oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

4 ( 1 )

2020 ( 10 )

2019 ( 689 )

2018 ( 866 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 452396 matches for " Márcio Vieira da;Lira "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /452396
Display every page Item
Estimativa de parametros genéticos sob duas estratégias de avalia??o em híbridos intra e interespecíficos de capim-elefante
Assis, Liz Carolina da Silva Lagos Cortes;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010001200005
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the genetic parameters estimated in intra and interespecific hybrid families of elephant grass under two evaluation strategies: per se and genetically stratified mass selection. ten families of intraespecifc hybrids and ten families of interespecific hybrids were used. the characteristics evaluated were the following: plant height, plant agronomic score, dry matter content and dry matter production. it was estimated, for genetic parameters, heritability in the wide sense, variance, genetic and experimental variation coefficient and genetic, phenotypic and environmental correlation. the experiment was evaluated in a random block design with three repetitions. greater genetic variability for the studied characteristics were observed among the interespecific hybrids of elephant grass and pearl millet in comparison to the intraespecifc hybrids of elephant grass. heritability showed higher percentages for per se strategy among the studied hybrids. genetically stratified mass selection is less effective in removing the environmental effects aiming at improving experimental precision.
Variabilidade e herdabilidade de caracteres morfológicos em clones de capim-elefante na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco
Silva, Ant?nio Luiz Cordeiro da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Silva, Maria da Concei??o;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010001000005
Abstract: this research was carried out at to evaluate the variability and heritability of morphologic traits in 54 elephant grass clones (three local controls and 51 from the renace/cnpgl) in the forest zone in pernambuco. it was used a complete randomized block design with additional controls. three cuts were performed on the 60th day of regrowth. there were significant differences for stem diameter, basal and aerial tillers density, width of leaf 3, length of leaf 5, leaf blade percentage, stem percentage, and leaf/stem ratio. clones of renace are similar to the ones traditionally cultivated in the conditions of forest zone in pernambuco regarded to morphological characters. cultivar pioneiro showed early flourishing in the environmental conditions of this study. number of basal and aerial/metter tillers showed good heritability, evidencing little influence of the environment on variability among the clones. considering the variability among renace clones for basal and aerial tillers/m and leaf/stem ratio and the high heritability of these characters, it is possible to obtain genetic gains for these traits in the elephant grass breeding program in the forest zone in pernambuco.
Análise de trilha em caracteres produtivos de Pennisetum sob corte em Itambé, Pernambuco
Silva?, M?nica Alixandrina da;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Santos, Mércia Virgínia Ferreira dos;Dubeux Junior, José Carlos Batista;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982008000700007
Abstract: this work aimed to estimate the correlation coefficients, determining the direct and indirect effects (path analysis) of explanatory independent variables on total dry matter production (main dependent variables) of five elephant grass clones in five cuts accomplished at the forest zone of pernambuco. each experimental plot measured 24 m2 with 2 m2 of utile area. there was high correlation between almost all the independent variables and the main variable. the characteristic leaf blade number per tiller, however, explained better the potential of dry matter production and leaf blade dry matter production, acting, respectively, in a direct and indirect way on the explanatory variables.
Variabilidade e herdabilidade de caracteres qualitativos relacionados à qualidade de forragem de clones de capim-elefante na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco
Silva, Ant?nio Luiz Cordeiro da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Pereira, Antonio Vander;Araújo, Gherman Garcia Leal de;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982011000100006
Abstract: the objective of this research was to evaluate variability and heritability of quantitative traits related to forage quality of 32 clones of elephant grass (three local controls, from zona da mata de pernambuco, and the remaining from renace/cnpgl). a complete randomized design was used with additional controls and analyses of variance was applied by using the procedure of families with controls between rows. evaluation was performed during the dry period, at 60 days of growth. it was observed significant differences among clones for the traits acid detergent of leaf blade and stem organic matter, with means of 34.05 and 78.83%, respectively. in general, heritability of qualitative traits was low, including null values for crude protein and neutral detergent fiber of leaf blade and in vitro digestibility of dry matter of leaf blade and stem. chemical composition and digestibility of evaluated clones were similar. there are few possibilities of gain in selection for qualitative traits considering the low variability and heritability of the studied characters.
Repetibilidade e respostas de características morfofisiológicas e produtivas de capim-elefante de porte baixo sob pastejo
Viana, Bruno Leal;Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Santos, Mércia Virgínia Ferreira dos;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Ferreira, Geane Dias Gon?alves;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2009001200024
Abstract: the objective of this study was to estimate the coefficients of repeatability and determination (r2) and the minimum number of measurements necessary to predict the real value of morphophysiological and yield variables, as well as the responses to sheep-grazing of dwarf elephant grass pasture. the experiment was carried out in a randomized block design with five treatments - taiwan a-146 2.27, taiwan a-146 2.37, taiwan a-146 2.114, merker méxico mx 6.31 and mott - and four replicates, over five grazing cycles, between september 2008 and april 2009. mean sward height, leaf area index (lai), light interception (li), mean leaf angles (mla), silage accumulation (sa) and silage accumulation rate (sar) were evaluated. for the variables lai, il and mean sward height of plants, in long cycles, only one measurement was necessary (r2 = 80%) to place them among the most predictable characteristics in the evaluation of elephant grass clones. assessments for sa and sar need longer experimental periods for greater reliability in the estimation of response variables. in dwarf elephant grass, light interception increases with sward height and lai.
Potential of Caatinga forage plants in ruminant feeding
Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Dubeux Junior, José Carlos Batista;Guim, Adriana;Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982010001300023
Abstract: caatinga is the most important biome for the livestock in the brazilian semi-arid region. this review paper aimed to present information on different forage aspects of caatinga vegetation for ruminant feeding. caatinga vegetation is formed mainly by shrubs and small trees, usually presenting thorns, deciduous leaves, and leaf abscission occurring frequently at the onset of the dry season. additional components of the botanical composition in this biome includes the families cactaceae, bromeliaceae, and a herbaceous component formed by grasses, legumes, and forbs, often presenting annual cycle. quantitative information of caatinga vegetation is scarce in the literature, mainly for the herbaceous stratum. methodological aspects such as lack of standardization across evaluations make comparison regarding forage potential of caatinga plant species difficult. index species must be identified within each caatinga type. quantitative aspects of biological n2 fixation by caatinga species have not been extensively studied. regarding forage nutritive value, it is necessary to study n availability for ruminants in caatinga plants, since large proportion of this element may bind to fiber components (adin). manipulation of caatinga vegetation is an alternative to change forage quantity and quality for grazing animals, affecting their performance as a result. studies measuring qualitative and quantitative variability of native forage resources from caatinga are mandatory in order to improve animal feeding management, with the ultimate goal of creating sustainable animal production based on caatinga vegetation.
Genótipos de capim-elefante sob pastejo no período de seca na Zona da Mata de Pernambuco: fatores relacionados à eficiência de pastejo
Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Apolinário, Valéria Xavier de Oliveira;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982007000200004
Abstract: the experiment was carried out to evaluate factors related to the grazing efficiency of five pennisetum sp. genotypes (ce 08 a.d., venezuela, hv-241, elephant b and hexaplóide) during the dry period in the forest zone of pernambuco. genotypes were managed under rotational stocking (44 days of resting and four days of grazing period). it was used a split-plot arrangement in a complete randomized block design (genotypes represented the plots; grazing cycles, the subplots). six replications were used to determine pre-grazing total leaf blade mass and green and senescent leaf blade mass. four replications were used for leaf blade accumulation and grazing efficiency and, for these variables, it was used a complete randomized blocks design. the ce 08 a.d. and elephant b presented greater pre-graze total leaf blade mass, green leaf blade, green leaf blade accumulation, and grazing efficiency, with averages of 1,374 kg dm/ha, 737 kg dm/ha, 654 kg dm/ha/44 days and 80% of the green leaf blade accumulation, respectively. the highest grazing efficiency (100% of the green leaf blade accumulation) occurred at the hv-241 pastures. this high grazing efficiency was associated to the low green leaf blade accumulation (155 kg of ms/ha/44 days). the lowest grazing efficiency was observed for the hexaplóide (59% of the green leaf blade accumulation), possibly due to high losses under grazing (30% of the pre-grazing total leaf blade mass). the green leaf blade mass decreased mostly until the second grazing day, while the losses of total leaf blade were higher in the second and third grazing days. the genotypes ce 08 a.d. and elephant b presented potential to be used under rotational stocking, in the pernambuco forest zone.
Características estruturais e morfológicas de genótipos de Pennisetum sp. sob pastejo no período de seca
Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Nunes, José Carlos;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982007000300004
Abstract: the experiment was carried out to study structural and morphologic characteristics of five pennisetum sp. genotypes (ce 08 a.d., venezuela, hv-241, elephant b and hexaplóide) under grazing during the dry period in pernambuco forest zone. genotypes were managed under rotational stocking (44 days of resting and four days of grazing period). the experimental design was randomized blocks in a split plot arrangement, and four replications. the genotypes represented the plots, and grazing cycles, the subplots. there was variation in the structural and morphologic characteristics of the pennisetum sp. genotypes. the ce 08 a.d. and elephant b presented high density of green leaf blade, low percentage of dead material and high density of remaining basal tillers and new aerial tillers, with averages of 5.0±0.4 kg dm/ha/cm; 33±0.2%; 22±0.2 and 146±0.4 tillers/m2, respectively. the hv-241 presented high participation of dead material in its aerial biomass (55.6±0.3%) due to high tiller mortality (19±0.3 and 114±0.4 basal and aerial dead tillers/m2, respectively). the genotypes ce 08 a.d. and elephant b had been distinguished as promising to be used under grazing in the dry period. the genotype hv-241, elephantgrass hybrid with pearl millet, was more affected by water stress during the dry period of the year.
Degrada??o ruminal da matéria seca de clones de capim-elefante em fun??o da rela??o folha/colmo
Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Lira, Mário de Andrade;Dubeux Júnior, José Carlos Batista;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Ferreira, Rinaldo Luiz Caraciolo;Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982006000500009
Abstract: the objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of leaf/stem ratio (l/s) in the in situ dry matter degradability (isdmd) of elephantgrass clones. the experiment was carried out at ipa experimental station, in vitória de sto. ant?o, pe. two groups of elephantgrass clones were studied: group i (cameroon, mercker méxico, três rios, elefante de pinda and gua?u/iz), characterized by its high l/s ratio, and group ii (ce 08 a.d., taiwan a-25, goiano, ce 03 a.d. and merc.), with low l/s ratio. samples of whole plant harvested in the 60th day of growth in the dry period were dried and milled and incubated in the rumen of the two crossbred bovines for 0, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 e 96 hours to determine the isdmd and ruminal fermentation parameters. the experimental design was randomized blocks in split-plot arrangement. there wasn't any significant difference between groups of elephantgrass as defined by their isdmd. the degradation characteristics averaged 79.40, 69.10, 26.90, 52.60, 20.60%, and 5.50%/h for potential degradability, effective degradability, soluble fraction, potentially degradable fraction, no degraded fraction, and degradation rate, respectively. the leaf/stem ratio did not influence the isdmd of elephantgrass clones.
Association between the morphological and productive characteristics in the selection of elephant grass clones
Cunha, Márcio Vieira da;Lira, Mario de Andrade;Santos, Mércia Virginia Ferreira dos;Freitas, Erinaldo Viana de;Dubeux Junior, José Carlos Batista;Mello, Alexandre Carneiro Le?o de;Martins, Kalina Gerciane Rodovalho;
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-35982011000300004
Abstract: the objectives in this work were to study the association between the morphological and productive characteristics in pennisetum sp. clones, and to identify the morphological characteristics responsible for the productivity in pennisetum cp. clones. the canonical correlations were evaluated and the path analysis was made from the simple genotypic correlation matrix between the morphological and productive characteristics of eight pennisetum sp. clones (taiwan a-146 2.37, taiwan a-146 2.27, taiwan-146 2.114, merker méxico mx 6.31, mott, hv-241, elefante b and iri-381). the canonical correlations were significant at 1% probability by the chi-square test. the first pair of canonic factors, with correlation of 0.9999, related the plants with the highest dry matter content to plants with lower leaf area indexes, light perception and leaf angle. the second pair of canonic factors, with correlation of 0.9999, related the plants with the highest dry matter production to the plants with higher basal tiller density, height, and low green leaf number per tiller. the results of the path analysis indicated that the light interception is determinant in dry matter content expression of pennisetum sp. clones, while the basal tiller density and plant height are responsible for dry matter production in these clones.
Page 1 /452396
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.