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The Impact of Training and Development on Employee Performance and Effectiveness: A Case Study of District Five Administration Office, Bole Sub-City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia  [PDF]
Abeba Mitiku Asfaw, Mesele Damte Argaw, Lemessa Bayissa
Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies (JHRSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jhrss.2015.34025
Abstract: The focus of this study was to determine the impact of training and development on the employees’ performance and effectiveness at District Five Administration Office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In this study we employed cross sectional institutional based quantitative research method. Data were collected using Likert’s scale tool from 100 employees after selecting participants using systematic random sampling technique. Ninety-four complete questionnaires with a response rate of 94% were considered during analysis. Training and development had positively correlated and claimed statistically significant relationship with employee performance and effectiveness. It is recommended that District Five Administration Office shall maintain providing employee training and development activities and ensure the participation of employees in planning, need or skill deficit identification and evaluation of training and development programs.
A Retrospective Analysis of the Results of a Five-Year (2005–2009) Parasitological Examination for Common Intestinal Parasites from Bale-Robe Health Center, Robe Town, Southeastern Ethiopia
Bayissa Chala
ISRN Parasitology , 2013, DOI: 10.5402/2013/694731
Abstract: A cross-sectional retrospective survey using the past five years clinical records (2005–2009) was conducted. The study was aimed at assessing the status of common intestinal parasites from Bale-Robe Health Center, Southeastern Ethiopia, in 2009/2010. The survey involved collection of data recorded on intestinal parasite from the health center during 2005–2009. Precoded questionnaires and interviews were also supplemented for knowledge attitude practices survey (KAPs survey) to assess awareness level of treatment seekers. Analysis of the various associations and strength of significant variations among qualitative and quantitative variables were assessed. The results revealed that Entamoeba histolytica (36.1%) and Giardia lamblia (11.0%), both being protozoan parasites were found to be the most prevalent intestinal parasites encountered during 2005–2009. The least prevalent intestinal parasite recorded was Strongyloides stercoralis (1.1%). Most intestinal parasites were detected among age group of 15 years and above than 0–4 and 5–14 years as shown in Table 4. There was a significant correlation between intestinal parasites prevalence and the age of treatment seeking individuals ( ). A sharp increasing trend of E. histolytica and Ascaris lumbricoides infections was observed owing to low personal and environmental sanitation of the majority of the society. Initiation of health education at different levels could be recommended to mitigate infectious parasites in the area. 1. Introduction Parasitic infections are among the dominant contributors of morbidity and mortality and, hence, major public health problem worldwide. Many parasitic infections are associated with overcrowding, poor sanitation, contaminated food and water, undernutrition, and other poverty-related factors. Current estimates showed that at least more than one-quarter of the world’s population is chronically infected with intestinal parasites and that most of these infected people live in developing countries [1–3]. Infections due to intestinal parasites are common throughout the tropics, posing serious public health problems in developing countries [4–6]. Intestinal parasitic infections, as in many developing counties, are common in Ethiopia and cause serious public health problems such as malnutrition, anaemia, and growth retardation as well as higher susceptibility to other infections [7]. Environmental factors play a central role in the transmission of intestinal infectious parasites in most rural African countries. The case of Bale-Robe may not be different, since there are enormous
Library and Information Science Education in Ethiopia
LA Gojeh, G Bayissa
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Production of qualified librarians or information specialists with adequate theoretical knowledge and practical skills in applications of modern Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is found to be a strategic asset that will bring about significant development and changes in any nation’s economy, politics, education, agriculture and other national sectors of the economy. Thoughts that influenced the direction of curriculum and the development of library and information science education in Ethiopia were discussed. The Jimma University Department of information studies’ curriculum and its development was specifically highlighted with reference to the core; supportive, common and education courses of the program. Plans for the future development of the program in Jimma University were also mentioned.
Academic Staff Reward System: A Case of Jimma University
W Bayissa, S Zewdie
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: In response to the emerging environmental pressure (highly dynamic, complex and competitive for qualified employees), higher learning institutions are transforming their structures and management systems. As a result, many universities are rethinking their reward strategies to better align them with the new realities in order to improve teaching staff motivation and retention. This study was conducted to identify academic staff reward related problems and to examine the effectiveness of both financial and nonfinancial reward systems at Jimma University, Ethiopia. A descriptive survey with both quantitative and qualitative methods was carried out with 150 instructors out of the total academic staff of 806 from eight faculties. Self administered questionnaires were distributed to the academic staff and some qualitative data obtained from interviews with human resource plan and program officers and human resources personnel were used. The result of the study indicates that inefficient administration, lack of recognition and appreciation, absence of participation in decision-making, unsatisfactory financial rewards, and poor performance evaluation were ranked as major ones. However, job security, opportunity for further education and promotion were ranked less. The solutions suggested focused on rewarding seniority, reducing staff discrimination, improvement of performance evaluation and the reward system, and improving the skill and ability of administrators and developing participative management.
The role of public sector libraries on enhancing public officers’ quality service delivery in Ethiopia
G Bayissa, LA Gojeh
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: This paper reports part of a study of 2007, on the assessment of public sector libraries to enhance public officers’ quality service delivery in Ethiopia. Most public officers of Ethiopia were found to have their highest qualification as first degree 125(51.4%) and most library staffs had diploma in library science 14 (27.5%). Most library staffs are in the lower level of the public service, who, mostly are not involved in policy decision-making of their organizations. Both public officers and library staffs indicated the types of library and information services provision in the public sector libraries to include; lending services 186(63.3%) and reference and information service 169(57.5%), while the least response was on abstracting service 24(8.2%). Public officers on the other hand were satisfied with the type of library and information service provision in the public sector libraries of Ethiopia. The study concluded the Libraries in the Ethiopian public sector are inadequately equipped with professionally qualified library staff to meet the professional needs of users on the provisions of library and information services in the public libraries in Ethiopia. The library staffs are not trained, and the significance of libraries’ roles are not satisfied by the users. The study advanced some recommendations and suggestions for further studies
Satisfaction with outpatient health services at Jimma Hospital, South West Ethiopia
Lemessa Oljira, Solomon Gebre-Selassie
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development , 2001,
Abstract: Background: The opinions of users about the health care services and the degree of their satisfaction may indicate the efficiency of the services. Objective: To assess consumer satisfaction of outpatient health care services. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at Jimma hospital from November to February 1999. Data were collected by health-workers using pre-tested, structured questionnaire. Results: A total of 385 outpatients, females, were interviewed at exit of hospital. The majority, 140 (36.4%) of the users were within the age group of 30-39 years. About 56% of the females visited the hospital for children's health care while 87.2% of the males visited for own health care. Overall, 57.1% of interviewee believed that the service they received was either good or very good. Satisfaction with health care was found to have a direct relationship with increase in age but has an inverse relation with increase in educational level of respondents. It has a significant association with length of waiting and consultation time, type of investigations performed and securing prescribed medications from hospital pharmacy (P<0.05). Conclusion: Based on the findings of the study, efficient health service management to improve drug supply and quality of service are recommended. (Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 2001, 15(3): 179-184)
Status of digitization process in selected institutions of Ethiopia: A baseline stakeholders’ analysis survey report
G Bayissa, G Ketema, Y Birhanu
Ethiopian Journal of Education and Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: The survey paper made an effort to analyze the status of digitization process in selected institutions of Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia, February 2009. The focal objective of the survey was to identify the scope, current practices, development endeavors and future considerations of digitization of records or archival materials in Ethiopian organizations. Data was collected from selected 27 (90%) institutions and analyzed. The study applied survey method using instruments like questionnaire and literature study. In the process of identifying the status, progress, prospects and challenges to digitization and form the basis of providing future roadmap to successful execution of digitization projects, the result of the survey uncovered that there are gaps contributing to compromised digitization activities, questioning its futurity. It has also confirmed findings that uncertain needs, lack of awareness, unproved project executions, resistance to transition from traditional systems, intellectual property issues, the impact of organizational dynamics, the failure of organizations to gear up digitization projects,resources inadequacy, poor long-term planning, the need for management systems, unanticipated costs of technology resources, difficulties in moving into an international arena, lack of clarity in interpreting the digital world and the like are factors affecting the digitization issues in the country. Let alone digitization of records, records/archives of originals lack clearly defined preservation management system. More than half 16 (59%) of surveyed institutions reported that there is no mechanism yet implemented for original record preservation management. Nonetheless, an in-house digitization initiative of records/archive services was the most likely, positively considered future option by the largest number of institutions 24 (88.8%) and from which 14 (51.8%) believed that original record/archives preservation is one of the major criteria and driving force for digitization. Original record/archives digitization should be supported by a defined standard that ensures access, retrieval, interoperability and preservation. In this regard only 10 (37%) institutions of the survey expresses that they did take digitization standard into account and the rest have got no idea about the need for the standard itself. All in-house implementations were conducted exclusive of guidelines; accordingly 20 (74%) respondents confirmed that their digitization activities are on the way in the absence of implementation guideline. Moreover, Ethiopian records/archives digitization efforts are moving forward with out national strategy.
Patterns of sexual risk behavior among undergraduate university students in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study
Tariku Dingeta, Lemessa Oljira, Nega Assefa
Pan African Medical Journal , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: As part of the young age bracket, undergraduate university students are exposed to a range of risky behaviors including HIV/AIDS. Given the paucity of data among the risk behaviors of African university students, this study was conducted to examine the sexual risk behaviors of this group in Ethiopia. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on socio-demographic and sexual risk behavior characteristics among 1,286 undergraduate students at Haramaya University, Ethiopia from March to April, 2010. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to derive adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Results: About 355 (28%; 95% CI 25.5-30.5) students reported to have had sexual intercourse at least once. More proportion of male students ever had sex compared to females (OR 4.8; 95% CI 3.4-6.8, p<0.001). One fifth (22.8%) of these students had their sexual debut after they joined university. About six percent of students with sexual experience reported having had intercourse with same-sex partners. Half of the males with sexual experience had intercourse with a commercial sex worker. About 60% of students reported to have used a condom rarely. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that there is a high level of sexual risk behavior among the study population. Significant proportion of students were sexually active, the majority started sexual intercourse before they joined university. We recommend awareness campaigns and interventions on sexual and reproductive health issues for high school and university students in Ethiopia. Pan African Medical Journal 2012; 12:33
Association Between Angular Leaf Spot (Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferraris) and Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Yield Loss at Jimma, Southwestern Ethiopia
Fikre Lemessa,Waktole Sori,Mulatu Wakjira
Plant Pathology Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) production in the tropics is usually limited by damage due to Angular Leaf Spot (ALS) caused by Phaeoisariopsis grisola. Field experiments were conducted in 2005, 2006 and 2007 at Jimma, Ethiopia, to determine the amount of yield loss due to ALS and to investigate the relationship between ALS and bean yield. Different levels of disease severity were created on two common bean varieties (GLPX-92 and ICA15541) using natural epidemics by spraying the fungicide benomyl at 7-14- 21 and 28-day intervals and by seed dressing. Generally, all fungicide sprays significantly reduced ALS severity and increased yield and seed weight but seed dressing did not affect significantly. The relative yield and seed weight losses to ALS ranged from 2 to 47 and 15 to 33%, respectively. Single-point regression models predicted that for each per cent increase in ALS severity, there was a seed yield loss of 18 to 124.5 kg ha-1 in GLPX and 12.9 to 103.9 kg ha-1 for ICA15541 and 100-seed weight loss per sample of 100 seeds of 10 to 13 g for GLPX-92 and 13 to 22 mg for ICA15541. The study suggests that fungicide sprays affect ALS epidemics and influence the amount of loss in yield attributable to ALS permitting the crop to reach physiological maturity without being under severe infection. Thus fungicide sprays can be used as a means to reduce ALS severity and increase common bean yield.
Assessment of comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge level among in-school adolescents in eastern Ethiopia
Lemessa Oljira,Yemane Berhane,Alemayehu Worku
Journal of the International AIDS Society , 2013, DOI: 10.7448/ias.16.1.17349
Abstract: Introduction: In Ethiopia, more adolescents are in school today than ever before; however, there are no studies that have assessed their comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Thus, this study tried to assess the level of this knowledge and the factors associated with it among in-school adolescents in eastern Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted using a facilitator-guided self-administered questionnaire. The respondents were students attending regular school in 14 high schools located in 14 different districts in eastern Ethiopia. The proportion of in-school adolescents with comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge was computed and compared by sex. The factors that were associated with the comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge were assessed using bivariate and multivariable logistic regression. Results: Only about one in four, 677 (24.5%), in-school adolescents have comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge. The knowledge was better among in-school adolescents from families with a relatively middle or high wealth index (adjusted OR [95% CI]=1.39 [1.03–1.87] and 1.75 [1.24–2.48], respectively), who got HIV/AIDS information mainly from friends or mass media (adjusted OR [95% CI]=1.63 [1.17–2.27] and 1.55 [1.14–2.11], respectively) and who received education on HIV/AIDS and sexual matters at school (adjusted OR [95% CI]=1.59 [1.22–2.08]). The females were less likely to have comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge compared to males (adjusted OR and [95% CI]=0.60 [0.49–0.75]). Conclusions: In general, only about a quarter of in-school adolescents had comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge. Although the female adolescents are highly vulnerable to HIV infection and its effects, they were by far less likely to have comprehensive HIV/AIDS knowledge. HIV/AIDS information, education and communication activities need to be intensified in high schools.
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