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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 404607 matches for " Lucia M. Fanning "
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Validating Governance Performance Indicators for Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management in the Southeast Region of Cuba  [PDF]
Fajardo José Abelardo Planas, Batista Celene Milanés, Lucia M. Fanning, Camilo Mateo Botero
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2016.61006
Abstract: The importance of evaluating the success of policies developed to effectively manage coastal and marine resource use is well documented. However, few frameworks exist that allow for a comparative examination of existing policy instruments, as opposed to specific initiatives, which assess governance performance aimed at addressing issues arising in the coastal zone. This paper describes the process and findings for evaluating the feasibility of a modified Coastal Sustainability Standard (CoSS) framework that seeks to measure the effectiveness of individual planning instruments within overlapping spatial boundaries in the landward and marine areas in the southeast region of Cuba. Through workshops conducted in Santiago de Cuba and Guamá municipalities with key representatives involved in coastal management and planning, the utility of the framework was assessed using the main instruments of territorial planning in Cuba, namely integrated river basin management, territorial planning in coastal municipalities and marine and coastal management. While, the findings suggest that the modified CoSS framework can be used to assess the effectiveness of these planning instruments in the region, and workshop participants also suggested improvements to better match its use to the characteristics of the study region.
Assessing Marine Protected Areas Effectiveness: A Case Study with the Tobago Cays Marine Park  [PDF]
Alba Garcia Rodriguez, Lucia M. Fanning
Open Journal of Marine Science (OJMS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojms.2017.73027
Given the socio-economic consequences associated with declaring areas of ocean protected in order to achieve conservation objectives, this paper contributes to the growing global need to assess Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) as an effective management tool. It adds to the current body of knowledge on MPA effectiveness by conducting an evaluation of the Tobago Cays Marine Park (TCMP), located in St. Vincent and the Grenadines (SVG) in the eastern Caribbean, using a modified MPA effectiveness framework. Due to the limited information existing about the current performance of this MPA, this assessment also provides needed insight on the effect that the TCMP is having on the marine ecosystem, as well as its overall management performance. By comparing the performance of the MPA over a 10-year span (2007 and 2016), the results indicate that overall, the TCMP could be described as having limited success when key management categories of context, planning, input, process, output and outcomes are evaluated. In particular, efforts dedicated to planning, process and outcomes are assessed as deficient. Furthermore, the analysis revealed that efforts to realize the stated goals relating to conservation, public awareness and public education were being neglected. However, considerable effort was being expended by TCMP staff on achieving the remaining goal focusing on deriving economic benefits from touristic activities in the Park. Preliminary field research examining the effects of the TCMP on the abundance and density of an economically important species, Lobatus gigas, (commonly referred to as the queen conch) showed the TCMP as having no effect towards conch protection. The results and recommendations of this study, combined with continued monitoring of a recommended targeted suite of indicators, could contribute to better-informed adaptive MPA management, leading to progress towards the achievement of the stated goals for the TCMP.
A rare case of paratesticular leiomyosarcoma
James Moloney,John Drumm,Deirdre M. Fanning
Clinics and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.4081/cp.2012.e29
Abstract: Soft-tissue sarcomas of the genitourinary tract account for only 1-2% of urological malignancies and 2.1% of soft-tissue sarcomas in general. A 69-year-old male complained of a 4 month history of a painless right groin swelling during routine urological review for prostate cancer follow-up. Clinical examination revealed a non-tender, firm right inguinoscrotal mass. There was no discernible cough impulse. Computed tomography of abdomen and pelvis showed a non-obstructed right inguinal hernia. During elective hernia repair a solid mass involving the spermatic cord and extending into the proximal scrotum was seen. The mass was widely resected and a right orchidectomy was performed. Pathology revealed a paratesticular sarcoma. He proceeded to receive adjuvant radiotherapy. Only around 110 cases of leiomyosarcoma of the spermatic cord have been described in the literature. They commonly present as painless swellings in the groin. The majority of diagnoses are made on histology.
化学学报 , 1990,
Abstract: Fe(III)schiff碱配合物的磁性质和电化学还原性是该类配合物的基本特性,本文研究三种配合物,单核高自旋配合物,单核低自旋配合物以及氧桥双核配合物的核磁共振性质电化学还原性。
汪信?,M. E. Kotun?,J. C. Fanning
无机化学学报 , 1989,
Abstract: 合成若干五齿schiff碱配体与fe(ⅲ)的配合物,以红外光谱、紫外一可见光谱、1h核磁共振以及m?ssbauer谱等手段研究其性质。结果表明,schiff碱与fe(ⅲ)配位后,no3-以单齿形式与铁键合,所有配合物呈高自旋态,未观察到强反铁磁性偶合。
Challenges of protection
Emma Fanning
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: Local protection committees in North and South Kivu are tackling – with some success – a range of protection challenges.Since June 2010, Mukungu1 village in Kalehe, South Kivu, has welcomed 1,150 displaced households fleeing FDLR2 attacks during military operations in the area. A battalion of the national army arrived recently; they have set up checkpoints demanding a fee, do not speak any local language and have moved in with local families unasked. Forced labour and arbitrary arrests are widespread. Meanwhile, locals cannot farm fields near the forest as FDLR soldiers rape women who try – and have killed men who accompany them. The local community takes in IDPs but they warn that resources are limited.
Surface Wave Multipath Signals in Near-Field Microwave Imaging
Paul M. Meaney,Fridon Shubitidze,Margaret W. Fanning,Maciej Kmiec,Neil R. Epstein,Keith D. Paulsen
International Journal of Biomedical Imaging , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/697253
Abstract: Microwave imaging techniques are prone to signal corruption from unwanted multipath signals. Near-field systems are especially vulnerable because signals can scatter and reflect from structural objects within or on the boundary of the imaging zone. These issues are further exacerbated when surface waves are generated with the potential of propagating along the transmitting and receiving antenna feed lines and other low-loss paths. In this paper, we analyze the contributions of multi-path signals arising from surface wave effects. Specifically, experiments were conducted with a near-field microwave imaging array positioned at variable heights from the floor of a coupling fluid tank. Antenna arrays with different feed line lengths in the fluid were also evaluated. The results show that surface waves corrupt the received signals over the longest transmission distances across the measurement array. However, the surface wave effects can be eliminated provided the feed line lengths are sufficiently long independently of the distance of the transmitting/receiving antenna tips from the imaging tank floor. Theoretical predictions confirm the experimental observations. 1. Introduction Multipath signals occur in numerous microwave and RF applications when an unwanted portion of the original transmission propagates along any alternate path and ultimately couples to the receiver distorting the amplitude and phase of the desired signal [1–4]. If the amplitude of the multipath signal is sufficiently large, its impact can be considerable. In multistatic radar and communication systems, these types of interference are most often caused by reflections of either the main beam or side lobes with objects near or actually in the beam path. Classic examples include main beam propagation close to the earth’s surface with associated reflections off of the ground or water (Figure 1(a)) [5]. Various approaches can be used to filter or compensate for these reflections through time-gating [6] and signal time synchronization [7]. Figure 1: (a) Illustration of a bistatic communication between antenna towers and line-of-site versus possible multipath signals and (b) near-field imaging tank in a liquid medium with possible reflection and surface wave propagation paths. The potential for interference from multipath signals increases substantially in near-field applications (Figure 1(b)), especially in situations where the receiving and transmitting hardware are integrated. A common form occurs when multiple receive channels are employed with inadequate channel isolation. Commercially
Molecular epidemiology of sexually transmitted human papillomavirus in a self referred group of women in Ireland
John F Menton, Suzanne M Cremin, Lydie Canier, Mary Horgan, Liam J Fanning
Virology Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1743-422x-6-112
Abstract: Ninety-two patients out of 105 samples (88%) had detectable levels of HPV DNA. The majority of individuals with EGW (66%) showed the presence of two or more genotypes. The most common HPV genotypes present in the study population were HPV-6, HPV-11, HPV-16, HPV-18, HPV-33 and HPV-53. Potential effects of vaccination on HPV molecular epidemiology indicate that 40% of the patients could have been protected from the high risk genotypes HPV-16 and HPV-18.This is the first report of the molecular epidemiology of external genital warts in women aged between 18 and 34 from Ireland based on results from a LiPA assay. The study shows that most individuals are infected with multiple genotypes including those with high oncogenic potential and that the newly available HPV vaccines could have a significant impact on prevalence of the most common HPV genotypes in this study population.Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of non-enveloped DNA viruses, which cause benign and malignant epithelial lesions [1]. Over a hundred different HPV genotypes have been characterized and of these more than 50% cause external genital warts (EGW) [2]. Ninety percent of EGW are reported to be of oncogenic potential, constituting genotypes 6 and 11 [3]. The majority of HPV infections are self-limiting. However, a potential long term effect of HPV infection is its association with precancerous histological lesions such as cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia 3 (CIN3) or carcinoma in situ (CIS). HPV is a necessary causative agent of cervical cancer, with HPV DNA detectable in 99.7% of cervical cancer specimens [4]. Certain types of HPV are considered high risk oncogenic such as types HPV-16, HPV-18 and HPV-31. HPV-16 alone is responsible for 58.9% of all cervical cancers [5]. Cervical cancer is the second commonest cause of cancer deaths in women worldwide. In the U.S alone the cost of preventing and treating cervical cancer exceeds $5 billion per year [6]. Cervical screening has greatly reduced the i
Helmintos parasitos das espécies Scomberomorus cavalla (Cuvier) e Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill) do litoral cearense: Contracaecum fortalezae sp. n. (Nematoda, Ascaridoidea)
Klein, Vera Lucia M.;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1973, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761973000100013
Abstract: in this paper the author proposes a new species of the genus contracaecum railliet et henry, 1912. of the species under contracaecum, contracaecum clavatum (rudolphi, 1809) baylis, 1920 is the nearest to contracaecum fortalezae sp. n. differing from the latter by the following aspects: the males have unequal spicules. the females have a short ovijector and parallel uteri directed backward and the eggs are smaller. in both sexes the intestinal cecum is always short and the ventricular posterior appendix is always long, while contracaecum clavatum presents these structures in an inverse way, considering the lenght of them. besides, the thorn-like formations at the posterior end of the body are different.
Infec??o citomegálica importancia da citomegalia congênita na gênese da paralisia cerebral
Fontenelle, Lucia M. C.;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 1992, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X1992000200011
Abstract: in developed countries the congenital cytomegalovirus inclusion disease is considered to be nowadays an important problem of public health due to the great number of mental deficiency and deafness caused by it. in brazil, publications related to the subject are rare, and more specifically they treat about pathologic and epidemiological aspects of the infection. in this study it is intended to show in our country the importance of the infection in the genesis of chronic encephalopathies. emphasis is given to the clinical and serologic aspects.
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