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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1265 matches for " Ludwig; "
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The Influence of Implicit Achievement Motive and Graphological Variables on Learning Variables  [PDF]
Nicole Gruber, Ludwig Kreuzpointner
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2015.612145
Abstract: There are several methods of implicit measurement. A very valid and wide spread assessment of motives by using the technique of projection is picture story exercises (PSE). Graphology, as theory of inferences on personality and motives by analyzing handwriting, is another one. The presented study examines the commons of the both measurement methods and their prediction of achievement behaviour. So, the achievement motive of 189 students was assessed using the PSE of Heckhausen (1963) and afterwards their handwriting was scored by a categorical system of Ploog (2013). Achievement related behaviour was operatively analyzed with self-reported learning time, learning behaviour and task-choice performance. It is shown that implicit motives measured by PSE are related with the criteria of task-choice performance. It is shown that both implicit motives measured by PSE and graphological variables deliver information about learning variables.
Uses and Misuses of the Black-Litterman Model in Portfolio Construction  [PDF]
Ludwig B. Chincarini, Daehwan Kim
Journal of Mathematical Finance (JMF) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmf.2013.31A015
Abstract:

The Black-Litterman model has gained popularity in applications in the area of quantitative equity portfolio management. Unfortunately, many recent applications of the Black-Litterman to novel aspects of quantitative portfolio management have neglected the rigor of the original Black-Litterman modelling. In this article, we critically examine some of these applications from a Bayesian perspective. We identify three reasons why these applications may create losses to investors. These three reasons are: 1) Using a prior without anchoring the prior to an equilibrium model; 2) Using a prior and an equilibrium model that conflict with one another; and 3) Ignoring the implications of the estimation error of the variance-covariance matrix. We also quantify the loss first analytically and also numerically based on historical data on 10 major world stock market indices. Our conservative estimate of the loss is around a 1% reduction in the annualized return of the portfolio.

 

Chinese Tax Reform and Risk Reduction of SME M&A  [PDF]
Sven Ludwig, Lars Büttner
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2019.94070
Abstract:
Although China has developed into one of the world’s leading economies, its inbound M&A market appears to be losing attractiveness. The number and volume of transactions have decreased for about a decade and multi-national corporations still note the difficult institutional framework leading to an uncertainty whether their investment will lead to economic success. A weak enforcement of law, widespread corruption as well as informal agreements between enterprises and authorities, often lead to business conditions that cannot be maintained by foreign investors post-acquisition. With the new tax-reform effective January 1, 2019, China, however, enables the taxation system to play a more supportive role in state governance. Thus, taxation & social insurance compliance is expected to improve which might influence the uncertainty and attractiveness of M&A investments in China as well. The paper at hand aims at summarizing the origin of tax-related risks in Chinese M&A-transactions as well as reflecting whether the recent tax reform will have an impact on the uncertainty of the investor.
MéTODO DE INTERPRETACIóN Y ANáLISIS HOLíSTICO EN CASOS BIOéTICOS
Schmidt,Ludwig;
Acta bioethica , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S1726-569X2008000100005
Abstract: the author of this report offers a phenomenological method together with an hermeneutic comprehension which stems from an anthropological and ethic paradigm that allows to systematize and interpret different situations in three stadiums: planning, appraisal (social, technique, juridical and bioethics') and the dilemma's conclusions and implications. the scheme constitutes a rational way that helps all actors to arrive at the proper object of their discipline starting from a plurality of positions and in an integral and objective manner. it studies and derives, by means of a logical process of a systemic concatenation of ideas, forms and experiences, respecting the beliefs and cultures that are present and establishing the minimum ethics.
La Lucha por el reconocimiento: La relación entre Hegel y Hobbes en los escritos de Jena
Siep,Ludwig;
Estudios de Filosofía , 2011,
Abstract: this is a study of the relationship between the hobbesian thought and the political philosophy of hegel in the jena writings. particularly, starting with the connection between the ′war of all against all′ in the hobbesian state of nature, and the struggle for recognition in hegel, both theories are confronted, in order to weigh and evaluate to what extent is it possible to find in hobbes′ work a precedent of central philosophical cores of young hegel?s thought (e. g. state as realization of ethical life, the struggle for recognition, the constitution of intersubjectivity).
Zeit und Sinn: Religionsphilosophie posts kular
Nagl, Ludwig
Ars Disputandi : the Online Journal for Philosophy of Religion , 2012,
Abstract:
METALLOGENIE UND GEOTEKTONISCHE PROZESSE
Ludwig Bauman
Rudarsko-Geolo?ko-Naftni Zbornik , 1989,
Abstract: Der Autor behauptet, dass alle drei plattentckto-nische Hauptstadien metaUogenetisch wichtig sind und eindentig oder sehr stark manteldoterminiert, sowohl fur die Magmatite als auch fur die Metalle. Dart wo eine ICommiini'kation des Mantels mit dom oberen Erdkrustenbereiche existiert, die Wahrschein-lichkeit fiir einc Lagerstattenbilduriig bcstebt, Manch-mal wichtig sind aus Xcoitairajiationen, palingene Assi-milisationen und Mohiliisationen fiir die Metallisation. Autor hat auch gezeigt dass die element verschiebung von ozeanischen zum Krustenbereich innerhalb Stockwerk- und Stratiformtyp anwessend hid.
The role of culture in mentoring
Bernadette Ludwig
Forced Migration Review , 2012,
Abstract: Mentors from the same cultural background can play an important role in supporting young refugees and their families.
Crisis and Transformation
Don Ludwig
Ecology and Society , 2001,
Abstract:
MéTODO DE INTERPRETACIóN Y ANáLISIS HOLíSTICO EN CASOS BIOéTICOS MéTODOS DE INTERPRETA O E ANáLISE HOLíSTICA NOS CASOS BIOéTICOS INTERPRETATION METHODS AND HOLISTIC ANALYSIS OF BIOETHICS' CASES
Ludwig Schmidt
Acta Bioethica , 2008,
Abstract: Este artículo propone un "método" fenomenológico con comprensión hermenéutica, que parte de un paradigma antropológico y ético y permite sistematizar e interpretar diversas situaciones en tres estadios: planteamiento, valoración (social, técnica, jurídica y bioética) y conclusiones e implicaciones del dilema. El esquema constituye un camino racional que facilita a todos los actores llegar al objeto propio de su disciplina desde una pluralidad de posturas y en forma integral y objetiva. Estudia y deduce por medio de un proceso lógico de concatenación sistémica de ideas, formas y experiencias, respetando las creencias y culturas presentes y estableciendo los mínimos éticos. Este artigo prop e um "método" fenomenológico de compreens o hermenêutica, que parte de um paradigma antropológico e ético e permite sistematizar e interpretar diversas situa es em três fazes: fundamenta o, valoriza o ( social, técnica, jurídica e bioética) e conclus es e implica es do dilema. O esquema constitui um caminho racional que facilita a todos os atores chegar ao objeto próprio de sua disciplina desde uma pluralidade de posturas de forma integral e objetiva. Estuda e deduz por meio de um processo lógico de concatena o sistêmica de idéias, formas e experiências, respeitando as cren as e culturas presentes e estabelecendo os mínimos éticos. The author of this report offers a phenomenological method together with an hermeneutic comprehension which stems from an anthropological and ethic paradigm that allows to systematize and interpret different situations in three stadiums: planning, appraisal (social, technique, juridical and bioethics') and the dilemma's conclusions and implications. The scheme constitutes a rational way that helps all actors to arrive at the proper object of their discipline starting from a plurality of positions and in an integral and objective manner. It studies and derives, by means of a logical process of a systemic concatenation of ideas, forms and experiences, respecting the beliefs and cultures that are present and establishing the minimum ethics.
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