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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 408588 matches for " M Dan-Dzide "
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Diagnosis of tuberculosis in Ghana: The role of laboratory training
KK Addo, D Yeboah-Manu, M Dan-Dzide, K Owusu-darko, P Caulley, GI Mensah, M Minamikawa, C Lienhardt, FA Bonsu, D Ofori-Adjei
Ghana Medical Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Objectives: The laboratory is considered the cornerstone of tuberculosis (TB) control programme. International review of Ghana’s programme in the late nineties identified the laboratory services as the weakest component. Sputum smear microscopy (SSM) being the main method of diagnosing pulmonary TB in Ghana, the training objectives were to: (i) strengthen the knowledge and skills of laboratory personnel on SSM (ii) impart necessary techniques in biosafety and (iii) introduce a Quality Assurance (QA) system in order to strengthen SSM services. Methods: Personnel were selected for training during a nationwide situation analysis of SSM centres in 2000/2001. Four training sessions on SSM/QA were held between 2001/2004. Results: A total of 80 personnel were trained: 10 regional TB coordinators and 70 laboratory personnel. The participants upon return to their respective regions also organized training within their districts. This approach resulted in another 100 district TB coordinators and 200 laboratory personnel being trained. Improvement in smear preparation, staining and reading ability of the participants were observed during the post-test and subsequent visit to their respective laboratories. The training has led to strengthening of TB laboratory services in the country and has contributed to increase in case detection from 10,745 in 2000 to 11,827 in 2004 and 14,022 in 2008. It was observed during the post-training follow-up and quarterly supervision visits that morale of the personnel was high. Conclusion: Continuous training and re-training of laboratory personnel on SSM and QA at regular intervals do play an important role for effective and efficient TB control programme.
Performance Analysis of Thermal Vapour Compression Desalination System Coupled to Cogeneration Nuclear Power Plant
P. Asiedu-Boateng,S. Yamoah,F. Ameyaw,S. Dzide
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Nuclear desalination of seawater has been identified as one of the affordable means of fresh water production. However this can only be achieved by the design of energy efficient desalination systems. This study focused on cycle analysis of the cogeneration nuclear power plant. A theoretical model of the Thermo Vapour Compression (TVC) desalination process was also developed and coupled to the cogeneration nuclear power plant. The modeled coupled system was developed on the computer code, NUCDES using FORTRAN language to investigate the effect of design and operating parameters on parameters controlling the cost of producing fresh water from TVC process. The results showed that the performance of the TVC desalination process and the efficiency of the cogeneration nuclear power improve with the motive steam pressure.
Multi-criteria decision model for retrofitting existing buildings
M. D. Bostenaru Dan
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2004,
Abstract: Decision is an element in the risk management process. In this paper the way how science can help in decision making and implementation for retrofitting buildings in earthquake prone urban areas is investigated. In such interventions actors from various spheres are involved. Their interests range among minimising the intervention for maximal preservation or increasing it for seismic safety. Research was conducted to see how to facilitate collaboration between these actors. A particular attention was given to the role of time in actors' preferences. For this reason, on decision level, both the processural and the personal dimension of risk management, the later seen as a task, were considered. A systematic approach was employed to determine the functional structure of a participative decision model. Three layers on which actors implied in this multi-criteria decision problem interact were identified: town, building and element. So-called 'retrofit elements' are characteristic bearers in the architectural survey, engineering simulations, costs estimation and define the realms perceived by the inhabitants. This way they represent an interaction basis for the interest groups considered in a deeper study. Such orientation means for actors' interaction were designed on other levels of intervention as well. Finally, an 'experiment' for the implementation of the decision model is presented: a strategic plan for an urban intervention towards reduction of earthquake hazard impact through retrofitting. A systematic approach proves thus to be a very good communication basis among the participants in the seismic risk management process. Nevertheless, it can only be applied in later phases (decision, implementation, control) only, since it serves verifying and improving solution and not developing the concept. The 'retrofit elements' are a typical example of the detailing degree reached in the retrofit design plans in these phases.
Videokonference i forskningsnettet - muligheder, erfaringer og teknologi
Dan M?nster
Tidsskriftet for Universiteternes Efter- og Videreuddannelse , 2004,
Abstract: F rste gang publiceret i UNEV nr. 3: Internet Video: Teknik og p dagogik m des p nettet, april - juni 2004, red. Jens D rup. ISSN 1603-5518. Videokonference anvendes i stigende grad af de danske universiteter, b de til samarbejde universiteterne imellem og til samarbejde med udenlandske partnere. Teknologien og netv rket leverer en kvalitet og stabilitet, der g r videokonference til et brugbart alternativ og supplement til fysiske m der eller tilstedev relsesundervisning. Forskningsnettet stiller den n dvendige infrastruktur til r dighed, som g r det lettere at anvende teknologien, og som giver mulighed for at koble to eller flere lokaliteter sammen i ét virtuelt m de. I denne artikel vil jeg, udover at beskrive teknologien, ogs komme med eksempler p , hvordan videokonference i de seneste r er blevet anvendt af de danske universiteter, og der vil blive givet konkrete anvisninger p , hvorledes man benytter Forskningsnettets videokonferencetjeneste. Endelig er der sidst i artiklen en ordliste og nogle referencer til yderligere l sning om emnet.
Multidisciplinary co-operation in building design according to urbanistic zoning and seismic microzonation
M. Bostenaru Dan
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2005,
Abstract: Research and practice in seismology and urban planning interfere concerning the impact of earthquakes on urban areas. The roles of sub-area wide or typological divisions of the town were investigated with the methodology of regression, regarding their contribution to urban earthquake risk management. The inductive data set comprised recovery, preparedness, mitigation and resilience planning. All timely constituted planning types are refound today as layers, as the zoning results are used by differently backgrounded actors: local authorities, civil protection, urban planners, civil engineers. In resilience planning, the urban system is complexly theoretised, then integratedly approached. The steady restructuring process of the urban organism is evident in a dynamic analysis. Although expressed materially, the 'urban-frame' is realised spiritually, space adaptation being also social. A retrospective investigation of the role of resilient individual buildings within the urban system of Bucharest, Romania, was undertaken, in order to learn systemic lessons considering the street, an educational environment. (In)formation in the study and decision making process stay in a reciprocal relationship, both being obliged in the (in)formation of the public opinion. For a complete view on resilience, both zoning types, seismic and urbanistic, must be considered and through their superposition new sub-area wide divisions of the town appear, making recommendations according to the vulnerability of the building type.
Review of retrofit strategies decision system in historic perspective
M. D. Bostenaru Dan
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2004,
Abstract: Urban development is a process. In structuring and developing its phases different actors are implied, who act under different, sometimes opposite, dynamic conditions and within different reference systems. This paper aims to explore the contribution of participatism to disaster mitigation, when this concerns earthquake impact on urban settlements, through the support provided to multi-criteria decision in matters of retrofit. The research broadness in field of decision making on one side and the lack of a specific model for the retrofit of existing buildings on another side led to an extensive review of the state of the art in related models to address the issue. Core idea in the selection of existing models has been the preoccupation for collaborative issues, in other words, the consideration for the different actors implied in the planning process. The historic perspective on participative planning models is made from the view of two generations of citizen implication. The first approaches focus on the participation of the building owner/inhabitant in the planning process of building construction. As current strategies building rehabilitation and selection from alternative retrofit strategies are presented. New developments include innovative models using the internet or spatial databases. The investigated participation approaches show, that participation and communication as a more comprehensive term are an old topic in the field politics-democratisation-urbanism. In all cases it can be talked of 'successful learning processes', of the improvement of the level of the professional debate. More than 30 years history of participation marked a transition in understanding the concept: from participation, based on a central decision process leading to a solution controlled and steered by the political-administrative system, to communication, characterised by simultaneous decision processes taking place outside politics and administration in co-operative procedures.
Mineralization, Grain Growth and Disk Structure: Observations of the Evolution of Dust in Protoplanetary Disk
Dan M. Watson
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: During the past five years, the Spitzer Space Telescope and improved ground-based facilities have enabled a huge increase in the number of circumstellar disks, around young stars of Solar mass or smaller, in which the composition of the solid component has been studied with complete mid-infrared spectra. With these samples we can assess observationally the evolution of dust through the planet-forming era, in parallel with the evolution of the composition and structure of protoplanetary disks. Here we will review the progress in this endeavour, with emphasis on objects in nearby associations and star-formation regions, and on the methods by which dust composition is determined from the infrared spectra of young stellar objects.
Stability Threshold for Multiadditive and Symmetric Mappings
Dan M. Daianu
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We extend the Z. Gajda's result concerning the stability threshold for additive mappings to the n-additive and symmetric functions.
Enjoyment of exercise moderates the impact of a school-based physical activity intervention
Margaret Schneider, Dan M Cooper
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-64
Abstract: Adolescent girls with a low level of baseline activity who participated in a controlled trial of an intervention to promote increased physical activity participation (n = 122) self-reported their enjoyment of exercise and physical activity participation at baseline, mid-way through the intervention, and at the end of the 9-month intervention period. At all three time points, participants also underwent assessments of cardiovascular fitness (VO2peak) and body composition (percent body fat). Repeated measures analysis of variance examined the relationship of baseline enjoyment to change in physical activity, cardiovascular fitness, body composition and enjoyment of exercise.A significant three-way interaction between time, baseline enjoyment, and group assignment (p < .01) showed that baseline enjoyment moderated the effect of the intervention on vigorous activity. Within the intervention group, girls with low enjoyment of exercise at baseline increased vigorous activity from pre-to post-intervention, and girls with high baseline enjoyment of exercise showed no pre-post change in vigorous activity. No differences emerged in the comparison group between low-and high-enjoyment girls.Adolescent girls responded differently to a physical activity promotion intervention depending on their baseline levels of exercise enjoyment. Girls with low enjoyment of exercise may benefit most from a physical-education based intervention to increase physical activity that targets identified barriers to physical activity among low-active adolescent girls.Evidence for the health-enhancing effects of physical activity continues to accrue, with many studies demonstrating the detrimental effects of inactivity [1,2]; yet, within the past century there has been a distressing increase in the prevalence of physical inactivity. In particular, rates of activity decline precipitously during adolescence [3], thus making the promotion of physical activity in this age group a public health priority [4]
Robust Prognostic Gene Expression Signatures in Bladder Cancer and Lung Adenocarcinoma Depend on Cell Cycle Related Genes
Garrett M. Dancik, Dan Theodorescu
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0085249
Abstract: Few prognostic biomarkers are approved for clinical use primarily because their initial performance cannot be repeated in independent datasets. We posited that robust biomarkers could be obtained by identifying deregulated biological processes shared among tumor types having a common etiology. We performed a gene set enrichment analysis in 20 publicly available gene expression datasets comprising 1968 patients having one of the three most common tobacco-related cancers (lung, bladder, head and neck) and identified cell cycle related genes as the most consistently prognostic class of biomarkers in bladder (BL) and lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). We also found the prognostic value of 13 of 14 published BL and LUAD signatures were dependent on cell cycle related genes, supporting the importance of cell cycle related biomarkers for prognosis. Interestingly, no prognostic gene classes were identified in squamous cell lung carcinoma or head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Next, a specific 31 gene cell cycle proliferation (CCP) signature, previously derived in prostate tumors was evaluated and found predictive of outcome in BL and LUAD cohorts in univariate and multivariate analyses. Specifically, CCP score significantly enhanced the predictive ability of multivariate models based on standard clinical variables for progression in BL patients and survival in LUAD patients in multiple cohorts. We then generated random CCP signatures of various sizes and found sets of 10–15 genes had robust performance in these BL and LUAD cohorts, a finding that was confirmed in an independent cohort. Our work characterizes the importance of cell cycle related genes in prognostic signatures for BL and LUAD patients and identifies a specific signature likely to survive additional validation.
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