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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 25649 matches for " Ligia Costa Leite "
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The Role of the Researcher When Using the Socio-Anthropological Method to Understand the Phenomenon of Alcoholism  [PDF]
Elizabeth Halpern, Ligia Costa Leite
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.35011
Abstract: The consumption of alcoholic beverages during the Brazilian Armed Forces working hours was studied for the first time only recently, by investigating the patients of the Center for Chemical Dependency (CEDEQ) of the Brazilian Navy. This was possible mainly because one of the researchers was the chief of this clinic and one of the psychologists of the therapeutic groups. This article discussed methodological aspects related to the role of the researcher when conducting a qualitative research through a dense ethnography in CEDEQ over four years, with participant observation in two treatment groups for 24 sessions. Additionally, a multiple case and explanatory study was carried on, through individual and 13 open-ended interviews. The following findings will be discussed: 1) the social construction of truth and accuracy of the oral statements; 2) reflexivity, transparency, and familiarity of the researcher with the field; 3) impression management, standardized behavior, and resistance to perform the research. The use of the qualitative method requires the assessment of the researcher’s role. The anthropological eye helped to deal with a delicate theme that was hard to access: drinking during the military working journey. We found out that the organization had an ambivalent position: though the Brazilian Navy created this specialized clinic and allowed this research, at the same time this organization was not open to discuss inebriation on board, strictly authorizing the investigation of the patients. This was possible mainly because of the researcher’s social and hierarchical position as an officer, as the chief of the CEDEQ, and for being one of the therapists of the groups. We concluded that this position created an obstacle to apply effective measures to protect the military contingency.
Challenges of the dialog between humanization of health and medicine for the assistance to woman health in the Brazilian scenario  [PDF]
Denise Ribeiro Barreto Mello, Ligia Costa Leite
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.59189
Abstract:

The present article aims to present, by a bibliographic review, the current challenges of the dialog among fundamental issues referring to humanization as for current public policy in Brazilian scenario. The first one concerns with national health humanization policies and ultimately the humanization of the assistance to the woman’s health, especially at delivery and child birth. Using the hermeneutic dialectic as methodology, it’s understood that having these three facets, dialog consists not only of a great challenge but also of a condition on being put into practice, and expected issues become an effective reality.

Examining the Role of Brazilian Navy before Alcohol Intake in the Workplace  [PDF]
Elizabeth Espindola Halpern, Ligia Costa Leite
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.52016
Abstract:

This article presents some of the results of a qualitative research conducted at the Center for Chemical Dependency (CEDEQ) of Brazilian Navy, a specialized outpatient clinic for substance abuse, in order to investigate the role of this institution in the construction of the military patients’ alcoholism. A participant observation was carried out in two treatment groups, during 24 sessions, in 2010. In addition, individual open-ended interviews with 13 patients were carried out after each group session. According to their narratives they tend to believe that the institution both stimulates and prohibits the consumption of alcohol on board, an ambivalent position that contributes to the production of alcohol addiction in these individuals. As a result, the incorporation of standards of conduct related to alcohol consumption throughout their military career was observed, creating drinking patterns, especially drinking with colleagues of their military units, which we named alcoholic habitus.

Representa??es de adoecimento e cura de pacientes do Centro de Dependência Química do Hospital Central da Marinha
Halpern,Elizabeth Espindola; Leite,Ligia Maria Costa;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232012000400029
Abstract: this article presents one of the segments of ethnographic research which was conducted over a two-year period, by means of participant observation, at the chemical dependency center of the brazilian navy. patients of 2 treatment groups were observed during 24 sessions of group therapy. among the 22 existing patients of the two groups, 13 patients were randomly selected for individual interviews. their illness and healing representations related to mental and behavioral disorders caused by drugs were examined, and also the influence of the work environment on patient involvement with drugs was investigated. results show that patients believe that they are responsible for their illness and for their alcoholic sobriety and they also believe they will never be cured. furthermore, they do not usually accept the on-going medical discourse or the alcoholics anonymous belief that they are recovering alcoholics; they build their own views about their diagnoses, prognoses, and treatments. there are cultural traits particular to the naval life that indicate that the categories analyzed are mainly social, and that certain work-related conditions lead to the emergence of alcoholism in many patients, despite the fact that drugs are commonly tackled from the administrative perspective.
The educative practice of professional caregivers at shelters: coping with violence lived by female adolescents
Penna, Lucia Helena Garcia;Carinhanha, Joana Iabrudi;Leite, Ligia Costa;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692009000600009
Abstract: this study aimed to identify strategies caregiving professionals at shelters discuss and use in care delivery to violence situations lived by female adolescents; and to discuss educative practice as a care technology for coping with violence. based on qualitative research, the data were produced through interviews with caregivers at a municipal adolescent shelter and were interpreted according to content analysis. the results evidenced individual and institutional strategies for care delivery to the adolescents. in conclusion, educative actions are care technologies in the reframing process of life's value by female adolescents living on the streets or in shelters, considering the cultural diversity - a dialogical action systemized and institutionalized for coping with the violence they experience.
Meninos de rua: desafiliados em busca de saúde mental
Botelho, Adriana Pedreira;Silva, Samantha Lemos Ferreira da;Kassab, Marina Janzen;Leite, Ligia Costa;
Psicologia em Estudo , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-73722008000200019
Abstract: the hypothesis, or rather, street children go on the streets in search of mental health, is discussed to leite?s, winnicott?s, castel?s and foucault?s ideas. leite discusses the idea that street children are mentally healthy; winnicott foregrounds the theory of antisocial behavior; castel bases his theory on socially parentless concept; foucault discusses the idea that mental illness is a positive expression of society. this hypothesis has been verified in the assistance and research program coordinated by leite and developed by the psychiatry institute (ipub/ufrj). it investigates teenager?s subjectivity through their life narratives and tries to use them as guidelines for public policies of social assistance and mental health in brazil.
Education and professional strengthening of the community health agent - an ethnography study
Margareth S. Zanchetta,Ligia Costa Leite,Michel Perreault,Hélène Lefebvre
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2005,
Abstract: This inquiry explored the educative actions of Community health agents (CHAs) with socially disaffiliated populations in a Rio de Janeiro metropolitan area. Individual and group interviews, participant observation during visits to the shantytowns, and picture gathering apprehended the philosophical and empirical dimensions of such actions. The software ATLAS ti. 4.2 supported the coding procedures of the raw material. Abduction in communication framed findings’ analysis and interpretation. Analysis revealed their social professional identity, political awareness regarding their own organization as a professional group, plus criticisms regarding the negligence of occupational safety and the lack of governmental help. CHAs “voice” is a tool of social leadership and a main facilitator to empower the population, and to promote optimization of the health care system. Since their professional practice revealed conflicts, contradictions and paradoxes, it seems necessary a collective reflection on the needed support to sustain CHAs wishes for change and freedom to act.
Saúde mental de cuidadores de abrigos para adolescentes com transtornos psiquiátricos ou neurológicos
Moraes, Mayara Cristina Muniz Bastos;Lemos, Adriana Abreu;Alves, Daniel Gon?alves;Halpern, Elizabeth Espindola;Leite, Ligia Costa;
Trabalho, Educa??o e Saúde , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1981-77462012000300009
Abstract: this study aims to analyze how caregivers working at shelters for youth suffering from psychiatric or neurological disorders express their grief. the data come from the research project titled "violence, youth, and mental health," which was carried out from 2008 to 2010 by the institute of psychiatry at the federal university of rio de janeiro, and was based on 26 interviews and field observations made with professionals at one of the surveyed shelters. the study method was that of oral stories using a semi-structured script. these narratives were analyzed based on the theory of communications, which allowed categories to be defined. it was found that the conditions, organization, and work processes at the shelters are adverse and cause risks to the professionals' mental health, since they are unprepared to perform this work, in particular with patients suffering from psychiatric and neurological disorders, conditions that cause great distress among caregivers. finally, it was fund that there is a need to provide training and permanent clinical supervision at the shelters based on the principles of psychosocial rehabilitation. additionally, it is also necessary to drive greater integration among the tasks carried out at the shelters and those of the remaining special protection networks created for these adolescents.
Battling corruption through csr codes in emerging markets: oil and gas industry
Costa, Ligia Maura;
RAE eletr?nica , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1676-56482008000100009
Abstract: corporate social responsibility (csr) codes of conduct are an effective mechanism for integrating responsible economic practices against corruption. this study intends to corroborate this assertion by means of a comparative analysis of csr codes of conduct of major oil and gas companies operating in emerging markets. in this paper, we examine how oil and gas companies respond to corruption in their csr codes of conduct. further, we examine the provisions related to corruption issues embodied in international conventions and guidelines and the norms or standards of oil and gas associations, ngos and international and multilateral organizations. in the final analysis, we access the extent to which provisions included in oil and gas companies' csr codes of conduct are consistent with the current international context.
A pirataria do nome de domínio na internet
Costa, Ligia Maura;
Revista de Administra??o de Empresas , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-75902001000100006
Abstract: this article is part of a larger project: the study of the influence of the internet on brazilian law. the quick development of the internet, including the exchange of goods and services, can be compared to the industrial revolution.the total absence of frontiers in the internet is both admirable and fearful.the internet is "independent"; however, it cannot subsist without the influence of a legal system.the national laws of any country are suited for application to the internet because there is no single regulation. nevertheless, such laws may not be applied directly because they would have to be adapted to the new legal patterns used in the internet. this article pays special attention to trademarks and domain names piracy in the internet.
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