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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4210 matches for " Lily Chepketer Ng’eno "
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An Advocacy Approach to Scaling up Involvement of Men in Maternal and Neonatal Child Health: A Model of Meteitei Sub-County of Kenya  [PDF]
Simon Macharia Kamau, Leah Chepkurui Ngeno, Lily Chepketer Ng'eno
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103846
Male partners would tend to isolate themselves when it reaches a time when a woman is in the perinatal period. With men incorporated Meteitei region showcased that the death of another mother neonate or child was one too many, and was not excusable. Ultimately it should be possible to eliminate mother to child transmission of HIV. Method: This study employed advocacy approach. It is cognizant of the fact that the founder of modern nursing Florence Nightingale part of her success was related to advocacy and activism. In advocacy, the nurse leader should anticipate some controversies, and be ready to make rebuttals. It makes a case for male involvement in Maternal and Neonatal Child Health (MNCH) and also covers some contentious issues on the same as counter arguments in point forms and text boxes. The policy issue was a way of possibly scaling up the success story of Meteitei region Nandi County’s Chama cha Wazee male champions to the national level. Outcomes: This compilation was a modification to a policy issue entitled: Proposed Policy on Involvement of Men in Maternal and Neonatal Child Health which was submitted to The Senate alongside others in response to a requirement of public hearings. Hopefully, its due merits were considered. Advocacy tools like policy issue have an invaluable place in the future-now health care in nursing and midwifery.
Applying Florence Nightingale’s Model of Nursing and the Environment on Multiple Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Infected Patients in the Kenyan Setting  [PDF]
Simon Macharia Kamau, Rose Jelagat Rotich, Brigid Chemutai Cheruiyot, Lily Chepketer Ngeno
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101796
Abstract: Nurses in many resource limited settings have mostly used the medical model which failed to answer many of their concerns in managing tuberculosis infected patients. Florence Nightingale’s Model of Nursing and the Environment states that nurses manipulate and mediate the environment to put the patient in the best condition for nature to act upon. Nursing theory and models have been recognized as key components to evidence based practice today. Every nursing unit in developed countries employs at least one. Kenyan nurses need to realize this and embrace this principle. This article begins by expounding a commonly known, but not always well understood model by the founder of modern nursing, Florence Nightingale. Methodology: The current study was a review and it applied Florence Nightingale’s Model of Nursing and the Environment on drug resistant tuberculosis infected patients in Kenyan. The format of this review was completed by using the authors’ adapted “Advanced Theory in Nursing” coursework materials. Secondary sources and seminal works by the theorist were also scrutinized. A case scenario was embedded that was somehow typical to maximize what could be learned about this theory. Conclusion: Nightingale’s model is a generic tool applicable to guide nursing care of clients infected with multiple/extremely drug resistant Tb with potential to improve nursing care and provide a basis for case studies.
Farmers Inaccessibility to Agricultural Credit in Nyandarua District, Kenya
Ngeno Vincent,Erick Jotham Muiruri,Philiph Mulama Nyangweso,B. K. Langat
Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development , 2011,
Abstract: Smallholder farmers face various challenges in production one of them being inaccessibility to credit. This study specifically sought to identify household socio-economic characteristics and institutional requirements influencing access to credit among smallholder farmers in Nyandarua District. The study used a Logit model. Both quantitative and qualitative data were acquired from primary and secondary sources. Primary data was collected using questionnaires through a survey design. A sample of 264 smallholder farmers was selected using stratified, multi-stage random sampling techniques. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analysis using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). The study established that socio-economic constraints such as age, gender, household size, farm income, collateral and awareness are critical determinants of access to credit. The study concludes that household socio-economic characteristics do influence access to credit. Key recommendations made include the need by government to deal with bureaucracies involved in land registration to benefit majority of smallholder farmers who remain insecure in the land they use without proof of ownership and also to make easier the registration of lease certificates for those who do not own land and use land on leasehold tenure system. Financial institutions should also put in place less stringent credit requirements and reduce credit costs especially interest rates to make credit more affordable.
The Effects of Family Structure on the Development of Bilinguality  [PDF]
Lily Halsted
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.49098

This study examines the role of family structure in the development of different levels of bilinguality. Students from five different public and private universities responded to an extensive survey on various aspects of bilinguality. Participants were divided into three groups: monolinguals, non-fluent bilinguals and fluent bilinguals. In line with the initial hypothesis, higher levels of bilinguality correlated with having more bilingual family members. Also further evidence was found for the importance of the mother, father and sisters in becoming bilingual. Additionally, the presence of bilingual step-parents and grandparents on acquisition and maintenance of a second language was examined and fund to be much less influential than the role of the parents. Finally, the influence of socio-economic status (SES) on development of bilinguality was measured with no clear effect being found. The unique contribution of this study is that it attempts to connect the influence of specific family members to different levels of bilinguality.

The Urban Storm Water Crisis and the Way Out: Empirical Evidences from Ondo Town, Nigeria
Eno Okoko
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: This study reports the results of an academic investigation of the plight of people living in flood-prone areas in Ondo town, Nigeria. Urban flooding has been a major problem in urban centers in Nigeria and in most cities of the world. Urban flooding is caused by a multiplicity of factors. Some of the factors are anthropogenic in nature while others are related to meteorological vicissitudes and geomophological tectonics. This study pigeonhole the foremost flood-prone sectors in Ondo town and highlights the depth of the trauma of flood victims in the area. The method of investigation was that of systematic sampling and the sampling frame was 300 respondents, drawn from 10 flood prone areas in the town. The study adumbrates some structural and non-structural strategies for mitigating the effect of floods on city residents and urban infrastructure. Specific recommendations on how to take the edge off the incidence of floods in Ondo town are articulated in the study.
Women and Transport: A Characterisation of the Determinants of Women`s Tendency to Interact Spatially in Akure, Nigeria
Eno Okoko
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: It is a truism that there is a remarkable gender difference in urban spatial interaction pattern. The tenor of this study is on the characterization of the variables that influence women`s propensity to interact spatially in Akure, Nigeria. Spatial interaction was assessed using the frequency of all-purpose trips made by women in Akure, Nigeria. The factors that influenced the frequency of spatial interaction were identified for female commuters in Akure and the nature of their influence was analyzed using the multiple regression model. The study makes recommendations on how to enhance women`s propensity to interact in the urban system in Akure. Ultimately, the study notes that economic empowerment is the elixir needed to address all the factors that either promoted or discouraged spatial interaction by women in Akure town and advocates a policy framework for women`s self-actualisation and capacity-building.
Car Use in Akure, Nigeria
Eno Okoko
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The sustainability of the physical environment has now attracted the attention of various professionals, not least, transportation planners. It is incontrovertible that motorcars contribute, in no small measure, to environmental greenhouse gases. In contemporary times, there has been a clarion call from experts to car owners, stressing the need to reduce car trips. Evidences from existing literature tend to suggest that women are more likely to heed this call than men. This article therefore explores the propensity of female car owners in Akure to reduce their car trips and patronize public transport. Using a non-probability sampling technique, 100 female drivers, who normally drive in their cars to study, were sampled from Akure urban traffic for this study. Some probabilistic models were employed to classify the sampled respondents into their appropriate mode-choice category. The model predicted a marginal increase of three in the number of women who preferred to discard their private cars for a public transport mode in Akure. The paper concludes with recommendations on ways of encouraging female car-owners to patronize public transport mode in their journey to work in Akure.
Students' Comparison of Their Trigonometric Answers with the Answers of a Computer Algebra System
Eno Tonisson
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Comparison of answers offered by a computer algebra system (CAS) with answers derived by a student without a CAS is relevant, for instance, in the context of computer-aided assessment (CAA). The issues of identity, equivalence and correctness emerge in different ways and are important for CAA. These issues are also interesting if a student is charged with the task of comparing the answers. What will happen when students themselves are encouraged to analyse differences, equivalence and correctness of their own answers and CAS answers? What differences do they notice foremost? Would they recognise equivalence/non-equivalence? How do they explain equivalence/non-equivalence? The paper discusses these questions on the basis of lessons where the students solved trigonometric equations. Ten equations were chosen with the aim to ensure that the expected school answer and the CAS answer would differ in various ways. Three of them are discussed more thoroughly in this paper.
ASN-Minimax double sampling plans by variables for two-sided specification limits when σ is unknown
Eno Vangjeli
Statistics , 2011,
Abstract: ASN-Minimax double sampling plans by variables for a normally distributed quality characteristic with unknown standard deviation and two-sided specification limits are introduced. These plans base on the essentially Maximum-Likelihood (ML) estimator p* and the Minimum Variance Unbiased (MVU) estimator ^p of the fraction defective p. The operation characteristic (OC) of the ASN-Minimax double sampling plans is determined by using the independent random variables p*_1, p*_2 and ^p_1, ^p_2, which relate to the first and second samples, respectively. The maximum of the average sample number (ASN) of these plans is shown to be considerably smaller than the sample size of the corresponding single sampling plans.
Essentially ML ASN-Minimax double sampling plans
Eno Vangjeli
Statistics , 2011,
Abstract: Subject of this paper is ASN-Minimax (AM) double sampling plans by variables for a normally distributed quality characteristic with unknown standard deviation and two-sided specification limits. Based on the estimator p* of the fraction defective p, which is essentially the Maximum-Likelihood (ML) estimator, AM-double sampling plans are calculated by using the random variables p*_1 and p*_p relating to the first and pooled samples, respectively. Given p_1, p_2, {\alpha}, and {\beta}, no other AM-double sampling plans based on the same estimator feature a lower maximum of the average sample number (ASN) while fulfilling the classical two-point condition on the corresponding operation characteristic (OC).
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