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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 401378 matches for " M Girija "
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Neurological complications of chickenpox
Girija A,Rafeeque M,Abdurehman K
Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology , 2007,
Abstract: Aim: To assess the neurological complications of chickenpox with prognosis. Background: The neurological complications occur in 0.03% of persons who get chickenpox. There is no universal vaccination against chicken pox in India. Most patients prefer alternate modalities of treatment. Hence these complications of chickenpox are likely to continue to occur. Study Design: A prospective study was conducted for 2 years (from March 2002) on the admitted cases with neurological complications after chickenpox (with rash or scar). Patients were investigated with CT/MRI, CSF study, EEG and nerve conduction studies and hematological workup. They were followed-up for 1 year and outcome assessed using modified Rankin scale. Results: The latency for the neurological complications was 4-32 days (mean: 16.32 days). There were 18 cases: 10 adults (64%) and 8 children (36%). Cerebellar ataxia (normal CT/MRI) was observed in 7 cases (32%) (mean age: 6.85 years). One patient (6 years) had acute right hemiparesis in the fifth week due to left capsular infarct. All these cases spontaneously recovered by 4 weeks. The age range of the adult patients was 13-47 years (mean: 27 years). The manifestations included cerebellar and pyramidal signs (n-4) with features of demyelination in MRI who recovered spontaneously or with methylprednisolone by 8 weeks. Patient with encephalitis recovered in 2 weeks with acyclovir. Guillain Barre syndrome of the demyelinating type (n-2) was treated with Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and they had a slow recovery by a modified Rankin scale (mRs) score of 3 and 2 at 6 months and 1 year, respectively. One case died after hemorrhage into the occipital infarct. There were two cases of asymmetrical neuropathy, one each of the seventh cranial and brachial neuritis. Conclusion: Spontaneous recovery occurs in post-chickenpox cerebellar ataxia. Rarely, serious complications can occur in adults. The demyelinating disorders, either of the central or peripheral nervous system, can be effectively managed using methylprednisolone or I/V IG.
Balance of Internal Drive, Ego and Super Ego through Self-Hypnosis  [PDF]
Cittoor Girija Navaneedhan
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2012.22025
Abstract: The paper discusses about the influence of Self-Hypnosis on the three important qualities determining the personality trait of an individual namely: Internal Drive (ID), Ego and Super Ego. Self-Hypnosis is a technique that regulates one’s own mind by setting attributes to achieve the basic goals in life having a wider range of variation from one individual to another. There is a constant conflict occurring in an individual’s mind between ID, Ego, and Super Ego throughout his life time till death. The paper work attempts to bring certain facts about the ID, Ego and Super Ego and how to balance between the three through Self-Hypnosis.
Reflective Teaching-Learning Process of Integrating Metaphorical Thinking and Visual Imagery  [PDF]
Cittoor Girija Navaneedhan
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2012.23047
Abstract: Reflective teaching-learning methodology is a self evaluation technique adopted by teachers to promote motivation within one’s own self in order to make teaching-learning process more interesting and effective task. “If the teacher integrates mind tools such as metaphorical thinking and visual imagery in his/her reflective teaching methodology, the teaching-learning process becomes more challenging, the teacher will develop radiant or divergent thinking as the result teaching-learning process becomes learner centered. The work shop targets teachers or teacher trainees to get acquainted with the technique of practicing metaphorical thinking and visual imagery in reflective teaching methodology. Metaphorical thinking [1] is a natural phenomenon of the human brain to find similarity between two different universes of meaning. Visual imagery is another natural phenomenon in which human brain associates text material with structures in one’s own mind’s eye. Integrating these two mind tools consciously in reflective teaching-learning process transforms the teachers as well as teacher trainees to highly self motivated individuals.
Moments and Cumulants of Diffraction Profiles Broadened by Stacking Faults  [PDF]
Girija Bhushan Mitra
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology (JCPT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2013.33017
Abstract: Line broadening in a diffraction intensity profile of powdered crystalline materials due to stacking fault has been characterized in terms of the zeroth, first, second, third, and fourth moments and the fourth cumulant. Calculations have been derived showing that the first moment causes a shift in the peak position of the profile while the third moment affects its shape. The intensity expression has been derived on the basis of usual Cartesian coordinates and also of polar coordinates indicated by the probability of the fault and the reciprocal lattice parameter as the two axes. The expressions for the fourth cumulant have also been so derived. Here we have used three different approaches to determine methods for calculating the fourth cumulant due to stacking faults. The three forms of the equations derived here are for different coordinate systems, but will arrive at the same answers.

Theoretical Model of Diffraction Line Profiles as Combinations of Gaussian and Cauchy Distributions  [PDF]
Girija Bhushan Mitra
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology (JCPT) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jcpt.2014.43019
Abstract:
Previously we derived equations determining line broadening in ax-ray diffraction profile due to stacking faults. Here, we will consider line broadening due to particle size and strain which are the other factors affecting line broadening in a diffraction profile. When line broadening in a diffraction profile is due to particle size and strain, the theoretical model of the sample under study is either a Gaussian or a Cauchy function or a combination of these functions, e.g. Voigt and Pseudovoigt functions. Although the overall nature of these functions can be determined by Mitra’s R(x) test and the Pearson and Hartley x test, details of a predicted model will be lacking. Development of a mathematical model to predict various parameters before embarking upon the actual experiment would enable correction of significant sources of error prior to calculations. Therefore, in this study, predictors of integral width, Fourier Transform, Second and Fourth Moment and Fourth Cumulant of samples represented by Gauss, Cauchy, Voigt and Pseudovoigt functions have been worked out. An additional parameter, the coefficient of excess, which is the ratio of the Fourth Moment to three times the square of the Second Moment, has been proposed. For a Gaussian profile the coefficient of excess is one, whereas for Cauchy distributions, it is a function of the lattice variable. This parameter can also be used for determining the type of distribution present in aggregates of distorted crystallites. Programs used to define the crystal structure of materials need to take this parameter into consideration.
Self-Analysis an Innovative Strategy in Teaching-Learning Psychology  [PDF]
C. Girija Navaneedhan
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.622245
Abstract: Self-analysis is an effective psychoanalytical technique to analyze one’s own personality and behavior. This technique is an effective approach in establishing concrete learning among knowledge seekers. The experiment is conducted on 50 teachers by applying self-analysis technique. For example, the concept to be taught is “Learning”, each teacher has to introspect on the topic “Learning” by answering the questionnaire on the components of “Learning” namely i) knowledge; 2) behavior; 3) skills and 4) values. Each of these components consists of 20 statements which analysis the concept “Learning” because knowledge, behavior, skills and values are the major outcome of “Learning”. By self-introspection every teacher arrives at clear specific learning objectives regarding the concept to be taught. This method helps the teachers to arrive at a clear picture to frame the lesson-plan to meet learning outcomes.
Fulminant citrobacter meningitis with multiple periventricular abscesses in a three-month-old infant
Anoop, P.;Anjay, M. A.;Vincent, Johny;Girija, B.;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702003000600013
Abstract: citrobacter, a gram-negative enteric bacillus, is a rare cause of septicemia and meningitis, seldom reported beyond the neonatal period. it is characterized by a fulminant clinical course and a high incidence of complications, including brain abscesses. we studied a three-month-old infant with citrobacter meningitis, who developed acute communicating hydrocephalus and multiple periventricular brain abscesses while on treatment. the patient died, despite intensive antibiotic treatment directed towards the causative organism, c. diversus.
(1E,4E)-1,5-Bis(thiophen-3-yl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one
S. Shalini,C. R. Girija,Mukesh M. Jotani,B. Rajashekhar
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2011, DOI: 10.1107/s160053681103248x
Abstract: The title compound, C13H10OS2, exhibits twists between the central C3O and ethene residues [O—C—C—C torsion angles = 8.4 (3) and 11.8 (3)°], and between the ethene and adjacent thiophenyl residues [C—C—C—C torsion angles = 4.2 (3) and 10.5 (3)°]. As a result, the molecule is non-planar, the dihedral angle formed between the terminal thiophenyl groups being 15.45 (10)°. The presence of C—H...O interactions involving the bifurcated carbonyl O atom leads to supramolecular arrays in the ac plane. These are linked into a three-dimensional architecture by C—H...π interactions involving both thiophenyl residues.
3-(4-Bromophenyl)quinazolin-4(3H)-one
T. Srinivasan,S. Suhitha,M. Gnana Ruba Priya,K. Girija
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2011, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536811040736
Abstract: In the title compound, C14H9BrN2O, the quinazoline unit is essentially planar, with a mean deviation of 0.058 (2) from the least-squares plane defined by the ten constituent ring atoms. The dihedral angle between the mean plane of the quinazoline ring system and the 4-bromophenyl ring is 47.6 (1)°. In the crystal, molecules are linked by intermolecular C—H...N and C—H...O hydrogen bonds, forming infinite chains of alternating R22(6) dimers and R22(14) ring motifs.
Aniridia-Wilms′ tumour syndrome-A case report
Vidyasagar M,Sagar Sudha,Kumar Girija,Rao PLNG
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology , 1992,
Abstract: Wilms′ tumour is rarely associated with sporadic non-familial congenital aniridia. A child with sporadic aniridia has a 25% chance of subsequently developing Wilms′ tumour. Unawareness of this association can lead to a delayed diagnosis of Wilms′ tumour. One such case in a 2 year old is reported. Wilms′ tumour, one of the common childhood malignancies, is associated with other congenital anomalies in about 15% of cases. These include hemihypertrophy, genitourinary abnormalities, mental retardation, aniridia etc. Sporadic non-familial aniridia was noted in only 1.1% of 547 children with Wilms′ tumours evaluated by the National Wilms′ Tumour study group. Unawareness on the part of a clinician about these associated anomalies can lead to an avoidable delay in diagnosing Wilms′ tumour. One such case in a two year old girl is being reported.
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