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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 65 matches for " Lenora;Tauil "
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Is the prevalence of celiac disease increased among epileptic patients?
Pratesi Riccardo,Gandolfi Lenora,Martins Rita C.,Tauil Pedro L.
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2003,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of celiac disease (CD) among a group of epileptic patients attending the Epilepsy Clinics of two general hospitals in the city of Brasilia (DF), Brazil. METHOD: Serum samples were collected from 255 epileptic patients (119 children, 136 adults) originating from Epilepsy Clinics, and from a control group composed by 4405 individuals (2034 children, 2371 adults) attending the Laboratory of Clinical Analysis, for routine blood testing. The diagnosis of CD was determined by the antiendomysium antibody (IgA-EMA) test and by small intestine biopsy. RESULTS: two of the 255 epileptic patients (1:127) and fifteen subjects from the control group (1:293) tested positive for the IgA-EMA assay. CONCLUSION: the prevalence of CD was 2.3 times higher in epileptic patients than in controls (7.84 per 1000 versus 3.41 per 1000). Although still not statistically significant, this result is highly suggestive of an increased prevalence of CD among epileptic patients.
Is the prevalence of celiac disease increased among epileptic patients?
Pratesi, Riccardo;Gandolfi, Lenora;Martins, Rita C.;Tauil, Pedro L.;Nobrega, Yanna Karla;Teixeira, Wagner Afonso;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2003000300002
Abstract: objective: to assess the prevalence of celiac disease (cd) among a group of epileptic patients attending the epilepsy clinics of two general hospitals in the city of brasilia (df), brazil. method: serum samples were collected from 255 epileptic patients (119 children, 136 adults) originating from epilepsy clinics, and from a control group composed by 4405 individuals (2034 children, 2371 adults) attending the laboratory of clinical analysis, for routine blood testing. the diagnosis of cd was determined by the antiendomysium antibody (iga-ema) test and by small intestine biopsy. results: two of the 255 epileptic patients (1:127) and fifteen subjects from the control group (1:293) tested positive for the iga-ema assay. conclusion: the prevalence of cd was 2.3 times higher in epileptic patients than in controls (7.84 per 1000 versus 3.41 per 1000). although still not statistically significant, this result is highly suggestive of an increased prevalence of cd among epileptic patients.
Doen?a celíaca e infertilidade feminina: associa??o freqüentemente negligenciada
Martins, Carmen Lívia da Silva;Gandolfi, Lenora;Tauil, Pedro Luiz;Pican?o, Marilúcia de Almeida Rocha;Araujo, Maria Ophelia Galv?o de;Pratesi, Riccardo;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032006001000006
Abstract: purpose: to verify the existence of association between sub-fertility or infertility and concurrent celiac disease in women attended at a reproductive disorders out-patient clinic of a general hospital. methods: this was a case-control study in which a group of 200 women with difficulty in conceiving was compared with a control group with 400 women who were treated at the same hospital for various reasons, but not for fertility problems. both groups were submitted to the anti-endomysium antibody protocol using the indirect immunofluorescence method. whenever positive, the diagnosis was further confirmed by endoscopic duodenal biopsy and histopathological exams. results: anti-endomysium testing resulted positive in three patients (1.5%) within the group of women with difficulty in conceiving. diagnosis of celiac disease was subsequently confirmed by histopathological exams of the duodenal mucosa. all the control patients presented negative results in the serological exams. conclusion: celiac disease was observed only in women with difficulty in conceiving, a relevant fact indicating that this disease may be more common in infertile women. however, new studies with a greater sample size are needed to confirm this possible association.
A native of nowhere: The life of South African journalist Nat Nakasa, 1937-1965
Ryan Lenora Brown
Kronos (Bellville) , 2011,
Abstract: This article examines the life and work of South African journalist Nat Nakasa (1937-1965), a writer for the popular news magazine Drum, the first black columnist for the Johannesburg newspaper the Rand Daily Mail, and the founding editor of the African literary journal The Classic. He has long lurked on the fringes of South African historiography, never playing more than a bit part in studies of early apartheid-era journalism, literature and intellectual culture. Indeed, the specifics of his life have been overshadowed in both popular memory and academic study by the potent symbolism of his death, frequently evoked as a marker of the destruction wrought on black intellectuals by National Party rule. Nakasa committed suicide in exile in the United States at the age of only 28. Drawing on interviews, newspapers and magazines, memoirs, government surveillance documents, and personal papers, this article aims to fill in but also to complicate this legacy. In a broader sense, it also seeks to show how biographical narrative can be employed to cut across time periods, movements, perspectives, and geography, providing an important reminder that every history is peopled by the sprawled and frequently contradictory lives of individuals.
The prospect of eliminating malaria transmission in some regions of Brazil
Tauil, Pedro Luiz;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762011000900013
Abstract: this paper discusses malaria epidemiology and control in brazil as well as the prospect of interrupting transmission in some areas of the country. the concepts of receptivity and vulnerability of an area to malaria transmission are analysed to predict where elimination might occur in a near future. outside of the amazon region and in the oriental states of the amazon, such as tocantins, maranh?o and mato grosso, it is likely that malaria transmission can be eliminated with the development and sustained use of a good surveillance system.
Urbaniza??o e ecologia do dengue
Tauil, Pedro Luiz;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2001000700018
Abstract: demographic changes occurring in underdeveloped countries due to intense rural-urban migration since the 1960s have resulted in overcrowded cities with multiple deficiencies, particularly in housing and basic sanitation. some 20% of the population in large and medium-sized cities live in slums or under similar conditions. lack of regular water supply and public garbage collection foster the proliferation of potential breeding sites for aedes aegypti (the main mosquito vector for dengue), including precarious reservoirs for potable water and disposable recipients which accumulate water, like used cans and plastic and glass bottles. modern industries also produce large volumes of disposable materials. propagation of the dengue virus and the spread of dengue vectors are favored by the high intensity, frequency, and speed of private and public transportation. such factors can help explain the re-emergence of dengue, the most important arbovirus in the world today, affecting thousands of people each year.
Aspectos críticos do controle do dengue no Brasil
Tauil, Pedro Luiz;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2002000300035
Abstract: dengue is now the main reemerging disease in the world. in the absence of an efficacious preventive vaccine and effective etiologic treatment and chemoprophylaxis, the only vulnerable link for reducing dengue transmission is the mosquito aedes aegypti, its principal vector. there are many difficulties in combating this mosquito in large and medium-sized cities. the complexity of contemporary urban life generates factors that facilitate the mosquito's proliferation and constraints on the reduction of its infestation rates. the objectives of dengue control should be based on available scientific and technical knowledge. thus, while it is not possible to avoid dengue in areas infested with a. aegypti, it is possible to prevent major epidemics by improving epidemiological surveillance, and it is both possible and feasible to reduce the disease's case fatality from the current 5 to 6% to some 1% in the severe forms. the elaboration and execution of strategic plans for the organization of medical care for suspected dengue cases have proven to be a highly useful instrument to reduce case fatality both in other countries and in some cities of brazil.
Aspectos críticos do controle da febre amarela no Brasil
Tauil,Pedro Luiz;
Revista de Saúde Pública , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102010005000014
Abstract: this paper presents epidemiological and control characteristics of yellow fever in brazil, taking its wild and urban transmission cycles into consideration. no urban cases have been reported in brazil since 1942, but urban yellow fever cases were reported in paraguay in 2008, after more than 50 years without registered cases in the americas. the two main objectives of yellow fever control programs in brazil are to reduce the number of wild cases and to maintain zero incidence of urban cases. although there is a consensus regarding control measures that should be applied in areas endemic for the wild form, this is not so in relation to areas infested by aedes aegypti. the arguments for and against expansion of the vaccination area are discussed. environmental and entomological studies are needed so that areas receptive to wild-type transmission can be recognized, even if they have been silent for many years.
Perspectivas de controle de doen?as transmitidas por vetores no Brasil
Tauil, Pedro Luiz;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0037-86822006000300010
Abstract: the analysis of vector borne disease control in brazil should consider three aspects: the urbanization of the population, change from a rural pattern to concomitant urban or peri-urban transmission and decentralization of control to municipalities. the great majority of the population now lives in urban areas. some diseases are being transmitted in urban areas, due to the emergence or reemergence of their vectors, such as dengue, malaria and visceral leishmaniasis. difficulties in control occur, as it is easier to apply control measures in rural areas, because there is more population adherence than in urban areas and so the coverage is higher and disease control is better. the decentralization of control activities to states and municipalities is being implemented and difficulties occur as these levels of government have insufficient accumulated experience in control. for more effective control, political commitment, multi-sector articulation and rational use of insecticide are required.
Carlos Cat o Prates Loiola
Tauil Pedro Luiz
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical , 2004,
Abstract:
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