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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16067 matches for " Leticia Martins;Maciel "
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First isolation of enterovirus 71 (EV-71) from Northern Brazil
Lamar?o, Leticia Martins;Maciel, Ana Maria T. R.;Gomes, Maria de Lourdes Contente;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702003000400009
Abstract: enterovirus 71 (ev-71) has been associated to cases of neurological disease in many countries including brazil. this virus has now been reported from three of the five brazilian regions. our study relates the findings concerning to the first isolate of this virus in northern region of brazil. a 15-month old female patient, from the rural zone of the municipality of santana do araguaia in southern pará state was admitted at the hospital with acute, flaccid, asymmetric and ascending motor deficiency, located in the right lower limb. stools samples from this child were inoculated in rd cells and was isolated an ev-71. we plan to sequence our strain and compare it to other isolates in brazil. differences at the molecular level can explain why ev-71 strains circulating in other continents, such as asia, appear to be more virulent.
First isolation of enterovirus 71 (EV-71) from Northern Brazil
Lamar?o Leticia Martins,Maciel Ana Maria T. R.,Gomes Maria de Lourdes Contente
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2003,
Abstract: Enterovirus 71 (EV-71) has been associated to cases of neurological disease in many countries including Brazil. This virus has now been reported from three of the five Brazilian regions. Our study relates the findings concerning to the first isolate of this virus in Northern region of Brazil. A 15-month old female patient, from the rural zone of the municipality of Santana do Araguaia in southern Pará state was admitted at the hospital with acute, flaccid, asymmetric and ascending motor deficiency, located in the right lower limb. Stools samples from this child were inoculated in RD cells and was isolated an EV-71. We plan to sequence our strain and compare it to other isolates in Brazil. Differences at the molecular level can explain why EV-71 strains circulating in other continents, such as Asia, appear to be more virulent.
Comportamentos no transito: um estudo epidemiológico com estudantes universitários
Marín-León, Leticia;Vizzotto, Marília Martins;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2003000200018
Abstract: the purpose of this article was to describe self-reported driving-related behavior and compare the frequency of risk-taking among drivers with and without a history of traffic accidents (ta). a cross-sectional study was designed, and 2,116 undergraduate students from a public university in brazil ranging in age from 18 to 25 were interviewed. association between independent variables and history of ta was described using frequency, c2, p, odds ratio, and 95% confidence intervals. male data were analyzed through logistic regression. men showed a higher risk than women of having been involved in ta. drivers with more frequent risk-taking had a greater risk of history of ta. behaviors observed to be associated with ta in men were: "history of fines", "driving on the shoulder", and "drinking and driving". open-ended questions demonstrated that students show low awareness of their own responsibility in ta. interventions among students are necessary and must prioritize males and mainly those from upper socioeconomic groups.
Comportamentos no transito: um estudo epidemiológico com estudantes universitários
Marín-León Leticia,Vizzotto Marília Martins
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2003,
Abstract: Com o objetivo de descrever os comportamentos auto-referidos no transito e comparar a freqüência de comportamentos de risco entre condutores com e sem história de acidentes de transito (AT), foi realizado um estudo transversal com 2.116 estudantes de 18 a 25 anos, de uma universidade pública do Brasil. Para observar quais as variáveis independentes que se associam ao antecedente de AT como condutor de carro, foram calculadas: freqüências, chi2, p, odds ratio e intervalo de confian a de 95%. O sexo masculino foi analisado mediante modelo de Regress o Logística. Observou-se maior risco de AT no sexo masculino. Os condutores com maior freqüência de comportamentos inseguros para o transito apresentaram maior risco de AT. No sexo masculino as variáveis comportamentais associadas a AT foram "ter sido multado", "dirigir pelo acostamento" e "dirigir logo após consumir álcool". Também foi observado que os jovens tendem a n o reconhecer sua responsabilidade nos AT. S o necessárias interven es dirigidas aos estudantes, devendo priorizar os homens, especialmente os de renda elevada.
Análise de crescimento da cultura da batata submetida ao parcelamento da aduba??o nitrogenada em cobertura, em um latossolo vermelho-amarelo
Barcelos, Daniel Martins;Garcia, Anice;Maciel Junior, Vinicius Antonio;
Ciência e Agrotecnologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-70542007000100003
Abstract: the experimental design was in full randomized block with 3 treatments and 4 replications. the treatment t1 was applied 80 kg.ha-1 of ammonium sulphate during the hilling; the treatment t2 was applied 40 kg.ha-1 of ammonium sulphate during the emergence and 40 kg.ha-1 during the hilling and the treatment t3 was applied 40 kg.ha-1 of ammonium sulphate during the hilling and 40 kg.ha-1 at 15 days after the hilling . the physiological parameters plant top dry matter, absolute growth rate and relative growth rate presented the same tendency, in all treatments, and crop yield did not differ significatively among the treatments. the analysis of physiological and production parameters, allow to conclude that the cultivation of the potato was not affected by the split application of nitrogen.
Análise espacial da tuberculose infantil no estado do Espírito Santo, 2000 a 2007
Sales, Carolina Maia Martins;Figueiredo, Túlio Alberto Martins de;Zandonade, Eliana;Maciel, Ethel Leonor Noia;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822010000400020
Abstract: introduction: childhood tuberculosis is responsible for 15% of case notifications. the focus of tuberculosis control national program is on identifying tuberculosis in adults, while leaving children under 15 years of age on the margins of studies, diagnoses and treatment. spatial analysis quantifies the exposition to the illness and displays the main causes relating to geographical space. the objective of this study was to analyze the spatial distribution of childhood tuberculosis in espírito santo, between 2000 and 2007, according to the municipality of notification methods: an ecological study was conducted on 515 cases of childhood tuberculosis that occurred between 2000 and 2007. the local empirical bayesian method was used to measure the risk. the moran local index was calculated in order to evaluate autocorrelations between threshold districts results: high incidence rates were found in the metropolitan region of vitória and the northeastern region, and lower rates were found in the southeastern region. similar data were observed in a study on endemic tuberculosis among adults in espírito santo. this is possibly related to contacts within the home conclusions: this study identified possible areas of recent transmission of the disease. it is important to emphasize that knowledge of the high priority areas for tuberculosis control may help public administrators to diminish healthcare iniquities and enable improvement of resources and teams for controlling childhood tuberculosis.
Produ o de Madeira de Progênies de Segunda Gera o de Grevílea na Regi o de Avaré, SP Second Generation Half-sib Progenies Wood Production of Grevillea in the Region of Avaré - SP
Emerson Gon?alves Martins,Edinelson José Maciel Neves,Hideyo Aoki,Kelly Geronazzo Martins
Pesquisa Florestal Brasileira , 2011, DOI: 10.4336/2012.pfb.52.163
Abstract: A grevílea (Grevillea robusta A. Cunn) é uma espécie utilizada para o sombreamento de cafezais e de outras culturas agrícolas, áreas de pastagens e apicultura, paisagismo e como cortina quebra- ventos. Sua madeira também é utilizada para desdobro, em serrarias. Um teste com 28 progênies de meios-irm os de segunda gera o foi instalado no Município de Avaré, S o Paulo. O objetivo principal foi avaliar e selecionar o material genético mais produtivo em volume de madeira. Dados de altura e diametro à altura do peito (DAP) foram coletados na área experimental, na idade de três anos. Baseando-se nos dados estimados de volume cilíndrico com casca, as seguintes conclus es foram obtidas: em Avaré, SP, a progênie de segunda gera o mais produtiva e com maior taxa de sobrevivência pertencente à procedência australiana de Boyd River (NSW). A progênie de segunda gera o mais produtiva, em termos de volume cilíndrico de madeira com casca, foi 138 % superior à media geral do teste. Considerando o valor médio de volume de madeira para apenas as doze progênies de segunda gera o mais produtivas, foi possível observar um aumento de 32 % em rela o à média geral do experimento. The Grevillea robusta A. Cunn is utilized for coffee plantation shading, crops growing and pasture shading, apiculture, ornamentation and wind breaks. It is also used to produce sawn wood. One test of 28 second generation half-sib progenies was planted in Forestry Institute of S o Paulo, with 20°03’S latitude and 48°54’W logitude geographic coordenates and 630m of altitude. The main objectives of this paper were to select genetic material capable to produce more volume of wood. The total heigth and diameter at breast height (DBH) were measured on the three yars old second generation half-sib progenies test. The volume was calculated and the results led to the following conclusion: The best second generation progeny was the number 12, which came from an australian progeny called GJM980 from Boyd River (NSW) provenance. The volume gain of the best second generation progeny when compared with the experiment average mean was greater than 138%. By the same token, the volume gain of 12 second generation half-sib progenies was superior to 32%.
Cost-effectiveness of community health worker versus home-based guardians for directly observed treatment of tuberculosis in Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil
Prado, Thiago Nascimento do;Wada, Nikolas;Guidoni, Leticia Molino;Golub, Jonathan E.;Dietze, Reynaldo;Maciel, Ethel Leonor Noia;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2011000500012
Abstract: the objective of this study was to compare the costs and outcomes associated with guardian-supervised directly observed treatment relative to the standard of care directly observed therapy, short course (dots) provided by community health workers (chw). new cases of culture-positive pulmonary tuberculosis (tb) treated in vitória, espírito santo state, brazil, between january 2005 and december 2006 were interviewed and chose their preferred treatment strategy. costs incurred by providers and patients (and patients' families) were estimated, and cost-effectiveness was assessed by comparing costs per successfully treated patient. 130 patients were included in the study; 84 chose chw-supervised dots and 46 chose guardian-supervised dots. 45 of 46 (98%) patients treated with guardian-supervised dots were cured or completed treatment compared to 70/84 (83%) of the chw-supervised patients (p = 0.01). logistic regression showed only the strategy of supervision to be a significant association with treatment outcome, with guardian-supervised care strongly protective. cost per patient treated with guardian-supervised dots was us$398, compared to us$548 for chw-supervised dots. the guardian-supervised dots is an attractive option to complement chw-supervised dots.
Qualidade de vida e desempenho de atividades cotidianas após tratamento das neoplasias mamárias Qualify of life and daily activities performance after breast cancer treatment
Leticia Meda Vendrusculo Fangel,Marislei Sanches Panobianco,Leonardo Martins Kebbe,Ana Maria de Almeida
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: Avaliar a capacidade funcional, a qualidade de vida e a correla o entre essas variáveis, de mulheres com cancer mamário, que terminaram o tratamento oncológico há, no máximo, um ano. MéTODO: Estudo descritivo, exploratório, transversal e quantitativo por meio da aplica o de questionários: formulário com dados pessoais; índice de Katz e índice de Lawton para Capacidade Funcional; EORTC QLQ-C30 e EORCT QLQ-BR23 para Qualidade de Vida. RESULTADOS: Quanto à funcionalidade, este tratamento prejudicou a realiza o das Atividades Instrumentais de Vida Diária, o que compromete as atividades cotidianas destas mulheres. Houve, também, comprometimento nas fun es físicas e psicossociais, nas atividades de lazer e de participa o social, sendo que estas se correlacionaram com a piora da Qualidade de Vida. CONCLUS O: Evidenciou-se que as mulheres com cancer de mama vivenciam altera o na capacidade funcional, o que prejudica a realiza o de suas atividades cotidianas e sua participa o social, levando a um comprometimento na qualidade de vida. OBJECTIVE: Assess the Functional Capacity, Quality of Life and the correlation between these variables in women with breast cancer, who finished cancer treatment, there is at most one year. METHODS: A descriptive, exploratory, transversal and quantitative research the use of questionnaires: form with personal data; Katz Index and Index Lawton Functional Capacity; EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-BR23 EORCT for Quality of Life. RESULTS: As for functionality, this treatment impaired the performance of the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, which compromises everyday activities of these women. There was also involvement in physical and psychosocial functions, leisure activities and social participation, and these correlated with worsening of quality of life. CONCLUSION: It was found that women with breast cancer experience changes in functional capacity, which hinders the performance of their daily activities and social participation, leading to an impairment in quality of life.
Programa de abordagem interdisciplinar no tratamento do transtorno de personalidade borderline: relato da experiência no ambulatório Melanie Klein do Hospital Psiquiátrico S o Pedro
Dal'Pizol Adriana,Lima Liliane Dias de,Ferreira Leticia Medeiros,Martins Milene Calderaro
Revista de Psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul , 2003,
Abstract: INTRODU O: Os transtornos de personalidade s o uma classe diagnóstica em Psiquiatria cujo tratamento n o está ainda claramente definido. Devido ao grande número de altera es que o transtorno de personalidade borderline ocasiona na vida de seus portadores, propomos um atendimento interdisciplinar integrado. Esta proposta organiza-se em quatro eixos: psicoterapia individual de orienta o analítica, grupoterapia de orienta o analítica, psicofarmacoterapia e interven es sociais. METODOLOGIA: Este estudo baseia-se na descri o da experiência obtida pelos autores na implanta o de um Programa de Abordagem Interdisciplinar no Tratamento do Transtorno de Personalidade Borderline, utilizando como exemplo dois relatos de caso sucintos, a respeito de duas pacientes com transtorno de personalidade borderline. Foram avaliados critérios qualitativos para descrever a melhora obtida pelas pacientes através do Programa (relacionamento interpessoal, interesses e atividades ocupacionais e de lazer, autonomia) e quantitativos (número de interna es, tentativas de suicídio, procura por servi os de emergência). RESULTADOS E DISCUSS O: As interven es sociais mostraram-se eficazes ao incrementar as terapêuticas já tradicionalmente colocadas. Houve melhoras relacionadas aos critérios acima colocados. CONCLUS O: Os resultados encontrados alertam-nos para a necessidade de observarmos os pacientes em seus diversos contextos, de forma a apresentar interven es que dêem conta dessas múltiplas dimens es.
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