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The antibiotic utilization at the university dentistry clinical center of Kosovo  [PDF]
Fehim Haliti, Naim Haliti, Ferit Ko?ani, Agim Begzati, Fatmir Dragidella, Luljeta Ferizi, Lumnije Krasniqi, Dafina Doberdoli, Shqiprim Bajrami, Shaip Krasniqi
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2013.39080
Abstract:

Antibiotic drugs are a very important drug group considering their frequent use, safety profile and their impact on bacterial resistance induction. Aim: To investigate the utilization of antibiotic drugs at the University Dentistry Clinical Center of Kosovo (UDCCK). Methodology: Retrospective and descriptive study. Patient records were used as a data source collected for a period of 3 months. The total number of registered outpatients in the UDCCK was 1117 patients. The data analysis was performed using the WHO methodology and results were expressed in DDD per 1000 inhabitants per day. Results: The total prescription of antibiotics at UDCCK was 7.18 DDD/ 1000 inhabitants/day. Antibiotics were prescribed for 86 or 7.70% of patients. The most commonly prescribed antibiotic was Amoxicillin with clavulonic acid 3.12 (43.45%) DDD, followed by Metronidazole 2.31 DDD and Amoxicillin 1.25 DDD. Erythromycin and Cefalexin were prescribed evidently less compared to other antibiotics (0.38 and 0.12 DDD/1000 inhabitant/day, respectively). Conclusions: The quantitative analysis showed no rationality of prescription of antibiotics in UDCCK. Generally, the use of antibiotics in both departments of UDCCK is higher compared to other countries. We recommend the implementation of restrictive prescription standards for antibiotics.

Human Rights of Irregular Immigrants: A Challenge for the Universality of Human Rights
Luljeta Ikonomi
Academicus : International Scientific Journal , 2013, DOI: 10.7336/academicus.2013.08.04
Abstract: Irregular immigration is a phenomenon with a substantial impact for the majority of the countries. The paper analyses whether there is an adequate human rights framework for protection of irregular immigrants or whether the irregular status exempts the migrants from the protection of international human rights law. If this is the case, then the human rights universality has failed. The paper takes into consideration the developments in the International and EU Law, as well as in the jurisprudence of the international tribunals regarding protection of irregular immigrants. It is divided into three main sections. The first section informs briefly on the dynamics of irregular immigrants; the second section analyses the legislation on irregular immigration from the perspective of the state sovereignty, the third section analyses the human rights law and the protection it affords to irregular immigrants, pursuant to the interpretation of International tribunals.
Prevalence of Aspirin-Induced Asthma in Certain Group of Kosovo Population and its Presentation
Luljeta Neziri Ahmetaj,Fatime Kokollari,Violeta Lokaj
Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Background. Aspirin-induced asthma (AIA) is characterized by onset of asthma attack 30 minutes to 3 hours after ingestion of aspirin or NSAIDs (Non steroid anti-inflammatory drugs). The typical reaction may be accompanied by intense rhinorhea, periorbital edema with conjunctival irritation and facial flushing. Often, at physical examination, nasal polyposis and serum eosinophilia are notable.Aim: The aim of this study is to identify the behavior of aspirin induced asthma in a certain group of Kosovo population, in terms of age and its presentation.Material and methods. At the University Hospital Centre in Prishtina, 172 adult patients with asthma were diagnosed, while 16 (9.3 %) of them were with aspirin-induced asthma (f/m=12/4). Results. The average age was 40.2 years. Nine of them showed triad of symptoms (aspirin-intolerance, asthma, nasal polyposis) while 7 (43.7%) showed tetrad of symptoms (aspirin-intolerance, asthma, nasal polyposis, and sinusitis). Total IgE levels were increased only in 3 patients (18.8%), while eosinophilia was increased only in 8 (50%) of the patients. The skin prick test with standard set of inhalant allergens was positive only in 3 patients (18.8%). There was no correlation between in vitro and in vivo tests.Conclusion. Since there is no reliable in vitro test for the diagnosis of aspirin sensitivity, definitive diagnosis requires an oral or nasal aspirin challenge, which needs to be performed in a hospital.
A New Fixed Point Theorem on Generalized Quasimetric Spaces
Luljeta Kikina,Kristaq Kikina,Kristaq Gjino
ISRN Mathematical Analysis , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/457846
Abstract:
A Rare Clinical Presentation of Darier’s Disease
Mybera Ferizi,Antigona Begolli-Gerqari,Bostjan Luzar,Fisnik Kurshumliu,Mergita Ferizi
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/419797
Abstract: Darier’s disease, also known as keratosis follicularis or dyskeratosis follicularis, is a rare disorder of keratinization. It is an autosomal dominant genodermatosis with high penetrance and variable expressivity. Its manifestation appears as hyperkeratotic papules, primarily affecting seborrheic areas on the head, neck, and thorax and less frequently on the oral mucosa. When oral manifestations are present, the palatal and alveolar mucosae are primarily affected. They are usually asymptomatic and are discovered in routine dental examination. Histologically, the lesions are presented as suprabasal clefts in the epithelium with acantholytic and dyskeratotic cells represented by “corps ronds and grains”. This paper reports a case of a 53-year-old woman that was admitted to our clinic with more than 10-year history of keratotic papules, presented on the hands and feet, nose, ears, genitalia, and whitish lesions on palatal mucosae. 1. Introduction Darier’s disease or keratosis follicularis is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis, which is characterized by greasy, crusted, keratotic, yellow brown warty papules and plaques particularly over seborrhoeic areas. Although this is a genetically transmitted disease according to a larger series, about 47% of patients had no clear family history, presumably because of incomplete penetrance [1]. The disease is caused by mutations in the ATP 2A gene, which encodes the sarcoendoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase [1]. This disease was first describe by Prince Marrow in 1886 and simultaneously by Darrier and White in 1889, independently. In 1917, the first case with oral manifestation was reported by Reenstierna [2]. The prevalence of this disorder in population is 1?:?100,000. The sex incidence is equal, although the males appear to be more severely affected than females [2–4]. The oral mucosa is affected in 50% of the cases [4], and lesions are usually asymptomatic and discovered during routine dental examination [5, 6]. Lesions are represented by multiple firm papules with normal, whitish, or reddish color, primarily affecting the palatal and alveolar mucosa. Histologically, the lesions are presented as suprabasal clefts in the epithelium, with acantholysis and dyskeratotic cells presented as “corps ronds” and “corps grains “Corps ronds” are larger structures usually presented in the granular layer and consist of irregular eccentric and sometimes pyknotic nuclei [7]. Precipitating factors include heat and humidity, mechanical trauma like friction, sunlight, and secondary bacterial infections [8]. Associated anomalies
An Active Constraint Method for Distributed Routing, and Power Control in Wireless Networks
Alban Ferizi,Armin Dekorsy,Joerg Fliege,Larissa Popova
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking , 2009, DOI: 10.1155/2009/656832
Abstract: Efficiently transmitting data in wireless networks requires joint optimization of routing, scheduling, and power control. As opposed to the universal dual decomposition we present a method that solves this optimization problem by fully exploiting our knowledge of active constraints. The method still maintains main requirements such as optimality, distributed implementation, multiple path routing and per-hop error performance. To reduce the complexity of the whole problem, we separate scheduling from routing and power control, including it instead in the constraint set of the joint optimization problem. Apart from the mathematical framework we introduce a routing and power control decomposition algorithm that uses the active constraint method, and we give further details on its distributed application. For verification, we apply the distributed RPCD algorithm to examples of wireless mesh backhaul networks with fixed nodes. Impressive convergence results indicate that the distributed RPCD algorithm calculates the optimum solution in one decomposition step only.
An Active Constraint Method for Distributed Routing, and Power Control in Wireless Networks
Ferizi Alban,Dekorsy Armin,Fliege Joerg,Popova Larissa
EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking , 2009,
Abstract: Efficiently transmitting data in wireless networks requires joint optimization of routing, scheduling, and power control. As opposed to the universal dual decomposition we present a method that solves this optimization problem by fully exploiting our knowledge of active constraints. The method still maintains main requirements such as optimality, distributed implementation, multiple path routing and per-hop error performance. To reduce the complexity of the whole problem, we separate scheduling from routing and power control, including it instead in the constraint set of the joint optimization problem. Apart from the mathematical framework we introduce a routing and power control decomposition algorithm that uses the active constraint method, and we give further details on its distributed application. For verification, we apply the distributed RPCD algorithm to examples of wireless mesh backhaul networks with fixed nodes. Impressive convergence results indicate that the distributed RPCD algorithm calculates the optimum solution in one decomposition step only.
A Rare Clinical Presentation of Darier’s Disease
Mybera Ferizi,Antigona Begolli-Gerqari,Bostjan Luzar,Fisnik Kurshumliu
Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/419797
Abstract:
Elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in periodontitis patients in Kosovo: A pilot study  [PDF]
Zana Sllamniku-Dalipi, Hasan Mehmeti, Fatmir Dragidella, Ferit Ko?ani, Metush Disha, Kastriot Meqa, Luljeta Begolli, Gramos Begolli
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2013.31007
Abstract:


The following article has been retracted due to the investigation of complaints received against it. The Editorial Board found that the same contents have been published in another journal at the same time. The scientific community takes a very strong view on this matter, and the Open Journal of Stomatology treats all unethical behavior such as plagiarism seriously. This paper published in Vol.3 No.1 32-38, 2013 has been removed from this site.

Title: Elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in periodontitis patients in Kosovo: A pilot study

Authors: Zana Sllamniku-Dalipi, Hasan Mehmeti, Fatmir Dragidella, Ferit Kocani, Metush Disha, Kastriot Meqa, Luljeta Begolli, Gramos Begolli

MERCURY, LEAD, CADMIUM AND CHROME CONCENTRATION LEVELS IN FISH FOR PUBLIC CONSUMPTION
Enkelejda Ozuni,Luljeta Dhaskali,Dorjana Beqiraj,Jetmira Abeshi
Albanian Journal of Agricultural Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: A total of seventy cultured fish from the local market of Tirana were sampled and the concentration level of mercury, lead, cadmium and chrome was evaluated. Their concentration always resulted below the maximum permitted level for human consumption set by EC (Hg- 1.0 mg/kg, Pb – 0.30 mg/kg, Cd – 0.05 mg/kg and Cr -8 mg/kg). Heavy metal concentration varied among the muscle tissue of different fish species. The concentration level of mercury, lead, cadmium and chrome ranged between 0.002-0.21 mg/kg (Hg); 0.01-0.16 mg/kg (Pb); nd - 0.002 (Cd), and 0.01-0.03 (Cr) mg/kg wet weight. The results collected from this monitoring process revealed that these groups of cultivated fish species show low levels of contaminants, such as mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd) and chrome (Cr). This monitoring process is very important to safeguard the health of Tirana consumers.
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