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Assessment of the Spatial Uncertainty of Nitrates in the Aquifers of the Campania Plain (Italy)  [PDF]
Nazzareno Diodato, Libera Esposito, Gianni Bellocchi, Luisa Vernacchia, Francesco Fiorillo, Francesco Maria Guadagno
American Journal of Climate Change (AJCC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ajcc.2013.22013
Abstract: We present a non-parametric hydro-geostatistical approach for mapping design nitrate hazard in groundwater. The approach is robust towards the uncertainty of the parametric models used to map groundwater pollution. In particular, probability kriging (PK) estimates the probability that the true value of a pollutant exceeds a set of threshold values using a binary response variable (probability indicator). Such soft description of the pollutant can mitigate the uncertainty in pollutant concentration mapping. PK was used for assessing nitrate migration hazard across the Campania Plain groundwater (Southern Italy) as exceeding typical critical values set to 25 and 50 mg.L-1. Cross-validation indicated that the PK is more suitable than ordinary kriging (OK), which yields large uncertainty in absolute values prediction of nitrate concentration. This means that spatial variability is critical for contaminant transport because critical contaminants concentration could be exceeded due to preferential flows allowing the pollutant to migrate rapidly through the caveats aquifer. Accordingly with PK application, about 250 km2 (40% of the total600 km2 of the Campania Plain) were classified as very sensitive areas (western zone) to maximum permissible concentration of nitrates (>50 mg.L-1). When the probability to exceed 25 mg.L-1 was considered, the contaminated surface increased to 70% of the total area.
Accumulation of Gel Particles in the Sea-Surface Microlayer during an Experimental Study with the Diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii  [PDF]
Luisa Galgani, Anja Engel
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.41013

Since the early 80’s, the sea-surface microlayer (SML) has been hypothesized as being a gelatinous film. Recent studies have confirmed this characteristic, which confers properties that mediate mass and energy fluxes between ocean and atmosphere, including the emission of primary organic aerosols from marine systems. We investigated SML thickness and composition in five replicate indoor experiments between September and December 2010. During each experiment, the SML and underlying seawater were sampled from four seawater tanks: one served as control, and three were inoculated with Thalassiosira weissflogii grown in chemostats at 180, 380 and 780 ppm pCO2. We examined organic material enrichment factors in each tank, paying particular attention to gel particles accumulation such as polysaccharidic Transparent Exopolymer Particles (TEP) and the proteinaceous Coomassie Stainable Particles (CSP). While previous studies have observed carbohydrates and TEP enrichment in the microlayer, little is yet known about proteinaceous gel particles in the SML. Our experiments show that CSP dominate the gelatinous composition of the SML. We believe that the enrichment in CSP points to the importance of bacterial activity in the microlayer. Bacteria may play a pivotal role in mediating processes at the air-sea interface thanks to their exudates and protein content that can be released through cell disruption.

Biopsychosocial perspective of ADHD  [PDF]
Luisa Matilde Salamanca
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2014.41001
Abstract: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is considered a major public health problem, not only for its high prevalence but also because the symptoms have an impact on activities in daily life at both familial and school levels as well as on a general social level. Clinical evaluation of ADHD was based on the diagnostic criteria of the International Classification of Diseases ICD 10, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM IV and comorbidity phenomena. Therefore, it has not yet developed into evaluations any more comprehensive than activity limitations and participation restrictions from a biopsychosocial model of disability, as proposed by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health ICF. Thus, it is necessary to start assessment processes of children with ADHD using the functionality and performance components proposed by the ICF, allowing a new approach and a greater understanding of the health status of this population from a more holistic perspective in relation to the disability. Objective: To identify the theoretical elements that justify the importance of addressing ADHD from a biopsychosocial perspective as proposed by the evaluation of the ICF model, ensuring comprehensive assessment processes. This article is the result of a theoretical review addressed in research projects around the design, validity and reliability of assessment instruments of activity limitations and participation restrictions in children with ADHD.
Towards the Configuration of an Industrial Engineering Education Field in Colombia from the Critical Didactics Pedagogy  [PDF]
Luisa F. Rodriguez
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.55039

This work I try to deliver in this paper due to the search by the sense of being a teacher-engineer, for some time. The constant search for the meaning of engineering education in environments like ours, still so dependent senses and knowledge of others, that being so alien, and imposes were simply assumed without further discussion. Industrial engineering does not arise in Colombia as a field of being able specific, with a corpus discipline clearly definitely and differentiated, which is constituted one of the motives that impedes his tracking inside engineering education history. In the statements till now opposing, there is glimpsed how this function was replaced by other engi- neers in the industry, such as chemical or mechanical engineers, maybe the only one fact that re- veals his emergence is his institutionalization as study plan in the Universidad Industrial de San- tander in 1958 The exhibition of these facts, it uses as support: The first one is that the processes of modernization and the form like formed, from the new forms of economic rationality created with the development model; they made necessary the appearance of the industrial engineering as discipline in the powers of engineering. The second one is that it is possible to form alternate speeches for the field of the industrial engineering in Colombia. This reflection becomes relevant in recent times when promoting critical thinking in engineering education has become important, from the understanding that engineering moves into the intersection between social and technical expertise should adapt to the economic, political and cultural contexts in which it is applied. To which I make use of Foucault’s notions of power and subjectivity, the Bourdieu’s notions of symbolic violence and Habermas communicative action. Finally I try to illustrate the reflection with the application of the concept “affectively critical learning” developed from the courses that I directed in the Universidad Autónoma de Colombia.

Love Styles in Couple Relationships: A Literature Review  [PDF]
Rosalba Raffagnino, Luisa Puddu
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.612027
Abstract: Love is a fundamental emotion in people’s lives, and also plays a vital role in human health. It is a multifaceted feeling, with different expressions in different life contexts. Its polysemy has been widely identified and analysed upon observing how the different styles of experiencing love have different effects on personal and relational health. This article presents a review of literature regarding the influence of the various love styles—identified by Lee [1]—on quality and duration of a love relationship, and how they may be predictors for the health and well-being of partners. Upon analysis of the various reviewed articles, it is recorded that the various love types and styles have different effects on various levels of quality and duration of the relationship between two people. On the basis of the results observed, the authors suggest numerous research priorities in order to facilitate the implementation of knowledge through actions targeted towards relational health and well-being.
Cardiomyopathy protection in Chagas Disease  [PDF]
Jorge E. Mitelman, Luisa Gimenez
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.37069
Abstract: There is some published evidence suggesting micro vascular endothelial dysfunction and dysautonomia involvement in Chagas disease in association with cardiomyocyte changes favoring disease progression. The combined treatment between angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor drugs; Simvastatin, muscarinic antibody immunoadsorbent together with fungicidal drugs would open therapeutic possibilities in this disease.
The Relationship of Positive Affect with Resilience and Self-Efficacy in Life Skills in Italian Adolescents  [PDF]
Elisabetta Sagone, Maria Luisa Indiana
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.813142
Abstract: The main purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships of positive affect with dimensions of resilience and perceived self-efficacy in life skills in a sample of 147 Italian healthy adolescents. We used the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), the Resiliency Attitudes and Skills Profile (RASP), and the Perceived Self-Efficacy Scales in Life Skills. Statistical analyses indicated that adolescents with high positive affect reported higher levels of perceived self-efficacy in life skills than those with low positive affect; in addition, adolescents with high positive affect reached higher levels of resilience (that is, adaptability and engagement) than those with low positive affect. Given the relationship of positive affect both with dimensions of resilience and perceived self-efficacy in life skills, future investigations could better understand the functioning of protective factors actively engaged in facing up to the transition from childhood to adolescence, in line with the flourishing approach in supporting the promotion of psychological well-being and the increasing of individual’s bio-psycho-social skills.
A new characterization of -bounded semigroups with application to implicit evolution equations
Luisa Arlotti
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 2000, DOI: 10.1155/s1085337501000331
Abstract: We consider the one-parameter family of linear operators that A.Belleni Morante recently introduced and calledB-bounded semigroups. We first determine all the propertiespossessed by a couple (A,B) of operators if they generate a B-bounded semigroup (Y(t))t≥0. Then we determine the simplest further property of the couple (A,B) which can assure the existence of a C0-semigroup (T(t))t≥0 such that for all t≥0,f∈D(B) we can write Y(t)f=T(t)Bf. Furthermore, we compare our result with the previous ones andfinally we show how our method allows to improve the theory developed by Banasiak for solving implicit evolution equations.
Temporary Residences: a becoming project
Luisa Ingaramo
Techne : Journal of Technology for Architecture and Environment , 2012,
Abstract: Among the experimental actions fostered so far by the Compagnia di San Paolo through its Housing Program, committed in handling the complex and fragmented housing discomfort issue, the Temporary Dwellings initiative represents a unique and innovative experience, as it actually offers the chance to activate a proper managerial direction around and about the real estate development processes. In particular, the Temporary Dwellings action is marked by two key aspects: a structured co-planning vision and projects selected through a requests for proposal system. The process in the whole aims on the one hand at reaching an high transparent level of decision making , while, on the other hand, at developing a continuous and mutual monitoring and matching activity between the Housing Program and the group of cross-curricular experts teamed up in the project: technicians, designers, managers, psychologists, contractors, and the other local stakeholders.
La cultura de mercado a través de las interrelaciones de la Constitución italiana y de los principios comunitarios
Luisa Casetti
Pensamiento Constitucional , 2000,
Abstract: El artículo no presenta resumen.
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