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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2923 matches for " Lynette Lewis "
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Knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about HIV/AIDS of Sudanese and Bantu Somali immigrant women living in Omaha, Nebraska  [PDF]
Shingairai Feresu, Lynette Smith
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2013.31011
Abstract: A needs assessment of the knowledge, attitudes, practices, and beliefs about HIV/AIDS prevention was conducted among 100 Sudanese and Bantu Somali women immigrants aged 19 years and older, recruited through a community organization between April and July 2006. Information was collected by interview using interpreters to administer a 60-item test and a 116-item questionnaire that had been translated into Nuer and Arabic. Women in this study had low levels of education, poor knowledge about HIV transmission and prevention and safer sex practices, and poor attitudes to HIV/AIDS. They believe that HIV/AIDS is a punishment from God, HIV-positive people should be separated from society, carrying a condom indicates having loose morals, women should not experience sexual pleasure, and men should decide when and how to have sexual intercourse. Education, gender, and cultural beliefs are critical in the spread of HIV. Efforts to educate immigrant and displaced populations, particularly women, are essential.
A High-Performing and Cost-Effective SNP Genotyping Method Using rhPCR and Universal Reporters  [PDF]
Kristin Beltz, Daniel Tsang, Junzhou Wang, Scott Rose, Yun Bao, Yu Wang, Katelyn Larkin, Susan Rupp, Daniela Schrepfer, Krishnalekha Datta, Keith Gunderson, Chris Sailor, Scott Hansen, Joseph Dobosy, Lynette Lewis, Aurita Menezes, Joseph Walder, Mark Behlke, Caifu Chen
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2018.99034
Abstract: We have developed a novel dual enzyme chemistry called rhAmp® SNP genotyping based on RNase H2-dependent PCR (rhPCR) that provides high signal and specificity for SNP analysis. rhAmp SNP genotyping combines a unique two-enzyme system with 3’ end blocked DNA-RNA hybrid primers to interrogate SNP loci. Activation of the blocked primers occurs upon hybridization to its perfectly matched target, which eliminates or greatly reduces primer dimers. A thermostable hot-start RNase H2 cleaves the primer immediately 5’ of the ribose sugar, releasing the blocking group and allowing primer extension. PCR specificity is further improved with the use of a mutant Taq DNA polymerase, resulting in improved allelic discrimination. Signal generation is obtained using a universal reporter system which requires only two reporter probes for any bi-allelic SNP. 1000 randomly selected SNPs were chosen to validate the 95% design rate of the design pipeline. A subsampling of 130 human SNP targets was tested and achieved a 98% call rate, and 99% call accuracy. rhAmp SNP genotyping assays are compatible with various qPCR instruments including QuantStudioTM 7 Flex, CFX384TM, IntelliQube®, and Biomark HDTM. In comparison to TaqMan®, rhAmp SNP genotyping assays show higher signal (Rn) and greater cluster separation, resulting in more reliable SNP genotyping performance. The rhAmp SNP genotyping solution is suited for high-throughput SNP genotyping applications in humans and plants.
Review of 'Gender Inclusive Engineering Education'. Authors Julie Mills, Mary Ayre and Judith Gill.
Lynette Willoughby
International Journal of Gender, Science and Technology , 2011,
Abstract:
Reduction in the Corrosion Rate of Magnesium and Magnesium Alloy Specimens and Implications for Plain Fully Bioresorbable Coronary Artery Stents: A Review  [PDF]
Gladius Lewis
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2016.44055
Abstract: The most popular treatment/management modality for coronary artery disease, which is one of the leading causes of death, is percutaneous transluminal coronary intervention (popularly known as “plain old balloon angioplasty”) followed by implantation of a stent (“stenting”). Stent types have evolved from bare metal stents through first-generation drug-eluting stents to fully bioresorbable stents (FBRSs). Two examples of FBRSs are 1) Mg scaffold with no coating; and 2) Mg alloy scaffold coated with a bioresorbable polymer in which an anti-proliferative drug is embedded. In the case of Mg/Mg alloy FBRSs, one of the reported clinical results is that the resorption time of the stent is too short (in vivo resorption time (and, hence, improving the clinical efficacy) of the current generation of fully-bioresorbable Mg/Mg-alloy stents as well as guide the development of the next generation of these stents.
Women's Contribution to Rural Development in Croatia: Roles, Participation and Obstacles
Lynette iki -Mi anovi
Eastern European Countryside , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10130-009-0005-5
Abstract: Unequal access to formal employment, decision-making power and social prestige can lead to vulnerabilities and social exclusion especially in rural areas. Feminist researchers and advocates for women assert that the preservation of agriculture, family farming and diverse rural culture in particular depend on the empowerment and participation of women (Hoff 1992, p. 79). In this paper, I attempt to evaluate rural/farm women's position and the extent of their vulnerability and social exclusion in an area of Slavonia in the eastern part of Croatia. Specifically, I use interview and fieldwork data to identify and elaborate their roles, participation in decision-making, and the obstacles/constraints that rural women face in these rural communities to evaluate the extent of their contribution to rural development. Further, it is my intention to explore if rural women represent an untapped resource in rural spaces that would contribute to rural development and raise the quality of life in these areas.
Each Sheep with Its Mate: Marking Race and Legitimacy in Cuban Catholic Parish Archives, 1890-1940
Enid Lynette Logan
New West Indian Guide , 2010,
Abstract: Examines the politics of racialization in Cuba from the period after full emancipation to the restrictive immigration policy of the 1930s, through an analysis of the record-keeping practices of the Cuban Catholic Church. The study uses baptismal and marital records to record information on the intimate, racialized, and gendered domains of Cuban social life. Author points out that certain policies adopted by religious authoritites gestured towards inclusivism and egalitarianism, others served to reinforce hierarchies based upon race and rank.
Infectious Events Prior to Chemotherapy Initiation in Children with Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Carol Portwine, David Mitchell, Donna Johnston, Biljana Gillmeister, Marie-Chantal Ethier, Rochelle Yanofsky, David Dix, Sonia Cellot, Victor Lewis, Victoria Price, Mariana Silva, Shayna Zelcer, Lynette Bowes, Bruno Michon, Kent Stobart, Josee Brossard, Joseph Beyene, Lillian Sung
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061899
Abstract: Background The primary objective was to describe infectious complications in children with acute myeloid leukemia from presentation to the healthcare system to initiation of chemotherapy and to describe how these infections differ depending on neutropenia. Methods We conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study that included children and adolescents with acute myeloid leukemia diagnosed and treated at 15 Canadian centers. We evaluated infections that occurred between presentation to the healthcare system (for symptoms that led to the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia) until initiation of chemotherapy. Results Among 328 children, 92 (28.0%) were neutropenic at presentation. Eleven (3.4%) had sterile-site microbiologically documented infection and four had bacteremia (only one Gram negative). Infection rate was not influenced by neutropenia. No child died from an infectious cause prior to chemotherapy initiation. Conclusion It may be reasonable to withhold empiric antibiotics in febrile non-neutropenic children with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia until initiation of chemotherapy as long as they appear well without a clinical focus of infection. Future work could examine biomarkers or a clinical score to identify children presenting with leukemia and fever who are more likely to have an invasive infection.
Response of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to autumn applied saflufenacil  [PDF]
Lynette R. Brown, Nader Soltani, Christy Shropshire, Peter H. Sikkema
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/as.2012.35091
Abstract: There is limited information on the effect of saflufenacil application timing when applied in autumn to winter wheat. Five field experiments were conducted over a three-year period (2007- 2009) at two locations (Ridgetown and Exeter, Ontario) to evaluate the tolerance of winter wheat to autumn applications of saflufenacil applied pre-plant (PP), pre-emergence (PRE), or post-emergence (POST) at 25, 50, 100 and 200 g a.i. ha-1. As the dose of saflufenacil increased, the amount of injury observed also increased. By May of the following spring, injury ranged from 11 to 20% at the 25 to 200 g a.i. ha-1 doses of saflufenacil. Saflufenacil applied PP and PRE caused little to no injury in winter wheat. Saflufenacil applied POST and POST + Merge in the autumn caused up to 41% injury with the POST + Merge application being the most injurious. However, this injury was transient with no effect on winter wheat height or yield the following summer.
Tolerance of Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and Under Seeded Red Clover (Trifolium pretense L.) to Fall Applied Post-Emergent Broadleaf Herbicides  [PDF]
Kristen E. McNaughton, Lynette R. Brown, Peter H. Sikkema
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.59139
Abstract:

The fall application of post-emergent (POST) herbicides on winter wheat provided effective control of emerged winter annual, biennial, and perennial broadleaf weeds. In recent years, wheat producers have seen a shift to these weeds, due in part, to the adoption of reduced-and no-tillage practices and the use of non-residual herbicides such as glyphosate in the preceding soybean and corn crops. The tolerance of winter wheat to ten herbicides, applied POST in the fall, was evaluated between 2008 and 2011 at Exeter and Ridgetown, Ontario. Winter wheat yield was not reduced by applications of MCPA ester, dicamba/ MCPA/ mecoprop, clopyralid, bromoxynil/ MCPA, thifensulfuron /tribenuron +MCPA ester, fluroxypyr +MCPA ester, and pyrasulfotole/ bromoxynil. In contrast, 2,4-D ester and dichlorprop/2,4-D, caused visible injury in June and July of the following year and consistently decreased winter wheat yield by at least 10%. Applications of 100 g a.i. ha-1 saflufenacil also decreased winter wheat yield in two of the four harvest years examined. None of the herbicide options examined were safe on red clover when it was under seeded the spring following winter wheat planting. All herbicides significantly decreased red clover dry biomass one month after wheat harvest.

Behavioral Characteristics of Pharmacologically Selected Lines of Rats: Relevance to Depression  [PDF]
Darin J. Knapp, Lynette C. Daws, David H. Overstreet
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2014.43026
Abstract:

This brief review discusses the behavioral consequences of two pharmacologically selected lines of rats. Flinders Sensitive (FSL) and Flinders Resistant (FRL) Lines of rats were selected on the basis of differential hypothermic and behavioral responses to the anticholinesterase, diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP). FSL rats are more sensitive to the hypothermic effects of cholinergic, serotonergic, and dopaminergic agonists but less sensitive to the locomotor or stereotypic effects of dopamine agonists. FSL rats exhibit greater immobility in the forced swim test and reduced social interaction compared with FRL rats, but do not differ in saccharin intake, behavior in the elevated plus maze, or responses for rewarding brain self-stimulation. The exaggerated immobility and reduced social interaction are counteracted by chronic treatment with antidepressants. Because FSL rats were more sensitive to 5-HT1A receptor agonists, high (HDS) and low (LDS) 8-OH-DPATsensitive lines were selectively bred for differential hypothermic responses to the 5-HT1A receptor agonist, 8-hydroxy-2-(di-N-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT). HDS rats were also more sensitive to the hypothermic effects of oxotremorine, a cholinergic agonist, but selection for this response did not diverge with later selection. HDS rats exhibited greater immobility in the forced swim test than LDS rats and this correlated response could be seen early in selection (generation 3). HDS rats also showed reduced social interaction compared to LDS rats, but did not differ in behavior in the elevated plus maze. These findings confirm that selection for hypothermic responses to pharmacological agents do have behavioral consequences, notably the production of depressive-like phenotypes, which can be counteracted by chronic antidepressant treatment. Because increased 5-HT1A receptor sensitivity was common to both selected lines (FSL and HDS), neurobiological processes dependent on this receptor could contribute to the abnormal behaviors that manifest in these rat lines and thus suggesting a mechanism underlying depressive behaviors in humans. However, available human data are inconsistent with this hypothesis and suggest that other mechanisms underlie these behavioral abnormalities in HDS and FSL rats. These mechanisms as well as additional behavioral testing in these rat lines will be

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