oalib

OALib Journal期刊

ISSN: 2333-9721

费用:99美元

投稿

时间不限

4 ( 1 )

2017 ( 95 )

2016 ( 175 )

2015 ( 859 )

自定义范围…

匹配条件: “ Luana Flávia da Silva;Figueiredo” ,找到相关结果约83082条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共83082条
每页显示
Sobrecarga e desconforto emocional em cuidadores de idosos
Aline Cristina Martins Gratao,Thaís Ramos Pereira Vendrúscolo,Luana Flávia da Silva Talmelli,Leandro Correa Figueiredo
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: La finalidad del estudio fue describir la sobrecarga y desánimo de los cuidadores de adultos mayores. Estudio epidemiológico y transversal realizado en el 2009 con 124 cuidadores que viven en la ciudad de Ribeir o Preto, SP, por medio de los instrumentos de: Escala de Sobrecarga de Zarit y Self-Reporting Questionaire (SQR-20) para el cuidador. El análisis de los datos fue ejecutado en el sistema SPSS, 15.0, de forma descriptiva, univariada (tablas de frecuencia) y bivariada (las tablas de contingencia para las variables cualitativas). Con respecto a los cuidadores, 85,6% fueron del sexo femenino, con edad promedio de 56,5 a os, utilizaron en promedio 12,4 horas diarias para el cuidado de los adultos mayores y 57,6% de los cuidadores presentaron de una leve a moderada sobrecarga. La dependencia funcional del adulto mayor, sexo del cuidador y el número de horas para el cuidado fueron factores predictivos de sobrecarga (p<0,05). Se encontró que la sobrecarga es el factor de riesgo para el desánimo (p<0,05). Compete a los enfermeros utilizar protocolos de evaluación, con base en los factores de riesgo, para prevenir la sobrecarga en el cuidador.
Dependência funcional de idosos e a sobrecarga do cuidador Dependencia funcional de ancianos y la sobrecarga del cuidador Functional dependency of older individuals and caregiver burden
Aline Cristina Martins Grat?o,Luana Flávia da Silva Talmelli,Leandro Corrêa Figueiredo,Idiane Rosset
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2013,
Abstract: A finalidade deste estudo foi identificar a dependência funcional de idosos e a sobrecarga do cuidador. Trata-se de estudo epidemiológico e transversal realizado em 2009 com 574 idosos e 124 cuidadores em Ribeir o Preto-SP, por meio dos instrumentos MIF e Escala de Sobrecarga de Zarit. Entre os idosos, a maioria era do sexo feminino (67,8%), com média de 76,6 anos, baixa escolaridade (54,7%) e renda individual mensal de R$ 942,20. Apenas 15,7% foram identificados como dependentes. Dos cuidadores, 85,6% era do sexo feminino, com média de 56,5 anos e 90,3% eram familiares (filhas ou esposas). A média de sobrecarga dos cuidadores foi de 27,8 (±17,5). A dependência do idoso foi fator de risco para sobrecarga do cuidador (p<0,05). A abordagem preventiva e a interven o precoce devem ser prioritárias para essa popula o. S o necessárias a vigilancia de uma equipe multidisciplinar de saúde, a aplica o de instrumentos de avalia o do comprometimento da funcionalidade e a interven o para preven o da sobrecarga dos cuidadores. Se objetivó identificar la dependencia funcional de ancianos y la sobrecarga del cuidador. Estudio epidemiológico, transversal, realizado en 2009 con 574 ancianos y 124 cuidadores en Ribeir o Preto-SP, mediante los instrumentos MIF y Escala de Sobrecarga de Zarit. Entre los ancianos, hubo mayoría femenina (67,8%), media etaria de 76,6 a os y baja escolarización (54,7%), renta mensual individual promedio de R$942,20. Sólo 15,7% fueron identificados como dependientes. Entre los cuidadores, 85,6% era de sexo femenino, media etaria de 56,5 a os, 90,3% eran familiares (hijas o esposas). El promedio de sobrecarga fue de 27,8 (±17,5). La dependencia del anciano constituyó factor de riesgo para sobrecarga del cuidador (p<0,05). El abordaje preventivo y la intervención precoz deben priorizarse en este segmento. Son necesarios el apoyo de un equipo de salud multidisciplinario, la aplicación de instrumentos de evaluación del compromiso de la funcionalidad e intervención para prevenir la sobrecarga de los cuidadores. This study investigated the functional dependency of aged individuals and caregiver burden. This epidemiological and cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009 with 574 aged individuals and 124 caregivers in Ribeir o Preto, SP, Brazil, using the following instruments: Functional Independency Measure (FIM) and Zarit Burden Interview. Among the elderly, most (67.8%) were women with a mean age of 76.6 years, with a low educational level (54.7%) and an average monthly per capita income of R$942.20. Only 15.7% were identified as being depen
Sobrecarga e desconforto emocional em cuidadores de idosos
Gratao, Aline Cristina Martins;Vendrúscolo, Thaís Ramos Pereira;Talmelli, Luana Flávia da Silva;Figueiredo, Leandro Correa;Santos, Jair Lício Ferreira;Rodrigues, Rosalina Aparecida Partezani;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072012000200007
Abstract: this epidemiological and cross-sectional study describes the burdens and emotional distress observed among caregivers of elderly people. it was carried out in 2009 with 124 caregivers living in the city of ribeirao preto, sp, brazil, using the following instruments: the zarit burden scale and the self-reporting questionnaire (srq-20) for caregivers. data analysis was carried out in the spss, version 15.0, using descriptive, univariate (frequency tables) and bivariate (contingency tables for qualitative variables) statistics. among the caregivers, 85.6% were women, with an average age of 56.5 years, spent an average of 12.4 hours daily with care, and 57.6% of them had mild to moderate burdens. multiple linear regressions revealed that older adults' functional dependence and caregivers' gender and time spent weekly providing daily care were predictors of being burdened (p<0.05). burden is also a risk factor for emotional distress (p<0.05). it is important for nurses to use protocols based on risk factors to evaluate caregivers in order to prevent burdens from developing.
Heavy atom enhanced room-temperature phosphorimetry for ultratrace determination of harmane
Marques, Flávia F. de Carvalho;Figueiredo, Flávia da Silva;Aucelio, Ricardo Queiroz;
Química Nova , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422008000200003
Abstract: harmane has been proposed for the treatment of epilepsy, aids and leshmaniosis. its room-temperature phosphorescence was induced using either agno3 or tlno3, enabling absolute limits of detection of 0.12 and 2.4 ng respectively, with linear dynamic ranges extending up to 456 ng (agno3) and 911 ng (tlno3). relative standard deviations around 3% were observed for substrates containing 46 ng of harmane. such sensitivity and precision are needed because harmane intake must be strictly controlled to achieve proper therapeutic response. interference studies were performed using thalidomide, reserpine and yohimbine. recovery of 104±6% was achieved using solid surface room-temperature phosphorimetry. the result was comparable to the one obtained by micellar electrokinetic chromatography.
Assessment of caregiver burden with elderly having cognitive deficit Evaluación de la sobrecarga en cuidadores de ancianos con déficit cognitivo Avalia o da sobrecarga em cuidadores de idosos com deficit cognitivo
Aline Cristina Martins Gratao,Luana Flávia da Silva Talmelli,Vanderlei José Haas,Sueli Marques
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-21002012000600013
Abstract: To characterize the elderly with cognitive déficit, and family caregivers who live in the urban communit,y and to identify the caregiver burden. METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional study, conducted between January and July 2009. Seventy elderly (aged 65 and older) were assessed for cognitive deficit using the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE); their 70 caregivers were evaluated by the Zarit Burden Scale (ZBS) and the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ). The data were entered and validated by double entry in the MS Excel Program, and were analyzed using SPSS software, version 15.0. RESULTS: Of the caregivers, 47.1% were children. We obtained a mean for the ZBS of 30.3 (± 17.3) and 6.2 (± 3.2) for the SRQ, p <0.05, correlating lower scores of the MMSE with high scores on ZBS and SRQ. CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive deficit of the elderly was a predictive factor for burden and emotional distress of caregivers. Knowing the reduction of cognitive capacity related to caregiver burden is essential for preserving caregiver health. OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar ancianos con déficit cognitivo y cuidadores familiares que viven en la comunidad urbana e identificar la sobrecarga de los cuidadores. MéTODOS: Estudio observacional, seccional, conducido entre enero y Julio de 2009 con 70 ancianos de 65 a os o más de edad con déficit cognitivo evaluados por medio del miniexamen del Estado Mental (MEEM) y con sus 70 cuidadores evaluados por la Escala de Sobrecarga de Zarit (ESZ) y el Self Reporting Questionaire (SRQ). Los datos, digitados y validados por doble entrada en el Programa Excel fueron analizados en el aplicativo SPSS, versión 15.0. RESULTADOS: De los cuidadores, 47,1% eran hijos (as). Se obtuvo la media para Zarit, 30,3(±17,3) y 6,2(±3,2) para SRQ, p<0,05, correlacionando bajos scores de MEEM con altos scores de la ZBI y SRQ. CONCLUSIONES: El déficit cognitivo de esos ancianos fue el factor predictivo para la sobrecarga y disconfort emocional de sus cuidadores. Conocer la reducción de la capacidad cognitiva relacionada a la sobrecarga del cuidador es indispensable para preservar su salud. OBJETIVOS: Caracterizar idosos com deficit cognitivo e cuidadores familiares que vivem na comunidade urbana e identificar a sobrecarga dos cuidadores. MéTODOS: Estudo observacional, seccional, conduzido entre janeiro e julho de 2009 com 70 idosos com 65 anos ou mais de idade com deficit cognitivo avaliados por meio do miniexame do Estado Mental (MEEM) e com seus 70 cuidadores avaliados pela Escala de Sobrecarga de Zarit (ESZ) e o Self Reporting Questionaire (SRQ). Os dados, digitado
Nível de independência funcional e déficit cognitivo em idosos com doen?a de Alzheimer
Talmelli, Luana Flávia da Silva;Grat?o, Aline Cristina Martins;Kusumota, Luciana;Rodrigues, Rosalina Aparecida Partezani;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342010000400011
Abstract: this study investigated the influence of the functional independence level of elderly individuals with alzheimer's disease, according to cognitive assessment scores. participants were 67 elderly individuals who received care in the behavioral neurology outpatient clinic of hospital das clinicas in ribeir?o preto. participants were evaluated in 2008 through a questionnaire for socio-demographic data, functional independence measure (fim) and the mini-mental state examination (mmse). the cognitive deficit influenced the performance in carrying out activities of daily living. the average fim for elderly people without cognitive deficit was 107.7 and for individuals with deficit, 63.2 (p<0.001). average fim motor scores were 81.7 and 49.4 (p<0.001), and fim cognitive scores were 25.7 and 13.8 (p<0.001), respectively. knowing the reduction of independence and cognitive capacity is essential to maintain the provision of the basic needs of daily life. the study can support nurses' practice, improving elderly individuals and their families' living conditions.
Altera es no modo respiratório, na oclus o e na fala em escolares: ocorrências e rela es Alterations in breathing mode, occlusion and speech in school-age children: occurrences and relationships
Luana Cristina Berwig,Ana Maria Toniolo da Silva,Angela Ruviaro Busanello,Flávia Le?es de Almeida
Revista CEFAC , 2010,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: verificar a ocorrência de altera es no modo respiratório, má oclus o e distúrbio articulatório, bem como a rela o entre as mesmas, em crian as de escolas públicas do município de Santa Maria/Rio Grande do Sul. MéTODOS: 308 crian as de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 6 e 11 anos, foram submetidas às avalia es fonoaudiológica e ortod ntica, sendo selecionadas 235, de acordo com critérios de inclus o e exclus o. Das informa es coletadas nas avalia es, consideraram-se o modo respiratório, a classifica o da oclus o segundo Angle e as altera es oclusais vertical e transversal, bem como o distúrbio articulatório. RESULTADOS: 60,43% crian as apresentaram altera es no modo respiratório; 97,02% más oclus es de Angle; 28,94% altera o oclusal vertical e transversal e 14,89% apresentaram distúrbio articulatório. Rela es significativas foram encontradas entre distúrbio articulatório e altera o oclusal vertical e transversal, modo respiratório e má oclus o de Angle e entre má oclus o de Angle e altera o oclusal vertical e transversal. CONCLUS O: as más oclus es e as altera es do modo respiratório foram frequentes no grupo de escolares estudados. As rela es verificadas refor am a ideia de que existe uma estreita rela o entre as estruturas e fun es do sistema estomatognático, raz o pela qual merecem aten o de diversos profissionais da área da saúde. PURPOSE: to check the occurrence of articulation disorders, alterations in breathing mode and malocclusion as well as the relation among theses variables in public-school children. METHODS: 308 female and male children aged between 6 and 11 years were submitted to speech pathologic and orthodontic evaluations, being selected 235. From the information collected in the evaluations, we considered: breathing mode, malocclusion by Angle's classification and transverse alterations, as well as articulation disorder. RESULTS: 60.43% children had presented breathing mode alterations; 97.02% Angle malocclusion; 28.94% transverse occlusion alterations and 14.89% articulation disorder. Statistically significant relations were found between articulation disorder and transverse occlusion alterations, breathing mode and Angle malocclusion and between Angle malocclusion and transverse occlusion alterations. CONCLUSION: the malocclusions and alterations referring to breathing mode were frequent in the studied group. The found relationships reinforce the idea that there is a narrow relationship between the structure and the function of the stomatognathic system, and for that reason they deserve attention from sever
Qualidade fermentativa e caracteriza o químico-bromatológica de silagens da parte áerea e raízes de mandioca (Manihot esculenta Crantz) = Fermentation quality and chemical and bromatological characteristics of foliage and roots of silage cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz)
Camilla Flávia Portela Gomes da Silva,Márcio dos Santos Pedreira,Mauro Pereira de Figueiredo,Fernando Salgado Bernardino
Acta Scientiarum : Animal Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Foram avaliados os efeitos do emurchecimento e da inclus o de raízes (0, 15, 30 e 45% da matéria natural) sobre a composi o químico-bromatológica e parametros fermentativos de silagens da parte aérea da mandioca. O emurchecimento influenciou significativamente o teor matéria seca (MS), a densidade e o pH das silagens em todas asdoses de adi o de raízes. A inclus o destas elevou o teor de MS em 0,128 e 0,261%, a densidade em 1,79 e 4,54 kg m-3 e, reduziu o pH em 0,0007 e 0,0062, respectivamente nas silagens emurchecidas ou n o, a cada unidade percentual de adi o de raízes. A exce o dos teores de fibra detergente ácida (FDA) e lignina, todos os demais parametros apresentaram intera o significativa entre o emurchecimento e a inclus o de raízes. O emurchecimento aumentou em 4,52% os teores de FDA e 12,86% os de lignina, enquanto o incremento de raízes promoveu decréscimo linear de ambos. O acréscimo de raízes reduziu linearmente os valores de fibra em detergente neutro (FDN), enquanto o emuchercimento elevou-os. O teor de PB respondeu inversamente, apresentando valores mínimos de 8,99 e 11,03 e máximos de 18,01 e 20,9% da MS, respectivamente nas silagens sem e com emurchecimento. The effects of wilting and root inclusion (0, 15, 30 and 45% natural matter) on the chemical and bromatological composition coupled to silage fermentation parameters of cassava foliage silages were evaluated. Wilting affected significantly dry matter content (DM), density and pH values (p < 0.05) of silages at all root addition levels. Root inclusion increased silages DM contents by 0.128 and 0.261%; densities increased by 1.79 and 4.54 kg m-3; pH values were reduced by 0.0007 and 0.0062) respectively in wilted silages or not wilted ones for every included root percentage unit. All parameters, with the exception of acid detergent fiber (ADF) and lignin contents, showed significant interaction between wilting and root inclusion. Wilting increased ADF and lignin contents respectively by 4.52 and 12.86%, whereas root inclusion caused a linear decrease in both. Silage root addition decreased linearly neutral detergent fiber rates and conversely wilting increased them. The opposite occurred with crude protein contents, with minimum rates 8.99 and 11.03 and maximum ones 18.01 and 20.9% DM values, respectively in silages with and without wilting.
Degluti??o de respiradores orais e nasais: avalia??o clínica fonoaudiológica e eletromiográfica
Hennig, Tais Regina;Silva, Ana Maria Toniolo da;Busanelo, Angela Ruviaro;Almeida, Flávia Le?es de;Berwig, Luana Cristina;Boton, Luane de Moraes;
Revista CEFAC , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462009000800010
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate and compare the swallowing of mouth and nose breathers through of speech-language and electromyography evaluation concerning the orbicularis oris muscles, and lower and upper lips. methods: 16 subjects aged 6:8 - 10:10 and divided on two groups participated in this study, one with mouth and another one with nose breathers. both groups were submitted to clinical and surface electromyography evaluation. the speech-language evaluation contemplated the exam of the structures and functions of the stomatognathic system. the electromyography evaluation consisted of the captivation of the electrical activity at the orbicularis oris muscles, and lower and upper lips, during isometry and swallowing situations. in the clinical results were considered only the swallowing variables. therefore, our study could observe the presence of labial and mentalis action and tongue projection, that were analyzed in a descriptive form. the statistical analysis of the electromyography results was done through the t test in order to compare the groups. the statistical considered significance was 5% (p<0.05). results: in the clinical evaluation it was verified that any of the nose breathers showed atypical swallowing characteristics while 7 (87.5%) of the mouth breathers showed labial action, 6 (75%) showed mentalis action and 6 (75%) showed tongue projection. in the electromyography evaluation, a higher muscular activity was verified, in the mouth breathers, when comparing to the nose breathers, in both lips, with a statistical significance. conclusions: in this study it was verified that mouth breathers showed significant alterations in the swallowing functions when compared to the nose breathers that were observed through a clinical examination and electromyography evaluation.
Altera??es no modo respiratório, na oclus?o e na fala em escolares: ocorrências e rela??es
Berwig, Luana Cristina;Silva, Ana Maria Toniolo da;Busanello, Angela Ruviaro;Almeida, Flávia Le?es de;Bolzan, Geovana de Paula;Hennig, Tais Regina;Krob, Clarissa Flores Oliveira;
Revista CEFAC , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462010005000094
Abstract: purpose: to check the occurrence of articulation disorders, alterations in breathing mode and malocclusion as well as the relation among theses variables in public-school children. methods: 308 female and male children aged between 6 and 11 years were submitted to speech pathologic and orthodontic evaluations, being selected 235. from the information collected in the evaluations, we considered: breathing mode, malocclusion by angle's classification and transverse alterations, as well as articulation disorder. results: 60.43% children had presented breathing mode alterations; 97.02% angle malocclusion; 28.94% transverse occlusion alterations and 14.89% articulation disorder. statistically significant relations were found between articulation disorder and transverse occlusion alterations, breathing mode and angle malocclusion and between angle malocclusion and transverse occlusion alterations. conclusion: the malocclusions and alterations referring to breathing mode were frequent in the studied group. the found relationships reinforce the idea that there is a narrow relationship between the structure and the function of the stomatognathic system, and for that reason they deserve attention from several health professionals.
第1页/共83082条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.