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Rice and Bean: Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of the “Baião de Dois”  [PDF]
Tatiana Uch?a Passos, Helena Alves de Carvalho Sampaio, Soraia Pinheiro Machado Arruda, Maria Luisa Pereira de Melo, José Wellington de Oliveira Lima, Daianne Cristina Rocha
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.59081
Abstract:

The “bai?o de dois” is a typical Brazilian dish and a rich combination of rice and beans. This preparation has a high nutritional value but its effect on glycemic response is not yet studied. To determine the glycemic index and glycemic load of foods can help prescribing diets and as a result, improving the treatment and prevention of chronic diseases. This study aimed to access the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of “bai?o de dois”. Following the protocol recommended by the Food and Agriculture Organization, 6 volunteers were recruited to perform blood glucose tests. Each volunteer performed three glucose tolerance tests and a test with “bai?o de dois”. All tests were undertaken in separate weeks. Through the calculation of the areas under each of the curves, it was possible to access the GI of “bai?o de dois” by the average values of six GIs found for each volunteer. It was calculated that the GL of each portion tested and recommended servings per capita. It was found that “bai?o de dois” had low GI (44) and GL (6) at the recommended per capita, but high GL (22) at the portion tested (bigger than the recommended). The “bai?o de dois” do not present a potential risk for developing chronic diseases, but it is recommended consumption to be monitored.

Inflammatory events during murine squamous cell carcinoma development
Gasparoto Thais Helena,de Oliveira Carine Ervolino,de Freitas Luisa Thomazini,Pinheiro Claudia Ramos
Journal of Inflammation , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1476-9255-9-46
Abstract: Background Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is one of the most common human cancers worldwide. In SCC, tumour development is accompanied by an immune response that leads to massive tumour infiltration by inflammatory cells, and consequently, local and systemic production of cytokines, chemokines and other mediators. Studies in both humans and animal models indicate that imbalances in these inflammatory mediators are associated with cancer development. Methods We used a multistage model of SCC to examine the involvement of elastase (ELA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), nitric oxide (NO), cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17, TGF-β and TNF-α), and neutrophils and macrophages in tumour development. ELA and MPO activity and NO, IL-10, IL 17, TNF-α and TGF-β levels were increased in the precancerous microenvironment. Results ELA and MPO activity and NO, IL-10, IL 17, TNF-α and TGF-β levels were increased in the precancerous microenvironment. Significantly higher levels of IL-6 and lower levels of IL-10 were detected at 4 weeks following 7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) treatment. Similar levels of IL-13 were detected in the precancerous microenvironment compared with control tissue. We identified significant increases in the number of GR-1+ neutrophils and F4/80+/GR-1- infiltrating cells in tissues at 4 and 8 weeks following treatment and a higher percentage of tumour-associated macrophages (TAM) expressing both GR-1 and F4/80, an activated phenotype, at 16 weeks. We found a significant correlation between levels of IL-10, IL-17, ELA, and activated TAMs and the lesions. Additionally, neutrophil infiltrate was positively correlated with MPO and NO levels in the lesions. Conclusion Our results indicate an imbalance of inflammatory mediators in precancerous SCC caused by neutrophils and macrophages and culminating in pro-tumour local tissue alterations.
Freqüencia de publica??es sobre a asma em periódicos de enfermagem indexados em bases de dados brasileiros: uma revis?o da literatura
Lima, Luisa Helena de Oliveira;Gomes, Emanuel Moura;Braga, Violante Augusta Batista;
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-21002006000400008
Abstract: purpose: to describe the frequency of asthma publications in national and international nursing journals indexed in the "coordena??o de aperfei?oamento de pessoal de nível superior" or other brazilian databases. methods: database searches were limited to study origin, reference index, journal type, publication year, study methodology, publication type, and object of study "asthma" or "asma". data were collected through a form designed for this study. results: databases search retrieved 56 foreign and 3 brazilian studies conducted between 1994 and 2004. studies were published more frequently in the years of 2002 (12 foreign and 1 brazilian) and 2004 (14 foreign). conclusions: it's necessary further research in asthma must be conducted and published by brazilian researchers.
Desobstru??o ineficaz das vias aéreas em crian?as asmáticas: um estudo descritivo
Mendes, Lanuza Celes;Cavalcante, Joyce Carolle Bezerra;Lopes, Marcos Venícios de Oliveira;Lima, Luisa Helena de Oliveira;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072012000200015
Abstract: this cross-sectional study was performed with 147 children with a medical diagnosis of asthma admitted to a public children's hospital in fortaleza, cerará (ce). the objective of the study was to analyze the accuracy of the defining characteristics of the nursing diagnosis "ineffective airway clearance" in children with asthma. a physical examination checklist was used for data collection. the most frequent defining characteristics were adventitious respiratory sounds (82.3%), dyspnea (55.8%), and changes in respiratory rate (50.3%). the nursing diagnosis "ineffective airway clearance" was present in 55.8% of the sample. the defining characteristic with the greatest sensitivity was "adventitious respiratory sounds". the specific characteristic for this diagnosis was "wide eyed". regarding the predictive values, adventitious respiratory sounds showed a high negative predictive value. in conclusion, studies that contribute to defining the most common defining characteristics for a particular population should be encouraged, as they serve as a guide for the practice of nursing.
Desobstru o ineficaz das vias aéreas em crian as asmáticas: um estudo descritivo
Lanuza Celes Mendes,Joyce Carolle Bezerra Cavalcante,Marcos Venícios de Oliveira Lopes,Luisa Helena de Oliveira Lima
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: Estudio transversal realizado con 147 ni os asmáticos ingresados en un hospital público de Fortaleza-CE, Brasil. Ha sido desarrollado con el objetivo de analizar la efectividad de las características definitorias del diagnóstico de enfermería "limpieza ineficaz de las vías aéreas" en ni os asmáticos. Se utilizó un guión de examen físico para recopilar los datos. Las características definitorias más frecuentes fueron ruidos respiratorios agregados (82,3%), disnea (55,8%) y cambio en la frecuencia respiratoria (50,3%). El diagnóstico de enfermería: "limpieza ineficaz de las vías aéreas" estuvo presente en el 55,8% de la muestra. La característica definitoria para este diagnóstico fueron los "ruidos respiratorios agregados". La característica específica ha sido "ojos muy abiertos". Con relación a los valores predictivos, los ruidos respiratorios agregados presentaron un alto valor predictivo negativo. Se llegó a la conclusión de que los estudios que contribuyen a configurar el perfil de las características definitorias más comunes a una población particular deben ser fomentados, pues sirven de guía para la práctica de enfermería.
Sintomas e fatores de risco para asma entre escolares piauienses Síntomas y factores de riesgo para el asma entre escolares piauienses Symptoms and risk factors for asthma among piauiense schoolchildren
Gessianne Carvalho Castro,Lívia Kênia de Carvalho Sousa,Paula Valentina de Sousa Vera,Luisa Helena de Oliveira Lima
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-21002012000600016
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: Analisar a prevalência de sintomas de asma entre escolares de seis a sete anos do município de Picos-PI; e identificar fatores de risco associados à doen a. MéTODOS: Estudo transversal realizado com crian as de 6 e 7 anos de Picos em novembro de 2010 a maio de 2011. Para coletar os dados, foi utilizado um formulário adaptado do Internacional Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Os dados foram analisados com base na estatística descritiva e analítica. RESULTADOS: Dentre as 234 crian as da amostra estudada, 56% eram do gênero feminino. A prevalência de diagnóstico médico de asma foi de 7,7%. Os seguintes fatores de risco apresentaram rela o estatisticamente significante com a ocorrência de asma (p < 0,05): sibilos após a realiza o de exercício físico, tosse seca à noite sem estar gripado, bronquite, e ter pais asmáticos. CONCLUS O: Observou-se o subdiagnóstico da asma e há necessidade de que novos trabalhos sejam realizados com uma amostra maior, para analisar de modo mais amplo a situa o da asma em crian as no município de Picos - PI. OBJETIVOS: Analizar la prevalencia de síntomas de asma entre escolares de seis a siete a os del municipio de Picos-PI; e identificar factores de riesgo asociados a la enfermedad. MéTODOS: Estudio transversal realizado con ni os de 6 y 7 a os de Picos en noviembre de 2010 a mayo de 2011. Para recolectar los datos, se utilizo un formulario adaptado del Internacional Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Los datos fueron analizados con base en la estadística descriptiva y analítica. RESULTADOS: De los 234 ni os de la muestra estudiada, el 56% era del género femenino. La prevalencia del diagnóstico médico de asma fue de 7,7%. Los siguientes factores de riesgo presentaron relación estadísticamente significativa con la ocurrencia de asma (p < 0,05): sibilancias después de la realización del ejercicio físico, tos seca por la noche sin estar agripado, bronquitis, y tener padres asmáticos. CONCLUSIóN: Se observó el subdiagnóstico del asma y hay necesidad de que nuevos trabajos sean realizados con una muestra mayor, para analizar de modo más amplio la situación del asma en ni os en el municipio de Picos - PI. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of asthma symptoms among schoolchildren aged six to seven years in the municipality of Picos-PI; and to identify risk factors associated with the disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with children aged six and seven from Picos, in November 2010 and May 2011. To collect data, we used an adapted form of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood
A enfermidade sob o olhar da crian?a hospitalizada
Oliveira, Helena de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1993000300020
Abstract: in this study, we assume that illness has a meaning during childhood, and that children are capable of speaking about it. our objective is to unveil their representations concerning disease, medical treatment, hospitalization, and health personnel. this study was carried out in three pediatric hospitals in the city of rio de janeiro during the month of july 1990. fifteen hospitalized children from five to eleven years of age were interviewed and asked to talk about the questions described above. the methodological approach was qualitative, in accordance with bardin (1977) and minayo (1988). in speaking about their illnesses, the children refer to medical practice, contemporary family arrangements, and themselves as players or subjects.
O espetáculo do Ipiranga: reflex?es preliminares sobre o imaginário da Independência
Oliveira, Cecilia Helena de Salles;
Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-47141995000100018
Abstract: this article is a first approach on the 'imaginaire' of brasil's independence and deals with the project of a monument intended to celebrate the place where it was declared (the ipiranga fields in s?o paulol and the date (september 8, 1822). the discussion focus on the construction project put orward in the seventies of last century.
Museu Paulista: espa?o de evoca??o do passado e reflex?o sobre a história
Oliveira, Cecilia Helena de Salles;
Anais do Museu Paulista: História e Cultura Material , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-47142003000100007
Abstract: this article focuses the relationships historically established between the museu paulista of usp and its visitors, based on personal testimonies, made in the period from 1992 to 1995. the central argument is that the secular interaction between the institution and the different classes of the audience bases itself on celebrative traditions created in regard of the independence and, also, on a large and complex scenario of interpretations and expectations about the meanings of history museums.
O Museu Paulista da USP e a memória da Independência
Oliveira, Cecilia Helena de Salles;
Cadernos CEDES , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-32622002000300005
Abstract: this paper is aimed at discussing the links between the paulista museum at the university of s?o paulo and the construction and updating processes of the memory of independence. it also focuses on the pedagogic role this institution played, mainly during the first half of the xxth century. it thus intends to contribute to the comprehension of museums of history as "places of memory" and as spaces where historical problems are formulated and dealt with.
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