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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 7896 matches for " Luciana Krauss Rezende "
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The Impact of Alzheimer’s Disease on the Life of Family Caregivers: A Phenomenological View  [PDF]
Berta Sheila Souza Ribeiro, Luciana Krauss Rezende, Selma Petra Chaves Sa, Wiliam César Alves Machado
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.64035
Abstract: The objectives of this study are to describe the perception of caregivers about the process of caring for elders with Alzheimer’s disease, analyze the impact of the care process on the caregiver’s life from the biological and emotional aspects, and discuss the changes in the caregiver’s life in the light of Gestalt Therapy. This was a qualitative and descriptive study with a phenomenological analysis. The results showed that family caregivers are in a vulnerable situation because they are usually women who are also aging or are already elderly, who do not receive the necessary support to meet their needs. Because of the demands of providing care for Alzheimer’s patients, caregivers fail to consider their own issues and develop more mechanized ways of relating to their situation, using crystallization as a defense mechanism. Stress and isolation can adversely affect the physical and mental health of caregivers.
Strategies for Communicating with Deaf Patients in the Public Physical Rehabilitation Unit in the Central South Region of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil  [PDF]
Wiliam César Alves Machado, Juarez de Souza Pereira, Nébia Maria Almeida de Figueiredo, Manoel Francisco de Souza Pereira, Teresa Tonini, Luciana Krauss Rezende
Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2015.31003
Abstract: Deaf people face communication difficulties in health units because of the lack of preparedness of health care professionals to deal with these patients. Objective: To identify how physical rehabilitation professionals associated with a regional public unit in the south central region of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil interact with deaf patients. Method: Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics in the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 18. Results: Results showed that: 15.1% (5) of the team members did not know the Brazilian Sign Language (Libras) and required help in their interaction with deaf patients; 12.1% (4) never assisted deaf patients; 18.2% (6) used writing and gestures; 21.2% (7) resorted to lip-reading or gestures; 3.1% (1) spoke slowly; 6.1% (2) used mime; 15.1% (5) used the Brazilian Sign Language; 9.1% (3) did not respond. Conclusion: Most of these professionals are not prepared to satisfactorily interact with deaf patients. They use improvised strategies to assist the deaf clientele, demonstrating that the planning and implementation of regular courses in sign language are fundamental in order to assist these patients effectively.
Postural Balance in the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment: Relationship to Accidental Falls  [PDF]
Josélia Braz dos Santos Ferreira, Selma Petra Chaves Sá, Rosimere Ferreira Santana, Ana Maria Domingos, Juliana Peres da Costa Pereira, Luciana Krauss Rezende
Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2016.42006
Abstract: This study analyzed postural balance in the elderly with mild cognitive impairment and its relationship to accidental falls. A quantitative and quasi-experimental method was used in a sample of 43 elderlies between 64 and 88 years old, mostly females. Data collection was performed in two Basic Health Units in the city of Rio de Janeiro in 2014. The instruments used were the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Tinetti scale, Motor Scale for the Elderly (EMTI) scale, and Elderly Falls Diary. The data were analyzed with the SAS statistical software version 9.3.1. The scales were applied before and after the psychomotor interventions. A significant difference was observed between the evaluating moments. Balance improvements were observed in all age groups, suggesting that all elderlies, regardless of age, showed satisfactory responses to the implemented psychomotor activities. The elderlies who fell more frequently were those between 60 and 69 years old. It is noteworthy that the age group with the lowest incidence of falls was that of elderlies between 70 and 79 years old. It was concluded that psychomotor activities are beneficial, regardless of age, proving their effectiveness when continued stimuli with cognitive and psychomotor activities are carried out.
The Application of Scales in the Diagnosis of Perceived Needs in the Elderly with Mild Cognitive Impairment  [PDF]
Josélia Braz dos Santos Ferreira, Selma Petra Chaves Sa, Luciana Krauss Rezende, Rosana Moreira de Sant’Anna, Ana Maria Domingos, Rosimere Ferreira Santana
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.68061
Abstract: The study evaluated the use of the Mini-Mental State Examination scale (MMSE), Tinettiscale, and Motor Scale for the Elderly (EMTI) toassist in the diagnosis of potential needs observed in elderlies with Mild Cognitive Impairment. This was aquasi-experimental research, conducted in a Basic Health Unit in thecityof Rio de Janeiro in 2014. The sample population consisted of 22 elderlies aged 64 to 88 years and 86.36% females. The SAS statistical software (version 9.3.1) and Kruskal-Wallis test were used at a 95% confidence interval and a significance level of 0.05 and demonstrated significant differences in the evaluations performed before and after the intervention. The detected diagnoses were: impaired memory, the risk of falls, and willingness to improved relationships, among others. The evaluations showed MMSE results that were suggestive of cognitive impairment in 22.73% of the elderlies; the Tinetti scale showed a high risk of falls in 31.82% of theelderlies; and EMTI with 88.36 points, which was equivalent to the normal low classification. The intervention took place through ten weekly activity sessions after the initial evaluations. In the second evaluation, the Tinetti showed 59.09% of the elderlies with a moderate risk of falls and the EMTI as the normal average classification with 90.32 points. It was concluded that the scales offered diagnostic possibilities, which allowed for the implementation of necessary interventions according to the detected problems.
Evaluation of cast metallic posts reproduction according to its quantity and position inside the casting ring
Pinto, Luciana de Rezende;Bonfante, Gerson;Lopes, José Fernando Scarelli;
Journal of Applied Oral Science , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1678-77572005000100013
Abstract: the aim of this study was the evaluation about the influence of the quantity and the localization of resin patterns to cast metallic posts in its diameter and length reproduction. seventy-two patterns for posts were fabricated by using prefabricated fkg plastic posts and divided for casting in 3 groups: g1-small ring/4 patterns, g2- medium ring/6 patterns, g3- big ring/8 patterns. half of the patterns of each group were placed on the right side of the ring midline and the other half, on the left side, in order to guide the ring inside of the centrifuge. using the comparative microscope, measures of diameter and length in different places were obtained before and after casting. the results were submitted to statistic analysis (anova two way and tukey's test), to make possible these observations: 1°) the position of patterns didn't influenced the measured dimensions. 2°) the same happened with the quantity of patterns inside the ring. 3°) only the pins of group g3 have presented statistically significant diameter differences. in conclusion, 1°) the position of patterns inside the ring and its quantity did not result in significant changes in pins length and diameter. 2°) although there were no significant length alterations, significant ones were observed in the diameters 3, 6, and 9mm of group g3.
RESPOSTAS GLICêMICAS DE RATOS DIABéTICOS RECEBENDO SOLU O AQUOSA DE YACON
Luciana Abr?o de OLIVEIRA,Telma Maria BRAGA COSTA,Luciana Rezende Alves de OLIVEIRA,Jacob Fernandes FERREIRA
Alimentos e Nutri??o , 2009,
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus é uma doen a cr nica de alta prevalência, sendo a alimenta o adequada importante para o seu tratamento. O yacon é uma raiz de uso popular na alimenta o de diabéticos. O objetivo do estudo é avaliar a resposta glicêmica da raiz em ratos diabéticos e n o diabéticos. Utilizou-se ratos machos e fêmeas Wistar (n=48), divididos em grupo controle (n o diabéticos) e grupo experimental (diabéticos), sendo 12 machos e 12 fêmeas em cada grupo. O grupo controle foi dividido em animais que receberam 1 mL de solu o de yacon a 30% e animais que receberam 1 mL de água. Para o grupo experimental, um grupo recebeu 1 mL de solu o de yacon e outro grupo 1 mL de água por gavagem. A glicemia foi realizada em 4 intervalos, 0, 24 e 48 horas após a administra o e no 14° dia. A ra o e água foram fornecidas ad libitum. A indu o do diabetes foi realizada pela Estreptozotocina 40mg/kg de peso do animal. Foi aplicado teste Tukey, para avalia o das diferen as signifi cativas (p<0,05) entre os grupos e intervalos do estudo. Os resultados de glicemia foram para os grupos CY, CA, DY e DA respectivamente em ambos os sexos: 80,06±10,52a; 82,72±14,57a; 419,75±149,97b; 477,41±121,96cmg/dL, letras diferentes p<0,05 e para machos e fêmeas separadamente, para os grupos (CY, CA, DY e DA) respectivamente: machos 75,70±10,44a; 78,37±10,46a; 375,00±161,42b; 480,70±114,68cmg/dL e fêmeas 84,60±8,67a; 87,08±16,87a; 464,50±125,40b; 474,12±131,24bmg/dL letras diferentes p<0,05. Portanto, houve efeito hipoglicemiante somente quando avaliado ambos os sexos e para os machos separadamente.
Randomized controlled trial of probiotics for the prevention of spontaneous preterm delivery associated with intrauterine infection: study protocol
Leticia Krauss-Silva, Maria Moreira, Mariane B Alves, Maria R Rezende, Alcione Braga, Karla G Camacho, Maria Batista, Clarisse Savastano, Antonio Almada-Horta, Fernando Guerra
Reproductive Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1742-4755-7-14
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the early administration of selected probiotics to pregnant women with asymptomatic bacterial vaginosis/intermediate degree infection to reduce the occurrence of spontaneous preterm delivery and related neonatal mortality and morbidity.Women attending public prenatal care services in Rio de Janeiro will be screened to select asymptomatic pregnant women, less than 20 weeks' gestation, with no indication of elective preterm delivery. Those with vaginal pH > = 4.5 and a Nugent score between 4 and 10 (intermediate degree infection or bacterial vaginosis) will be randomized to either the placebo or the intervention group, after written informed consent. Intervention consists in the use of probiotics, Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14, 2 capsules a day, each capsule containing more than one million bacilli of each strain, for 6-12 weeks, up to the 24th-25th wk of gestation. Ancillary analyses include quantification of selected cervicovaginal cytokines and genotyping of selected polymorphisms. The randomization process is stratified for history of preterm delivery and blocked. Allocation concealment was designed as well as blinding of women, caregivers and outcome evaluators. The study will be supervised by an independent monitoring committee. Outcomes under study are preterm delivery (< 34- < 32 weeks of gestation) and associated neonatal complications: early neonatal sepsis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, periventricular leukomalacia, necrotizing enterocolitis, and prematurity-related retinopathy; definitions were adapted from those recommended by the 2002 version of the Vermont-Oxford Network. Trial registration at NIH register: NCT00303082.In the United States, where prematurity rates are higher than those in Western Europe, nearly 11% of babies are born premature and preterm delivery is associated to approximately 80% of fetal, neonatal and infants' deaths [1]. Studies in Brazilian u
A certain East: the characterization of palestinians and israelis in the photographic coverage of the Folha de S. Paulo Um certo Oriente: a caracteriza o de palestinos e israelenses na cobertura fotográfica da Folha de S. Paulo
Regina Krauss
Discursos Fotográficos , 2012, DOI: 10.5433/11952
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present an image analysis of photographic coverage on the conflict between palestinians and israelis through the covers of Folha de S. Paulo in five periods of dispute intensification: from 1947 up to 1948, establishment of the State of Israel, 1967, the Six Day War with Gaza and West Bank Israeli occupation, from 1987 up to 1988, the beginning of the first Palestinian Intifada, from 2000 to 2004, second Intifada and finally december 2008 to january 2009, when occured the largest israeli attack on palestine. The paper considers the characterization of the two sides involved from the schemes of representation chosen in each period, using as supportthe theoretical concepts of the image and the Bystrina semiotics of culture to understand how it produces the representation of otherness in the opposition West versus East. Relate the changes in the field of representation, starting from the official photographic information in the first decades, until a strategy of emotional appeal and strongly linked to spectacularization and mythologizing of the characters researched in recent years. Este trabalho apresenta a análise da cobertura imagética do conflito entre palestinos e israelenses nas capas da Folha de S. Paulo em cinco períodos de recrudescimento do litígio: 1947 a 1948, estabelecimento do Estado de Israel; 1967, Guerra dos Seis Dias e ocupa o israelense da Faixa de Gaza e Cisjordania; 1987 a 1988, início da primeira Intifada palestina; 2000 a 2004, segunda Intifada e dezembro de 2008 a janeiro de 2009, período do maior ataque israelense ao território palestino. A partir dos esquemas de representa o escolhidos pelo veículo em cada período, atenta para a caracteriza o dos lados envolvidos utilizando como subsídio os conceitos de teóricos da imagem e a semiótica da cultura de Bystrina, além das no es de estereótipo e arquétipo para compreender de que modo se elabora a constru o da alteridade na oposi o Ocidente versus Oriente. Relata as altera es ocorridas no campo da representa o, que partem da informa o fotográfica oficial nas primeiras décadas, para a estratégia do apelo emocional e fortemente ligado à espetaculariza o e mitologiza o dos personagens nos últimos anos analisados.
Recursive Definitions of Monadic Functions
Alexander Krauss
Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science , 2010, DOI: 10.4204/eptcs.43.1
Abstract: Using standard domain-theoretic fixed-points, we present an approach for defining recursive functions that are formulated in monadic style. The method works both in the simple option monad and the state-exception monad of Isabelle/HOL's imperative programming extension, which results in a convenient definition principle for imperative programs, which were previously hard to define. For such monadic functions, the recursion equation can always be derived without preconditions, even if the function is partial. The construction is easy to automate, and convenient induction principles can be derived automatically.
A theory perspective on Top2014
Frank Krauss
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: This is the write-up of the theory keynote talk on the Top2014 conference in Cannes, France.
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