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O cuidado à saúde da mulher com tuberculose na perspectiva do enfoque familiar
, Lenilde Duarte de;Santos, Ana Rita Bizerra do Nascimento;Oliveira, Annelissa Andrade Virgínio de;Nogueira, Jordana de Almeida;Tavares, Lucídia de Medeiros;Villa, Tereza Cristina Scatena;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072012000200020
Abstract: to analyze the relationship between the practice of family health team workers and women with tuberculosis, according to the family focus dimension. the participants were eight family health team workers from a city in the jo?o pessoa metropolitan area (paraiba -pb). data were collected through semi-structured interviews, and then subjected to thematic content analysis. the workers recognize the critical social condition that women with tuberculosis live in, as well as the prejudice they face. they suggest that these women require care based on the concept of comprehensiveness in health. they also highlight the importance of directly observed therapy - short course, the existence of incentives, and the women's poor adherence to educational activities and groups. few workers recognize the inclusion of relatives in the care of women with tuberculosis, which implies the need for discussion regarding this fact with the purpose of improving tuberculosis treatment effectiveness.
A terapia comunitária como um novo instrumento de cuidado para saúde mental do idoso
Rocha, Ianine Alves da;Braga, Lucineide Alves Vieira;Tavares, Lucídia de Medeiros;Andrade, Fábia Barbosa de;Ferreira Filha, Maria de Oliveira;Dias, Maria Djair;Silva, Ant?nia Oliveira;
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-71672009000500006
Abstract: the communitarian therapy comes appearing as a new technology of care in the programs of insertion and support to the mental health of the population. this exploratory research aims to identify the number of groups of community care with older people in the city of jo?o pessoa - pb, to know the main themes presented by the elderly and the strategies used to confront the difficulties and disclose evidence related to improving quality of life of older people. the data had been collected in the fiches of register of the therapies, analyzed in a quantitative boarding. the results had demonstrated that the problem most frequent in the aged one is stress it, the used strategy of confrontation more are the spirituality. the communitarian therapy comes contributing for mental health of the aged one.
Intera??o m?e-bebê com deficiência visual: estilos comunicativos e episódios interativos
Medeiros, Carolina Silva de;Salom?o,dia Maria Ribeiro;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2012000500011
Abstract: the aim of this study was to investigate the mother-infant with visual impairment interaction, by means of maternal speech styles, nonverbal behaviors and interactive episodes of mother and child. three dyads participated in the study, and the visually impaired babies were aged from six to thirteen months. a video camera was used to capture the interactions between dyads in a free-play situation. for each dyad, three filming sessions were held, each lasting twenty minutes. the results suggested that interactions between mothers and visually impaired babies mainly takes place through the coordination of speech with the gestural action, in which touch and body language are used in order to facilitate communication. studies that investigate the interaction of mothers of children with atypical development are relevant, because they answer theoretical questions about development and make it possible to structure interventional strategies.
Concep??es maternas sobre o desenvolvimento da crian?a deficiente visual
Medeiros, Carolina Silva de;Salom?o,dia Maria Ribeiro;
Revista Brasileira de Educa??o Especial , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-65382012000200008
Abstract: in order to understand maternal conceptions about child development, this paper studies the concepts mothers have of the development of children (two to seven years) with visual impairments (blindness and severe low vision). the study was conducted with a total of ten mothers aged between 22 and 39 years, with schooling equal to or higher than elementary education. to this end, structured interviews were conducted using a digital recorder and a guideline of questions concerning both child development and mothers' perception of the impairment diagnosis and the implications thereof. the interviews were carefully transcribed and analyzed using content analysis of thematic categories, defined according to the objectives of the study and maternal discourse. four categories were defined: detection of visual impairment; reactions to the discovery of visual impairment; evaluation of children's characteristics through the subcategories: motor, language and social relations; and current development perceptions of visually impaired children. maternal reports showed that early specialized care is important in dealing with the possible expectations of child development. we considered that understanding maternal conceptions is relevant, because these concepts can reveal how mothers interact with their children. in order to contribute to the development of intervention programs, further studies are in order, related to both maternal conceptions of child development and analysis of mother-child interaction, dealing with visual impairment.
Renal function after laparoscopic cholecystectomy and analgesia with tramadol and dipyrone or ketorolac  [PDF]
Tiago Pechutti Medeiros, Pedro Thadeu Galv?o Vianna, Leopoldo Muniz da Silva,dia Raquel de Carvalho, Gilberto Elias Wady, Leandro Gobbo Braz, Yara Marcondes Machado Castiglia
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.511A1005
Abstract:

Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) reduces surgical trauma and hospital stay, but requires effective and safe postoperative analgesia. This prospective and double-blind study investigated the effects of analgesia with tramadol combined with either dipyrone or ketorolac on the postoperative renal function of patients submitted to LC. Methods: Pre-and post-operatively (PO), estimated glomerular filtration rates (GFR), obtained by two formulas dependent on blood Cr and one on blood cystatin C values, and tubular enzymuria—alkaline phosphatase (AP), γ-glutamiltransferase (γ-GT)— were determined in well hydrated patients who underwent LC and analgesia with tramadol combined with either dipyrone (Dipyrone, n = 63) or ketorolac (Ketorolac, n = 63). Upon discharge from the post-anesthetic care unit (PACU), pain (through Verbal Numerical Scale—VNS) and need for rescue analgesia with morphine were evaluated. Results: There was hemodilution PO, which made GFR profile analysis more difficult—those dependent on Cr increased and statistically correlated, but those dependent on cystatin C did not change. There was a significant PO increase in AP in the Dipyrone and Ketorolac groups, and in the product of the both enzymes in the Ketorolac group. Upon PACU discharge, the Dipyrone group showed signifi

cantly higher VNS scores than the Ketorolac group. All patients received morphine PO, and the total dose needed for pain control differed between groups, but without statistical significance. Conclusions: The association of tramadol with dipyrone or ketorolac in well hydrated patients submitted to LC had similar analgesic effectiveness in the PACU. Postoperatively, the effect on GFR may have been masked by hemodilution, and enzymuria was discreetly enhanced when ketorolac was used.

Método alternativo para cálculo da temperatura base de gramíneas forrageiras
Villa Nova, Nilson Augusto;Tonato, Felipe;Pedreira, Carlos Guilherme Silveira;Medeiros, Henrique Rocha de;
Ciência Rural , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782007000200039
Abstract: the assessment of the temperature below which plant growth ceases, known as base temperature (tb) is key in for establishing the potential yield of a plant resource at a given location, and for quantifying the fitness of a given crop for a given production system. whereas this is widely recognized, it is especially true in the case of perennial crops such as many of the forage species. this present study was aimed at developing, evaluating, and proposing a new methodological approach for the calculation of the tb of forage crops, using both temperature and daylength, as a climatic variable named photothermal unit (pu). by using two regrowth cycles and their respective amounts of forage accumulated, the value of tb can be calculated if the proportion between harvested yields and accumulated pus of both regrowth cycles are the same. yield data from two forage grass species, elephantgrass (pennisetum purpureum schum. cv. napier) and florico stargrass (cynodon nlemfu?nsis vanderyst var. nlemfu?nsis), from two field trials were used to test the proposed approach. calculated tb values were 15 and 12°c for elephantgrass and stargrass, respectively. these values are consistent with those generated by the classic method and reported in the literature.
Letter to the editor. Carta al editor.
Evangelina Dávila Cabo de Villa,Bárbara Lucía Cabezas Poblet,Gualberto Dávila
MediSur , 2003,
Abstract: -
Estudo da sobrevida de pacientes com cancer de mama atendidas no hospital da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
Moraes, Anaelena Bragan?a de;Zanini, Roselaine Ruviaro;Turchiello, Marcelo Scalvenzi;Riboldi, Jo?o;Medeiros,dia Rosi de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006001000028
Abstract: this retrospective hospital-based study aimed to describe health conditions and to estimate the survival of 252 patients diagnosed with breast cancer and treated at the mastology outpatient clinic at the university hospital of the federal university in santa maria, rio grande do sul, brazil, from 1980 to 2000. analysis followed the kaplan-meier and cox model. mean age was 54, and 73.4% of the patients had a histological diagnosis of invasive ductal carcinoma, 63.9% showed no lymph node involvement, and 57.6% were clinical stage ii. at the end of the study, 64.7% were alive and free of breast cancer and 5.1% had died of other causes. five-year survival was 87.7% for all women, and prognostic factors associated with survival were tumor size (hr = 12.03; > 5cm), lymph node involvement (hr = 3.08; n1) and number (hr = 4.66; none), and estrogen (hr = 0.34) and c-erbb-2 (hr = 2.51) receptors. based on the results, intensive awareness-raising campaigns are vitally important for implementing breast cancer screening to achieve early diagnosis.
Chemical constituents and evaluation of cytotoxic and antifungal activity of Lantana camara essential oils
dia B. P. Medeiros,Márcio dos S. Rocha,Sidney G. de Lima,Gustavo R. de Sousa Júnior
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2012,
Abstract: The essential oil (EO) of aerial parts of Lantana camara L., Verbenaceae, from Sim es, Piaui, Northeast of Brazil, were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS techniques. In total, 68 compounds were identified. The most representative compounds of the oil were mono and sesquiterpenes. The main compounds found in the oil of the leaves in different months were β-caryophyllene (10.5%, in June of 2009), sabinene (7.98%, in September of 2008), limonene (7.68%, in September of 2008), spathulenol (11.64%, in September of 2008). The oil from stems of L. camara was characterized by a largest amount of sesquiterpenoids, with spatulenol (15.9%) and caryophyllene oxide (17.1% in June of 2009), as main components. β-Gurjunene (32.7%, in September of 2008) was the most prominent compound in the stems oils, which was absent or at very low relative abundance in leaves. L. camara essential oils from leaves were cytotoxic to V79 mammalian cells and also to Artemia salina, showing 50% lethal concentration (LC50) values from 0.23 μg/mL. The in vitro data obtained in this study suggested that EO may also be effective treating yeast infection in patients infected with fluconazole and terbinafine resistant isolates, but its toxicity must be monitored carefully.
Prevalência e fatores associados ao consumo de cigarros entre estudantes de escolas estaduais do ensino médio de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, 2002
Zanini, Roselaine Ruviaro;Moraes, Anaelena Bragan?a de;Trindade, Ana Cláudia Antunes;Riboldi, Jo?o;Medeiros,dia Rosi de;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2006000800010
Abstract: smoking is the second cause of death in the world. it currently accounts for one out of ten deaths in adults worldwide (5 million per year). if current patterns persist, smoking will cause 10 million deaths a year by 2020 according to the world health organization. a prevalence study on smoking habits was conducted in 2002 among 459 students from eight public high schools in santa maria, rio grande do sul state, brazil. this study aimed to measure smoking prevalence and related factors by multivariate logistic regression. the overall smoking prevalence rate in the sample was 18% (95%ci: 14.6-21.7), and the students had begun smoking at a mean age of 14 years. students from public high schools had begun smoking early, influenced by friends who smoked (or = 4.37; p = 0.000), family income (or = 2.04; p = 0.013), and age (or = 1.86; p = 0.031). it is thus crucial to adopt measures to prevent adolescents' access to smoking.
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