, the negative exponential model explained the disappearance of biomass, nitrogen, and phosphorus, however, there was a variation among years and, in some cases, despite of being significant, the models showed a low correlation between predicted and observed data. biomass disappearance rate was slow because only 30% of leaf biomass was mineralized after 256 days of incubation. net nitrogen mineralization showed large variation among years, and it differed among the studied fractions. nitrogen content of the litter increased, on average, until 32 days (leaves) and until 64 days (branches) of incubation followed by stabilization. the linear plateau model was used to explain that process. in the course of the incubation periods, the carbon/nitrogen ration decreased. despite of the high content of nitrogen, the decomposition of sabiá litter is slow, what might reduce the loss of nutrients in the forest, increasing its sustainability and reducing the possible deleterious effects to the environment.
Deposi??o e composi??o química de serrapilheira em um bosque de sabiá
Freire, Joelma de Lira;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010000800005
Abstract: this research aimed to evaluate the deposition and chemical composition of the components of the existing and deposited litter in a sabiá (mimosa caesalpiniifolia benth) canopy. the experiment was carried out from august 2006 to july 2007. the evaluation of the existing and deposited litter was performed every 28 days using 20 squares with 1m2 randomly allocated and new areas were chosen for each evaluation. the canopy showed plants with an average diameter of 26.8 cm at breast height. monthly deposition of organic matter of leaves and branches during the experimental period was 15,167 kg and 3,373 kg/ha, respectively, and it increased during the highest precipitation period, in a 0.30 relationship with the accumulation, indicating higher accumulation than deposition. leaf proportion was 87% of the total litter, with means of 2.9% of nitrogen and 0.17% of phosphorus. the carbon/nitrogen ratio of leaves was below 30, while carbon/nitrogen ratio of the branches ranged from 30 to 40, proving a better quality for leaves. during the experimental period, deposition of nitrogen through litter was approximately 462 kg/ha and 30 kg/ha for phosphorus. litter deposition is essential for maintenance of soil fertility in a sabiá canopy and it contributes for conservation and sustainability of the canopy.
Efeito da fertiliza??o fosfatada na produ??o de raízes, liteira e nodula??o de Mimosa caesalpiniifolia benth
Caldas, Glauco Gouvêa;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Lira Junior, Mario de Andrade;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Saraiva, Felipe Martins;
Revista árvore , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-67622009000200005
Abstract: this work aimed to evaluate the effect of phosphorus fertilization on nodulation, litter deposition and root system development of m. caesalpiniifolia benth, before and after pruning, at the itambé experimental station of pernambuco agronomical institute - ipa in pernambuco, brazil. treatments were levels of phosphorus fertilization (0, 100 and 200 kg.ha-1 of p2o5) arranged in a randomized block design with six replicates in block i and seven in block ii, with the criterion for block formation being uniformization cut date. samplings were taken before and after pruning of the aerial part root length and root, nodule and litter dry matter had similar results before and after pruning. nodule numbers before pruning were 2, 15 and 6 for 0, 100 and 200 kg.ha-1 of p2o5, respectively, and 1, 6 and 7 after pruning. average root lengths ranged from 552 to 734 cm before and from 389 to 455 cm after pruning. the number of nodules presented variation only from august to november 2005, with values from 2 to 15 and from 1 to 7 nodules, before and after pruning, respectively.
Uso de descritores morfológicos e herdabilidade de caracteres em clones de capim-elefante de porte baixo
Silva, Sharlyton Harysson Barbosa da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Dubeux Junior, José Carlos Batista;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982009000800008
Abstract: the experiment was carried out with the objectives to evaluate the use of morphologic descriptor in the characterization and selection of dwarf elephant grass genotypes, and to evaluate the heritability of the evaluated traits. nine dwarf elephant grass clones were used (taiwan a.146 - 2.14, taiwan a.146 - 2.27, taiwan a.146 - 2.37, taiwan a.146 - 2.114, merker méxico - 6.2, merker méxico - 6.5, merker méxico - 6.31, cv. mott, and cnpgl92f198.7) was allotted to a randomized complete block design was used with three replications. the morphologic descriptors were applied every 60 days after the staging cut. a total of five cuts were performed at 60-day intervals using a height of 10 cm from ground level. among the evaluated dwarf elephant grass clones the tallest ones were more desirable, and this trait should be considered at the moment of selection. heritability estimate was high for all evaluated traits of dwarf elephant grass, varying from 66% for sheath wax to 100% for mid-rib color. the taiwan a.146 - 2.37 clone was similar to the mott cultivar. heritability values showed genetic variability among clones, detected at 60 days regrowth. some of the used morphologic descriptors allowed characterization of the evaluated genotypes. the clones taiwan a. 146-2.27, taiwan a. 146-2.37, taiwan a. 146-2.114, and merker méxico 6.31 were the tallest and showed greater total tillering intensity, and were more desirable, presenting greater potential for use under cutting.
Estimativa de parametros genéticos sob duas estratégias de avalia??o em híbridos intra e interespecíficos de capim-elefante
Assis, Liz Carolina da Silva Lagos Cortes;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010001200005
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the genetic parameters estimated in intra and interespecific hybrid families of elephant grass under two evaluation strategies: per se and genetically stratified mass selection. ten families of intraespecifc hybrids and ten families of interespecific hybrids were used. the characteristics evaluated were the following: plant height, plant agronomic score, dry matter content and dry matter production. it was estimated, for genetic parameters, heritability in the wide sense, variance, genetic and experimental variation coefficient and genetic, phenotypic and environmental correlation. the experiment was evaluated in a random block design with three repetitions. greater genetic variability for the studied characteristics were observed among the interespecific hybrids of elephant grass and pearl millet in comparison to the intraespecifc hybrids of elephant grass. heritability showed higher percentages for per se strategy among the studied hybrids. genetically stratified mass selection is less effective in removing the environmental effects aiming at improving experimental precision.
Efeitos da adi??o de vagens de algaroba sobre a composi??o química e a microbiota fúngica de silagens de capim-elefante
Batista, ?ngela Maria Vieira;Guim, Adriana;Souza, Iraci Saraiva;Lira, Krystyna Gourlach;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982006000100001
Abstract: the objective of this trial was to evaluate the chemical composition and fungal microbiota of different proportions of elephantgrass and mesquite pod silages: 100:0, 67:33, 34:66, and 0:100, respectively. a complete randomized design with four replications per treatment was used. the material was ensiled in pvc silos and remained sealed during a 120-days period. after opening the silos, silage samples were collected followed by fungi isolation and identification and determination of the chemical composition of the silages. addition of mesquite pod to elephantgrass silage decreased linearly the contents of ndf, adf, and ash while the opposite was observed for dm. a total of 490 colony forming units (cfu) was isolated per gram of material and showed the following distribution: 68, 101, 261, and 58 cfu/g of silage, respectively, on 100:0, 67:33, 34:66, and 0:100 treatments. increasing the proportions of mesquite pod in the silo changed the fungi microbiota of the silages. for instance, in the treatment containing only mesquite pod silage, a greater diversity of fungi species was observed despite the lower number of cfu/g of material. conversely, the treatment with 66% of mesquite pod showed greater fungi growth and lesser fungi species variety.
Sele??o de clones de palma forrageira resistentes à cochonilha-do-carmim (Dactylopius sp)
Vasconcelos, Andréa Guimar?es Vieira de;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Cavalcanti, Vanildo Leal Bezerra;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Willadino, Lilia;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982009000500007
Abstract: the experiment was carried out in a greenhouse from september 2001 to january 2002 to select several prickly-pear varieties resistant to cochineal carmine. twenty pricky-pear varieties were evaluated as a completely randomized experimental design with four replicates. the plants were artificially infested. the infestation level was evaluated by a 0 - 5 scale. the most resistants clone are "miúda" and "orelha de elefante".
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